人類學家的錢包

<b>貨幣的社會生活</b>
展覽頁面呈現形式
橫式
故事地圖
世界各國的貨幣
世界上的貨幣們
當不同貨幣系統相遇
策展者
郭佩宜
中央研究院民族學研究所博物館
展覽封面
9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6
展覽資料
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"著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=OXnylL9N" }, "title": "人類學家的錢包", "desc": "<b>貨幣的社會生活</b>", "textColor": "black", "weight": 0 }, "quote-hc4mli8g5x": { "id": "quote-hc4mli8g5x", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 1, "desc": "<div>\n\t\t\t<div>\n\t\t\t\t<div>\n\t\t\t\t\t<b>什麼是貨幣?</b><div><div>\n\t\t\t</div>\n\t\t</div></div>\n\t\t\t</div>\n\t\t</div>" }, "text-xgkj2uy81g": { "id": "text-xgkj2uy81g", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 2, "desc": "<div>人類學家的專長是研究不同文化的思維與行為,包括異文化以及自身文化。<br><br>人類學家到世界各地做田野工作,透過貼近當地人的日常生活,了解不同的文化──包括用什麼當錢、以及怎麼用錢。<br><br><b>本展覽將透過人類學的研究,穿梭多樣的貨幣世界,共同思考我們的社會生活。</b></div>", "title": "你的錢包裡裝了哪些錢?為什麼它們可以用來買東⻄?" }, "theme-4z2b4tvidj": { "id": "theme-4z2b4tvidj", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9c1265961cdb1a32a47abdd19cd1fc21", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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Kandavatse (right) and assistant Igrimeye prepare salt bars to be wrapped.新幾內亞的Baruya人住在內陸高地,他們種植特殊植物(薏苡)、從中提煉出鹽,製成一個個鹽條。鹽條可作為貨幣使用,跟其他部落購買斧頭、武器、珠貝、羽毛裝飾、有魔法的堅果、樹皮斗篷、配檳榔的石灰、或支付儀式專家的服務等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=PZGZgEac", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=hbo3S6sG", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=LHlQo50D", "mfid": "a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03", "fileCreator": "Pierre Lemonnier", "rights": "Online Digital Sources and Annotation System", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": 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"太平洋島國萬納度最普遍的傳統財富以豬為代表(長牙豬,以及雌雄同體豬),豬作為價值的計算有套特定標準,例如牙齒的捲曲圈數。<br><br>豬可以用來支付聘金、罰金、晉升地位的款項,以及支付儀式知識與雕刻圖案的權利金。", "weight": 7, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "da98457a9c3c5a83db1a3df417e322b5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=I2MHS1Tp", "level": "secondary", "title": "野豬獠牙(萬那杜)/Boar tusk", "desc": "Boar tusk (Vanuatu),成長為環狀的野豬獠牙,為萬那杜當地通行的貨幣之一。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=5tdK6iQK", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=tuM0fJen", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=CKAaVpYZ", "mfid": "6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": 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"cbeebf2d024b04185f18792ec8c015a1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=yjomD4Pi", "level": "primary", "title": "北美獸皮交易", "desc": "許多北美印地安社群使用毛皮作為交易貨幣,例如加拿大的原住民持使用河狸皮。與歐洲人貿易的初期,使用獸皮以及傳統的貝珠串 wampum 當貨幣,有些地方還發展出虛擬的「一張皮」的貨幣單位。後來被歐洲人引進的毛毯取代。\r\n\r\n一塊錢美金俗稱 \"buck\",即反應獸皮(buckskin)作為交易單位的歷史。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=nVIOIgIP", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=1Aur54Up", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=sDlUzbxE", "mfid": "350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a", "fileCreator": "Claude Joseph Sauthier,William Faden (engraver)", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": 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"thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf.jpg?itok=W7Hbz3rU", "mfid": "de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 5 }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-pbh9s5m7z5": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-pbh9s5m7z5", "title": "白色貝錢/貝錢1", "desc": "所羅門群島白色貝珠錢。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "fcb869833e49dfefb4534a51ca7d711a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=7xLDyWm7", "level": "primary", "title": "白色貝錢/貝錢1", "desc": "所羅門群島白色貝珠錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=X7wU_Usg", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=5DE5yCsk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=4KF3gu-J", "mfid": "3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 6 }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-t3wyiajo7q": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-t3wyiajo7q", "title": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環", "desc": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "d0ff6dfe35a6c5276b461159ac6bba20", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=SBRRcnQA", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環", "desc": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=j2Lo1Mki", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=9kqKZTnb", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=238rxFRJ", "mfid": "b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 7 } }, "weight": 13, "desc": "貝類是世界各地很常見的貨幣,遍佈各洲,最常見的是子安貝。<br>圖 1-2 為中國中原地區出土之子安貝;圖 3-6 為菲律賓的貝珠與貝珠串;圖 7 為來自所羅門群島的貝珠錢,圖 8 為所羅門群島 Roviana 的貝環。", "title": "貝作為貨幣" }, "basic-zz7po9ujlr": { "id": "basic-zz7po9ujlr", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=79ugRDe7", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=GPDgFgFx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=X-VIB8g8", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=_GUj-d9p", "mfid": "89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=1cRiEqEd" }, "title": "貝作為貨幣", "desc": "<div>中國古代也以貝為貨幣,反映在中文字中以作為「貝」部首的字彙,如「買賣」、「財貨」、「資貿」、「賃貸」、「負賠」、「賄賂」、「賭」、「賞貢」等。</div>", "weight": 14 }, "basic-e3ejo96lve": { "id": "basic-e3ejo96lve", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9374bb85faf29619392cbc222c9b4f99", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=g3pQgQRV", "level": "primary", "title": "台灣阿美族之貝珠製作", "desc": "19世紀初阿美族製作貝珠鑽孔方式使用螺旋鑽(pump-drill)。使用的貝為硨磲貝。秦貞廉(村上貞助)記錄日本船隻(順吉丸)因海岸沖飄至秀姑鸞阿美部落之見聞(1802-06),當地阿美族婦女製造貝珠工藝。成品作為貨幣與泰雅、布農交易。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=p4SKddJQ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=DZRDkUtI", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=R3yUwjaB", "mfid": "6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f", "fileCreator": "秦貞廉", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=vrKpSWYC" }, "title": "台灣的貝珠", "desc": "<div>貝幣經常以貝珠形式出現,墾丁考古發掘即曾出土貝珠。根據伊能嘉矩的記載,台灣原住民社會中貝珠貨幣主要分布於泰雅、賽夏、排灣。<br><br></div><div>19 世紀初阿美族製作貝珠鑽孔方式使用螺旋鑽(pump-drill),使用的貝為硨磲貝(左圖)。<br></div>", "weight": 15 }, "basic-5gtn5eaxmu": { "id": "basic-5gtn5eaxmu", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "068c93978d31c6084ed692bd85e44db4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=iBLca2Mq", "level": "primary", "title": "泰雅族貝珠布", "desc": "泰雅族貝珠布,1961 年李亦園、石磊於台北市中華路收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=oJbkWAd_", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=12kMQbRP", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=t5JoGFXr", "mfid": "c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=R3uSJ-m9" }, "title": "台灣的貝珠", "desc": "<div>泰雅族高價物的交易使用珠裙珠衣,低價小額交易則用珠條、珠條束。價格。