端午的四種過法

文徵明|乾隆帝|洪亮吉|鄭成功<br>陪你一起過日子<br><br>開放博物館.品日╳選物
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中央研究院數位文化中心
闕宇彤
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f9351ebf6eaa5a35fb12e693db722705
展覽資料
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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9eedd31c26f4ef461c0bc3c08ff1f9e5.jpg?itok=Z8wWeBYS" }, "title": "【端午宜】掛「適合」的畫", "desc": "文徵明的曾孫、明代品味生活家文震亨有云,端午掛畫「宜真人玉符,及宋元名筆端陽龍舟、艾虎、五毒之類」。<span><br><br></span>也就是說,除了符咒,端午嚴選物件:宋元名筆端陽龍舟、艾虎、五毒。", "weight": 6 }, "basic-phuhhoqrfs": { "id": "basic-phuhhoqrfs", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "34b23363d7f873f9fa677364a81a1aa1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/f9351ebf6eaa5a35fb12e693db722705.jpg?itok=Z8bXvyeL", "level": "primary", "title": "The Weiyang Palace(未央宮)", "desc": "清代製作,仿趙伯驌風格的界畫冊頁。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/f9351ebf6eaa5a35fb12e693db722705.jpg?itok=SjaMHt8c", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/f9351ebf6eaa5a35fb12e693db722705.jpg?itok=o15jB4_t", "thumbBigURI": 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target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://theme.npm.edu.tw/exh102/dragonlake/ch/ch1.html\">萬</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://theme.npm.edu.tw/exh102/dragonlake/ch/ch1.html\">民同樂</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://theme.npm.edu.tw/exh102/dragonlake/ch/ch1.html\">—</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://theme.npm.edu.tw/exh102/dragonlake/ch/ch1.html\">元王振鵬龍池競渡圖</a>展覽)" }, "basic-mwomyaghm6": { "id": "basic-mwomyaghm6", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "09c86ac346be845017bcbac6833715e2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/2574ea0e0d0ca724edb154209312fde5.jpg?itok=dep_NeIK", "level": "primary", "title": "Pendant, probably a bed curtain decoration(艾虎吊墜)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/2574ea0e0d0ca724edb154209312fde5.jpg?itok=MfNuKAOf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/2574ea0e0d0ca724edb154209312fde5.jpg?itok=bJ1OaW9y", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/2574ea0e0d0ca724edb154209312fde5.jpg?itok=xy82LmMV", "mfid": "2574ea0e0d0ca724edb154209312fde5", "fileCreator": "佚名", "rights": "Museum of Fine Arts, Boston(波士頓美術館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/2574ea0e0d0ca724edb154209312fde5.jpg?itok=jN5RduCo" }, "title": "選物3|艾虎", "desc": "<span>「五月五日午,天師騎艾虎;赤口上青天,百蟲歸地府。」<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>五月初五的端午,古俗忌為「惡日」。盛夏即將來臨,百蟲滋生,疾病流行,故會懸掛艾草、蒜等驅疾。後來漸漸演變為剪艾草為虎形,或懸掛五毒和虎紋的裝飾。<br><br></span>此件收藏於Museum\nof\nFine Arts, Boston(波士頓美術館)的艾虎吊墜,墜飾最上端結合艾虎和五毒的紋樣,是極具端午氣氛的掛飾。", "weight": 9 }, "imgs-9pae322kfm": { "id": "imgs-9pae322kfm", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "46c0d75317bcfba9a4e8ba0733c38b9a", "title": "明萬曆 五毒紋紗羅", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d.jpg?itok=1pv_T-De", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d.jpg?itok=4MVbtO-V", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d.jpg?itok=Bf27ta7v", "mfid": "357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d.jpg?itok=e8Hyes4u", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "佚名", "rights": "Metropolitan Museum of Art(大都會藝術博物館)", "rightsLogo": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" } ], "items": { "imgs-9pae322kfm-sz36amynlk": { "id": "imgs-9pae322kfm-sz36amynlk", "title": "明萬曆 五毒紋紗羅", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "46c0d75317bcfba9a4e8ba0733c38b9a", "title": "明萬曆 五毒紋紗羅", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d.jpg?itok=1pv_T-De", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d.jpg?itok=4MVbtO-V", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d.jpg?itok=Bf27ta7v", "mfid": "357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/357a9a308d970b5deadd79582287567d.jpg?itok=e8Hyes4u", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "佚名", "rights": "Metropolitan Museum of Art(大都會藝術博物館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-9pae322kfm-ra0g8m32ur": { "id": "imgs-9pae322kfm-ra0g8m32ur", "title": "明萬曆 五毒紋紗羅", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "46c0d75317bcfba9a4e8ba0733c38b9a", "title": "明萬曆 五毒紋紗羅", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5ca91c21505b1d7efc518c8cf1d05a41.jpg?itok=sJ6W5l8r", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5ca91c21505b1d7efc518c8cf1d05a41.jpg?itok=QMtN3zOQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5ca91c21505b1d7efc518c8cf1d05a41.jpg?itok=uos8zYHg", "mfid": "5ca91c21505b1d7efc518c8cf1d05a41", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5ca91c21505b1d7efc518c8cf1d05a41.jpg?itok=FQmh7P2d", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "佚名", "rights": "Metropolitan Museum of Art(大都會藝術博物館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-9pae322kfm-x6i0jhp1dd": { "id": "imgs-9pae322kfm-x6i0jhp1dd", "title": "dish(明萬曆款景德鎮五彩五毒 盤)", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "1953ca8472623be7f6a0e05f87482642", "title": "dish(明萬曆款景德鎮五彩五毒 盤)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e37236b694667254cb695e237ca9190a.jpg?itok=RlJoNJHd", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e37236b694667254cb695e237ca9190a.jpg?itok=7XXQZ5jO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e37236b694667254cb695e237ca9190a.jpg?itok=JD8zsqXe", "mfid": "e37236b694667254cb695e237ca9190a", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e37236b694667254cb695e237ca9190a.jpg?itok=KKfyP7NF", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "佚名", "rights": "British