史前勞工機智生活

史前勞工機智生活

2021/05/07
2021/11/30
展覽頁面呈現形式
橫式
故事地圖
臺灣各地出土網墜
製線工具──紡輪
策展者
史語所學術創新數位深耕計畫—考古資料數位典藏創新計畫
展覽封面
18b61bd66ba359acb56646cf9fe84664
展覽資料
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"中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "史前勞工機智生活", "desc": "請輸入展覽描述", "textColor": "white", "weight": 0 }, "text-vxvu7t4abb": { "id": "text-vxvu7t4abb", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 1, "desc": "<div>• 史前人們為求溫飽,在聚落裡是如何分工的呢?<br><br></div>\n\n<div>• 因應不同的生業活動會需要不同的工具,該如何利用環境周遭的原料製作好用的工具?<br><br></div>\n\n<div>• 不解決這些難題是會面臨生存危機的!來看看史前人在面對不同工作時的應對方法吧!</div>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "embed_html-i26vn6kg8z": { "id": "embed_html-i26vn6kg8z", "type": "embed_html", "sortable": true, "weight": 2, "embed_html": "<center><h1><strong>石器常見的製作方式</strong></h1></center>\n<br />\n<center><p><font size=\"4\">&emsp;&emsp;史前人在挑選工具的原料時,主要依據工具的特性,以及生活周遭環境可運用原料的屬性,再以當時所具備的工藝技術,製作符合需求的工具。</center></p></font>\n<center><p><font size=\"4\">&emsp;&emsp;而石器是史前人類最早使用的重要生產工具,通常為各個聚落居民日常製造的基本工具。主要分為打製與磨製兩大類:</center></p></font>\n<center><p><font size=\"4\">&emsp;&emsp;<strong>打製:</strong>以石錘將石材打剝出器胚,以利後續加工。可從遺物上的打剝痕看出。</center></p></font>\n<center><p><font size=\"4\">&emsp;&emsp;<strong>磨製:</strong>以砥石或稜柱狀磨棒為主要加工工具。遺物上可見微凹痕、或平行磨痕。</center></p></font>\n<p>\n<center><a href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/4cfdc28f05b51b0b60b8b0d1c38b31ed\"target=\"_blank\"><font color=\"blue\"><u>打製石刀</u></font></a> ◀ ▶ <a href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/c47739f09b027422fb2cd4ae0dc8e0f7\"target=\"_blank\"><font color=\"blue\"><u>磨製石刀</u></font></a></center>\n<iframe id=\"muse-iframe\" src=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse_juxtapose/embed/image/113683\" frameborder=\"0\" width=\"100%\" height=\"800px\"></iframe>" }, "quote-u95ze263al": { "id": "quote-u95ze263al", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 3, "desc": "史前人產製的工具,是如何應用在各種生業活動中呢?", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-52o9fnubil": { "id": "theme-52o9fnubil", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "510184632814aea3ab6898fff55cade9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/df435eb19ea23219574020757291660e.jpg?itok=C0u-hNlR", "level": "primary", "title": "史前勞工機智生活封面", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/df435eb19ea23219574020757291660e.jpg?itok=gUxRqVUd", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/df435eb19ea23219574020757291660e.jpg?itok=HgpWbpeQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/df435eb19ea23219574020757291660e.jpg?itok=JssOKJPI", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/df435eb19ea23219574020757291660e.jpg?itok=Nm1VVLzo", "mfid": "df435eb19ea23219574020757291660e", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "狩獵及漁撈", "desc": "史前人獲得食物的重要來源,捕捉動物不僅要精良的技術,還有要好用的工具!", "musicName": "無", "weight": 4, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-s2duk82ht7": { "id": "text-s2duk82ht7", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 5, "desc": "<div>• 舊石器時期人類共同生活的群體較小,主要由打獵、捕魚及採集野菜和果實來滿足營養需求,此時的人們經常為了尋找食物而搬家。<br><br></div>\n\n<div>• 狩獵行為即使到農業出現後仍持續著,他們主要使用矛和鏃狩獵鹿和野豬,用網墜和魚鉤抓捕魚類,然而這些工具是如何被製作出來的?學者推論的使用方式又是如何呢?