例如在 1915 年的紀錄中,一張珠裙可買:<br><br><ul><ul><li>停耕地若干塊(1-4)</li><li>米粟 150 把</li><li>火槍 2 支</li><li>毛瑟槍 4 支</li><li>大豬 2 隻以上</li><li>獵犬 1-2 隻</li></ul></ul></div>", "weight": 16 }, "storymap-8zjstal": { "id": "storymap-8zjstal", "type": "storymap", "sortable": true, "weight": 17, "sourceID": "101090" }, "theme-4zwujvcv2t": { "id": "theme-4zwujvcv2t", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=qgLe91aO", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)/所羅門群島貝珠03", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\r\n\r\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=25lYJObG", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=-Xl_6zTM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=eu7tuZ2o", "mfid": "e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=qgLe91aO" }, "title": "貨幣的製作", "desc": "<b>單元二</b>", "weight": 18 }, "quote-gi0tmuczk5": { "id": "quote-gi0tmuczk5", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 19, "desc": "<div><b>印鈔票之外,貨幣還可以怎麼製作?</b></div>" }, "basic-pzpsa8wyow": { "id": "basic-pzpsa8wyow", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "029ab3c1bb33dadbd58fd29cd2da6d77", "fileType": "video", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/muse_download/508e626d012d176bcc916aeeaf2f7113", "level": "primary", "title": "Langalanga 人製作貝珠錢/Langalanga貝珠錢的製作", "desc": "許多傳統貨幣已經停止使用,但所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人至今仍持續製作貝珠錢,使用不同種類的貝殼,製成貝珠。\r\n", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=Jxj2bhmx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=r70tBdXN", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=dW3N4FSE", "mfid": "508e626d012d176bcc916aeeaf2f7113", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": 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"theme-oss6dsxuly": { "id": "theme-oss6dsxuly", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a.jpg?itok=BIllwS8J", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a.jpg?itok=9jKfDwm-", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a.jpg?itok=1SdwNEDO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a.jpg?itok=YPPJ9h_9", "mfid": "389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": 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"<div>銅板的反面(tail)通常書寫金額數字,代表錢的價值來自於市場認定,由下而上。如同「餅乾」一樣,貨幣的價值有時來自於本身的物質、由市場決定。例如金、銀、貝、煙草、鹽等。</div><br><b>「金屬本位學派」( Metallism)</b>", "title": "貨幣的反面(TAIL)" }, "basic-8e5m65gxvv": { "id": "basic-8e5m65gxvv", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=zt_gIusF", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)/所羅門群島貝珠02", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\r\n\r\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=AaIGAXPc", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=QN-7OTPu", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=wjwVr882", "mfid": "60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=XsVWKN3z" }, "title": "市場:貝珠錢的價值", "desc": "<div>貝珠錢的價值來自於「貝殼」以及製作貝珠的勞動力。紅色貝殼 romu 需潛水才能取得,較為稀有,價值較高。</div><div><br></div><div>貝珠錢以身體長度來度量,例如手指到手肘即是一個基本單位—— fura。長度越長價值越高。</div>", "weight": 31 }, "basic-75fpucz2tm": { "id": "basic-75fpucz2tm", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "87ba2fad0b333458772616079b0ed467", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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Signed by John Clapham and Robert Couden.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=tE3C5gLv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=1sxydX2Y", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=sAqC97Lp", "mfid": "ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=tP_RCAqU", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "Anne Catherine,William Green (printers)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 4 }, "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-j75cijkms8": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-j75cijkms8", "title": "南卡羅萊納貨幣(六十元)", "desc": "南卡羅萊納六十元貨幣。\n$60 Colonial currency from South Carolina. Signed by John Scott, John Smyth, and Plowden Weston.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "fe6a5a44d42fc6d99e0bce1b74c3c820", "title": "南卡羅萊納貨幣(六十元)", "desc": "南卡羅萊納六十元貨幣。\n$60 Colonial currency from South Carolina. Signed by John Scott, John Smyth, and Plowden Weston.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=j-3tLgyf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=Pm8lAfBM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=Sz2xoJ2U", "mfid": "173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=2Clx2KGh", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 5 }, "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-zvpsbak3aa": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-zvpsbak3aa", "title": "喬治亞貨幣(四十元)", "desc": "喬治亞省的四十元殖民地貨幣。$40 Colonial currency from the Province of Georgia. Signed by Charles Kent, William Few, Thomas Netherclift, William O’Bryen, and Nehemiah Wade. Printed by W. Lancaster.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "571b28a6429e480611f43322762140c2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=zLKTrzto", "level": "primary", "title": "喬治亞貨幣(四十元)", "desc": "喬治亞省的四十元殖民地貨幣。$40 Colonial currency from the Province of Georgia. Signed by Charles Kent, William Few, Thomas Netherclift, William O’Bryen, and Nehemiah Wade. Printed by W. Lancaster.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=gPidqEqC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=woAQaaWO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=ESGrgzce", "mfid": "77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a", "fileCreator": "W. Lancaster (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 6 } }, "weight": 34, "title": "國家:國家貨幣的普及", "desc": "不同國家發行自己的貨幣,與當代國族國家的建構(nation-building)有很密切關係,此過程主要在 19 世紀中葉到 20 世紀中葉形成。例如,美國獨立前有各式各樣的貨幣,獨立後各州特許銀行也發行各自的鈔券,直到南北戰爭結束後才統一貨幣。" }, "basic-sc7iyfhkxm": { "id": "basic-sc7iyfhkxm", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c5bb7e5129b4ce303e08549f0be5b30a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=OCKHX_X0", "level": "primary", "title": "舊台幣及金圓券", "desc": "舊台幣及金圓券,圖為中研院民族所「人類學家的錢包」特展展場實景,由中央研究院生物多樣性中心巫文隆研究員借展。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=R4PIc5Ck", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=P0x_gKp_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=5vgxorhC", "mfid": "7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=fQGQ62vF" }, "title": "國家:國家操控貨幣", "desc": "國家統一發行貨幣,依照國家需求貨幣升貶,調控經濟。國家操控貨幣,有時人民需要適應、或在過程中受害。<br><br>例如 1949 年通貨膨脹嚴重,發行新台幣,4 萬舊台幣等於 1 塊新台幣,人民財富縮水;當代的案例如印度 2016 年忽然置換 500、1000 盧比紙鈔,作業不及讓許多人沒有現金可用,甚至造成衝突傷亡。", "weight": 35 }, "basic-lxk8x0d2uz": { "id": "basic-lxk8x0d2uz", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=Z6MwG7U6", "level": "primary", "title": "海地古德(拾元)", "desc": "海地古德,2000 年版十元鈔票,圖像為為海地縫製第一面國旗的 Catherine Flon,是第一位出現在海地紙鈔上的女性。