Museum(大英博物館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 }, "imgs-9pae322kfm-8mh0xrvd6b": { "id": "imgs-9pae322kfm-8mh0xrvd6b", "title": "dish(明萬曆款景德鎮五彩五毒 盤)", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "1953ca8472623be7f6a0e05f87482642", "title": "dish(明萬曆款景德鎮五彩五毒 盤)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/648b4f932b82f198e1edda265ba84579.jpg?itok=KK8kHxGg", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/648b4f932b82f198e1edda265ba84579.jpg?itok=XSOUFYn7", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/648b4f932b82f198e1edda265ba84579.jpg?itok=_ziYZULk", "mfid": "648b4f932b82f198e1edda265ba84579", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/648b4f932b82f198e1edda265ba84579.jpg?itok=8v9-FdwC", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "佚名", "rights": "British Museum(大英博物館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 3 } }, "weight": 10, "title": "選物4|五毒", "desc": "<i></i>五毒指毒蛇、蜈蚣、壁虎、蠍子、蟾蜍五種毒物。當時相信五毒圖案可以以毒攻毒,防止身體受五毒侵害。<br><span>用輕薄材料做成的五毒紗羅,或是繪有龍舟和五毒紋樣的五彩盤子,皆是端午節的常見應景物。<br>點擊</span>黑色右鍵<span>看更多,點選作品名稱進入藏品頁。<br></span>" }, "basic-pj2caj6r02": { "id": "basic-pj2caj6r02", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9259281de93f0c6acec989e72172f9c1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8e2f240aab01793a20a2b6238b42f989.jpg?itok=VqW7evFf", "level": "primary", "title": "元人天中佳景 軸", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8e2f240aab01793a20a2b6238b42f989.jpg?itok=-om5Wmb8", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8e2f240aab01793a20a2b6238b42f989.jpg?itok=3J2b3kNI", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8e2f240aab01793a20a2b6238b42f989.jpg?itok=-Yfuwmjd", "mfid": "8e2f240aab01793a20a2b6238b42f989", "fileCreator": "佚名", "rights": "國立故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8e2f240aab01793a20a2b6238b42f989.jpg?itok=bt1QhqR1" }, "title": "其他明人的端節布置", "desc": "<span>看完了文震亨的端午選物,是否也不禁好奇,其他的明代人是怎麼布置他們的端午?幸好臺北故宮現存一張極有代表性的作品。<br><br>畫題云「天中佳景」,「天中」即端午節的別稱,此畫為端陽應景之作。<br><br>幅中凡繪瓶插蜀葵、石榴、菖蒲等五月花卉,枝梢並繫有精緻香囊。盤中則擺設粽子、荔枝、石榴等。\n幅上方,另見道教的靈符四道,及一武勇的鍾馗畫像。<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>畫名雖為題元代,然而端午懸掛打鬼的鍾馗像乃明代以後的風氣,此畫應為明畫,反映當時端午布置的風俗:插菖蒲、貼滿鍾馗、符咒。</span>", "weight": 11 }, "basic-nc94j0ydv7": { "id": "basic-nc94j0ydv7", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "75fafe2b1aa1783b6b911540401bf840", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/42b01de7849c13bf3debd6a8f4fe910f.jpg?itok=yU0yADd3", "level": "primary", "title": "清金廷標鍾馗探梅 軸", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/42b01de7849c13bf3debd6a8f4fe910f.jpg?itok=2CxWlRcR", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/42b01de7849c13bf3debd6a8f4fe910f.jpg?itok=2bKEUbn3", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/42b01de7849c13bf3debd6a8f4fe910f.jpg?itok=cSuspx1b", "mfid": "42b01de7849c13bf3debd6a8f4fe910f", "fileCreator": "金廷標", "rights": "國立故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/42b01de7849c13bf3debd6a8f4fe910f.jpg?itok=u77vpJ-x" }, "title": "文徵明巧搭鍾馗素材", "desc": "「文徵明端午不畫鍾馗,春節畫的鍾馗不打鬼」\n。<br><br>臺北故宮現藏之<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://painting.npm.gov.tw/Painting_Page.aspx?dep=P&amp;PaintingId=3321\">文徵明作</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://painting.npm.gov.tw/Painting_Page.aspx?dep=P&amp;PaintingId=3321\">〈</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://painting.npm.gov.tw/Painting_Page.aspx?dep=P&amp;PaintingId=3321\">寒林鍾馗</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://painting.npm.gov.tw/Painting_Page.aspx?dep=P&amp;PaintingId=3321\">〉</a>便是例證。<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>作為文人畫的宗師,文徵明向來有意識地避開通俗的畫題、常見的作法。〈寒林鍾馗〉便避開鍾馗武勇打鬼的形象、避開端午節,將之化作寒林之中無所事事的文雅文人。<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>此一操作,引領江南style。被視為文派的<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://catalog.digitalarchives.tw/item/00/10/8e/0f.html\">李士達</a>、<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://catalog.digitalarchives.tw/item/00/08/38/f9.html\">陳琳</a>都曾繪製相同的主題。此風甚至傳入清宮,旁邊這件作品便是清宮人物畫家金廷標的〈寒林鍾馗〉 。<br>", "weight": 12 }, "imgs-c5atknkv8p": { "id": "imgs-c5atknkv8p", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "0c2a1ae4f6c67c8b19b04bb25e56e064", "title": "Zhongshan Going on Excursion(元龔開中山出行圖 卷)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/0c6bbf22a179b1612ac08a959d08637c.jpg?itok=zOd5NO7J", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/0c6bbf22a179b1612ac08a959d08637c.jpg?itok=nIXNS1RU", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/0c6bbf22a179b1612ac08a959d08637c.jpg?itok=uRXodMTt", "mfid": "0c6bbf22a179b1612ac08a959d08637c", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/0c6bbf22a179b1612ac08a959d08637c.jpg?itok=Ygwr8051", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "龔開", 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"89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4", "title": "The Demon Queller Zhong Kui Giving His Sister Away in Marriage(南宋/元 顏庚 鍾馗嫁妹圖 卷)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/419807ab06e0d9fac0f015be33caadd8.jpg?itok=yclYq8Sx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/419807ab06e0d9fac0f015be33caadd8.jpg?itok=qFTF7tgi", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/419807ab06e0d9fac0f015be33caadd8.jpg?itok=VM3M6NoX", "mfid": "419807ab06e0d9fac0f015be33caadd8", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/419807ab06e0d9fac0f015be33caadd8.jpg?itok=2QdAQaCR", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "顏庚", "rights": "Metropolitan