── 讀遊世界.戰時旅行書寫 ──    1938-1944

2022數位人文研究計畫成果展
展覽頁面呈現形式
橫式
故事地圖
1938年臺灣新民報社「神宮參拜內地視察團」旅遊行程
策展者
臺灣檔案文獻數位典藏與加值應用計畫—以《臺灣新民報》與《興南新聞》為核心
展覽封面
a23dd77afdb09eaf5b01a9bdd9e781b2
展覽資料
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"中央研究院臺灣史研究所近年挖掘出日治時期唯一由臺灣人自行創刊的1938至1944年《臺灣新民報》之獨家典藏,及接續之《興南新聞》。\n\n&nbsp;\n<br>&nbsp;<br>報紙涵蓋的內容多元,含括當時臺灣政治經濟、社會文化、藝術與大眾流行等面向,更可觀察二戰爆發前後動盪的國際情勢,以及隨著戰事推進,影響所及的是國家社會全面進入戰時體制,人民生活各個層面的劇烈變動。其中,報紙刊載的島外旅行書寫,連載50餘部,約300餘篇,亦呈現當世界進入兵火喧天之際,旅人眼下的各地實況。\n\n&nbsp;\n<br>&nbsp;<br>本展覽選輯島外的旅行書寫,旅行目的地含括北京、滿洲、美國、德國、緬甸、越南、日本等,藉由來自臺灣與日本旅人所留下的旅程描述紀錄,輔以照片、旅券紀錄、舊籍、明信片等特色典藏,邀請您跟隨旅人足跡、讀遊萬里,親歷百年前在戰爭動盪時期的世界風景,及旅人展現的世界觀。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "title": "展覽介紹" }, "theme-bw4jd1vtox": { "id": "theme-bw4jd1vtox", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0da48046db4404d7bb5014cf47e36afd", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/62df75212ef4bac9ef8bde1e41e0b040.jpg?itok=yyMPPlHA", "level": "primary", "title": "北京正陽門", "desc": "資料來源:宇都宮謙編纂,《支那事變と無敵皇軍》,東京市:東亞日日新聞社,1938年,圖版無頁碼,中研院臺史所檔案館臺灣研究古籍資料(B0174_00_00)。", "thumbURI": 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"<b>1937年蘆溝橋事變爆發,日本入侵中國,戰爭初期日軍迅速攻占北平、天津、上海、南京等重要城市。</b><b>隨著軍隊的腳步,日本帝國的國民也踏入在中國的占領地。</b>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 2, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-upfi1dwpfk": { "id": "quote-upfi1dwpfk", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 3, "desc": "日治時期臺灣人在本地就業困難,<br>即使找到工作也與日人同工不同酬,<br>甚至用非所長,<br>臺灣人便尋求機會往海外發展。<br>中國因距離近,語言、文化相通,<br>成為許多人選擇的地點。<br>1937<span>年中日戰爭開打後,<br>日本在中國的人力需求增加,<br>臺灣人被徵調上戰場外,<br>也進入各地偽政權、特務機關擔任職務,<br>日軍占領下的中國,<br>成為臺灣人發展的新天地。<br></span><br>在1938年之後的《臺灣新民報》中,<br>連載17部中國的旅行紀聞,篇數達110篇,<br>旅行的地點包括北京、天津、上海、南京、廣東、<br>汕頭、海南島、廈門等地。<br>其中新民報社經濟部長陳逢源的遊歷紀錄,<br>以及特派員竹內清的戰地紀實最具連續性。<br>社會與文學運動家張深切,<br>於1938<span>年赴北京的旅程記錄,<br>也對於臺灣人在日中關係中的定位,發表了看法。</span><b><br><br></b>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-owsagbo926": { "id": "basic-owsagbo926", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "95db8c5dcc7fcc7c92f317cf1e12bfe1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"資料來源:〈1938年1-3月外國旅券下付表〉(T1011_03_156),《臺灣總督府旅券下付及返納表》(T1011),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/72230d74a694aee4dafda3497268b8bd.jpg?itok=ixvloY6n", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/72230d74a694aee4dafda3497268b8bd.jpg?itok=M2h_dCGj", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/72230d74a694aee4dafda3497268b8bd.jpg?itok=ifNpgBjr", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/72230d74a694aee4dafda3497268b8bd.jpg?itok=WM94OERm", "mfid": "72230d74a694aee4dafda3497268b8bd", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-dkiwo0w7lq": { "id": "basic-dkiwo0w7lq", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "aabfa66d9a00deede67c82dc666e6bac", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/46060f920d9a654b214604da9e061865.jpg?itok=baxw4iPp", "level": "primary", "title": "1937年日本扶植的魁儡政權中華民國臨時政府於北京成立", "desc": "資料來源:大阪每日新聞社編,《日本經濟大觀》,大阪市:大阪每日新聞社,1938年,圖版無頁碼,中研院臺史所檔案館臺灣研究古籍資料庫(B2401_00_00)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/46060f920d9a654b214604da9e061865.jpg?itok=s6E8M0Oe", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/46060f920d9a654b214604da9e061865.jpg?itok=ijvjtMaj", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/46060f920d9a654b214604da9e061865.jpg?itok=MU1Bh26o", "background": 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"1938<span>年日中滿協會為促進日華親善,主辦學生使節交流團,從日本各大學推薦各兩名學生,組團赴北支與滿鮮交流。<br><br>臺灣亦推派臺北帝國大學文政學部小川憲二,以及醫學部橫峯利夫,兩名學生自同年2月12日由臺北出發前往下關,與日本的團員會合,一行150餘名浩浩蕩蕩經由朝鮮,前往奉天(今瀋陽)交流,再前往北京,3月15日返回臺灣,旅程近一個月。<br><br>小川撰寫的遊記,刊登於《臺灣新民報》1938年4月18日至4月24日,總計連載七篇,內容主要是撰寫其在滿洲國奉天的行程。<br><br>左圖為刊登在報中的第一篇旅行書寫,照片為位於平壤的牡丹台,但事實上小川一行只是搭乘火車路過平壤車站,並無下車遊覽,而是一路直驅奉天。<br><br>上圖則是學生使節團於東京出發整裝列隊的模樣,學生使節來自於東北帝大、新瀉醫大、北海道帝大、千葉醫大等。</span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 12, "secondaryObj": { "level": "secondary", "oid": "d6e9545fa4df4d060ebd3eaf18aa75fc", "title": "小川憲二學生使節團出發", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e698ff5cb1ac3fc82676187a6d7a7282.jpg?itok=kbpHjPQ9", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e698ff5cb1ac3fc82676187a6d7a7282.jpg?itok=Cs-1mJAV", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e698ff5cb1ac3fc82676187a6d7a7282.jpg?itok=IJuku_No", "background": 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"資料來源:〈南滿州鐵道旅行案内〉(CCP_09_11006_BC4_04),《陳澄波畫作與文書》(CCP),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e3df0a6c2ecbf2549054bc91495e79ea.jpg?itok=K5zaPQbn", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e3df0a6c2ecbf2549054bc91495e79ea.jpg?itok=RtahSYwz", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e3df0a6c2ecbf2549054bc91495e79ea.jpg?itok=rcxU-VQQ", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e3df0a6c2ecbf2549054bc91495e79ea.jpg?itok=RpZn25fa", "mfid": "e3df0a6c2ecbf2549054bc91495e79ea", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "海陸交通直達滿洲奉天", "desc": "前往滿鮮的旅程,主要依賴船運與陸路,路程遙遠辛苦。小川離開臺灣先行前往日本,和同團的成員會合後,1938年2月21日由日本本州最西邊的下關出發,搭乘關釜聯絡船,前往朝鮮的釜山。<br><br>上午十時許出發,抵達釜山已是傍晚,航程長達八個小時,對照今日,搭乘快速船班僅需三個小時。<br>由於小川是乘坐近船尾的三等船室,船隻引擎聲作響並瀰漫汽油味,服了暈船藥身體才好些。<br><br>左圖為1930年代日本前往東北的交通圖,黃色底線者為小川一行主要經過與停留的地點。<br><br>好不容易登陸朝鮮釜山後,轉乘滿鐵經營的鐵路,前往滿洲國奉天。<br><br>釜山和奉天直線距離約900公里,經歷24小時車程,才終於抵達。遊歷三日後,又再搭乘火車前往此行主要目的地—北京。<br><br>對於此長途旅行,小川並不覺得苦,反而覺得能在如此短時間抵達,內心實在澎湃。