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=n0iOIn3r", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=oBj0RcxI", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=GgkTdNYD", "mfid": "fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Vintage Printery", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=Z6rHr7Dq" }, "title": "國家:政府管不了的貨幣", "desc": "海地政府發行的貨幣稱為「海地古德」(HTG,gourde)。然而一般人習慣在算錢時使用「海地元」(HD,Haiti Dollar)──價值是海地古德的 5 倍。<br><br>國家從來沒有發行過「海地元」,那是一種虛擬想像的貨幣單位,卻是海地人習慣的計算工具。<br><span><br>海地政府認為海地元是落伍的作法,2007 年起強制規定以海地古德標價,禁用海地元。但民間使用仍很活絡。</span>", "weight": 36 }, "basic-p8xrb33byg": { "id": "basic-p8xrb33byg", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c56dbdc7b34db9bf5b78e82c46551c71", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=HZCsNh8r", "level": "primary", "title": "海地古德(壹元)/1 Gourdes Haiti", "desc": "1 海地古德(Gourde Haiti),1979 (84)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=_7A5bYgJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=N8v3vwmX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=cELBYjI8", "mfid": "5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Vintage Printery", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=VsmQDORf" }, "title": "為何會有以 5 為倍數的海地元?", "desc": "海地曾在 17-18 世紀受法國殖民統治,而後獨立。19 世紀後半海地曾發行國家貨幣,以固定匯率方式兌換前殖民者貨幣,5 古德等於 1 法郎。<br><br>1920 年代美國佔領期間,政府也曾發行面額 5 古德的鈔票,上面寫著 5 古德等於 1 美元,此固定匯率直至 1979 年為止。<span>人們習慣了 5 為倍數的計算,「海地元」作為一種想像貨幣連結了過去的歷史。<br><br>海地元的使用也呈現出階級差異:</span>上層階級的房地產、旅館、餐館以美金計價,以美金支付;中產階級以海地元計價,以美金支付;一般人以海地元計價,以古得支付;窮則是使用小額的古德或更小的單位(甚至是美金的一分錢銅板)。", "weight": 37 }, "basic-zpybgo70r9": { "id": "basic-zpybgo70r9", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "69f025e8232240ace1451293e36820b9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=zxENevcZ", "level": "primary", "title": "新台幣千元鈔券", "desc": "新台幣千元鈔券,第四套、第五套橫式新台幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=bzHlqiUY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=bAo941rj", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=cqp-Dd6t", "mfid": "84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央銀行", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "政府資料開放授權條款-第1版(Open Government Data License, version 1.0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=SzDu-vyq" }, "title": "國家:貨幣的象徵", "desc": "脫離殖民地獨立的國家,常常在建國時同步發行自己的貨幣,除了經濟自主性,也有象徵、宣示的意涵。<br><br>國家貨幣上印刷的圖樣往往為代表該國的符碼,有些是政治人物,有些則是特殊物種、藝術、文化特色。<br><span><br>貨幣圖樣的改變,反映了什麼?</span>", "weight": 38 }, "quote-ogy1qy69ws": { "id": "quote-ogy1qy69ws", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 39, "desc": "<b>貨幣奠基在一個巨大的信仰系統,「每個人都相信別人相信這貨幣是有價值的」,那麼就有價值。反過來,當人們不相信其價值時,貨幣就失去價值。</b><br>—人類學家 Willem Wolters" }, "basic-geo0iu7jkd": { "id": "basic-geo0iu7jkd", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "dc2777bcdbb5d9b957ff52401a051fca", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=mQR5laS2", "level": "primary", "title": "至元通行寶鈔(拓片)/至元通行寶鈔", "desc": "至元通行寶鈔(拓片)。忽必烈發行貨幣「中統鈔」,後改發行新貨幣「至元通行寶鈔」。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=k5VFW9rn", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=2-igOSXH", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=xAdwUQvf", "mfid": "9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所傅斯年圖書館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=R1R23VR7" }, "title": "國家 VS. 市場", "desc": "<div>忽必烈發行貨幣「中統鈔」,此種寶鈔以銀子為支撐後盾,逐漸通行,但後來帝國疆域擴張而發行太多,大幅貶值。<br><br>之後改發行新貨幣「至元通行寶鈔」,不能兌換為金銀,純粹以國家力量要求人民相信其「價值」,但人民信心不足,並不成功。<br></div>", "weight": 40 }, "quote-bdcdkmus83": { "id": "quote-bdcdkmus83", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 41, "desc": "<span><b>貨幣的價值是兩條路徑(市場與國家)互動交織而成的</b><br></span>" }, "theme-fuztx3rxd3": { "id": "theme-fuztx3rxd3", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=81BTu0MN", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=2WFwDGKK", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=lATL846E", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=_6IF2mj2", "mfid": "a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=81BTu0MN" }, "title": "當不同貨幣系統相遇", "desc": "<b>單元四</b>", "weight": 42 }, "quote-a2yueuv6qf": { "id": "quote-a2yueuv6qf", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 43, "desc": "<b>不同貨幣相遇,會發生什麼事情?</b>" }, "storymap-5pg6aqa": { "id": "storymap-5pg6aqa", "type": "storymap", "sortable": true, "weight": 44, "sourceID": "100696" }, "basic-zj3uocvpju": { "id": "basic-zj3uocvpju", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9afe5a739718d6b426cd290f89b3593f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=Agb6jiRY", "level": "primary", "title": "Kwaio人衡量貝珠錢", "desc": "所羅門群島Malaita島山區的Kwaio人以公認的基礎長度單位,一個 lousu'u,來衡量貝珠錢的長度。\r\n\r\nKwaio人堅持傳統、文化自主性,拒絕殖民者帶來的基督宗教、貨幣、「政府」(政治制度)。雖然Kwaio年輕人會外出打工賺錢,但他們透過範疇區分,限制「國家貨幣」進入傳統領域。在下聘、喪禮等重要生命儀禮場合,只可使用貝珠錢(kofu)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=3NbGyAcf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=Bi0Z9WTv", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=la7o1_rc", "mfid": "c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9", "fileCreator": "Roger M. Keesing", "rights": "UC San Diego Library Special Collections & Archives", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=uvSH4lff" }, "title": "Kwaio人拒絕國家貨幣", "desc": "<div>所羅門群島 Malaita 島山區的Kwaio 人堅持傳統、文化自主性,拒絕殖民者帶來的基督宗教、貨幣、「政府」(政治制度)。<br><br></div><div>雖然 Kwaio 年輕人會外出打工賺錢,但他們透過範疇區分,限制「國家貨幣」進入傳統領域。聘禮、喪禮等重要生命儀禮場合,只可使用貝珠錢(kofu)。<br><br>圖為 Kwaio 人以公認的基礎長度單位,一個 lousu'u,來衡量貝珠錢的長度。</div>", "weight": 45 }, "basic-icmrlpem80": { "id": "basic-icmrlpem80", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "7d0c37d36461c8de23e345bd2172305b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=xgomLs2N", "level": "primary", "title": "Kwaio人以貝珠錢支付聘禮", "desc": "Kwaio人以貝珠錢支付聘禮,雙方正在清點聘禮數量。\r\n\r\nKwaio人堅持傳統、文化自主性,拒絕殖民者帶來的基督宗教、貨幣、「政府」(政治制度)。雖然Kwaio年輕人會外出打工賺錢,但他們透過範疇區分,限制「國家貨幣」進入傳統領域。在下聘、喪禮等重要生命儀禮場合,只可使用貝珠錢(kofu)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=3eazloIP", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=aTSLtj5v", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=pVTxNNTa", "mfid": "8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a", "fileCreator": "Roger M. Keesing", "rights": "UC San Diego Library Special Collections & Archives", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=rZ5ds0oR" }, "title": "Kwaio人拒絕國家貨幣", "desc": "<div>因為這樣的傳統貨幣系統,在外賺來的現金無法直接用來購買貝珠錢,要先換成物品(如罐頭、香煙、電池等),然後再回家鄉用物品換成貝珠錢。<br><br></div><div>國家貨幣無法直接與傳統貨幣轉換,只能間接轉換,設立了防火牆,在象徵意義上讓國家力量無法直接進入部落,作為一種對國家的抵抗。<br><br>圖為 Kwaio 人以貝珠錢支付聘禮,雙方正在清點聘禮數量。</div>", "weight": 46 }, "basic-yc8did71ks": { "id": "basic-yc8did71ks", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0657cfe857d9734fffcf5a22cbbd494b", "fileType": "video", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/muse_download/20cca1952d8d19c52221a290318ef7c9", "level": "primary", "title": "貝幣對法郎的戰爭(樂高)/貝幣對法郎的戰爭", "desc": "殖民時期法屬西非地方貨幣對抗殖⺠貨幣的故事。法國自19世紀末佔領⻄非地區,試圖推行法朗,取代當地盛行的貝幣(子安貝 cowries),然而貝幣「堅守」了超過半個世紀。