Museum of Art(大都會藝術博物館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-7tcq6n473v-m1zx65fzym": { "id": "imgs-7tcq6n473v-m1zx65fzym", "title": "The Demon Queller Zhong Kui Giving His Sister Away in Marriage(南宋/元 顏庚 鍾馗嫁妹圖 卷)", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4", "title": "The Demon Queller Zhong Kui Giving His Sister Away in Marriage(南宋/元 顏庚 鍾馗嫁妹圖 卷)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/921c9528083cbd2f2dff4b77c2c9e65d.jpg?itok=69MtuXJQ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/921c9528083cbd2f2dff4b77c2c9e65d.jpg?itok=kiE16Cwh", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/921c9528083cbd2f2dff4b77c2c9e65d.jpg?itok=lN-kLVPL", "mfid": "921c9528083cbd2f2dff4b77c2c9e65d", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/921c9528083cbd2f2dff4b77c2c9e65d.jpg?itok=DVn8YYYI", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "顏庚", "rights": "Metropolitan Museum of Art(大都會藝術博物館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 }, "imgs-7tcq6n473v-hrc5zgtarb": { "id": "imgs-7tcq6n473v-hrc5zgtarb", "title": "The Demon Queller Zhong Kui Giving His Sister Away in Marriage(南宋/元 顏庚 鍾馗嫁妹圖 卷)", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4", "title": "The Demon Queller Zhong Kui Giving His Sister Away in Marriage(南宋/元 顏庚 鍾馗嫁妹圖 卷)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/768da5e7034039f5c74b5085b0364c20.jpg?itok=aPRPLdpv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/768da5e7034039f5c74b5085b0364c20.jpg?itok=3pCTluPk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/768da5e7034039f5c74b5085b0364c20.jpg?itok=xKrO5rOT", "mfid": "768da5e7034039f5c74b5085b0364c20", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/768da5e7034039f5c74b5085b0364c20.jpg?itok=5-nYu7DH", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "顏庚", "rights": "Metropolitan Museum of Art(大都會藝術博物館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 3 } }, "weight": 14, "title": "鍾馗嫁妹", "desc": "現藏The\nMetropolitan Museum of Art(大都會藝術博物館)的南宋/元〈顏庚鍾馗嫁妹圖〉卷。" }, "basic-6arw1fckvf": { "id": "basic-6arw1fckvf", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "5d7c1136f93302f82587d619ef37c0c9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/65cf656b6cd914185d796ccac42bf355.jpg?itok=FIKJOFBo", "level": "primary", "title": "The Lantern Night Excursion of Zhong Kui(元顏輝鍾馗元夜出遊圖 卷)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/65cf656b6cd914185d796ccac42bf355.jpg?itok=RHKgLeDI", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/65cf656b6cd914185d796ccac42bf355.jpg?itok=loS4bPq5", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/65cf656b6cd914185d796ccac42bf355.jpg?itok=-W9OFlZI", "mfid": "65cf656b6cd914185d796ccac42bf355", "fileCreator": "顏輝", "rights": "The Cleveland Museum of Art(克利夫蘭藝術博物館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/65cf656b6cd914185d796ccac42bf355.jpg?itok=xHNQ_9T6" }, "title": "鍾馗嫁妹", "desc": "現藏Cleveland Museum Of Art(克利夫蘭藝術博物館)元代〈顏輝鍾馗元夜出遊圖〉卷。", "weight": 15 }, "basic-9bhy21u9o4": { "id": "basic-9bhy21u9o4", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1af51470067ca8b94081029eaec9f25d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/cca8ee35abfa74db419e506fed8e6b2b.jpg?itok=aJHzYf79", "level": "primary", "title": "鍾馗嫁小妹/《鍾馗嫁小妹》報紙廣告", "desc": "大台北地區首輪上映紀錄(資料來源:聯合報):\r\n大中華:1964/1/21-1964/1/22。\r\n萬華:1964/1/21-1964/1/22。\r\n大同:1964/1/21。\r\n明星:1964/1/21-1964/1/22。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/cca8ee35abfa74db419e506fed8e6b2b.jpg?itok=GOMvRW_p", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/cca8ee35abfa74db419e506fed8e6b2b.jpg?itok=zF5yhZme", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/cca8ee35abfa74db419e506fed8e6b2b.jpg?itok=0DbLaFoy", "mfid": "cca8ee35abfa74db419e506fed8e6b2b", "fileCreator": "徐守仁,李川", "rights": "國家電影及視聽文化中心", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/cca8ee35abfa74db419e506fed8e6b2b.jpg?itok=WtWWuSvK" }, "title": "鍾馗嫁小妹", "desc": "跨越數百年時空,由徐守仁導演、李川編劇,<span>1964年臺灣<span>上映的黑白臺語劇情長片也以「鍾馗嫁妹」為主題。<br></span></span><br>1960年代臺灣的臺語片,面對國民黨政府的打壓、粗製濫造、無法順利升級到彩色電影、未能打開市場僅能內銷等課題,拍攝數量已經大幅萎縮。", "weight": 16 }, "basic-l9gz3ddw5t": { "id": "basic-l9gz3ddw5t", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "20cbaa678607b24a4a82928a1882e11e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/eb7af03b23b2c0b1c83f17499699b128.jpg?itok=dOv0TzqK", "level": "primary", "title": "鍾馗翰戲", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/eb7af03b23b2c0b1c83f17499699b128.jpg?itok=_-qJPkIe", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/eb7af03b23b2c0b1c83f17499699b128.jpg?itok=rQlFNeNd", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/eb7af03b23b2c0b1c83f17499699b128.jpg?itok=-h_aPPrd", "mfid": "eb7af03b23b2c0b1c83f17499699b128", "fileCreator": "歐豪年", "rights": "中央研究院嶺南美術館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/eb7af03b23b2c0b1c83f17499699b128.jpg?itok=OEskeCk9" }, "title": "歐豪年戲作鍾馗翰戲", "desc": "嶺南畫派第三代傳人歐豪年,深得文徵明要旨,結合鍾馗嫁妹的小鬼和文鍾馗的形象,繪製此作。", "weight": 17 }, "text-a60dgwhcks": { "id": "text-a60dgwhcks", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 18, "title": "延伸閱讀與參考書目", "desc": "<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">石守謙,</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">〈</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">雅俗的焦慮:文徵明、鍾馗與大眾文化\n</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">〉</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">,</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">《</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">國立臺灣大學美術史研究集刊</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">》</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">,第</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">16</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">期(</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">2004</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">),頁</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">307-339</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=10232095-200403-201401210019-201401210019-308-346%2B349\">。