<br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 13, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "bd06ce2d63ee1a38e04aa022be7cac5a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/f1d464b7dc5a4aa8d8798f4092efe8d2.jpg?itok=SHWVRG5W", "level": "secondary", "title": "日治時期關釜聯絡船", "desc": "資料來源:朝鮮總督府編纂,《朝鮮要覽・大正十二年》,京城府:朝鮮總督府,1922年,圖版無頁碼,中研院臺史所檔案館臺灣研究古籍資料庫(B1979_00_01)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/f1d464b7dc5a4aa8d8798f4092efe8d2.jpg?itok=Khj034Uy", "thumbMediumURI": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d6d363c0ab88ce2101b96fe028abb0c5.jpg?itok=Kmy_91CT", "level": "primary", "title": "1930年代奉天車站", "desc": "資料來源:大津敏也,《滿洲國旅行案內》,東京市:新光社,1932年,圖版無頁碼,中研院臺史所檔案臺灣研究古籍資料庫(A0182_00_00)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d6d363c0ab88ce2101b96fe028abb0c5.jpg?itok=thPb4XHy", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d6d363c0ab88ce2101b96fe028abb0c5.jpg?itok=WArFsP6d", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d6d363c0ab88ce2101b96fe028abb0c5.jpg?itok=KtZHzvCe", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/d6d363c0ab88ce2101b96fe028abb0c5.jpg?itok=hVfh5rD_", "mfid": "d6d363c0ab88ce2101b96fe028abb0c5", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": 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"fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "1", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "title": "奉天古蹟名勝巡禮", "desc": "1938年2月24日團員分乘三台巴士探訪名勝北陵,北陵位於奉天北方六公里處,<br>是清朝第二代開國君主太宗皇太極的陵墓。<br>小川形容北陵老松綠蔭,朱塗樓閣,黃金廟堂,其文筆無法形容之美。<br>接著參觀滿洲事變戰爭遺跡的柳條溝與士兵駐紮的北大營,<br>如今雖已成荒煙漫草,在導覽者解說之下,深刻感受到當時戰況之激烈。&nbsp; &nbsp; <br><br>進到奉天城內,熱鬧的四平街,人聲雜沓,<br>看到日俄之戰大山總司令官入城的大南門。<br>接著和幾位同學參觀同善堂,是滿洲唯一的慈善事業孤兒院。<br>滿洲另外還有養老院、&nbsp;收容娼妓的濟良所等機構。 <br>參拜奉天神社後返回旅館。&nbsp;<br>古都奉天仍有許多名勝值得探訪,<br>可惜時間不多無法一一探索。<br>小川表示新興滿洲國承載了豐富的歷史文化,<br>亦受近代文明薰陶,<br>滿洲國交通與商工業中的礦西工業地區生產力蓬勃,<br>未來有無限的發展可能。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-9fwj3uvw4k": { "id": "theme-9fwj3uvw4k", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "fde2c4e8d66006642daf31062fa09f81", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "美歐.女性戰時見聞記", "desc": "1939年德軍入侵波蘭,歐洲隨即陷入戰火。美國則是在1941年12月珍珠港遭襲後,正式開啟太平洋戰爭的序幕。旅人踏入歐美境內,感受到濃厚的戰時氛圍,仇視與友好只在一線之間。", "musicName": "無", "weight": 17, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-u5n0b9lcav": { "id": "quote-u5n0b9lcav", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 18, "desc": "1939年德國入侵波蘭,開啟了二戰的歐洲戰場。<br>1940年日本與義大利、德國,<br>三國正式締結為軸心國。<br>1941年底珍珠港遇襲事件後,太平洋戰爭爆發,<br>軸心國和以中美英蘇為首的同盟國,<br>雙方展開膠著戰事,戰爭進入白熱化。<br>《臺灣新民報》刊載了四篇赴歐美的紀錄,<br>包括1937年底女性主者山田わか赴美親善交流、<br>武田富男前往洛杉磯的影視業觀察、<br>畫家有島生馬的夏威夷紀行,<br>以及1939年女性教育家吉岡彌生赴動盪歐洲的紀錄,<br>記載了在歐美濃厚的戰時氛圍下的衝突矛盾。", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-l1q2yla95b": { "id": "basic-l1q2yla95b", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "77a0f452e7c7aaa6024f1aa48bcb8d99", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ca53c2a18f260c36567e6996f22b9904.jpg?itok=Pi7E5o41", "level": "primary", "title": "山田わか美國紀聞", "desc": "資料來源:〈臺灣新民報第2557號(1938-03-19)〉(T1119_02_075_0019),《臺灣新民報社報刊史料》(T1119),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ca53c2a18f260c36567e6996f22b9904.jpg?itok=-8ubmRqC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ca53c2a18f260c36567e6996f22b9904.jpg?itok=AiFRuCJH", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ca53c2a18f260c36567e6996f22b9904.jpg?itok=qEt8DRMN", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/ca53c2a18f260c36567e6996f22b9904.jpg?itok=6w8aWZkm", "mfid": "ca53c2a18f260c36567e6996f22b9904", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "1937年山田わか美國紀聞", "desc": "山田わか在1937年10月,作為美國親善使節,以及日本女性代表,赴美國訪問。主要停留西岸加州的舊金山、洛杉磯,並前往華盛頓。訪問交流四個多月,於1938年的3月返國後,撰寫〈米國に行脚して〉,刊登於1938年3月19日《臺灣新民報》,共計2回,記述其美國交流所感。<br><br>山田わか(音譯山田和香,1879-1957)是日本的女性運動家、社會思想家。1897年曾被販賣到美國,後脫困至舊金山長老教會擔任翻譯。1903年與社會學家山田嘉吉結婚並返回日本,受瑞典的女性主義者Ellen Key(1849-1926)影響,開始爭取婦女權利,提倡國家應保護和提升女性作為妻子和母親的角色。曾倡導推動母子保護法、1934年成立母性保護同盟。二戰結束後,開設學校協助賣春婦擺脫生活困境。<br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 19, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-8w7gz1tr15": { "id": "imgs-8w7gz1tr15", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "c1dbc575a9ec05b903c3ddebe0d3855a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=M-kMHBbj", "level": "primary", "title": "支那事變後日軍攻陷南京入城奏樂", "desc": "資料來源:〈支那事變 南京入城‧先頭に海軍々樂隊〉(T020304_01_0004),《費邁克集藏》(3MHF),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=c3we1HX3", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=17CP3Qwe", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=6TCrE2P3", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=E6VPy0Vx", "mfid": "833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "45c1d6b0e133549161968221742c1f48", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=OWg3WF4e", "level": "primary", "title": "1938年駐美大使王正廷電告美方對於支援抗戰的回覆", "desc": "本件為駐美大使王正廷電告美方對我求援問題的回覆。美國僅願在精神上支持中國抗戰,而不願給予實質承諾。檔案影像來源:國家發展委員會檔案管理局,檔案支援教學網(https://art.archives.gov.tw/FileImg.aspx?FileID=1144&ImgID=2370)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=NKAxDKc0", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=3bm3NS2l", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=hG8eGtS_", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=N_pHxcbv", "mfid": "81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "國家發展委員會檔案管理局", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "059d2ad19303866d5d30d8055e39d425", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=xQYnC-QF", "level": "primary", "title": "1938年美國舊金山廣東籍華僑在報社前觀看廣東陷落的報導", "desc": "News of the surrender of Canton to the Japanese. San Francisco, California. Chinatown\nLange, Dorothea, photographer. News of the surrender of Canton to the Japanese. San Francisco, California. Chinatown. United States San Francisco California San Francisco County, 1938. Nov. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2017770739/.