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/externals/ce1f77f97fe9f84fcf34390432af8491.jpg?itok=VqZLxpUR", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/externals/ce1f77f97fe9f84fcf34390432af8491.jpg?itok=XA4Du1tW", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/ce1f77f97fe9f84fcf34390432af8491.jpg?itok=KhlCSCQz", "mfid": "20cca1952d8d19c52221a290318ef7c9", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜,楊懷澤", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/w1920/public/externals/ce1f77f97fe9f84fcf34390432af8491.jpg?itok=gYGw9r9F" }, "title": "貝幣對法郎的戰爭:地方貨幣對抗殖民貨幣的故事", "desc": "<div>法國 19 世紀末佔領西非地區,試圖推行法郎,取代當地盛行的貝幣(子安貝 cowries),然而貝幣「堅守」了超過半個世紀。<br></div>", "weight": 47 }, "quote-eqk8bzgk2f": { "id": "quote-eqk8bzgk2f", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 48, "desc": "<b>貨幣是不斷動態協商的過程。</b><br>—郭佩宜,「協商貨幣」:所羅門群島 Langalanga 人的動態貨幣介面(2009)" }, "theme-81ivc79ttg": { "id": "theme-81ivc79ttg", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=o_WuP8RT", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=9jGVVEWx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=ltu-ah3T", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=K28iQtG4", "mfid": "c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=o_WuP8RT" }, "title": "貨幣的社會生活", "desc": "單元五", "weight": 49 }, "quote-h5hcp4y0zw": { "id": "quote-h5hcp4y0zw", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 50, "desc": "<b>買賣之外,我們與貨幣有哪些關係?</b>" }, "img-b2tnv18cws": { "id": "img-b2tnv18cws", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0d7a25fb2cacb6211395577c3861cb47", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249.jpg?itok=T6bxEXPk", "level": "primary", "title": "排灣族女長衣", "desc": "排灣族女長衣,1956年任先民於屏東縣泰武鄉佳平村收購(No.10459)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249.jpg?itok=n8NaifOl", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249.jpg?itok=xOHpvm8t", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249.jpg?itok=GP9pILsO", "mfid": "4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "貨幣穿上身", "desc": "<div>錢幣、貝珠常在某地是貨幣,到了另一個地方或另一個場合變成裝飾品。貝珠在大洋洲常作為貨幣及衣飾使用。<br></div><div>台灣原住民則是將外來的古銅錢縫製到衣服、服飾配件上,或鑲嵌在巫師道具盒上。</div>", "weight": 51 }, "quote-4wyk547nvp": { "id": "quote-4wyk547nvp", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 52, "desc": "<div><b>人們為何將「貨幣」穿上身?</b></div>" }, "basic-fjwyy8r60e": { "id": "basic-fjwyy8r60e", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "d0aa3dfff420f44afac39314a81079e6", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=jg8CYs6J", "level": "primary", "title": "排灣族巫師箱", "desc": "此件法具盒下半部為木製,紅漆,用銅及貝殼裝飾;上半部是網袋,網口綴有小藤環,加上細繩,可束緊袋口,亦可提拿。一般法具盒的製作方式是將整段木塊挖空而成,除盒底外,其餘幾面都有雕刻,且以陽刻為主。雕刻題材多人和動物,動物紋中以百步蛇紋、鹿紋最多,另有鋸齒紋、三角連續紋等。有時會在雕刻的人眼釘上銅釘,有時也用月光貝、子安貝或瓷片切割成三角形、圓形等,或用銅幣鑲嵌在箱面上做為裝飾。近代還會用油漆在盒上塗上紅、黃、黑相間的顏色。法具盒裡放置的物品,會因不同部落而有所不同,但大概都有小鐵刀(或鐵片)、竹筒、木製方盤、豬皮、豬骨、樹皮、果實、小葫蘆、卵石等。由 Edward F. Conyngham 早年於中華商場收購,2002年捐贈入藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=nXTAHrKT", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=KBjzH7q0", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=cABAD3ln", "mfid": "8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=zXVT3eSm" }, "title": "貨幣穿上身", "desc": "一說是炫耀。另一說,錢幣經常被認為帶有魔力,因為錢具有轉換成為欲望之物的可能性。錢象徵了力量,是持有者能使他人行動的內在隱形能力。", "weight": 53, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "dca2b8ac6207c178dace36a284235913", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=ez2ddUFW", "level": "secondary", "title": "排灣族銀肩帶", "desc": "1956 年任先民於屏東縣來義鄉來義村採集收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=gFR0CM0M", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=t0gHyN0w", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=T8WpTe_d", "mfid": "7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=1vno249o" } }, "text-cnu24x2i2v": { "id": "text-cnu24x2i2v", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 54, "desc": "<div>台東宜灣阿美族於 1930 年代後曾出現一派巫師(cikawasay)稱為 misapayciay。他們幫人治病的過程中,會以嘴在患者身上「最痛」的地方吸出日本錢幣,表示去除病根。<br><br></div><div>從身上吸出的日本錢並不是代表邪惡,反而代表的是外來的強大力量,有助於治療。那個年代部落也常將錢幣縫在衣服上,具有護身符的作用。<br><br></div><div>這樣的儀式出現有其時代背景:1930 年代是日本人引入水稻種植、大幅改變部落社會的時期,當時部落認為日本人較先前的清國(漢人)力量強大,misapayciay 巫師的守護神之一即為日本神 Amaterasu Omikami。<br></div>", "title": "貨幣「上身」" }, "quote-3sy3rpmzyv": { "id": "quote-3sy3rpmzyv", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 55, "desc": "<b>錢有內在性質嗎?</b>" }, "quote-quceb5eok1": { "id": "quote-quceb5eok1", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 56, "desc": "<b>錢是善或惡?</b><br>" }, "text-4iqvmfkoom": { "id": "text-4iqvmfkoom", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 57, "title": "錢是善還是惡?", "desc": "<div>「錢」使商業交易更加方便、促進經濟發展;錢也讓人自由,脫離一些社會束縛。<br><div><br>但另方面,日常中常聽聞的俗諺,如「有錢能使鬼推磨」,也反映了我們對於「錢」的負面評價。在西方脈絡中,希臘哲學家亞里斯多德認為錢是負面、賺錢是反自然的、會破壞社會連結,歐洲中世紀教會譴責商人不勞而穫賺錢,馬克思理論更對錢抱持負面評價。在拉丁美洲部分地區,如玻利維亞、哥倫比亞、墨西哥,地方社會將錢視為邪惡的、是惡魔(devil),其危險魔力對社會有害。</div></div><div><br></div><div>然而,馬達加斯加的 Imerina 人認為錢是中性的。他們傳統即可把錢當成禮物、甚至把錢別在身上當裝飾;男人溫存後給情人錢,不會有買春的誤解。而當人們將錢用於最重要的儀式(喪葬),此時的錢也被視為是道德的。</div>" }, "quote-9rlbq6jho4": { "id": "quote-9rlbq6jho4", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 58, "desc": "<b>錢是輕還是重?</b>" }, "basic-tk5uksg37x": { "id": "basic-tk5uksg37x", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=MHmSX2Tz", "level": "primary", "title": "Tolai人的傳統貝珠錢(tambu)", "desc": "This is shell money, used in some islands of Papua New Guinea. Shell money like this is called diwara, tambu or tabu. Sometimes, people wear shell money as necklaces or earrings.\r\n\r\nThis shell money is from the Duke of York Islands in East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea. It is called diwara. It features a series of Nassarius shells, threaded on to pieces of cane. The back of the shell has been removed so it can easily be threaded onto the cane. Each shell is about 9mm long. The cane has been cut to various lengths to indicate different values. History:\r\n\r\nEach place in Papua New Guinea has a different type of traditional money, usually made of different types of shells. Today, shell money is most often exchanged on special occasions, like weddings or funerals. In East New Britain, shell money is also used at markets to buy fresh food. Depending on what is being paid for, people may use bank currency as well as shell money.新幾內亞的Tolai人有雙重貨幣系統:傳統的貝珠錢(tambu),及國家發行的kina貨幣。可並存使用,也可交互兌換。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=X-noLPkV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=gRM5i59V", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=vCSTDkM-", "mfid": "100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Queensland Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=_tUGah9Q" }, "title": "錢是輕還是重?", "desc": "<div>新幾內亞的 Tolai 人有雙重貨幣系統:傳統的貝珠錢(tambu,如圖),及國家發行的 kina 貨幣。可並存使用,也可交互兌換,但人們偏好收取貝珠錢。<br><br>在這樣的脈絡中,貝珠錢是「重的」(mawat),用於社會關係再生產的領域(如聘禮、喪禮),關乎人的聲望,以及社會秩序的建立及維護。貝珠錢因而代表了地方、傳統,會留在島內。