</a>&nbsp;<span><br>劉芳如,〈明文徵明寒林鍾馗〉,收入國立故宮博物院編輯委員會編,《迎歲集福&nbsp;</span>—&nbsp;院藏鍾馗名畫特展》(臺北:國立故宮博物院,1997年二月初版一刷),頁142-143。" }, "theme-9ftd7iaw2c": { "id": "theme-9ftd7iaw2c", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "7033f8c16cbf45c69008d05ffdb27db3", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/601c21db35dde71dd3ee99cc2a888753.jpg?itok=6KFYCzfc", "level": "primary", "title": "清郎世寧乾隆帝(青年時期)朝服像 軸", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/601c21db35dde71dd3ee99cc2a888753.jpg?itok=u3K9Cd4r", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/601c21db35dde71dd3ee99cc2a888753.jpg?itok=x8KmH5Pv", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/601c21db35dde71dd3ee99cc2a888753.jpg?itok=JE7BwacC", "mfid": "601c21db35dde71dd3ee99cc2a888753", "fileCreator": "郎世寧", "rights": "北京故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/601c21db35dde71dd3ee99cc2a888753.jpg?itok=6KFYCzfc" }, "title": "乾隆帝的端午", "desc": "<span>先從清乾隆宮廷畫家徐揚《端陽故事圖冊》所蒐羅的歷代各地端陽風俗,一冊圖解歷朝歷代著名的端午行事。<span><br>\n<br></span></span>再翻開宮中檔案,浩浩蕩蕩、不計花費的天中慶典盡顯眼前。<span><span><br><br>\n</span>而乾隆帝作為清宮頭家,免不了用此佳節攏絡人心,各種花式賞賜,讓人目不暇給。</span>怎麼賞才精刮上算、貼合臣民心意,十全老人可具錦囊妙計?", "weight": 19 }, "text-moandsc033": { "id": "text-moandsc033", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 20, "title": "《端陽故事圖冊》", "desc": "<span>《端陽故事圖冊》<span>由清代畫家徐揚繪。全套共八幅,分別描繪了端午節期間的重要民俗活動,集中表現了各地的風俗習慣。每開均以隸書題寫標題:射粉團、賜梟羹、采藥草、養鴝鵒、懸艾人、繫采絲、裹角黍、觀競渡,並以行書對畫作加以註釋。此為絹本設色,現藏於北京故宮。<br>\n<br>\n此圖冊構圖嚴謹精妙,人物造型秀逸生動,線條遒勁流暢,色彩明麗典雅,顯示出作者較強的寫實功底和乾隆朝宮廷繪畫工整清麗的筆墨特點。(</span>節選自<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.dpm.org.cn/collection/paint/232166.html\">李湜</a>)<br><br></span>畫家徐揚在乾隆十六年(1751)乾隆皇帝南巡至蘇州,進畫而得供奉內廷。受艾啟蒙、賀清泰影響,寫實功力益深。<br>" }, "basic-9xts4v6xh3": { "id": "basic-9xts4v6xh3", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "6575690915286cc9ebe30d9a9065e082", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/f243d54896d52ffa52b9f383b92022ca.jpg?itok=VdxPZKPd", "level": "primary", "title": "清乾隆徐揚端陽故事圖 冊 射粉團", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/f243d54896d52ffa52b9f383b92022ca.jpg?itok=L0A5JiH3", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/f243d54896d52ffa52b9f383b92022ca.jpg?itok=69i1oSTP", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/f243d54896d52ffa52b9f383b92022ca.jpg?itok=P8KM_2SA", "mfid": "f243d54896d52ffa52b9f383b92022ca", "fileCreator": "徐揚", "rights": "北京故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/f243d54896d52ffa52b9f383b92022ca.jpg?itok=LTKX6GVY" }, "title": "端中行事1|射粉團", "desc": "「射粉團,唐宮中造粉團角黍飣盤中,以小弓射之,中者得食。」\n\n<br><br>粉團是類似麻團的一種點心,用糯米製成,外裹芝麻,置油中炸熟。<br><br>射粉團是一種唐代都城和宮廷盛行的遊戲。《開元天寶遺事》記載:「宮中每到端午節,造粉團、角黍,貯於金盤中。」<br><br>此圖可見宮中以小角造弓子,纖妙可愛,架箭射盤中粉團,中者得食,蓋粉團滑膩而難射也。", "weight": 21 }, "basic-rk1u9a8s7e": { "id": "basic-rk1u9a8s7e", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "3571c3150baf70dbb09e413d39459424", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b20ca6f98671f1dcc00785655d6d10f4.jpg?itok=zAElIWAn", "level": "primary", "title": "清乾隆徐揚端陽故事圖 冊 賜梟羹", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b20ca6f98671f1dcc00785655d6d10f4.jpg?itok=3pdRzfuW", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b20ca6f98671f1dcc00785655d6d10f4.jpg?itok=wX_oyAqJ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b20ca6f98671f1dcc00785655d6d10f4.jpg?itok=qk36WWSB", "mfid": "b20ca6f98671f1dcc00785655d6d10f4", "fileCreator": "徐揚", "rights": "北京故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/b20ca6f98671f1dcc00785655d6d10f4.jpg?itok=xelp4-Y-" }, "title": "端中行事2|賜梟羹", "desc": "「漢令郡國貢梟為羹賜官以惡鳥,故食之。」\n\n<br><span><br>最早出現的端午時食,應屬西漢的「梟羮」,是以梟肉製作的羮湯。這裡主料——梟,即為貓頭鷹,在古代被認為是不孝的鳥,從漢代開始,人們就有五月做梟羮、送梟羮、吃梟羮的習俗。</span>\n\n而「賜」更是將習俗官方和制度化。皇帝製作梟羮以賜臣下,意在警示臣子不要像梟那樣不忠不孝,其中也包含了除絕邪惡的用意。", "weight": 22 }, "basic-g3ppzud9r6": { "id": "basic-g3ppzud9r6", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "10c333e88e2a81ac0d46ba348592fdc7", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/722485220dcaa83b0294e9f7793ab45c.jpg?itok=dPbBU_WF", "level": "primary", "title": "清乾隆徐揚端陽故事圖 冊 採藥草", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/722485220dcaa83b0294e9f7793ab45c.jpg?itok=C2gZXS7e", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/722485220dcaa83b0294e9f7793ab45c.jpg?itok=m1TmjHx3", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/722485220dcaa83b0294e9f7793ab45c.jpg?itok=guNElGx9", "mfid": "722485220dcaa83b0294e9f7793ab45c", "fileCreator": "徐揚", "rights": "北京故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/722485220dcaa83b0294e9f7793ab45c.jpg?itok=n9fnlSBm" }, "title": "端中行事3 |採藥草", "desc": "「五日午時蓄採眾藥治病,最效驗。」