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=Zdc6CgMI", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=aVahFUOX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=uh1GfI4N", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=Xlmt0TBG", "mfid": "9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "05029075ae3a4c3b4819cb4d91573aa8", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=7VO7Ol8o", "level": "primary", "title": "1942年舊金山日人經營商店被迫結束營業大拍賣", "desc": "San Francisco, Calif. Apr. 1942. People in front of a store having a close-out sale, prior to the evacuation of the proprietor, of Japanese ancestry. The store is located on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. The evacuee[s] will be housed in a War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war\nSummary\n\nPhotograph shows shows white people looking in display windows of a shop forced to close before Japanese Americans were incarcerated in concentration camps during World War II. Many Japanese Americans temporarily or permanently lost their property as a result of Executive Order 9066.\nUnited States War Relocation Authority, Lange, Dorothea, photographer. San Francisco, Calif. Apr. People in front of a store having a close-out sale, prior to the evacuation of the proprietor, of Japanese ancestry. The store is located on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. The evacuees will be housed in a War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war. San Francisco California, 1942. [4 April] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021650555/.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=nOd3gAle", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=JuoJgNiX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=U7HSaQhn", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=LQrqwyxG", "mfid": "fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "eeaf0fa23fe66a98f9338ac12834c64b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=GuP7tfiS", "level": "primary", "title": "1942年二戰期間舊金山街頭張貼的反日標語", "desc": "A sign, showing a drawing of a Japanese head and reading \"Get in trim for fighting him. Swim at Sutro's,\" posted on a building, San Francisco, Calif.\n\nA sign, showing a drawing of a Japanese head and reading \"Get intrim for fighting him. Swim at Sutro's,\" posted on a building, San Francisco, Calif. San Francisco California, 1942. [April] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2001697377/.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=GIZVjfuP", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=-XD0BoQm", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=e62DG6O7", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=YnANBIcO", "mfid": "38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-1ikw8uw1wo": { "id": "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-1ikw8uw1wo", "title": "支那事變後日軍攻陷南京入城奏樂", "desc": "資料來源:〈支那事變 南京入城‧先頭に海軍々樂隊〉(T020304_01_0004),《費邁克集藏》(3MHF),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "c1dbc575a9ec05b903c3ddebe0d3855a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=M-kMHBbj", "level": "primary", "title": "支那事變後日軍攻陷南京入城奏樂", "desc": "資料來源:〈支那事變 南京入城‧先頭に海軍々樂隊〉(T020304_01_0004),《費邁克集藏》(3MHF),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=c3we1HX3", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=17CP3Qwe", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=6TCrE2P3", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0.jpg?itok=E6VPy0Vx", "mfid": "833a2d0f91d9925d2290e5863a34d8d0", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-ts0rsjziix": { "id": "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-ts0rsjziix", "title": "1938年駐美大使王正廷電告美方對於支援抗戰的回覆", "desc": "本件為駐美大使王正廷電告美方對我求援問題的回覆。美國僅願在精神上支持中國抗戰,而不願給予實質承諾。檔案影像來源:國家發展委員會檔案管理局,檔案支援教學網(https://art.archives.gov.tw/FileImg.aspx?FileID=1144&ImgID=2370)", "primaryObj": { "oid": "45c1d6b0e133549161968221742c1f48", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=OWg3WF4e", "level": "primary", "title": "1938年駐美大使王正廷電告美方對於支援抗戰的回覆", "desc": "本件為駐美大使王正廷電告美方對我求援問題的回覆。美國僅願在精神上支持中國抗戰,而不願給予實質承諾。檔案影像來源:國家發展委員會檔案管理局,檔案支援教學網(https://art.archives.gov.tw/FileImg.aspx?FileID=1144&ImgID=2370)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=NKAxDKc0", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=3bm3NS2l", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=hG8eGtS_", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891.jpg?itok=N_pHxcbv", "mfid": "81e2a22e346d05d14d1d6252dcf19891", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "國家發展委員會檔案管理局", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-hvqox9ntjk": { "id": "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-hvqox9ntjk", "title": "1938年美國舊金山廣東籍華僑在報社前觀看廣東陷落的報導", "desc": "News of the surrender of Canton to the Japanese. San Francisco, California. Chinatown\nLange, Dorothea, photographer. News of the surrender of Canton to the Japanese. San Francisco, California. Chinatown. United States San Francisco California San Francisco County, 1938. Nov. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2017770739/.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "059d2ad19303866d5d30d8055e39d425", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=xQYnC-QF", "level": "primary", "title": "1938年美國舊金山廣東籍華僑在報社前觀看廣東陷落的報導", "desc": "News of the surrender of Canton to the Japanese. San Francisco, California. Chinatown\nLange, Dorothea, photographer. News of the surrender of Canton to the Japanese. San Francisco, California. Chinatown. United States San Francisco California San Francisco County, 1938. Nov. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2017770739/.