</div>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-ni1sltcnfr": { "id": "basic-ni1sltcnfr", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1882dab4e02eeeee27ad633864f3cb8b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/700b4ba6230497b24a4f19b5027d43eb.jpg?itok=KjlXojhI", "level": "primary", "title": "史前勞工機智生活示意圖/矛鏃", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/700b4ba6230497b24a4f19b5027d43eb.jpg?itok=8VNC82-2", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/700b4ba6230497b24a4f19b5027d43eb.jpg?itok=FxkUejlE", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/700b4ba6230497b24a4f19b5027d43eb.jpg?itok=jeyyNgNy", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/700b4ba6230497b24a4f19b5027d43eb.jpg?itok=xhtUzyM7", "mfid": "700b4ba6230497b24a4f19b5027d43eb", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "狩獵用的矛鏃", "desc": "<div>矛與弓箭皆是被廣泛使用的冷兵器。以竹、木製作的弓及柄因材質特性難以保留至今,只有石或骨製的箭頭(鏃)及矛頭出現在遺址中。<br><br></div>\n\n<div>矛與鏃的形制類似,在遺址脈絡不清的狀況下,僅能以尺寸做基本分類,因此常統稱為「矛鏃」。<br><br></div>\n\n<div>鏃呈三角形、兩側有刃,體穿一孔,尾端裝上以木或竹製成的柄,再配上弓,就成了史前人打獵的工具。<br><br></div>\n\n<div>矛的尺寸較鏃大,同樣在後方安柄,以直刺或投擲的方式獵取大型動物,也可用於漁獵,如帶鉤齒的魚叉。</div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 6, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-4udkwbknms": { "id": "basic-4udkwbknms", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1882dab4e02eeeee27ad633864f3cb8b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/984595247751244fb54344eb33a23357.jpg?itok=UkYGtMms", "level": "primary", "title": "史前勞工機智生活示意圖/網墜", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/984595247751244fb54344eb33a23357.jpg?itok=5ix8R93O", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/984595247751244fb54344eb33a23357.jpg?itok=H1dGG_i7", 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href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/d15f0555fb383c73bc8a02471c0c2406\"><b>圓筒狀陶網墜</b></a>直至今日還能看到,僅在材質上有所不同。</div>", "weight": 7, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "", "secondaryObj": { "oid": "1882dab4e02eeeee27ad633864f3cb8b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/75bfaa55ade154e01f4b2b674d19fb07.jpg?itok=yD9i_iJ5", "level": "secondary", "title": "史前勞工機智生活示意圖", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/75bfaa55ade154e01f4b2b674d19fb07.jpg?itok=fr-0McGK", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/75bfaa55ade154e01f4b2b674d19fb07.jpg?itok=IKK4i37T", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/75bfaa55ade154e01f4b2b674d19fb07.jpg?itok=UXMMabJw", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/75bfaa55ade154e01f4b2b674d19fb07.jpg?itok=A5P7OyHd", "mfid": "75bfaa55ade154e01f4b2b674d19fb07", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false } }, "basic-bb3phg0ylx": { "id": "basic-bb3phg0ylx", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1882dab4e02eeeee27ad633864f3cb8b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4ffe12113f19267dcd749df2b428af60.jpg?itok=clMa1inF", "level": "primary", "title": "史前勞工機智生活示意圖/網墜", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4ffe12113f19267dcd749df2b428af60.jpg?itok=C9X-PVoy", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4ffe12113f19267dcd749df2b428af60.jpg?itok=a7gwqnhI", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4ffe12113f19267dcd749df2b428af60.jpg?itok=6tTId_GI", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/4ffe12113f19267dcd749df2b428af60.jpg?itok=grK_oPmS", "mfid": "4ffe12113f19267dcd749df2b428af60", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "特殊功能的網墜", "desc": "<div>除了典型的網墜外,也有作為「沉子」或搭配魚鉤使用的類型,依形制分為:<br><br></div>\n\n<div><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/b7ab62ee9c843dca8c6b2ce343a0e195\"><b>砝碼型網墜</b></a><b>:</b>使用扁圓形的石子在兩側分別打出缺刻便可製成,製作上較為容易,同時也可能做為釣竿的沉垂使用。