<br><br>據言,端午正中午所採的藥草,治病最為靈驗。", "weight": 23 }, "basic-qln7ef6p90": { "id": "basic-qln7ef6p90", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "82bd6b5f0543efb5be784dc4dc57d690", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/eff5d2caf39245eaf9f7d236f6d775d7.jpg?itok=NQsMmq2Q", "level": "primary", "title": "清乾隆徐揚端陽故事圖 冊 養鴝鵒", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/eff5d2caf39245eaf9f7d236f6d775d7.jpg?itok=Sj1JwzAz", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/eff5d2caf39245eaf9f7d236f6d775d7.jpg?itok=6Q3EgU9n", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/eff5d2caf39245eaf9f7d236f6d775d7.jpg?itok=rEEk1SyU", "mfid": "eff5d2caf39245eaf9f7d236f6d775d7", "fileCreator": "徐揚", "rights": "北京故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/eff5d2caf39245eaf9f7d236f6d775d7.jpg?itok=I-WQadbD" }, "title": "端中行事4|養鴝鵒", "desc": "<span>「取鴝鵒兒毛羽新成者去舌尖,養之皆善語。」<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>鴝鵒就是俗稱的「八哥」。</span>\n人們發現了野生的鴝鵒有模仿人語的能力,於是將其捕來有意地調教馴化,而這個調教的最好時間據說就在每年的端午。", "weight": 24 }, "basic-ypzqhkqy06": { "id": "basic-ypzqhkqy06", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "789469852c763e0cb2076725618460c8", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/76a137944375659cbb16de413a12c6b3.jpg?itok=hjaZrqlF", "level": "primary", "title": "清乾隆徐揚端陽故事圖 冊 懸艾人", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/76a137944375659cbb16de413a12c6b3.jpg?itok=NNZ2lAxo", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/76a137944375659cbb16de413a12c6b3.jpg?itok=9hIuwKWG", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/76a137944375659cbb16de413a12c6b3.jpg?itok=yZRi8hg3", "mfid": "76a137944375659cbb16de413a12c6b3", "fileCreator": "徐揚", "rights": "北京故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/76a137944375659cbb16de413a12c6b3.jpg?itok=1pR6NDyH" }, "title": "端中行事5|懸艾人", "desc": "「荊楚風俗以艾為人懸門戶上,以禳毒氣。」\n\n\n\n<br><span><br>《荊楚歲時記》云:「今人以艾為虎形,或剪彩為小虎,沾艾葉以戴之。」<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>另有一說是,當時會以艾草作為泥塑鍾馗的鬍子,在端午販售。宋代陳元靚《歲時廣記》卷二十一〈端五〉上的「畫天師」一條便云「歲時雜記,端五都人畫天師像以賣。又作泥塑張天師,以艾為鬚,以蒜為拳,置於門上。故蘇子由《太妃閣帖子》言:『太醫爭獻天師艾,瑞霧長榮堯母門。』」</span>", "weight": 25 }, "basic-h5bcs002du": { "id": "basic-h5bcs002du", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f578dc36ffea46d82684c2724d8c43cb", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4fb5b49dbe71abb64169460e5d6f4e2a.jpg?itok=cC07W0yQ", "level": "primary", "title": "清乾隆徐揚端陽故事圖 冊 繫采絲", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4fb5b49dbe71abb64169460e5d6f4e2a.jpg?itok=KpN-w_-n", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4fb5b49dbe71abb64169460e5d6f4e2a.jpg?itok=k_KvWrlp", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4fb5b49dbe71abb64169460e5d6f4e2a.jpg?itok=2BgIgXE5", "mfid": "4fb5b49dbe71abb64169460e5d6f4e2a", "fileCreator": "徐揚", "rights": "北京故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/4fb5b49dbe71abb64169460e5d6f4e2a.jpg?itok=e3YxSq9S" }, "title": "端中行事6|繫采絲", "desc": "<span>「繫采絲,以五色絲繫臂,謂之長命縷。」<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>五色絲線又「續命縷」、「無色縷」。</span>\n\n古代以五月為惡月,便用紅、黃、藍、白、黑五色絲線,分別代表五行、象徵五色龍。「五月五日,以五彩絲繫臂者,辟兵及鬼,令人不病瘟」,使人健康長壽。", "weight": 26 }, "basic-6csrdp1dts": { "id": "basic-6csrdp1dts", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f6eac48c41aa07be97f4880348354d6c", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d6c7a6b1b91b4060c59e8baeb125718d.jpg?itok=88bh_WOi", "level": "primary", "title": "清乾隆徐揚端陽故事圖 冊 裹角黍", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d6c7a6b1b91b4060c59e8baeb125718d.jpg?itok=5YCNggJl", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d6c7a6b1b91b4060c59e8baeb125718d.jpg?itok=He-FO394", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d6c7a6b1b91b4060c59e8baeb125718d.jpg?itok=q32bQS_u", "mfid": "d6c7a6b1b91b4060c59e8baeb125718d", "fileCreator": "徐揚", "rights": "北京故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/d6c7a6b1b91b4060c59e8baeb125718d.jpg?itok=RvIRQkOm" }, "title": "端中行事7|裹角黍", "desc": "<span><span>「以菰葉裹粘米為角黍取陰陽包裹之義,以贊時也。」<br>\n</span><span><br>\n</span>端午節前十幾日,御膳房就開始備辦蒲酒,包、煮角黍(粽子)。因宮中所需粽子數量眾多,御膳房廚役們需要夜以繼日地包粽子、煮粽子才能避免供不應求。<br><span><br>\n</span></span>\n\n《江南節次照常膳底檔》記載,乾隆十八年(1753)端午節期間(五月初一到五月初五),乾隆皇帝的膳桌上一共擺了1332個粽子。", "weight": 27 }, "basic-4hbq79mbow": { "id": "basic-4hbq79mbow", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "4a30ba49a03029c3944b60377640279a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/68af5350355c59ebca86eac1259b7370.jpg?itok=Yw4-uQkn", "level": "primary", "title": "清乾隆徐揚端陽故事圖 冊 觀競渡", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/68af5350355c59ebca86eac1259b7370.jpg?itok=PQPXBj1N", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/68af5350355c59ebca86eac1259b7370.jpg?itok=tFIrWzb7", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/68af5350355c59ebca86eac1259b7370.jpg?itok=R8NGZ8jJ", "mfid": "68af5350355c59ebca86eac1259b7370", "fileCreator": "徐揚", "rights": "北京故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/68af5350355c59ebca86eac1259b7370.jpg?itok=EQ4J5RMN" }, "title": "端中行事8|觀競渡", "desc": "「觀競渡,聚眾臨流稱為龍舟勝會。」<br><br>端午乘龍舟的習俗,據說早在楚國前已有流傳。《穆天子傳》曾載:「曾有周天子(指周穆王)乘龍舟浮於大沼。」<br><br>《述異記》亦記:「吳王夫差作天池,池中有龍舟,日與西施戲水。」