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=Zdc6CgMI", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=aVahFUOX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=uh1GfI4N", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d.jpg?itok=Xlmt0TBG", "mfid": "9e6e0f2c8bb6b2fd050dc58eb91e8d8d", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 }, "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-vv4swy2jqu": { "id": "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-vv4swy2jqu", "title": "1942年舊金山日人經營商店被迫結束營業大拍賣", "desc": "San Francisco, Calif. Apr. 1942. People in front of a store having a close-out sale, prior to the evacuation of the proprietor, of Japanese ancestry. The store is located on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. The evacuee[s] will be housed in a War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war\nSummary\n\nPhotograph shows shows white people looking in display windows of a shop forced to close before Japanese Americans were incarcerated in concentration camps during World War II. Many Japanese Americans temporarily or permanently lost their property as a result of Executive Order 9066.\nUnited States War Relocation Authority, Lange, Dorothea, photographer. San Francisco, Calif. Apr. People in front of a store having a close-out sale, prior to the evacuation of the proprietor, of Japanese ancestry. The store is located on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. The evacuees will be housed in a War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war. San Francisco California, 1942. [4 April] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021650555/.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "05029075ae3a4c3b4819cb4d91573aa8", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=7VO7Ol8o", "level": "primary", "title": "1942年舊金山日人經營商店被迫結束營業大拍賣", "desc": "San Francisco, Calif. Apr. 1942. People in front of a store having a close-out sale, prior to the evacuation of the proprietor, of Japanese ancestry. The store is located on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. The evacuee[s] will be housed in a War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war\nSummary\n\nPhotograph shows shows white people looking in display windows of a shop forced to close before Japanese Americans were incarcerated in concentration camps during World War II. Many Japanese Americans temporarily or permanently lost their property as a result of Executive Order 9066.\nUnited States War Relocation Authority, Lange, Dorothea, photographer. San Francisco, Calif. Apr. People in front of a store having a close-out sale, prior to the evacuation of the proprietor, of Japanese ancestry. The store is located on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. The evacuees will be housed in a War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war. San Francisco California, 1942. [4 April] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021650555/.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=nOd3gAle", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=JuoJgNiX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=U7HSaQhn", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=LQrqwyxG", "mfid": "fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 3 }, "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-q28sqk2fme": { "id": "imgs-8w7gz1tr15-q28sqk2fme", "title": "1942年二戰期間舊金山街頭張貼的反日標語", "desc": "A sign, showing a drawing of a Japanese head and reading \"Get in trim for fighting him. Swim at Sutro's,\" posted on a building, San Francisco, Calif.\n\nA sign, showing a drawing of a Japanese head and reading \"Get intrim for fighting him. Swim at Sutro's,\" posted on a building, San Francisco, Calif. San Francisco California, 1942. [April] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2001697377/.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "eeaf0fa23fe66a98f9338ac12834c64b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=GuP7tfiS", "level": "primary", "title": "1942年二戰期間舊金山街頭張貼的反日標語", "desc": "A sign, showing a drawing of a Japanese head and reading \"Get in trim for fighting him. Swim at Sutro's,\" posted on a building, San Francisco, Calif.\n\nA sign, showing a drawing of a Japanese head and reading \"Get intrim for fighting him. Swim at Sutro's,\" posted on a building, San Francisco, Calif. San Francisco California, 1942. [April] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2001697377/.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=GIZVjfuP", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=-XD0BoQm", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=e62DG6O7", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae.jpg?itok=YnANBIcO", "mfid": "38285234aa200f1b30d5afd0de9bfaae", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 4 } }, "musicName": "無", "weight": 20, "primaryObj": { "oid": "05029075ae3a4c3b4819cb4d91573aa8", "title": "1942年舊金山日人經營商店被迫結束營業大拍賣", "desc": "San Francisco, Calif. Apr. 1942. People in front of a store having a close-out sale, prior to the evacuation of the proprietor, of Japanese ancestry. The store is located on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. The evacuee[s] will be housed in a War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war\nSummary\n\nPhotograph shows shows white people looking in display windows of a shop forced to close before Japanese Americans were incarcerated in concentration camps during World War II. Many Japanese Americans temporarily or permanently lost their property as a result of Executive Order 9066.