</div><div><br>相對而言,現金則是「輕的」(biaku),無法創造社會關係,只是用來消費,容易花掉。故現金代表了殖民力量,終究會流失出去。<br><br><br></div>", "weight": 59 }, "quote-j4y7imfbah": { "id": "quote-j4y7imfbah", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 60, "desc": "<b>錢是男的還是女的?</b>" }, "basic-9j5ir0u4zx": { "id": "basic-9j5ir0u4zx", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "911a643e5e77d56c7c198b414cc1e12e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=z-lAFo2S", "level": "primary", "title": "巴布亞新幾內亞人儀式中的紙鈔", "desc": "A group of men wearing western-style clothing, standing in a group around a brideprice comprised of pork, and money on bamboo poles; Wahgi Valley, Papua New Guinea.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=12zftIgv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=atvWCEfZ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=ZLfJSE9J", "mfid": "cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2", "fileCreator": "Michael David Peter O'Hanlon", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=a6UwDIYV" }, "title": "錢是男的還是女的?", "desc": "<div>新幾內亞高地的 Anganen 社會傳統中,珠母貝是交換的珍品,位處高地很難取得,只有一些領導人物(big-man)才擁有,取得很高的聲望。殖民時期後,貨幣逐漸取代珠母貝,在交換儀式中,但只使用大額紙鈔。<br><br>大面額紙鈔被稱為 an(男性的),因男性主宰了「生意」(bisnis),賣咖啡豆、工資、開商店、經營運輸業。<br><br></div><div>零錢被稱為 renan(女性的),因女人的「生意」比較小型,如在市場賣菜,多半只經手小額銅板。</div>", "weight": 61, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "b914dae24a2fdbb72e3805ec8ab3525f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=Ad4wdrK8", "level": "secondary", "title": "巴布亞新幾內亞人(Komblo)儀式中的紙鈔", "desc": "A group of Komblo people, some seated, some standing in a clearing, all wearing western-style clothing, a row of bamboo poles carrying omblom payments are stuck into the ground in front of the group of people, and a man wearing western-style clothing, holding an axe is standing in front of the omblom payments; trees are in the background.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=3tlUGJx9", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=JmrTF6kN", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=wejSE6hj", "mfid": "e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588", "fileCreator": "Michael David Peter O'Hanlon", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=denNIMo2" } }, "quote-ggpvgthoq2": { "id": "quote-ggpvgthoq2", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 62, "desc": "<div><b>錢本身有沒有內在的力量?<br>錢的意義其實是文化界定的。</b><br>—Jonathan Parry &amp; Maurice Bloch<br>Money and the Morality of Exchange (1989)</div>" }, "text-3wooaspdsm": { "id": "text-3wooaspdsm", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 63, "title": "錢的性質如何轉化?", "desc": "<div>馬來西亞蘭卡威人的生產活動有性別分工:男人捕魚,女人種稻。<br><br></div><div>捕魚是個人、競爭型活動,帶有反社會性,目的是獲取現金;種稻則是團體、平等的活動,稻米限於自家食用而不販賣。蘭卡威人因而認為錢與社會有所牴觸。<br></div><div><br>他們「轉化」錢的性質的方式是,女性不涉入賺現金、交易等活動;錢由男人交給女人,用來煮飯共食,在家戶內共同消費、或參與社區社會關係。如此一來「淨化」了錢,使其能進入社會的道德範疇。</div>" }, "text-4qaq8qitrz": { "id": "text-4qaq8qitrz", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 64, "title": "平平都是錢,意義不一樣", "desc": "<div><b>不同管道取得的錢,對人的意義不太一樣,於是會有不同的使用方式。<br>人類學家也不例外,例如:</b><br><br>人類學家凌純聲的女兒凌曼立曾回憶:「每次我父親 review 有了一些外快之後他就跟我媽媽講:『史禾,我請客,我帶你去看電影!』」<br><br></div><div>黃樹民教授亦曾回憶大學時上李亦園院士的課:「每次李先生領到台大兼課的鐘點費或雜誌社的稿費時,就會找我們幾位同學到台大對面的小館子打牙祭。他總是笑說:『薪水是要拿回家養家的,但鐘點費或稿費是自己的零用錢,可以用來請同學們吃飯。』」</div>" }, "img-b47rhyvruz": { "id": "img-b47rhyvruz", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1f3f885c73f13c20962ec1a5dc2877d0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=o92TQBZL", "level": "primary", "title": "越南美金紙錢", "desc": "越南的紙錢,仿製美金式樣且具有不同幣值。\n\n人類學研究發現,越南人認為越戰期間的大量死者,包括了南越人和美國人,且死者們不認識當前通行的「胡志明貨幣」,只認得當時的通用貨幣美金,因此在死者的社會中反而是美金最為通用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=v3t3TbUC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=_aiCeV4c", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=u622uzNh", "mfid": "950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "單元焦點|靈界的貨幣", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "weight": 65 }, "quote-yc1ltxncba": { "id": "quote-yc1ltxncba", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 66, "desc": "<div><b>為什麼要燒紙錢?</b><br></div><div><br></div>" }, "quote-hzsioczgy3": { "id": "quote-hzsioczgy3", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 67, "desc": "<div><b>就像美國人與台灣人用不同的錢,人世與地府、陽世與陰間也使用不同的錢。就跟到其他國家旅行要去銀行換錢一樣,要給地府的祖先東西,就得先換成他們在那邊可以用的。</b></div><div>—台灣農民向人類學家 Emily Martin 解釋為何有紙錢</div>" }, "quote-vk9weqgbqv": { "id": "quote-vk9weqgbqv", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 68, "desc": "<div><b>死者收到紙錢乍看是模仿生者,聯繫彼此,然而燒紙錢的目的是送死者上路,隔離生者與死者。</b><br>—人類學家 Stephan Feuchtwang</div>" }, "quote-isqkkihg6t": { "id": "quote-isqkkihg6t", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 69, "desc": "<b>燒紙錢、越燒越多,是一種小資產階級的宗教想像,把世俗對錢的想法投射到靈界。</b><br>—人類學家 Hill Gates" }, "quote-02iprf1n1z": { "id": "quote-02iprf1n1z", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 70, "desc": "<b>燒紙錢是象徵性的毀滅財富,與財富累積相反,是對市場意識型態的反動。</b><br>—人類學家楊美惠<br>" }, "basic-w9yptyv880": { "id": "basic-w9yptyv880", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "d5d12c8d126327e5569619425f845d90", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=sIrWNb1a", "level": "primary", "title": "金紙與補運錢", "desc": "金紙與補運錢。進錢補運儀式特別需要用到「運金」,以及吊掛有色高錢(代表五行的精氣神),神明也會依照信徒個人運氣、八字等指示燒化不同數量的金紙。\r\n\r\n根據道教經典「受生經」,出生投胎時向天曹地府借貸金錢才取得「人身」,因此生病時「進錢」給天曹地府,可以延長生命。一般信徒燒化紙錢是交換的概念,進獻紙錢換得神明給予好運氣,或與冤家鬼煞和解。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=l0yXmOca", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=QzdMZ6tQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=Ffv6Jg1B", "mfid": "902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=wxrnpz_-" }, "title": "要燒哪些紙錢?", "desc": "<div>依據進獻對象區分,也依照用途而有不同種類。<br><br></div><div>根據中研院民族所人類學家張珣的研究,進錢補運儀式特別需要用到「運金」,以及吊掛有色高錢(代表五行的精氣神)。神明也會依照信徒個人運氣、八字等指示燒化不同數量的金紙。</div><div><br>根據道教經典「受生經」,出生投胎時向天曹地府借貸金錢才取得「人身」,因此生病時「進錢」給天曹地府,可以延長生命。<br><br></div><div>一般信徒燒化紙錢是交換的概念,進獻紙錢換得神明給予好運氣,或與冤家鬼煞和解。儀式中也有燒紙錢打通關的過程。</div>", "weight": 71 }, "basic-flm5omgq6q": { "id": "basic-flm5omgq6q", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1f3f885c73f13c20962ec1a5dc2877d0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=5VNxJilb", "level": "primary", "title": "越南美金紙錢", "desc": "越南的紙錢,仿製美金式樣且具有不同幣值。\r\n\r\n人類學研究發現,越南人認為越戰期間的大量死者,包括了南越人和美國人,且死者們不認識當前通行的「胡志明貨幣」,只認得當時的通用貨幣美金,因此在死者的社會中反而是美金最為通用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=qhUJVSMv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=VZ0rDNNE", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=2MnDfdpG", "mfid": "18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=MHsru75R" }, "title": "為什麼越南人燒美金紙錢?", "desc": "<div>人類學家 Heonik Kwon 研究發現,越南人認為越戰期間的大量死者,包括了南越人和美國人,且死者們不認識當前通行的「胡志明貨幣」,只認得當時的通用貨幣美金,因此在死者的社會中反而是美金最為通用。<br></div><div><br></div>", "weight": 72 }, "basic-rnfqyhafsn": { "id": "basic-rnfqyhafsn", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1f3f885c73f13c20962ec1a5dc2877d0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=mWUfz2fS", "level": "primary", "title": "越南美金紙錢", "desc": "越南的紙錢,仿製美金式樣且具有不同幣值。