<br>", "weight": 28 }, "basic-q22yw0k5nb": { "id": "basic-q22yw0k5nb", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "196f8a1dd60056da450c921587594263", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/45b5707a49a9956674196db7ea391b0c.jpg?itok=GuffPPB-", "level": "primary", "title": "清畫院畫十二月月令圖五月 軸", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/45b5707a49a9956674196db7ea391b0c.jpg?itok=nc_UpmNH", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/45b5707a49a9956674196db7ea391b0c.jpg?itok=XnJBv1wV", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/45b5707a49a9956674196db7ea391b0c.jpg?itok=tci2GUPu", "mfid": "45b5707a49a9956674196db7ea391b0c", "fileCreator": "清畫院", "rights": "國立故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/45b5707a49a9956674196db7ea391b0c.jpg?itok=d08el6UP" }, "title": "端午乾隆行事1|巨資修補龍舟", "desc": "<span><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hant/%E5%BE%A1%E8%A3%BD%E8%A9%A9_(%E5%9B%9B%E5%BA%AB%E5%85%A8%E6%9B%B8%E6%9C%AC)/%E4%B8%89%E9%9B%86%E5%8D%B7024\">乾隆</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hant/%E5%BE%A1%E8%A3%BD%E8%A9%A9_(%E5%9B%9B%E5%BA%AB%E5%85%A8%E6%9B%B8%E6%9C%AC)/%E4%B8%89%E9%9B%86%E5%8D%B7024\">《</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hant/%E5%BE%A1%E8%A3%BD%E8%A9%A9_(%E5%9B%9B%E5%BA%AB%E5%85%A8%E6%9B%B8%E6%9C%AC)/%E4%B8%89%E9%9B%86%E5%8D%B7024\">御製</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hant/%E5%BE%A1%E8%A3%BD%E8%A9%A9_(%E5%9B%9B%E5%BA%AB%E5%85%A8%E6%9B%B8%E6%9C%AC)/%E4%B8%89%E9%9B%86%E5%8D%B7024\">詩三集</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hant/%E5%BE%A1%E8%A3%BD%E8%A9%A9_(%E5%9B%9B%E5%BA%AB%E5%85%A8%E6%9B%B8%E6%9C%AC)/%E4%B8%89%E9%9B%86%E5%8D%B7024\">》</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hant/%E5%BE%A1%E8%A3%BD%E8%A9%A9_(%E5%9B%9B%E5%BA%AB%E5%85%A8%E6%9B%B8%E6%9C%AC)/%E4%B8%89%E9%9B%86%E5%8D%B7024\">卷二十四</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hant/%E5%BE%A1%E8%A3%BD%E8%A9%A9_(%E5%9B%9B%E5%BA%AB%E5%85%A8%E6%9B%B8%E6%9C%AC)/%E4%B8%89%E9%9B%86%E5%8D%B7024\">〈</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hant/%E5%BE%A1%E8%A3%BD%E8%A9%A9_(%E5%9B%9B%E5%BA%AB%E5%85%A8%E6%9B%B8%E6%9C%AC)/%E4%B8%89%E9%9B%86%E5%8D%B7024\">端陽節觀</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.m.wikisource.org/zh-hant/%E5%BE%A1%E8%A3%BD%E8%A9%A9_(%E5%9B%9B%E5%BA%AB%E5%85%A8%E6%9B%B8%E6%9C%AC)/%E4%B8%89%E9%9B%86%E5%8D%B7024\">龍舟</a>〉:「天中序正返南巡,霽日薰風節事陳。湘浦漫稱弔騷客,貴山况至有陪臣。</span>\n\n<span>已欣麥穂連塍秀,恰看榴花映座新。按隊龍舟原不競,雖嬉意欲化民淳<span>。」對乾隆來說,端午競舟是化民的手段,亦是當時宮中斥資舉辦的活動項目之一。<br></span></span><br>乾隆三年(1738)三月,內務府總管常明接到太監報告,瀛臺、三海有五只龍舟破舊急需修補。據太監所言,修補龍舟需要備辦以下材料:直徑一尺五寸、長六丈五尺至七丈的杉木168根;直徑一尺六寸、長一丈四尺至三丈二尺的柏木92根。這樣巨大的木頭在京中無處買到,於是內務府總管命管理淮安關務的官員在外省加緊採購。", "weight": 29 }, "imgs-idq9rd00e5": { "id": "imgs-idq9rd00e5", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "5a9e8db964d50e62624ee29690875a75", "title": "Plaque showing Dragon Boat festival, one of a pair(清景泰藍端午掛屏)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": 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"<span>每年端午節前,宮中造辦處「錠子藥作」便會照例製造一批防暑的錠子藥,主要有——紫金錠、蟾酥錠、離宮錠、鹽水錠,還有避暑香珠、大黃扇器等。<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>錠子藥可加工成各種各樣的形狀,除常用的較簡單的光素紡錘形、圓柱形,還有花、魚、葫蘆、蒜頭、天師形象等複雜形狀。<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>從功效來看,這些合成藥皆具驅暑除潮、防病治病之功效。除此共性,每種藥還具有各自獨特的主治功能,如紫金錠能解毒闢穢化濁、活血散結消腫、清熱安神開竅等。<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>清初奉命平定朱一貴起事的<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E8%97%8D%E9%BC%8E%E5%85%83\">藍鼎元</a>,便有留存獲賜錠子藥的紀錄。</span>", "weight": 31 }, "basic-b9va3l87cd": { "id": "basic-b9va3l87cd", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "17200270e269d718eb52400b86a0624d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/128737a3af4e13bc6c99b3ee0f81ca1b.jpg?itok=bmzCaGDU", "level": "primary", "title": "清 壓金、銀絲蒲蘆式荷包", "desc": "蒲蘆形,中腰啟合處為如意頭式,壓金絲壽字及雲紋,穿有啟合伸縮黃縧二,貫飾刻壽字珊瑚球及珊瑚珠墜等,全件深藍底壓金、銀絲古錢紋。上方黃縧飾刻壽字珊瑚球一。", "thumbURI": 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target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.dpm.org.cn/collection/utensil/232553.html\">五毒袋</a>內便會呈裝丁香、木香和白芷等草藥,外繡蜈蚣、蠍子、蛇、蟾蜍、壁虎等五毒圖案。舊時端午習俗,佩帶五毒袋以祛除毒氣。宮中五毒袋製作十分考究,除了具有實用意義,本身也是一件精美的工藝品。<br>", "weight": 32 }, "text-yiu06g8c1e": { "id": "text-yiu06g8c1e", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 33, "desc": "如同當今用三節禮金之多寡,來判定仕途是否順遂一般。是否收到來自皇帝、宮中賞賜,收到多少,都是當時人們在端午所琢磨的。<br><br>《紅樓夢》十八回便安排了這麼一個橋段。元春賞賜給賈府各人各樣端午節禮物:「只見上等宮扇兩柄,紅麝香珠兩串,鳳尾羅二端,芙蓉簟一領。寶玉見了,喜不自勝,問道:『別人的也都是這個麼?』襲人道:『老太太的多著一柄香如意,一個瑪瑙枕;老爺、太太、姨太太的,只多著一柄如意;你的同寶姑娘的一樣;林姑娘同二姑娘、三姑娘、四姑娘,單只有扇同數珠兒。別人都沒了,大奶奶、二奶奶她兩個,每人兩匹紗、兩匹羅、兩個香袋兒、兩個錠子藥。』<span>」<br><br>書中藉由元春掌握賈府的端午賞賜,說明她在宮中地位穩固,對賈府也有握有決定權。此時,寶玉與寶釵拿了同樣分量的禮物,但黛玉卻與其他人一樣,單拿了</span>扇同數珠兒,為文後的「金玉良緣」情節埋下伏筆。", "title": "端節賞賜作為一種馭下手段" }, "theme-b00pt95jor": { "id": "theme-b00pt95jor", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "d22f43b4b98ad57c84ee427443478637", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/bd5da3f565c4523eac00caa3be1ba3f7.jpg?itok=X-6txChG" }, "title": "洪亮吉的端午", "desc": "提出「人口論」留名後世的嘉慶朝臣洪亮吉,其實是個不折不扣的端午迷。<br><br>他不但透過〈釋歲〉考證端午由來、〈釋舟〉引證龍舟部件。家鄉陽湖縣的特產「白雲渡競舟」,更是洪亮吉魂牽夢縈的家鄉記憶。", "weight": 34 }, "basic-7hvnokj1sq": { "id": "basic-7hvnokj1sq", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "24c21b457856f8f31a05dc01c4d498d1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b3a3b4af096eb54c1f89aaf2afd8321f.jpg?itok=BWgGGbax", "level": "primary", "title": "清黃小泉繪洪亮吉像", "desc": "收錄於1928年上海商務印書館影印出版《清代學者像傳》第一集。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b3a3b4af096eb54c1f89aaf2afd8321f.jpg?itok=RNJ5Kpzs", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b3a3b4af096eb54c1f89aaf2afd8321f.jpg?itok=7PnjOu6k", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b3a3b4af096eb54c1f89aaf2afd8321f.jpg?itok=iqcQUmCI", "mfid": "b3a3b4af096eb54c1f89aaf2afd8321f", "fileCreator": "黃小泉", "rights": "wikimedia", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/b3a3b4af096eb54c1f89aaf2afd8321f.jpg?itok=I3sw4gxN" }, "title": "洪亮吉是誰", "desc": "<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://archive.