\nUnited States War Relocation Authority, Lange, Dorothea, photographer. San Francisco, Calif. Apr. People in front of a store having a close-out sale, prior to the evacuation of the proprietor, of Japanese ancestry. The store is located on Grant Avenue in Chinatown. The evacuees will be housed in a War Relocation Authority center for the duration of the war. San Francisco California, 1942. [4 April] Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2021650555/.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=nOd3gAle", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=JuoJgNiX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=U7HSaQhn", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=LQrqwyxG", "mfid": "fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/fc0de9a04751a552d22a645869980fc3.jpg?itok=7VO7Ol8o", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "1", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "title": "排日的社會氛圍", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "desc": "山田1937年11月10日抵達舊金山,<br>才剛抵達就遇到排斥日貨與拒絕登陸的遊行。<br>山田認為這些排日行動,都是從經濟面出發,<br>由厭惡日本的猶太人財團為後盾,<br>中國政府和華僑趁機策劃排日,<br>反日情緒並非一般美國人的想法。\n\n&nbsp;\n<br>&nbsp;山田一行赴美當時,<br>正值日本發動盧溝橋事變,開啟侵華戰爭,<br>中國華北相繼淪陷之際。<br>中國向美國進行外交求援,如胡適以非官方身分赴美演說。<br>藉由宣傳和外交努力下,<br>美國當地華僑社會,排日情緒高漲,<br>各地發起抵制日貨活動。<br>1938年2月駐美大使王正廷亦拜會美國總統羅斯福尋求協助,<br>美國表示因國會中立空氣濃厚,<br>具體行動尚待時機成熟,<br>但已暗示銀行不可借款日本,<br>並研議日政府沒收日民在美資產案。\n\n&nbsp;\n<br>&nbsp;上圖為1937年12月日軍攻陷南京樂隊入城照片、<br>1938年2月駐美大使王政廷電告蔣總統有關美方回應是否駐華抗戰案、<br>1938年舊金山華僑在世界日報報館外面,閱讀廣東陷落的消息、<br>1942年舊金山日裔商店無法經營閉門前大拍賣的場景,<br>當時美方公布第9066號行政命令,<br>遣送日裔美國人入集中營管理,<br>強制遷出原居住地。" }, "basic-e3rw92ak5w": { "id": "basic-e3rw92ak5w", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9c97f6c4426a6172a0946b43bd2b257e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/fb75a1865500721268199f9394a5613b.jpg?itok=tYQQVsCX", "level": "primary", "title": "1937年山田わか(中立者)於美國華盛頓會見第一夫人時留影(LC-H22- D-2858)", "desc": "Harris & Ewing, photographer. (ca. 1937) Miss Kubo, Mrs. Yamada, Mrs. Ma. United States Washington D.C. District of Columbia Washington D.C, ca. 1937. [Photograph] Retrieved from the Library of Congress, https://www.loc.gov/item/2016872741/.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/fb75a1865500721268199f9394a5613b.jpg?itok=HtY21brh", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/fb75a1865500721268199f9394a5613b.jpg?itok=9ushasnd", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/fb75a1865500721268199f9394a5613b.jpg?itok=zvMc269V", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/fb75a1865500721268199f9394a5613b.jpg?itok=zUXjlnAP", "mfid": "fb75a1865500721268199f9394a5613b", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "Harris & Ewing, photographer", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "華盛頓會見美國第一夫人", "desc": "山田此行重要任務為拜會美國總統夫人Anna Eleanor Roosevelt。尤其是美國總統夫人和中國的第一夫人蔣宋美齡有相當好的交情,也影響了大眾的想法。因此首要的任務希望和美國總統夫人會面,也要盡可能和在美的日本人見面。<br>12月5日,吉岡以婦女雜誌的記者身分採訪。總統夫人的身分地位非常崇高,在社會事業、婦女界具有很高的影響力,山田表示自己也必須拿出專業以對。<br>雙方並沒有正面提到關於同年七月才爆發的盧溝橋事變(日方稱支那事變),而是圍繞於母職問題,交流熱絡。<br><br>左圖為1937年山田拜訪華盛頓時的照片。上圖為華盛頓的地標美國國會大廈。", "musicName": "無", "weight": 21, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "secondaryObj": { "oid": "4e9f20b80e4d9ce6b84f3950cbce358c", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6ce02dcb92aa90121fd0da68aa31d384.jpg?itok=G-YK2uRy", "level": "secondary", "title": "華盛頓國會大廈", "desc": "資料來源:〈米國旅行案內〉(T1006_10_06_064),《臺灣總督府臺北高等學校圖書館藏書》(T1006),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6ce02dcb92aa90121fd0da68aa31d384.jpg?itok=RZG2eUUV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6ce02dcb92aa90121fd0da68aa31d384.jpg?itok=ucXeWn1i", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6ce02dcb92aa90121fd0da68aa31d384.jpg?itok=xiDdKwrb", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/6ce02dcb92aa90121fd0da68aa31d384.jpg?itok=d3uOHc7T", "mfid": "6ce02dcb92aa90121fd0da68aa31d384", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false } }, "basic-vqegwnhwz6": { "id": "basic-vqegwnhwz6", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0555071d9e7962673a025d412c7db113", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5812f87a744f5cf38c46195b24a0b4ad.jpg?itok=x27E5faK", "level": "primary", "title": "中國募款海報(1937年8月上海戰火中的幼童)", "desc": "Orphaned by Japanese Bombs. Helpless, bleeding, crying, alone and alive until the next bombardment\nOrphaned by Japanese Bombs. Helpless, bleeding, crying, alone and alive until the next bombardment. China, ca. 1937. Photograph. https://www.loc.gov/item/2010632057/.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5812f87a744f5cf38c46195b24a0b4ad.jpg?itok=g2J4pmEd", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5812f87a744f5cf38c46195b24a0b4ad.jpg?itok=vDUfOMSk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5812f87a744f5cf38c46195b24a0b4ad.jpg?itok=DRdEQUnO", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/5812f87a744f5cf38c46195b24a0b4ad.jpg?itok=MSNmBckO", "mfid": "5812f87a744f5cf38c46195b24a0b4ad", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "帝國擴張正當性的宣傳", "desc": "山田在局勢不穩的四個月間,參與各地的集會與接受招待,盡量和在美日本人談話交流,西部各地與夏威夷都去了,也深刻感受到日本僑民的愛國之心。<br><br>山田認為有些日本移民對日本感情深刻,或是經驗過日俄戰爭,雖然知道日本戰爭的立場是正確的,但也無法好好的說明。特別是不懂日本也不會說日文的第二代日本人,面對美國人詢問為什麼日本人要發動戰爭,幾乎無法說明清楚。此行山田透過女性的角度說明日本帝國擴張的立場,希望能透過這次機會,讓在美的日本人或第二代都能充分理解。\n<br><br>&nbsp;山田表示,大抵來說知識階級的人大多能理解日本的立場,但是一般大眾受中國遊行與演說的宣傳煽動,相當排斥日本。山田認為中國方面想盡各種辦法,用非常惡毒的宣傳手法,醜化日本。山田認為日本人是不需要利用那樣低劣的宣傳,而是要用文化與優雅的方式,將日本的狀況傳達給美國。<br><span><br>山田觀察到對於在美國的日本第二代來說,受限於移民法,而沒有辦法成為美國人,因而感到卑微與痛苦。面對這些問題,山田舉例男人和女人雖然大部分的條件是不平等的,但是當年輕和聰明的女人和男性相比,不一定會輸。同樣道理,因為臉孔和皮膚顏色的差異,日本人是不可能完全等同於美國人,與其比較,應該要先成為一個優秀的日本人,尊崇日本精神,家族制度,孝親敬祖,發揮日本人的美德活出尊嚴,只要有信念就不會卑屈的活著,也就不會被蔑視。<br><br>左圖為中國募集抗戰資金的宣傳海報。此即為山田所強調的中國宣傳和醜化日本的方式。