展覽頁面呈現形式
橫式
策展者
黃銘崇
中央研究院歷史文物陳列館
展覽封面
100e2855c3afdfdb44888098cf3eb099
展覽資料
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"basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "73a03329f8a5d77e9bccae9cd4f96600", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/w1024/muse/36/36/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=HK6fI3pS", "level": "primary", "title": "商代馬車構件_輿", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/36/36/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=3PgwUfR0", "thumbMediumURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/36/36/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=zIFdhQWQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/36/36/34/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=DbaHpjXW", "mfid": "71dff4cfdd7121e53a447737c9655913", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "版權所有", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "輿", "desc": "馬車的車廂稱為「輿」,是由下方的一圈木結構「軫」、上方的一圈木結構「輢」、以及兩者之間的木柱「軨」組合而成。木頭上會塗漆,並以銅泡作裝飾,軫上的便稱為「軫飾」,輢上的稱為「輿輢飾」,而輢末端的開口處則有「輿輢端飾」作保護和裝飾。", "weight": 4 }, "basic-rnyt335lia": { "id": "basic-rnyt335lia", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c58ecccabd81625f958c03e5149e6a84", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/w1024/muse/36/36/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=pTr72NT2", "level": "primary", "title": "商代馬車構件_軸", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/36/36/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=zLGSriTA", "thumbMediumURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/36/36/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=44WfCHRb", "thumbBigURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/36/36/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=IVZmI5By", "mfid": "0879f1134cf8edff62918427a2147b60", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": 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"https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/36/36/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=RaK5LHQP", "mfid": "c0b1ad25acc077f55b4604453f65f600", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "版權所有", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "輈", "desc": "與軸垂直,托在輿底部,往前延伸的是「輈」。", "weight": 6 }, "basic-6mhg4d0ogm": { "id": "basic-6mhg4d0ogm", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "718f003d639ce8b1a5c7a0bdaa923aa7", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/w1024/muse/36/36/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=O1aduPKO", "level": "primary", "title": "商代馬車構件_衡", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/36/36/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=q9peagi5", "thumbMediumURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/36/36/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=wcEtypNh", "thumbBigURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/36/36/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=SCRhnVIK", "mfid": "2743b6de04ce6c66308f5ddcdbc0b67b", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "版權所有", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "衡", "desc": "在馬車前方,與輈垂直者稱為「衡」。衡上以輈為中心,左右各有一人字形的軛,軛架在馬背頸交接之處,將馬與馬車固定。", "weight": 7 }, "basic-tb9yr5bwan": { "id": "basic-tb9yr5bwan", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "8f870f275f41cb365c8e592103a2f1f4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/w1024/muse/32/31/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=VWfkQTVt", "level": "primary", "title": "鑲綠松石獸面紋軛肢飾", "desc": "車衡約在其對分位置與輈十字交叉。衡以輈為界的左右段再行對分,對分處各綑縛一軛,軛則架於馬肩。軛由兩彎木條合成人字形,軛肢飾一組兩件,分別套在兩彎木條的外側(參見「殷墟馬車及青銅飾件位置復原圖」,頁106-107)。 本組軛飾為弧形的長條半管,末端一段整管封口。上端及下端均有穿孔。上端穿孔以入木榫,下端穿孔用以捆綁皮革套於馬身。穿孔形狀不同,R007295上端為圓角方形,下端為長方形。R007296上端為長方形,下端為橢圓形。整器飾以上下成排的獸面紋,下端穿孔兩側各有一龍紋,末端封口處亦飾以獸面紋。全器紋飾均填入綠松石。", "thumbURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/32/31/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=ORHA9Dm7", "thumbMediumURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/32/31/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=jZWgvCzk", "thumbBigURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/32/31/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=_85dhqJz", "mfid": "0405322f196ae9dc6ab972fb358217c4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "軛肢飾", "desc": 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"器正面以青銅鑄出獸首輪廓,再嵌入綠松石。", "thumbURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/31/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=ycUscDrA", "thumbMediumURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/31/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=4_HKC8-K", "thumbBigURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/31/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=FgNHdQ5d", "mfid": "207eca299242da8b488756a4c8d5effa", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "鑲嵌綠松石獸首軫飾", "desc": "此件軫飾正面以青銅鑄出獸首輪廓,再嵌入綠松石,固定在馬車上時則燦爛奪目,有紅色的車體、黃色的青銅構件、以及藍綠色的鑲嵌裝飾。", "weight": 13 }, "basic-5r0szeeeqa": { "id": "basic-5r0szeeeqa", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "cb29904f4f902f35f0565f63fa776ea3", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/38/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=tZh79WFq", "mfid": "c4e407b92bb0d595ef4d1105a7a54b22", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "馬羈飾組", "desc": "<span>而除了馬車有精緻的裝飾構件之外,車馬坑中的馬兒本身也會佩掛精美的飾件。<br>此套馬羈飾組出土時部分飾件位於馬頭骨上,部分散落。根據出土相關位置予以復原,由上到下分別是玉圓片、海扇蛤、玉管、立雕牛首飾、立雕鳥形飾、立雕獸首飾、馬銜,及人頭鑣飾。<div><br></div></span>", "weight": 21 }, "theme-w5b9wfi03t": { "id": "theme-w5b9wfi03t", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0f9f124ed50328cc64c9ba06fd93ef58", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/w1024/muse/36/35/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=5zapuIrD", "level": "primary", "title": "商代馬車模型", "desc": "", "thumbURI": 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"level": "primary", "title": "烏爾王朝木盒(局部)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/36/36/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=FyBXi3wb", "thumbMediumURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/36/36/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=4-0pD9Fx", "thumbBigURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/36/36/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=TcKCR8U9", "mfid": "44ee428475c3f20720f3c3102af7c591", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "大英博物館", "rightsLogo": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "版權所有", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "馬車來自歐亞草原", "desc": "<span>美索布達米亞蘇美烏爾早期第三王朝(約2500 BCE)王墓中出土的一件 “standard”,其中所描繪的戰爭場面,可見使用驢子拉的戰車,這些戰車是四輪的,而且它們的輪子是用木板拼接鋸成圓形而成,這是車輪發展中的早期階段。<br>隨著環境變乾燥,氣溫又逐漸下降,東亞地區的草原慢慢地浮現,西部歐亞草原已經發展成熟的畜牧技術與文化逐漸向東推進。<div><br></div></span>", "weight": 23, "secondaryObj": { "level": 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"https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/36/35/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Hdlpspnm", "mfid": "4a9220b04459e6c61b2a2e4e2e69ff83", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/files/muse_ihp/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "版權所有", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "指揮坐車V.S.戰車", "desc": "商代的馬車只用來作為戰場上指揮官的坐車,商王朝的貴族把馬車作為身份的象徵,並未有系統地開發它們在軍事上的用途。<br>但是武王伐商的關鍵戰役——牧野之戰,文獻記載周方使用了三百輛以上的戰車衝殺,揭開了中國史上「車戰時代」的序幕,接著在下一個階段大的封國或擁有千乘的戰車,到了春秋時代大國則擁有戰車萬乘,在戰場馳騁上衝殺。但是,在商代這種景象是無法想像的。", "weight": 27 }, "theme-8udgcxvb88": { "id": "theme-8udgcxvb88", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "b578e3b872b2685d0565a031f636bfb6", "fileType": "video", "fileURI": "https://ihp.openmuseum.tw/muse_download/64128eb1a9d7551534775941b4d239c0", "level": "primary", "title": "商代馬車DIY模型組裝教學影片", "desc": "", "thumbURI": 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黃銘崇中央研究院歷史文物陳列館