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/ttscgi/ttsquerynew?0:0:mctauac:%28135%29@NO\">洪亮吉</a>(1746-1809),乾隆五十五年(1790)進士,官至翰林院編修、實錄館纂修官,為乾嘉年間著名的經學家、文學家,以「人口論」名聞遐邇,被稱為「中國的馬爾薩斯」。\n\n\n\n在他目前留存,宏富的詩歌作品裡面,出現了很多與端午有關的內容。他的老家常州陽湖縣雲谿晏公祠是當地龍舟競渡的重鎮。", "weight": 35, "secondaryObj": { "level": "secondary", "oid": "90352f8ca4f325544094eb6378107987", "title": "清余集繪洪亮吉坐姿像", "desc": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/1bb7818107d26fca68a983f6df25fdc0.jpg?itok=Mf7fGFdN" } }, "basic-f8by2w0pje": { "id": "basic-f8by2w0pje", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "be24cb1863f7174475c9b30154d8908e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/f5f86980d7cecf2c4050f1d9b0316519.jpg?itok=e_F4JyYj", "level": "primary", "title": "清康熙三十四年(1695)《常州府志》卷之一圖考「府郡城圖」", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/f5f86980d7cecf2c4050f1d9b0316519.jpg?itok=jwnpzgnp", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/f5f86980d7cecf2c4050f1d9b0316519.jpg?itok=FgwPXDux", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/f5f86980d7cecf2c4050f1d9b0316519.jpg?itok=2HJ0Ss1H", "mfid": "f5f86980d7cecf2c4050f1d9b0316519", "fileCreator": "陳玉璂", "rights": "Harvard Yenching Library Rare Book", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/f5f86980d7cecf2c4050f1d9b0316519.jpg?itok=WGEmidZn" }, "title": "常州陽湖縣雲谿晏公祠", "desc": "<b></b>洪亮吉的家鄉位於常州陽湖縣城左廂雲谿,白雲渡口蜿蜒處。該處有一晏公祠,內供奉明代詔封的「顯應平浪侯」。<br><br>晏公祠是陽湖地區龍舟競渡的匯聚地,常能見到洪亮吉,或是同鄉的劉綸(1711-1773)、趙翼(1727-1814)在詩文裡吟詠、懷想該處端陽競舟的丰采。洪亮吉的〈里中十二月詞〉「晏公祠外臨河滸,朔日先聞賽神鼓」,就提到常州的端陽節慶,從初一的賽神皷便已展開。", "weight": 36 }, "imgs-z6uqsxsk5b": { "id": "imgs-z6uqsxsk5b", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "d22f43b4b98ad57c84ee427443478637", "title": "Dragon-boat festival performance(清龍舟競渡圖 緙絲)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6960738256847076daff44ce1506b2e9.jpg?itok=8_jJaOWm", "thumbMediumURI": 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"fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/18c5061ef9ed4cc62445fc7ce1d7ffaf.jpg?itok=q04hFh32", "level": "primary", "title": "洪亮吉〈洪北江詩文集.釋歲〉", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/18c5061ef9ed4cc62445fc7ce1d7ffaf.jpg?itok=pJ55MZ9h", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/18c5061ef9ed4cc62445fc7ce1d7ffaf.jpg?itok=uhx0qJ_5", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/18c5061ef9ed4cc62445fc7ce1d7ffaf.jpg?itok=5gXrmeO6", "mfid": "18c5061ef9ed4cc62445fc7ce1d7ffaf", "fileCreator": "洪亮吉", "rights": "wikimedia", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e5139a1b003977e0f65257992153b047.jpg?itok=_iE3vk9B", "mfid": "e5139a1b003977e0f65257992153b047", "fileCreator": "洪亮吉", "rights": "wikimedia", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e5139a1b003977e0f65257992153b047.jpg?itok=lsWfQxYP" }, "title": "洪亮吉的端午學|端午節除了粽子……", "desc": "同樣篇章裡,洪亮吉也引用了晉代《陽羨風土記》的說法:「端午進筒,一名角黍。以菰葉裹粘米,以灰煮,令熟。蓋取陰陽包裹未散之象。龜骨表肉裡陰内陽外之形,所以贊時也。」<span><br>\n<br>\n</span>說明除了粽子,五月五日尚有「啖煮肥龜」的習俗。將龜煮到極熟去骨,佐鹽、豉、蒜、蓼等。", "weight": 39 }, "text-pj5civ3wqf": { "id": "text-pj5civ3wqf", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 40, "title": "參考資料與延伸閱讀", "desc": "<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www2.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/file/2913gNUWWTw.pdf\">陳熙遠,〈競渡中的社會與國家——明清節慶文化中的地域認同、民間動員與官方調控〉,《中央研究院歷史語言研究所集刊》第79本第3分(2008年9月),頁417-496。</a><br>" }, "theme-4occ52cwi6": { "id": "theme-4occ52cwi6", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "93e266537546ecc8f5be1a7a132880f3", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/151e90c0b749dd035c98b9615e3bf1d1.jpg?itok=jeZq9bEf", "level": "primary", "title": "鄭成功(過台灣)/《鄭成功(過台灣)》報紙廣告", "desc": "大台北地區首輪上映紀錄(資料來源:聯合報):\r\n大光明:1963/9/26-1963/10/1。\r\n大觀:1963/9/26-1963/10/1。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/151e90c0b749dd035c98b9615e3bf1d1.jpg?itok=fQjQMNIc", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/151e90c0b749dd035c98b9615e3bf1d1.jpg?itok=CBBywZfq", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/151e90c0b749dd035c98b9615e3bf1d1.jpg?itok=1lVCMgEo", "mfid": "151e90c0b749dd035c98b9615e3bf1d1", "fileCreator": "傅清華,傅清華", "rights": "國家電影及視聽文化中心", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/151e90c0b749dd035c98b9615e3bf1d1.jpg?itok=jeZq9bEf" }, "title": "鄭成功的端午", "desc": "鄭成功身為臺灣的傳奇英雄,許多傳說都會自動附會到他身上。原本端午祈求女媧不要亂下雨、補天的吃餅習俗,到了臺灣變成與鄭成功有關。", "weight": 41 }, "basic-099nh9zkpt": { "id": "basic-099nh9zkpt", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "638371bee2da01b437f04b464e9815bb", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/0efa7054878e9c121519a10a746c850a.jpg?itok=u1CM63FF", "level": "primary", "title": "清蕭雲從繪清初刊本《天問圖》女媧", "desc": "女媧造人補天是我國古老的神話之一,在東周戰國前即於民間廣為流傳。《離騷圖》載其人首蛇身、一日七十化,或曰與伏羲合稱「二皇」,伏羲龍身持日,而女媧持月,民間稱女媧娘娘,創立婚姻,造簧作笙。在《太平御覽》及《淮南子.覽冥訓》述其造人補天的神話故事。圖出自《天問圖》一書,書中圖繪內容為屈原《離騷》作品中之〈天問傳〉,傳神地描繪女媧神女蛇身盤蜷於石柱,手持五色石以補蒼天之動人場景。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/0efa7054878e9c121519a10a746c850a.jpg?itok=CvsbCBh0", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/0efa7054878e9c121519a10a746c850a.jpg?itok=Di68Mu3Q", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/0efa7054878e9c121519a10a746c850a.jpg?itok=6r4EL0hh", "mfid": "0efa7054878e9c121519a10a746c850a", "fileCreator": "蕭雲從", "rights": "國立故宮博物院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/0efa7054878e9c121519a10a746c850a.jpg?itok=gkOFZ0ZX" }, "title": "端午節吃餅,補洞", "desc": "端午前後是華南地區一期稻作收穫的時間,此時若仍陰雨綿綿,不利收成。\u000b\u000b福建和臺灣地區會在端午時節吃「煎餅」,祈求女媧補天。\u000b\u000b<br><br>不過,漸漸地,女媧在這個傳說裡已非必要的母題。《泉州府志》(1763)〈風俗〉:「五月,端陽,以米粉或麵和物于油内煎之,謂之堆。」