</span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 22, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-pm9l99flry": { "id": "basic-pm9l99flry", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a1e2bfbc5242f444e623b1b90067cbfc", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/295781f5bb1591de7aaa514adb542ee9.jpg?itok=QMfbLmu-", "level": "primary", "title": "吉岡彌生歐美旅行見聞", "desc": "資料來源:〈臺灣新民報第3156號(1939-11-12)〉(T1119_02_095_0012),《臺灣新民報社報刊史料》(T1119),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/295781f5bb1591de7aaa514adb542ee9.jpg?itok=arP-BKjP", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/295781f5bb1591de7aaa514adb542ee9.jpg?itok=DZppuwA8", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/295781f5bb1591de7aaa514adb542ee9.jpg?itok=E4Zh2dQz", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/295781f5bb1591de7aaa514adb542ee9.jpg?itok=4Pmb5Mz_", "mfid": "295781f5bb1591de7aaa514adb542ee9", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "1939年吉岡彌生的歐洲訪察", "desc": "吉岡彌生(1871-1959 )是日本的教育家、醫生,東京女子醫科大學的創始人,致力於培養女醫,推動醫學教育和研究。二戰期間,曾任國策委員會首位女性委員、愛國婦人會評議員、大日本聯合女子青年團團長、大日本青年團顧問、大日本婦人會顧問等重要職務,指導青年與婦女後方動員協助戰爭。<br><br>1939年7月,歐戰爆發前夕,吉岡受邀赴歐洲訪問,見聞紀錄自1939年11月刊登於臺灣新民報,共連載了兩篇,記述其在德軍即將入侵波蘭前夕歐洲當地的氛圍。<br><br>上圖為二戰期間愛國婦人會祈求武運昌隆的照片。此會為1901年在日本東京創立的婦人團體,其成員多為上流階層的女性,主要是從事社會事業,後來隨著戰爭爆發改擔負後方婦人奉公的任務。1942年2月後被合併為大日本婦人會。吉岡長年擔任顧問指導。", "musicName": "無", "weight": 23, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "secondaryObj": { "oid": "0518c6629c172763b93101008a9e5ce0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/1e6f233b5831b58f5fbdfbbe101bd0b9.jpg?itok=R0WR7sKb", "level": "secondary", "title": "愛國婦人會祈求武運昌隆", "desc": "資料來源:富安龍雄編,《四十周年記念寫真帖》,東京市:愛國婦人會,1942年,頁27,中研院臺史所檔案館臺灣研究古籍資料庫(B1564_00_00)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/1e6f233b5831b58f5fbdfbbe101bd0b9.jpg?itok=GqBbW280", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/1e6f233b5831b58f5fbdfbbe101bd0b9.jpg?itok=EaLwO2y0", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/1e6f233b5831b58f5fbdfbbe101bd0b9.jpg?itok=Co3j_Kub", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/1e6f233b5831b58f5fbdfbbe101bd0b9.jpg?itok=7r73Y4B1", "mfid": "1e6f233b5831b58f5fbdfbbe101bd0b9", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", 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Von Ribbentrop Collection. (ARC Identifier:\t540196), National Archives & Records Administration.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e6870350700b0902c92feb6939bbcd7d.jpg?itok=FV1_-5KN", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e6870350700b0902c92feb6939bbcd7d.jpg?itok=eDR0799z", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e6870350700b0902c92feb6939bbcd7d.jpg?itok=N3tySzxO", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e6870350700b0902c92feb6939bbcd7d.jpg?itok=VQCFvi-5", "mfid": "e6870350700b0902c92feb6939bbcd7d", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "National Archives & Records Administration", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "戰火點燃·行程中斷", "desc": "1939年7月吉岡彌生赴德國,主要受到納粹婦人會的邀請。抵達當時並沒有感受到戰爭即將爆發,會見了納粹女子青年團以及納粹婦人團的領導者Gertrud Emma\nScholtz-Klink(格特魯德),受到熱烈歡迎。\n<br><br>此行原定參加每年9月舉辦的納粹紐倫堡黨代表大會,再赴比利時出席世界家庭教育會議,後前往英法。很可惜的是,計畫因為戰爭行程被迫中止。1939年8月吉岡先前往斯堪地那維亞半島旅行(今北歐瑞典、挪威),又到波蘭的格但斯克(Gdańsk)旅行,此時已深刻感受到格但斯克變得相當納粹化,儼然要被德國佔領的樣態。最讓吉岡驚訝的是,當8月下旬重返柏林時,傳來「德蘇互不侵犯條約」簽訂的消息,國際情勢如此遽變,吉岡覺得難以接受。然而,在德國政府的極端言論控制下,一般大眾完全不曉得國際情勢的變化。此事件對於日本將產生甚麼影響,在新聞報導中無法見到。吉岡僅能從日本的大使館和少數媒體人員,得知相關訊息。1939年9月德國入侵波蘭,開啟了歐洲戰火。<br><br>左圖為德國和蘇聯外交部長在1939年8月23日於莫斯科簽定《蘇德互不侵犯條約》,蘇聯共產黨總書記史達林見證條約簽署。檔案為美國國家檔案館典藏(NARA)。<br><br>上圖為1939年9月2日臺灣新民報以號外的形式,發布德國開啟戰端轟炸波蘭的訊息。", "musicName": "無", "weight": 24, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "secondaryObj": { "oid": "44567b5f28f5bdf693371c7513aacf42", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c47e4f46160085935dea3a009041272f.jpg?itok=3Da_5MUG", "level": "secondary", "title": "臺灣新民報號外-1939年9月德軍入侵波蘭", "desc": 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"「南洋」所指的地理範圍,<br>大約是今日東南亞一帶。明清時期開始,<br>南洋成為漢人移民的新天地,<br>華人在南洋發展出綿密的通商網絡,<br>形成一大經濟勢力。<br>進入19世紀,英、法、荷蘭、美國等勢力.<br>將南洋納入殖民範圍,<br>控制緬甸、越南、馬來半島、<br>新加坡、印尼與菲律賓等地。&nbsp;<br>1937年中日戰爭爆發後,<br>日本積極推動南進政策,入侵南支南洋地區,<br>並高揭大東亞共榮圈的旗幟,<br>主張在日本帶領下「從歐美列強統治中解放亞洲」,建立「共存共榮的新秩序」之政治聯合體,<br>實質上成爲日本擴張帝國主義的依據。<br>1940年9月日本為切斷法屬印度支那的援蔣路線,入侵越南。1941年底太平洋戰爭爆發後,1942年日軍陸續占領英屬北婆羅洲、荷屬印度支那、菲律賓等地,南洋各地的調查和視察作業隨之啟動。<br>&nbsp;《臺灣新民報》系列報刊的南洋地區旅行書寫,<br>即以上述時代背景,<br>發布總計11部的遊記,連載約40篇,<br>包括張棟蘭至緬甸擔任翻譯員的觀察、<br>記者前田雄三與竹內清在法屬印度支那的報導,<br>以及多篇戰地記者與經濟調查團隨帝國擴張足跡,<br>深入爪哇島、婆羅洲、蘇拉威西島等地,<br>視察各地軍政施行和建設情形。<br>本篇聚焦於緬甸與越南的旅行書寫。<br>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-0fm1helkd9": { "id": "basic-0fm1helkd9", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "40fc9679922e608f640520851b5fc84b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ddabeb435bfda776a3007328fe63dc6b.jpg?itok=Smbidbrm", "level": "primary", "title": "1943年《興南新聞》刊載張棟蘭旅行書寫", "desc": "資料來源:\n1. 〈興南新聞第4417號(1943-05-06)〉(T1119_03_028_0006),《臺灣新民報社報刊史料》(T1119),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。\n2. 張棟蘭個人照片,為其於1941年受日軍徵召赴南洋擔任翻譯官時穿著制服留影,引自張維卿、張維廉合著,《張棟蘭的傳奇人生》(新竹市:新竹市文化局,2021年),頁50。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ddabeb435bfda776a3007328fe63dc6b.jpg?itok=93TksUCd", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ddabeb435bfda776a3007328fe63dc6b.jpg?itok=40iOITbD", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ddabeb435bfda776a3007328fe63dc6b.jpg?itok=SNer_Wfn", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/ddabeb435bfda776a3007328fe63dc6b.jpg?itok=K-dnKkYr", "mfid": "ddabeb435bfda776a3007328fe63dc6b", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "1943年張棟蘭緬甸見聞", "desc": "1940年11月張棟蘭前往南洋擔任通譯,時任新竹中學校的英語教師,因應國策而被徵召,同一批遠赴南洋的通譯,只有他一人為臺籍。