\r\n\r\n人類學研究發現,越南人認為越戰期間的大量死者,包括了南越人和美國人,且死者們不認識當前通行的「胡志明貨幣」,只認得當時的通用貨幣美金,因此在死者的社會中反而是美金最為通用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=bw8PF3UM", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=CFpo04LW", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=rFy2Bwjs", "mfid": "56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=D-48d2sY" }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<div>越南傳統燒紙錢分為給神、祖先以及鬼的不同種類(金、銀、coin)。<br><br></div><div>1990年代開始越來越多家庭日常燒金紙採用複製的越幣及美金。</div><div><br>美金紙錢一面印的是美國富蘭克林(美國財政背書),另一面印的是地府(宗教背書),具有價值擔保。</div>", "weight": 73 }, "quote-ftxc691z0e": { "id": "quote-ftxc691z0e", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 74, "desc": "<b>使用不同的錢、區分不同的世界。</b>" }, "theme-dywi6o07vy": { "id": "theme-dywi6o07vy", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9c1265961cdb1a32a47abdd19cd1fc21", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=0Ecmk_4D", "level": "primary", "title": "「人類學家的錢包」展場照", "desc": "「人類學家的錢包」特展展場現地照片。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=dGXgD3gb", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=0jqG2qCF", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=ulvXkGB5", "mfid": "7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=0Ecmk_4D" }, "title": "新世紀的貨幣", "desc": "<b>單元六</b>", "weight": 75 }, "quote-w53bm2in86": { "id": "quote-w53bm2in86", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 76, "desc": "<b>新世紀的貨幣有哪些可能?</b>" }, "basic-zwb7a9sgbj": { "id": "basic-zwb7a9sgbj", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "b5c09b05af08de3fe819c330ea6745f5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=utEuSt_m", "level": "primary", "title": "歐元紙鈔", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=dCrdXqXI", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=_QSOqeAS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=jwgVVd6g", "mfid": "a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9", "fileCreator": "angelo luca iannaccone", "rights": "angelo luca iannaccone", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=T6ptqhRP" }, "title": "歐元", "desc": "<div>生日:1999年1月1日<br><br></div><div>歐元既是跨越國家疆界的貨幣,也是重新劃定疆界(歐盟區)的貨幣。仰賴對新的政治金融機制的信賴。</div>", "weight": 77 }, "basic-05t2nw0dch": { "id": "basic-05t2nw0dch", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "42790a0630ca7660c47dd1ebefde199a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=BtAZekyL", "level": "primary", "title": "排碳量", "desc": "隨著氣候變遷成為全球性議題,如何「減碳」的提案中,出現將「排探量」作為一種可以賣賣交易的貨幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=MUESdOSX", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=qSUZfix_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=t71JcRgj", "mfid": "558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d", "fileCreator": "Nikola Belopitov", "rights": "Nikola Belopitov", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=7e2i3-kp" }, "title": "排碳量", "desc": "隨著氣候變遷成為全球性議題,如何「減碳」的提案中,出現將「排碳量」作為一種可以賣賣交易的貨幣。<br><br><ul><li>碳貨幣是否真的有助於全球減碳?<br><br></li><li>誰在碳貨幣交易中獲利?</li></ul>", "weight": 78 }, "basic-s0w3r5wfx0": { "id": "basic-s0w3r5wfx0", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "ab25eda5826d3b24c40fbaf32495146d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=FaifAE_U", "level": "primary", "title": "比特幣(Bitcoin)", "desc": "比特幣是誕生於網路、沒有實體、沒有中心發行機構、沒有國界的貨幣。\r\n倡議社群成員認為比特幣是一種機會,也是一種社會對話與改革的行動方式。有些人則將之視為金融炒作商品。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=CkKWJHQr", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=I62jqf3C", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=qzzYLw52", "mfid": "ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517", "fileCreator": "Igor Schubin", "rights": "Igor Schubin", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=D8h-7Mla" }, "title": "數位貨幣:比特幣 & 乙太幣", "desc": "<div>比特幣是誕生於網路、沒有實體、沒有中心發行機構、沒有國界的貨幣。</div><div><br>倡議社群成員認為比特幣是一種機會,也是一種社會對話與改革的行動方式。有些人則將之視為金融炒作商品。</div><div><br>另一個新興的數位貨幣是乙太幣,標榜「下一代加密貨幣與去中心化應用平台」。<br><br></div><div><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.coindesk.com/price/\">比特幣即時漲跌</a></div>", "weight": 79 }, "basic-obnt9gkno0": { "id": "basic-obnt9gkno0", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "b1b00495e3eb71a7cbce7858c9a40585", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=uyqXgjk_", "level": "primary", "title": "印度盧比(Indian Rupee)", "desc": "印度盧比(Indian Rupee),面額 500 盧比之紙鈔,正面,2016 年版。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=AUA7a1X0", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=06LIWSGQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=J0t3tML3", "mfid": "7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=uJubkhMA" }, "title": "臨時貨幣", "desc": "<div>2015 年,當希臘經濟危機、人們在 ATM 領不到歐元時,有些地方村落重新使用原本的「希臘幣」。<br><br></div><div>2016 年印度政府突然廢紙舊鈔期間,新版 500 及 2000 盧比紙鈔供應不及,影響日常生活,許多村落也自行發展出手寫的、臨時性的紙券作為替代「紙鈔」。圖為 2016 年新版的 500 盧比紙鈔。</div>", "weight": 80 }, "img-xyrwwenexh": { "id": "img-xyrwwenexh", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "4ea6e936882fe7c5b185132a4a227189", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4.jpg?itok=BurrIGOG", "level": "primary", "title": "PTT (批踢踢實業坊)等價交換板", "desc": "即使在網路時代,仍出現許多以物易物網站,PTT 的「等價交換版」(equal_change)等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4.jpg?itok=Z-Uz2_HW", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4.jpg?itok=4fV_txSZ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4.jpg?itok=s8X1GHyz", "mfid": "295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4", "fileCreator": "楊懷澤", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "以物易物", "desc": "人類社會一直沒有間斷以物易物的形態。即使在網路時代,仍出現許多以物易物網站,例如 BizXchange、PTT 的「等價交換版」(equal_change)等。", "weight": 81 }, "img-h2zlsa36xu": { "id": "img-h2zlsa36xu", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=8x5OFnsD", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=Jzi7cR1R", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=grgURyzA", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=8UgTh_UA", "mfid": "81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所博物館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "另類貨幣", "desc": "<div>為對抗新自由主義下的跨國資本主義市場,興起了「另類貨幣」運動。</div><div>最有名的是 LETS(Local Exchange Trading Systems),以社區為主,以服務或小農產手作品換點數,彼此交易。</div>", "weight": 82 }, "basic-eupzj8cpay": { "id": "basic-eupzj8cpay", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1301c6bbe96aee07c1ab749656c02db1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=HGxpNdPA", "level": "primary", "title": "綺色佳HOURS(時間貨幣)", "desc": "綺色佳HOURS是運作於紐約州綺色佳的地方時間貨幣,創立於1991年。時間貨幣是一種互助網,特色是不區分服務的種類,只以「時間」為單位。