在記載中就沒有提到女媧。", "weight": 42 }, "basic-yj0pda3qvs": { "id": "basic-yj0pda3qvs", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "dd2cc7aada5099cd37c4240af5e2f8cb", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6a44305637b2c76c585658e5ae884686.jpg?itok=Jx30bC3M", "level": "primary", "title": "鄭成功與端午煎堆", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6a44305637b2c76c585658e5ae884686.jpg?itok=wwwL_r7s", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6a44305637b2c76c585658e5ae884686.jpg?itok=lJDbIeFv", "thumbBigURI": 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"oid": "e8ff5fe2816b249cb07b81a283c4637b", "title": "開山神社的鄭成功像", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332.jpg?itok=EOyELUU-", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332.jpg?itok=NYsnlB-K", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332.jpg?itok=ljVgU16m", "mfid": "2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332.jpg?itok=YtxGvYtV", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "3f691522d72f4c462ca24c93fde279e5", "title": "開山神社鄭成功木像", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff.jpg?itok=larjFQ6w", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff.jpg?itok=QsDNwWVh", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff.jpg?itok=M5oqtciK", "mfid": "2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff.jpg?itok=R4uLPh-e", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "勝山吉作", "rights": "中央研究院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" } ], "items": { "imgs-kkoq1xp0me-gm9mlhsfyc": { "id": "imgs-kkoq1xp0me-gm9mlhsfyc", "title": "開山神社的鄭成功像", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "e8ff5fe2816b249cb07b81a283c4637b", "title": "開山神社的鄭成功像", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332.jpg?itok=EOyELUU-", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332.jpg?itok=NYsnlB-K", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332.jpg?itok=ljVgU16m", "mfid": "2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/2e3e7b6a09f25012bf6c0dd0c8b02332.jpg?itok=YtxGvYtV", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院臺灣史研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-kkoq1xp0me-n7z6g70soe": { "id": "imgs-kkoq1xp0me-n7z6g70soe", "title": "開山神社鄭成功木像", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "3f691522d72f4c462ca24c93fde279e5", "title": "開山神社鄭成功木像", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff.jpg?itok=larjFQ6w", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff.jpg?itok=QsDNwWVh", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff.jpg?itok=M5oqtciK", "mfid": "2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/2850d9e4c28b212c4b153954a26c63ff.jpg?itok=R4uLPh-e", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "勝山吉作", "rights": "中央研究院", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 } }, "weight": 48, "title": "為祈鄭成功病癒食用煎䭔", "desc": "鄭成功因國仇家恨憂鬱成疾,重病不起,安平城內的軍民因國姓爺染病在身,也無心包粽子過端午節。<span><br>\n</span>且鄭成功故鄉南安在端午節有食用煎䭔「補天」消災解厄、補運的習俗,<br>安平城內的軍民,為了向上天祈福使國姓爺早日康復,據說鄭氏患病當年的端午節,是以煎䭔來渡過。<br>" }, "basic-pxl8nlb1dn": { "id": "basic-pxl8nlb1dn", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "35bb3bb589f1b060b6a324175c14f619", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/f5a1e9d90f23cdbc906e374718de3b8a.jpg?itok=a0ooacJz", "level": "primary", "title": "鄭氏遺蹟碑文", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/f5a1e9d90f23cdbc906e374718de3b8a.jpg?itok=6sf_F3Sf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/f5a1e9d90f23cdbc906e374718de3b8a.jpg?itok=RA750jai", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/f5a1e9d90f23cdbc906e374718de3b8a.jpg?itok=izoLR8aP", "mfid": "f5a1e9d90f23cdbc906e374718de3b8a", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "國立中央圖書館臺灣分館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/f5a1e9d90f23cdbc906e374718de3b8a.jpg?itok=33sezBtu" }, "title": "為念鄭成功逝世食用煎䭔", "desc": "五月初八鄭成功病逝,依照傳統民俗,家中有尊長去世,三年內不包粽子,因此安平的居民在隔年的端午節也是以煎堆代替包粽過節。", "weight": 49 }, "text-s1f0s8lp05": { "id": "text-s1f0s8lp05", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 50, "title": "鄭成功作為臺灣傳說的箭垛式人物", "desc": "「箭垛式人物」是胡適的發明——在《三俠五義》的序裡,胡適開宗明義地說:「歷史上有許多有福之人。一個是黃帝,一個是周公,一個是包龍圖。」<br><br>鄭成功,特別是臺灣的鄭成功,也是一位箭垛式人物。<br><br>透過楊玉君(中正大學中文系教授)的研究可知,「女媧補天」的故事怎麼「花式」附會至鄭成功身上,了解這個「箭垛」的過程。" }, "text-wbbtey3ze3": { "id": "text-wbbtey3ze3", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 51, "title": "延伸閱讀與參考書目", "desc": "<span><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=a0000231-201106-201111010001-201111010001-267-290\">楊玉君,〈餅與匱乏:從節日飲食到英雄傳說的考察〉,《中正大學中文學術年刊》</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=a0000231-201106-201111010001-201111010001-267-290\">17</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=a0000231-201106-201111010001-201111010001-267-290\">:</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=a0000231-201106-201111010001-201111010001-267-290\">1</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=a0000231-201106-201111010001-201111010001-267-290\">,頁</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=a0000231-201106-201111010001-201111010001-267-290\">267-290</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh?docid=a0000231-201106-201111010001-201111010001-267-290\">。</a></span>" }, "thanks": { "id": "thanks", "type": "thanks", "sortable": false, "thanksList": { "Freer Gallery of Art(佛利爾美術館)": { "rights": "Freer Gallery of Art(佛利爾美術館)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "obj": [ "34b23363d7f873f9fa677364a81a1aa1", 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中央研究院數位文化中心闕宇彤