<br><br>張棟蘭先抵達馬來西亞吉隆坡,直到1942年5月被派往緬甸,和澳大利亞的戰俘與一營的日軍,任務是建造鐵路。張棟蘭負責英語翻譯,以及學習緬甸語,以便教導日軍,還要為緬甸人開設日語學校。歷經一年半的翻譯工作,1943年終於被遣回臺灣。<br><br>在1943年5月6日起連載三篇關於緬甸的見聞,通譯期間較詳細的回憶可見新竹市文化局出版的《張棟蘭的傳奇人生》。<br><br>上圖為緬甸地圖,地理位置南邊鄰馬來西亞,東邊與泰國與中國雲南接壤,西邊與印度相鄰,幅員相當遼闊。張棟蘭記述的地點為位於緬甸南邊的第一大城市仰光(Rangoon)的風貌。<br><br>張棟蘭(1900-1979),新竹湖口人,大湖口公學校、臺灣公立臺中中學校畢業後,赴日就讀早稻田大學文學部英文科。1928年在新竹中學校擔任英文科教師,為新竹中學校創校以來,第一位臺籍教師。二次大戰期間,被徵調至南洋地區擔任英語通譯,戰爭接近尾期時返回台灣,繼續在新竹中學校任教。戰後曾陸續於臺灣大學兼任英語教授、擔任新竹初級中學校長、新竹縣文獻會委員等。<br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 28, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "9a4a9538e46e68eeb6f39655169fdbd8", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e1787a5d8ca633089c121d05fe99956f.jpg?itok=ODUyeSri", "level": "secondary", "title": "1942年緬甸地圖", "desc": "資料來源:〈ビルマ地圖一〉(T0868_01_07005_1141),《臺灣銀行所藏日治時期文書》(T0868),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e1787a5d8ca633089c121d05fe99956f.jpg?itok=fYWwcLNl", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e1787a5d8ca633089c121d05fe99956f.jpg?itok=s3dmNAAJ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e1787a5d8ca633089c121d05fe99956f.jpg?itok=sWAfuSfg", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e1787a5d8ca633089c121d05fe99956f.jpg?itok=A98uPygu", "mfid": "e1787a5d8ca633089c121d05fe99956f", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-rq7z0dez9o": { "id": "basic-rq7z0dez9o", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9888e6550804330ba013801730fb2127", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/119420307349ea78d26c4e0eb38341d8.jpg?itok=eT6rdRDQ", "level": "primary", "title": "緬甸蒲甘佛塔建築", "desc": "資料來源:伊東忠太,《東洋建築の研究・下》,東京市:龍吟社,1943年,頁40,中研院臺史所檔案館臺灣研究古籍資料庫(B1378_00_02)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/119420307349ea78d26c4e0eb38341d8.jpg?itok=lbSynPv6", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/119420307349ea78d26c4e0eb38341d8.jpg?itok=nx1BselB", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/119420307349ea78d26c4e0eb38341d8.jpg?itok=btIPOQxG", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/119420307349ea78d26c4e0eb38341d8.jpg?itok=DXUaLBHs", "mfid": "119420307349ea78d26c4e0eb38341d8", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "佛教之都", "desc": "在張棟蘭的緬甸見聞中,印象最深刻的是佛教興盛與佛塔林立。<br><br>緬甸和泰國同為佛教聖地,前往仰光途中,山頭白塔坐落,一開始以為是燈塔,後來才意會到是佛塔。從熱鬧的街上與人煙罕至之處,到處皆是佛塔。特別記載到位於中部的蒲甘塔林(左圖),大小的佛塔數量達到百萬以上,甚具規模。<br><br>在仰光的佛塔中,最有名的為市區北側的仰光大金塔(上圖),雇了小馬車前往,半小時後抵達香火絡繹不絕的金塔。<br><br>參拜必須脫鞋,走了百階以上再穿過長廊,天井有雕刻繪畫,兩側販賣佛像與花語書籍的賣店大概有數十間,階梯走到底,大金塔燦然立於眼前。周圍還有幾十個小金塔在旁,中庭如淺草觀音寺一般,有許多鴿子,也有販售鴿子飼料,孩子們帶著豆子前來餵食。<br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 29, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "b817984798684c92ba69eabfeace1758", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/f61f64d0cf118399a3b33b39099f3238.jpg?itok=GNdTt3tl", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/f61f64d0cf118399a3b33b39099f3238.jpg?itok=e4t9JHUC", "mfid": "f61f64d0cf118399a3b33b39099f3238", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "僧侶與烏鴉", "desc": "張棟蘭提到緬甸除了佛塔之多,另外兩大特色就是僧侶,還有烏鴉。<br><br>仰光的僧侶就有兩萬名以上,這裡的男孩滿七歲後,父母多會將孩子送到寺院修業至少七日<span>。<br><br>ポンヂチョン(ponchichon)為緬甸語,為僧侶學校,類似日本的寺子屋,即江戶時代讓平民百姓接受教育的設施。<br><br>僧侶學校的數量之多,就像佛塔一般,很容易受到外國人關注。建築外觀是紅白相間的的鮮豔色彩,及三角形的多重塔。<br><br>ポンヂチョン原本的意思是學校,以前兒童是在這樣的寺小屋接受教育,由僧侶擔任教師,後來則主要擔負貧民的兒童教育。</span>屋裡並沒有桌椅,孩子在地板上讀書寫字,寺小屋教育被認為有助於緬甸官話之普及<span>。<br>張棟蘭曾看過當地的高僧講道,不過聽講的僧侶卻躺臥著,經詢問才知道這樣的姿勢是對長者之禮。<br><br></span>左圖即為緬甸僧侶與學童。上圖為仰光的街景。<br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 31, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "8d0acfac671813f6fa36d28a93a04525", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/81741857fdd80b654453df352cf370b6.jpg?itok=z0FEb-xm", "level": "secondary", "title": "緬甸仰光街景", "desc": "資料來源:臺灣南方協會編,《南方讀本》,東京市:三省堂,1941年,圖版無頁碼,中研院臺史所檔案館臺灣研究古籍資料庫(A0192_00_00)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/81741857fdd80b654453df352cf370b6.jpg?itok=nrnI5Qfs", "thumbMediumURI": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/035b05078b862e5d70afdd78349c9bf4.jpg?itok=ydreXq20", "level": "primary", "title": "1940-1941年前田雄三與竹內生佛印紀聞", "desc": "資料來源:\n1. 〈臺灣新民報第3419號(1940-08-03)〉(T1119_02_104_0003),《臺灣新民報社報刊史料》(T1119),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。\n2. 〈興南新聞第3808號(1941-08-30)〉(T1119_03_007_0030),《臺灣新民報社報刊史料》(T1119),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/035b05078b862e5d70afdd78349c9bf4.jpg?itok=6f4S3jXv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/035b05078b862e5d70afdd78349c9bf4.jpg?itok=GT8VJDbr", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/035b05078b862e5d70afdd78349c9bf4.jpg?itok=qAj0lQ1H", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/035b05078b862e5d70afdd78349c9bf4.jpg?itok=FVF0N642", "mfid": "035b05078b862e5d70afdd78349c9bf4", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "1940至1941年的佛印旅行書寫", "desc": "報紙中關於佛領印度支那的旅行書寫,總計有兩部,分別是記者前田雄三於1940年4月往佛印(法屬印度支那),以及新民報編輯委員竹內清於1941年8月的記述。日軍於1940年9月正式進駐佛印,藉由兩篇遊記可觀察日軍進駐前後,旅人對於越南的觀察。\n\n&nbsp;\n\n<br><span><br>前田與竹內,在佛印的旅行路線大抵是相同的,皆從佛印首都河內展開旅程,再赴南部的西貢(今胡志明市),兩地間距離1600公里,搭乘火車移動,中途停留順化王城。<br><br>前田的記述詳細,包括當地氛圍、人文風土、歷史民情等。反之,竹內的記述看似未完成,記述較為簡略,多著墨於搭機移動的細節,以及遊人的心情抒發。</span>\n\n&nbsp;\n\n&nbsp;\n\n<br><span><br>左圖為前田雄三的旅行記事首篇刊登於《臺灣新民報》1940年8月3日,共計3篇。竹內的遊記則刊載於《興南新聞》1941年8月31日,共計2篇。</span>\n\n&nbsp;\n\n&nbsp;\n\n<br><span><br>上圖為佛領印度支那略圖,橘色標示處為旅行目的地,包括北部港灣海防、首都河內、中部的王城所在地順化、南部大城西貢,以及最大的華人聚集地堤岸。