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=Hw6tOX9s", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=jIZ6fQZk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=Xx8h4ru2", "mfid": "8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25", "fileCreator": "Bill Maurer", "rights": "Bill Maurer", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=IG5Yt6N-" }, "title": "時間貨幣", "desc": "<div>時間貨幣是一種互助網,特色是不區分服務的種類,只以「時間」為單位。例如教英文一小時與拖地一小時「等價」,與一般市場價值運作不同。<br><br></div><div>日本 1970 年代的「大阪志工勞力銀行」是先驅者,最知名的時間貨幣則是「綺色佳 HOURS」(Ithaca HOURS,如圖),台灣也有一些社區曾推動,如弘道基金會的「志工人力時間銀行」等。</div>", "weight": 83 }, "img-egzzdw10sh": { "id": "img-egzzdw10sh", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07.jpg?itok=VQUnR9BY", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢", "desc": "所羅門群島的貝珠錢也是全球潮流下的一種地方貨幣。貝珠錢的價值,是透過地區內人們共同「信賴認可」而取得。\n\n當所羅門群島因為族群衝突引發內戰、經濟蕭條等因素,所羅門元大幅貶值,貝珠錢比較保值。國家貨幣的價值、全球經濟的洪流,小島居民難以置喙,經常處於弱勢。透過分散貨幣,將部分財富存放在貝珠錢,不但可以避險,也可以對貨幣價值保有一些主導權。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07.jpg?itok=eRIcHP2o", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07.jpg?itok=a3b52Y5a", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07.jpg?itok=iKYV27Rm", "mfid": "4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "單元焦點|全球潮流下的地方貨幣", "desc": "", "weight": 84 }, "text-wmj1iube6u": { "id": "text-wmj1iube6u", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 85, "title": "貝珠錢作為地方貨幣", "desc": "<div>全球經濟的景氣洪流、國家貨幣的價值升貶,小島居民都難以置喙,經常處於弱勢。</div><div><br>當所羅門群島因為族群衝突引發內戰、經濟蕭條等因素,所羅門元大幅貶值,此時貝珠錢比較保值,因為其價值無關全球,而是透過地區內人們的共同認可所支持。<br><br></div><div>島民透過分散貨幣,將部分財富存放在貝珠錢,不但可以避險,也可以對貨幣價值保有一些主導權。</div>" }, "basic-eb4319s6zj": { "id": "basic-eb4319s6zj", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "fb02f49d809f2b580426f44d72374fb8", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=jqhF9NgO", "level": "primary", "title": "Tolai人的貝珠錢(tambu)/Tolai tambu", "desc": "新幾內亞的Tolai人持續使用傳統的貝珠錢(tambu),無論是用於教堂捐獻、繳交學費、或到商店購物。Tolai人眼見國家貨幣Kina在全球貨幣市場中一路下滑,等於當地人的財富縮水、購買力下降,於是從1990年代開始要求地方政府承認貝珠錢的價值,主張貝珠錢才是人民生存的依賴。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=JgJFZnqK", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=Q0GdjWHq", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=aSiwg0tH", "mfid": "821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873", "fileCreator": "dmscvan", "rights": "dmscvan", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=IKGvNnmI" }, "title": "官方認可貝珠錢作為貨幣", "desc": "<div>新幾內亞的 Tolai 人持續使用傳統的貝珠錢(tambu),無論是用於教堂捐獻、繳交學費、或到商店購物。<br><br></div><div>Tolai 人眼見國家貨幣 Kina 在全球貨幣市場中一路下滑,等於當地人的財富縮水、購買力下降,於是從 1990 年代開始要求地方政府承認貝珠錢的價值,主張貝珠錢才是人民生存的依賴。<br><br></div><div>2002 年地方政府認可貝珠錢作為正式的官方貨幣,並成立一家銀行(Tabu Exchange/ Bank)。<br></div>", "weight": 86 }, "imgs-fqgis95lhp": { "id": "imgs-fqgis95lhp", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "9d46b74ae34d79fe14b3796e8f6701ba", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=XRxImeWH", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜「傳統貨幣銀行」/Vanuatu tusks", "desc": "A scribe in the pig bank notes new deposits and withdrawls in a room of hanging pig tusks.萬納度於2002年設立「傳統貨幣銀行」(Traditional Money Bank in Vanuatu Project, TMBV),而全國最大的金融網絡信用合作社(Vanuatu Credit Union)也設立傳統貨幣與現金兌換的機制。俗稱「豬銀行計畫」(the Pig Bank Project),因為最普遍的傳統財富以豬為代表。除了豬之外,還有蓆子、山藥等區域地方貨幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=1XV-qeWd", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=GSeAF3Fk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=ywEWQ6Jp", "mfid": "4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918", "fileCreator": "Ben Bohane", "rights": "Ben Bohane", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "1a94c6dd717954e543c691225a4f29d2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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Stencil design in red applied using root bark dye. Frayed ends. This is either a woman's clothing mat (qan vivi) for a special occasion, notably marriage, or a mat to be held over the head of a woman at marriage 'qan hunhuni' (literally umbrella mat). 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Stencil design in red applied using root bark dye. Frayed ends. This is either a woman's clothing mat (qan vivi) for a special occasion, notably marriage, or a mat to be held over the head of a woman at marriage 'qan hunhuni' (literally umbrella mat). The design is vule (moon).蓆子是萬那杜的區域地方貨幣。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "1a94c6dd717954e543c691225a4f29d2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=V6tO5i0U", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜葉織地蓆/mat", "desc": "Mat for woman, of pandanus leaf. Stencil design in red applied using root bark dye. Frayed ends. This is either a woman's clothing mat (qan vivi) for a special occasion, notably marriage, or a mat to be held over the head of a woman at marriage 'qan hunhuni' (literally umbrella mat). The design is vule (moon).蓆子是萬那杜的區域地方貨幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=tmHCpIu2", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=XNxOPYVP", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=yQF_fxUr", "mfid": "8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-fqgis95lhp-d3vcpi7oi5": { "id": "imgs-fqgis95lhp-d3vcpi7oi5", "title": "萬那杜國會獠牙紀念雕像/Memorial in front of the Parliament", "desc": "Memorial in front of the Parliament, Port Vila, Vanuatu.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "5c45faf815257333292380abefcc90e5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=2jyUDvPA", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜國會獠牙紀念雕像/Memorial in front of the Parliament", "desc": "Memorial in front of the Parliament, Port Vila, Vanuatu.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=vRO_-yAJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=m6hYCHQu", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=Qo02JV1C", "mfid": "d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505", "fileCreator": "Torbenbrinker", "rights": "Torbenbrinker", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 } }, "weight": 87, "desc": "<div>萬納度於 2002 年設立「傳統貨幣銀行」(Traditional Money Bank in Vanuatu Project, TMBV),而全國最大的金融網絡信用合作社(Vanuatu Credit Union)也設立傳統貨幣與現金的兌換機制。俗稱「豬銀行計畫」(the Pig Bank Projec),因為最普遍的傳統財富以豬為代表。除了豬之外,還有蓆子、山藥等區域地方貨幣。<br></div><div><br></div><div>國家規定各類與傳統有關的罰款只能以傳統財富形式支付;此外與政府有關的機構也收受傳統貨幣,例如學費、醫藥費、罰金等,以提振傳統貨幣。</div>", "title": "國家提振地方貨幣" }, "quote-v58f7t1ak5": { "id": "quote-v58f7t1ak5", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 88, "desc": "<div><b>思考看看</b><br>1. 試試看,設計一套新的貨幣<br>(可使用不同材料、不同的形狀設計)</div><div>2. 你想用貨幣換什麼?<br>3.&nbsp;如果世界上沒有貨幣,會是什麼樣子?</div>" }, "quote-6cn2s1p25i": { "id": "quote-6cn2s1p25i", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 89, "desc": "<b>展覽一開始,我們問了一個問題:「什麼是貨幣?」</b><br><b>在看完展覽之後,我們還想再問最後一個問題:</b>" }, "quote-ad00kdjc1t": { "id": "quote-ad00kdjc1t", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 90, "desc": "<b>「貨幣是什麼?」