沙巴教會的自立與全球客家宣教

The self-governance of the Sabah Church and the global Hakka mission
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展覽封面
a2d76148e15b2d9d116c9563af3fb726
展覽資料
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"weight": 3 } }, "weight": 4, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0fb974b15ed364976f0e3490d3af5ad7", "title": "古達老山堂 Lau San Church in Kudat", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9ea8c1c88f8e41c4a248eb9b8fad31b5.jpg?itok=pAPZh0id", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9ea8c1c88f8e41c4a248eb9b8fad31b5.jpg?itok=azrBwvD5", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9ea8c1c88f8e41c4a248eb9b8fad31b5.jpg?itok=9ZZbmdWv", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9ea8c1c88f8e41c4a248eb9b8fad31b5.jpg?itok=NUKd_xVc", "mfid": "9ea8c1c88f8e41c4a248eb9b8fad31b5", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/9ea8c1c88f8e41c4a248eb9b8fad31b5.jpg?itok=XHvLaj-7", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "陳彥楷 Benny Chan", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, 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"thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3b3074f80b5bc55adeffbaae89fe4a4f.jpg?itok=tbDGMTqx", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3b3074f80b5bc55adeffbaae89fe4a4f.jpg?itok=o7mXzuKm", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/3b3074f80b5bc55adeffbaae89fe4a4f.jpg?itok=2EBhOGbR", "mfid": "3b3074f80b5bc55adeffbaae89fe4a4f", "fileCreator": "陳彥楷 Benny Chan", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "客語使用的變遷", "desc": "<b>Changes in the use of the Hakka language<br></b><br><br>沙巴客家人的比例早在1921年便佔了華人總數約六成,成為沙巴華人的最大族群。客家話也因此成為了沙巴州不同祖籍華人之間的主要通用語,甚至非華裔的其他友族和原住民在日常用語中都能說上幾句客家話。<br><br>然而近年來因為馬來西亞教育政策強調三大語言(馬來語、英語、華語)的教學制度,使得客家話和其他方言在年輕一代的使用大幅降低,此外也因為教會和差會的傳教對象不再限於客家群,使得目前以客家話主持堂會和禮拜的教會,其信徒的主要年齡層已經步入中老年。<br><br><span>The Hakka represented around 60 percent of the Chinese population in Sabah as early as 1921, making them the largest ethnic group among the Sabah Chinese. Hakka became the lingua franca among the Chinese from different ancestral groups in Sabah; and some phrases were used in daily life even among non-Chinese and indigenous populations.<br></span><br>With the emphasis on the three major languages (Malay, English, Mandarin) in the Malaysian education curriculum in recent years, the use of Hakka and other regional dialects has been greatly reduced. Furthermore, as the church and missions were no longer focused on the Hakka community, the majority of those attending Hakka-language services at churches are middle-aged or elderly.<br>", "weight": 5, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-s8iteaxa9s": { "id": "basic-s8iteaxa9s", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "3367bb4ebbd6b4037c75855402fa9b16", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/fa95d66202128dca0d06b94f73d3dd86.jpg?itok=ADJBYhBy", "level": "primary", "title": "亞洲宣教中心 The Asian Centre for Missions(ACM)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/fa95d66202128dca0d06b94f73d3dd86.jpg?itok=7XUhrwmT", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/fa95d66202128dca0d06b94f73d3dd86.jpg?itok=vzo3KkiF", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/fa95d66202128dca0d06b94f73d3dd86.jpg?itok=zeDmqfvY", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/fa95d66202128dca0d06b94f73d3dd86.jpg?itok=KQHbRnEa", "mfid": "fa95d66202128dca0d06b94f73d3dd86", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "亞洲宣教中心AMC", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "客家教會的區域網絡中心", "desc": "<b>The regional network center of the Hakka Church<br></b><br><br>雖然在馬來西亞國定宗教是伊斯蘭教,但對於其他宗教皆採取開放和寬容政策,外國人要獲得馬來西亞簽證亦是相當容易的事,而沙巴的地理位置上相比菲律賓、印尼、汶萊更為理想。<br><br>此外,馬來西亞巴色基督教會跟中國廣東巴色會、香港崇真會和臺灣崇真會,三地的差傳歷史直屬巴色差會同一系統,加上馬來西亞普遍都能掌握華語、廣東話、英文、馬來文(與印尼話相近),沙巴神學院成為了客家教會對外宣教連結的區域網絡中心。而設在沙巴的「亞洲宣教中心」由「沙巴神學院」以及「國際事工差會」聯合創辦,主要目的是在亞洲地區進行宣教研究和訓練工作。<br><br>沙巴的多元文化背景,促使教會透過設立組織、進行會議和神職訓練,使得沙巴成為亞洲基督教的網絡中心。<br><br><span>Although the national religion of Malaysia is Islam, there is religious tolerance for other faiths. It is relatively easy for foreigners to obtain Malaysian visas, and Sabah is geographically more ideally positioned than the Philippines, Indonesia and Brunei.<br><br></span><span>Additionally, <span>the Malaysian Basel Christian Church and the Chinese Guangdong Basel Mission, the Hong Kong Tsung Tsin Mission, and the and Taiwan Tsung Tsin Mission share the same missionary history as the Basel Mission lineage; coupled with the general mastery over Mandarin, Cantonese, English and Malay (similar to Indonesian), the Sabah Theological Seminary has become regional network center that links the Hakka church to its external missions. “Radius Asia” in Sabah, co-founded by the Sabah Theological Seminary and Serving in Mission (SIM), is focused on missiological studies and training in the Asian region.<br><br></span></span>The diversity of cultures in Sabah has led the Church to make Sabah an Asian networking center for Christianity for organizations, conferences, and clergy training.<br>", 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