</span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 32, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "secondaryObj": { "oid": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c513877b7b5b1c843b83d7d454ea395c.jpg?itok=w9jo9wP5", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c513877b7b5b1c843b83d7d454ea395c.jpg?itok=_gUKMBYD", "mfid": "c513877b7b5b1c843b83d7d454ea395c", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "日軍進駐截斷援蔣路線", "desc": "1940年當前田雄三決定要從香港前往佛印之時,法國正忙於歐洲戰事,無暇顧及南洋。而日本正和中國激戰當中,當時英美等國經由香港、蘇聯、緬甸,以及佛印,運送軍火等物資援助中國蔣介石。<br><br>其中,通過佛印的路線,是最重要的一條,物資由海防市,經滇越鐵路被運送到雲南。雖然日軍多次進行轟炸,但鐵路仍然暢通。最終日本於1940年9月攻佔河內,封鎖對中國的支援。&nbsp;\n\n<br><span><br>前田記述</span>1940年<span>當他<span>從香港出發時,正值日本強硬要求法國總督禁止援蔣路線,並派遣監視團前往佛印。<br><br>首先抵達援蔣路線據點港口海防,海防並非完善的港口,碼頭的貨物區,堆滿了要運往重慶的各式物資。這些物資以美國製的福特汽車運往附近的工廠拆裝,後透過滇越鐵路運至昆明再重新組裝,再經由廣西運往中國內陸。</span></span>&nbsp;<br><span><br>左圖是從海防港遠眺的景象,由圖中可見海防港口的規模似乎不大。來往船隻非巨型貨輪。上圖為位於監視團本部前的越南籍士兵。</span>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 33, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "secondaryObj": { "oid": "d5f177d3a221e276ecf9ce7cfc21e41f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/589732c03f63d3bd8c6924bffe7798ff.jpg?itok=LJ19o1Cr", "level": "secondary", "title": "1940年日本派駐法屬印度支那監視團本部前的安南士兵", "desc": "資料來源:《新亞細亞》第2卷9月號(1940年),圖版無頁碼,中研院臺史所檔案館臺灣研究古籍資料庫(C0011_19400901_0004_0006_002225)。", "thumbURI": 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"<span><span>西元11世紀起,<br>河內即為越南北部的政經和文化中心,<br>是越南歷史上的古都,<br>市區歷史文物豐富,名勝古蹟遍布。<br><br>前田雄三認為</span>河內是非常漂亮的城市,<br>路寬廣街上有路樹花園,綻放各式花卉,<br>也設有大學、博物館、劇場等。<br>總督官邸如城堡般廣大,<br>有越南士兵排班站哨。<br><br>市區商店的女子看似是混血兒或法國人,<br>可能與法國獎勵法國人和越南人通婚,<br>以及法國士兵和越南女人同居有關,<br>導致混血兒相當多,也成為社會問題。</span>\n<br><br>此外,河內非常的溼熱,<br>火柴和菸草很快就潮了。<br>才四月就像是夏天,<br>家家戶戶都關著門窗,以防熱氣湧入。<br>天花板上則有大型電風扇不斷運轉著。<br><br>公務機關和一般公司行號,<br>上午九點到十一點半上班,<br>用完午餐後全體午睡,<br>下午三點到六點繼續工作,<br>下午六點到八點則是餐前時間,<br>晚餐則是從晚上八點開始。<br>九點之後,電影、舞廳、居酒屋等地,開始熱鬧的夜生活。<br><br>前田雄三提到河內的電影院雖然很小,<br>但是坐在藤椅上邊抽菸,<br>邊看電影也甚是悠閒,<br>舞廳和居酒屋為庶民風,<br>人與人之間無距離,<br>喝了酒可以放鬆跳舞很愉快。" }, "basic-cflsm4gjqp": { "id": "basic-cflsm4gjqp", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "cea176dbaa4df929989639fcd524c881", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/0f4329c29c93bba6c478f4faced152de.jpg?itok=cJcaZghk", "level": "primary", "title": "1940年代河內民眾與日本士兵", "desc": 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"fileOversize": false }, "title": "親日情感", "desc": "前田對於越南人很有好感,\n\n感覺就像是日本人的弟弟一般,\n\n絲毫沒有霸氣和鬥爭之心,\n\n也許是因為長時間被法國統治,\n\n已經失去任何野心,只圖現況安穩和享樂。<br>&nbsp;&nbsp;<br>他也觀察到越南人極端崇拜日本人,\n\n親日情感可說是一種流行了,\n\n任何在越南旅行的日本人,應該能夠體會,\n\n從列車上、飯店的服務人員、賣店的老闆等,總是會詢問日本的事情。\n<br><br>越南人對於日本不只是尊敬,甚至認為是救世主到了般的盲從。在越南的日本人只有兩百五十人左右,\n\n也因為法國當局的禁止,不允許日本相關研究與書籍,\n\n因此對於越南人來說,應該是不具備任何日本相關的知識。<br><br>但有關於日本和中國開戰,陸續佔領北京、上海、南京、漢口、廣東,甚至將要進入廣西的戰況,越南人都知道。<br><br>前田認為為什麼越南人會親日?\n\n除了因為日本戰勝的事實,產生了英雄崇拜情結,\n\n另一方面,越南人是討厭中國人的。\n\n因為就長遠的歷史來看,總是受到中國壓迫,\n\n在經濟與商業利益,又被華僑把持,也長期在法國人的愚民政策支配與壓榨。<br><br>現在越南人眼前的新勢力,是一個能將強國攻下的日本,\n\n也是能改變越南現狀的唯一國家。\n日本是文化之國,同是東洋民族,\n\n總比起被思想構造完全不同的歐洲民族統治好多了吧。<br><br>在隔年竹內清前往佛印的時候,日軍已經進駐了。他提及實際來到佛印當地,才覺得和原先理解的相去甚遠。雖然日本佔領佛印,對於建設大東亞共榮圈來是一大進展,但也不能因此而沾沾自喜,日本應該更為警惕,勒緊褲帶更加集中精神。<br>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 35, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-e7pc0it3nv": { "id": "imgs-e7pc0it3nv", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "d8d32f78ec6396aed7b29a5888fee9c8", "fileType": "image", 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"資料來源:〈旅遊照片〉(YP03_03_003),《楊雲萍文書》(YP),中研院臺史所檔案館數位典藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9e044eb3bc58597f53ab85d0f27835c7.jpg?itok=mHWo8K6j", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9e044eb3bc58597f53ab85d0f27835c7.jpg?itok=ZPkaJFGM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9e044eb3bc58597f53ab85d0f27835c7.jpg?itok=NyxjOUPt", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9e044eb3bc58597f53ab85d0f27835c7.jpg?itok=I3DhI7H5", "mfid": "9e044eb3bc58597f53ab85d0f27835c7", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "sourceID": "", "creator": "", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "日本・皇軍祈運觀光團", "desc": "<b>1937年中日戰爭開打,殖民地臺灣隨之進入戰時體制,為順應時局與國策,內地的觀光視察結合神宮參拜行程,成為符合皇民化政策的旅遊活動。</b>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 40, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-oojcuiss1u": { "id": "quote-oojcuiss1u", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 41, "desc": "<span>1895年臺灣成為日本帝國殖民地後,<br>臺灣與日本的人群往來逐漸頻繁,<br>其中包含觀光旅遊活動。<br>從統治之初臺灣總督府舉行的「蕃人內地觀光」,<br>到後來廣泛在學校內施行的修學旅行活動,<br>皆有藉由前往日本(內地)觀光,<br>向臺灣人展示母國現代性和強盛國力之意。<br>1937年中日戰爭爆發,<br>日本推動國民精神總動員等戰爭動員政策,<br>臺灣隨之推行皇民化運動,<br>赴日旅遊也成為形塑愛國意識、<br>皇民認同的一項活動。<br><br>報中刊載的戰時日本旅遊見聞,<br>共計9部、連載總計32篇。<br>其中最具代表者,<br>為1938年新民報社主辦的神宮參拜內地視察團,<br>留有報社記者及團員的遊記。<br>1940年「支那事變從軍記念會」舉行的內地參拜,<br>團長滿富俊美發表見聞紀錄,<br>篇名為〈臺灣從軍記念會代表內地聖跡巡拜〉,<br>介紹活動主旨、行程及團員感想。<br>此外,也有多篇個人赴日的旅行書寫,<br>如陳春德〈伊豆の旅〉、<br>郭水潭〈內地旅行日記〉等。<br>本展以相關資料豐富的新民報社神宮參拜團為例,<br>介紹戰時臺灣人的日本旅遊活動。</span>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-7brlb9ulal": { "id": "basic-7brlb9ulal", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": 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簡檉堉個人照片,引自臺北市議會網站,https://www.tcc.gov.tw/Councilor_Content_All.aspx?n=13513&s=2017&d=020126&name=%E7%B0%A1%E6%AA%89%E5%A0%89&termsn=1。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/89e86bcac3d190ea55774d5f25ee63d3.jpg?itok=6ZkK-jVB", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/89e86bcac3d190ea55774d5f25ee63d3.jpg?itok=q0XANRaa", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/89e86bcac3d190ea55774d5f25ee63d3.jpg?itok=5Dn_s211", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/89e86bcac3d190ea55774d5f25ee63d3.jpg?itok=U4Czz6PN", "mfid": "89e86bcac3d190ea55774d5f25ee63d3", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", 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