</b>" }, "thanks": { "id": "thanks", "type": "thanks", "sortable": false, "thanksList": { "中央研究院民族學研究所": { "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "obj": [ "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "9c1265961cdb1a32a47abdd19cd1fc21", "726c19ab905e1c1206be1bedb17dd4da", "4bbd80cc4ec85367c164bef84a44572f", "9600df446088717daed520e16ffe0841", "172a47f03611964eb7c1537f04de8396", "9374bb85faf29619392cbc222c9b4f99", "068c93978d31c6084ed692bd85e44db4", "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "029ab3c1bb33dadbd58fd29cd2da6d77", "85ee46b9dfdcf8d9ce9c0def2870db75", "975874ce8f392a6eb86ffa046a2e975d", "7fd765ec070167fc357685ce036c34f0", "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "87ba2fad0b333458772616079b0ed467", "0657cfe857d9734fffcf5a22cbbd494b", 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Conyngham 早年於中華商場收購,2002年捐贈入藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=nXTAHrKT", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=KBjzH7q0", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=cABAD3ln", "mfid": "8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=zXVT3eSm" }, "dca2b8ac6207c178dace36a284235913": { "oid": "dca2b8ac6207c178dace36a284235913", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=ez2ddUFW", "level": "secondary", "title": "排灣族銀肩帶", "desc": "1956 年任先民於屏東縣來義鄉來義村採集收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=gFR0CM0M", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=t0gHyN0w", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=T8WpTe_d", "mfid": "7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=1vno249o" }, "350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a": { "oid": "350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=MHmSX2Tz", "level": "primary", "title": "Tolai人的傳統貝珠錢(tambu)", "desc": "This is shell money, used in some islands of Papua New Guinea. Shell money like this is called diwara, tambu or tabu. Sometimes, people wear shell money as necklaces or earrings.\r\n\r\nThis shell money is from the Duke of York Islands in East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea. It is called diwara. It features a series of Nassarius shells, threaded on to pieces of cane. The back of the shell has been removed so it can easily be threaded onto the cane. Each shell is about 9mm long. The cane has been cut to various lengths to indicate different values. History:\r\n\r\nEach place in Papua New Guinea has a different type of traditional money, usually made of different types of shells. Today, shell money is most often exchanged on special occasions, like weddings or funerals. In East New Britain, shell money is also used at markets to buy fresh food. Depending on what is being paid for, people may use bank currency as well as shell money.新幾內亞的Tolai人有雙重貨幣系統:傳統的貝珠錢(tambu),及國家發行的kina貨幣。可並存使用,也可交互兌換。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=X-noLPkV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=gRM5i59V", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=vCSTDkM-", "mfid": "100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Queensland Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=_tUGah9Q" }, "911a643e5e77d56c7c198b414cc1e12e": { "oid": "911a643e5e77d56c7c198b414cc1e12e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=z-lAFo2S", "level": "primary", "title": "巴布亞新幾內亞人儀式中的紙鈔", "desc": "A group of men wearing western-style clothing, standing in a group around a brideprice comprised of pork, and money on bamboo poles; Wahgi Valley, Papua New Guinea.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=12zftIgv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=atvWCEfZ", "thumbBigURI": 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poles carrying omblom payments are stuck into the ground in front of the group of people, and a man wearing western-style clothing, holding an axe is standing in front of the omblom payments; trees are in the background.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=3tlUGJx9", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=JmrTF6kN", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=wejSE6hj", "mfid": "e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588", "fileCreator": "Michael David Peter O'Hanlon", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=denNIMo2" }, "1f3f885c73f13c20962ec1a5dc2877d0": { "oid": "1f3f885c73f13c20962ec1a5dc2877d0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=o92TQBZL", "level": "primary", "title": "越南美金紙錢", "desc": "越南的紙錢,仿製美金式樣且具有不同幣值。\n\n人類學研究發現,越南人認為越戰期間的大量死者,包括了南越人和美國人,且死者們不認識當前通行的「胡志明貨幣」,只認得當時的通用貨幣美金,因此在死者的社會中反而是美金最為通用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=v3t3TbUC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=_aiCeV4c", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=u622uzNh", "mfid": "950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5", 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Stencil design in red applied using root bark dye. Frayed ends. This is either a woman's clothing mat (qan vivi) for a special occasion, notably marriage, or a mat to be held over the head of a woman at marriage 'qan hunhuni' (literally umbrella mat). The design is vule (moon).蓆子是萬那杜的區域地方貨幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=tmHCpIu2", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=XNxOPYVP", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=yQF_fxUr", "mfid": "8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "5c45faf815257333292380abefcc90e5": { "oid": "5c45faf815257333292380abefcc90e5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=2jyUDvPA", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜國會獠牙紀念雕像/Memorial in front of the Parliament", "desc": "Memorial in front of the Parliament, Port Vila, Vanuatu.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=vRO_-yAJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=m6hYCHQu", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=Qo02JV1C", "mfid": "d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505", "fileCreator": "Torbenbrinker", "rights": "Torbenbrinker", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false } }, "title": "誌謝", "desc": "<div>「人類學家的錢包:貨幣與社會生活」<br>Beta version. 2020.05.18.<br><u><br>策展團隊</u></div><div>策展人:郭佩宜</div><div>專案管理及執行:曾瓊瑩<br></div><div>學術助理:楊懷澤<br>藏品管理維護:許善惠、楊霈穎</div><div>多媒體技術:楊雯娟、鄧芸</div><div>教育推廣:莊博揚</div><div>協力團隊</div><div>視覺設計:藍禹設計工作室</div><div>展板設計製作:大鄴企業股份有限公司</div><div>道具插圖:許芸珊/徐菁穗/馮筱鈞</div><div><div><br></div><div><u>貨幣借展(開放博物館線上展覽)</u></div><div>江芝華</div><div>李航</div><div>林浩立</div><div>黃宣衛</div><div>黃靖雯</div><div>吳冠緯</div><div>廖選<br><br></div><div><u>展品協力 &amp; 授權聯繫</u></div><div>吳季鴻&nbsp;</div><div>梅氏秋&nbsp;</div><div>葉春榮&nbsp;</div><div>趙恩潔&nbsp;</div><div>穆海飛 (Harvey Molé)&nbsp;</div><div>Caroline Cavallasca</div><div>Kerry Doketa&nbsp;</div><div>Laurent Dousset&nbsp;</div><div>Silas Waletofe&nbsp;&nbsp;</div><div><br></div><div>Online Digital Sources and Annotation System(ODSAS)</div></div>", "weight": 91 } }
郭佩宜中央研究院民族學研究所博物館