<br><br></div>\n\n<div><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/92f843631d16096f62776da6f91f09e0\"><b>帶槽卵型網墜</b></a><b>:</b>以卵狀砂岩製成,在兩端分別啄出一周凹槽,可做為拉網或定置網的沉垂,也可搭配魚鉤作為釣竿的沉子。因為整體重量較重,應使用於垂釣較深水域的大魚。<br><br></div>\n\n<div><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/digi_object/371046507514655621e769b96b80e065\"><b>三縊型網墜</b></a><b>:</b>外型與兩縊型網墜類似,只是在中央多磨製一圈凹槽,推測不僅可以做為網墜,也可以作為連結式魚鉤的柄部。</div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 8, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "storymap-ixa9dr": { "id": "storymap-ixa9dr", "type": "storymap", "sortable": true, "weight": 9, "sourceID": "113813" }, "basic-7sf9honx1b": { "id": "basic-7sf9honx1b", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1882dab4e02eeeee27ad633864f3cb8b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "title": "製做不織布的工具──有槽打棒", "desc": "布可分為紡織布及非紡織布,史前人會利用有槽打棒表面許多條縱向溝槽,藉由反覆拍打將原料纖維打斷,慢慢形成柔軟可以穿著的布料。<br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "storymap-2l9nruv": { "id": "storymap-2l9nruv", "type": "storymap", "sortable": true, "weight": 19, "sourceID": "113679" }, "embed_html-u1qk69odvc": { "id": "embed_html-u1qk69odvc", "type": "embed_html", "sortable": true, "weight": 20, "embed_html": "<center><h1><strong>紡輪使用方式介紹(影片)</strong></h1></center>\n<br>\n<center><p><font size=\"4\">&emsp;&emsp;首先將棉花朝左右拉扯,使棉花纖維呈長條狀,再將棉花纏繞於紡輪上,轉動紡輪,使棉花透過旋轉,逐漸收束成線。</p></font></center>\n<br>\n<center><iframe src=\"https://www.youtube.com/embed/tQYdmRw-gHM?start=45\" title=\"YouTube video player\" frameborder=\"0\" style=\"width: 70%; height: 500px\"></iframe></center>" }, "basic-p9xocrs427": { "id": "basic-p9xocrs427", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1882dab4e02eeeee27ad633864f3cb8b", "fileType": 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height: 500px\"></iframe></center>" }, "text-7rr2dbpb9q": { "id": "text-7rr2dbpb9q", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 23, "title": "參考資料", "desc": "<div>• 李匡悌,《鵝鑾鼻公園地區史前漁撈活動研究》,屏東:墾丁國家公園管理處委託,1989年。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌,〈再看三千年前臺灣南端的漁撈和採貝〉,《第三屆臺灣海洋環境大會論文》,臺北:中研院,1999年,頁162-175。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌,《島嶼群相:臺灣考古》,臺北:中研院史語所,2018年。</div>\n\n<div>• 陳有貝,〈史前臺灣的兩縊型網墜與投網技術〉,《考古人類學刊》,第67期(2007年),頁117-155。</div>\n\n<div>• 陳有貝,〈游耕農業──臺灣島嶼的史前文化特色〉,《臺灣史前文化與原住民人文生態學術研討會》,2020年。</div>\n\n<div>• 郭素秋,〈臺灣北部史前時代的人文生態與聚落型態變遷〉,《臺灣史前文化與原住民人文生態學術研討會》,2020年。</div>\n\n<div>• 臧振華,〈澎湖七美島史前玄武岩石器工業與其貿易體系〉,收錄於劉益昌主編,《臺灣史前史專論》臺北:中央研究院、聯經,2015年,頁59-82。</div>\n\n<div>• 臧振華、李匡悌,《南科的古文明》,臺東:臺灣史前博物館,2013年。</div>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "thanks": { "id": "thanks", "type": "thanks", "sortable": false, "thanksList": { "中央研究院歷史語言研究所": { "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": 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史語所學術創新數位深耕計畫—考古資料數位典藏創新計畫