The Anthropologists' Money Bag

The Anthropologists' Money Bag

2020/08/21
2021/09/11
<b>the Social Life of Money</b><br>
展覽頁面呈現形式
橫式
故事地圖
世界上的貨幣們 Money in the World
世界各國的貨幣 Money from Around the World
當不同貨幣系統相遇 Encounters Between Different Currencies
策展者
Pei-yi Guo
Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica
展覽封面
9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6
展覽資料
{ "front": { "id": "front", "type": "front", "sortable": false, "bgObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=OXnylL9N", "level": "bg", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=4Uo5SOHO", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=am0cEuUQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=mjek8RUn", "mfid": "9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=OXnylL9N" }, "title": "The Anthropologists' Money Bag", "desc": "<b>the Social Life of Money</b><br>", "textColor": "black", "weight": 0 }, "quote-hc4mli8g5x": { "id": "quote-hc4mli8g5x", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 1, "desc": "<div>\n\t\t\t\t<div>What Can Be Used As Money?<br><div><div>\n\t\t\t</div>\n\t\t</div></div>\n\t\t\t</div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-xgkj2uy81g": { "id": "text-xgkj2uy81g", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 2, "desc": "<div><span>Anthropologists specialize in the study of thoughts and behaviors in different cultures, including their own culture.<br></span><br><span>Anthropologists conduct fieldwork around the world. They learn about different cultures by living closely among the people day-to-day — including what can be used as money, and how money is used.<br></span><br><b>This exhibition will explore the multifaceted world of money using anthropological study, as we think about our social lives.</b></div>", "title": "What kind of money do you have in your money bag? Why can they be used to purchase goods?", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-4z2b4tvidj": { "id": "theme-4z2b4tvidj", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9c1265961cdb1a32a47abdd19cd1fc21", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=k50EIxyg", "level": "primary", "title": "「人類學家的錢包」展場照", "desc": "「人類學家的錢包」特展展場現地照片。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=muo89gxZ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=nSIFccVD", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=HRZD01L8", "mfid": "13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=k50EIxyg" }, "title": "Monies of the World", "desc": "<b>Unit 1</b>", "weight": 3, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "embed_html-7vvc8l7ago": { "id": "embed_html-7vvc8l7ago", "type": "embed_html", "sortable": true, "weight": 4, "embed_html": "<iframe id=\"muse-curation-iframe\" src=\"https://openmuseum.tw/mioe_money_bag?lang=en&iframe=1\" frameborder=\"0\" scrolling=\"no\" width=\"100%\" height=\"800px\"></iframe>嵌入版 EN" }, "quote-wtftd9z6n5": { "id": "quote-wtftd9z6n5", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 5, "desc": "<b>Do you know <br>these things can be used as money?</b>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "img-0xzg9rvowv": { "id": "img-0xzg9rvowv", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=8x5OFnsD", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=Jzi7cR1R", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=grgURyzA", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=8UgTh_UA", "mfid": "81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所博物館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "", "desc": "<div>\n\t\t\t<div>\n\t\t\t\t<div>Salt, feathers, pigs, crops, cocoa, maize, cigarettes, instant noodles, animal skins, cattle, sheep/goat, tea bricks, cloth, iron tools, metal, alcohol, checks, Easy Cards, PTT dollars, teeth, tobacco, stone money.\n\t\t\t\t</div>\n\t\t\t</div>\n\t\t</div>", "weight": 6, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-soc7155dnh": { "id": "basic-soc7155dnh", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "915a3f9485cf61697d9a1a7fa112236f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=gXk_bWmW", "level": "primary", "title": "Baruya 人與鹽條/Baruya", "desc": "Salt-maker Kandavatse (right) and assistant Igrimeye prepare salt bars to be wrapped.新幾內亞的Baruya人住在內陸高地,他們種植特殊植物(薏苡)、從中提煉出鹽,製成一個個鹽條。鹽條可作為貨幣使用,跟其他部落購買斧頭、武器、珠貝、羽毛裝飾、有魔法的堅果、樹皮斗篷、配檳榔的石灰、或支付儀式專家的服務等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=PZGZgEac", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=hbo3S6sG", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=LHlQo50D", "mfid": "a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03", "fileCreator": "Pierre Lemonnier", "rights": "Online Digital Sources and Annotation System", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=7TjtqcOE" }, "title": "Salt", "desc": "<div>\n\t\t\t\t<div>Salt is not only eaten, but is also used as currency in many places. For instance, some Ethiopian tribes use rock salt as currency. During the Roman Republic, soldiers were paid in salt (i.e., the etymon of “salary is “salarium”).\n\t\t\n\t\n\t\n\t\t<div>\n\t\t\t<div>\n\t\t\t\t<div>\n\t\t\t\t\t<br><span>The Baruya people live in the highland of New Guinea. They plant and extract salt from a special plant (<i>C</i></span><i>oix gigantea</i>) that they recast into salt bars to be used as currency, traded with other tribes in exchange for steel axes, weapons, mother-of-pearl shells, feather ornaments, magical nuts, bark wrappers, lime for chewing betel, or as payment to ritual specialists for services, etc.&nbsp;<br></div>\n\t\t\t</div>\n\t\t</div></div>\n\t\t\t</div>", "weight": 7, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-fo46tvhkrc": { "id": "basic-fo46tvhkrc", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "ffe9bbd293bb74cd906144585c42bb93", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=aeVbemmJ", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜的豬隻支付/Vanuatu", "desc": "萬納度最普遍的傳統財富以豬為代表(長牙豬,以及雌雄同體豬),豬作為價值的計算有一套標準,例如牙齒的捲曲圈數。豬可以用來支付聘金、罰金、晉升地位的款項,以及支付儀式知識與雕刻圖案的權利金。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=j1MN7fH2", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=VMDgzd-c", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=Z0qDtcMz", "mfid": "10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd", "fileCreator": "Nick Howlett", "rights": "Nick Howlett", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=EOp62GXD" }, "title": "Pigs", "desc": "<span>Pigs (long-tusk pigs and androgynous pigs) are the most prevalent and traditional measure of wealth in the Pacific Island nation of Vanuatu. There are specific standards for evaluating pig’s worth, such as the number loops in its tusks.<br></span><br>Pigs can be used as payment for dowry, for fines and penalties, to promote one’s status, or as payment for ritualistic knowledge, and as a premium for specialized carvings.", "weight": 8, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "da98457a9c3c5a83db1a3df417e322b5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=I2MHS1Tp", "level": "secondary", "title": "野豬獠牙(萬那杜)/Boar tusk", "desc": "Boar tusk (Vanuatu),成長為環狀的野豬獠牙,為萬那杜當地通行的貨幣之一。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=5tdK6iQK", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=tuM0fJen", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=CKAaVpYZ", "mfid": "6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=mCvloJ_u" }, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-bsszrfowat": { "id": "basic-bsszrfowat", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "5e20efad408594127e8b32de3b0e696e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=a2ossghm", "level": "primary", "title": "羽毛錢", "desc": "Feather-money 'tevau' of red feathers bound to a fibre backing, coiled on a bark core and with pendant strings of seeds.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=sjsiKwSy", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=hiMelDlB", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=IWkzKJx0", "mfid": "edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634", "fileCreator": "Feather money", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=M_ajwcYx" }, "title": "Feather Money", "desc": "<span>The islanders of Santa Cruz collect red feathers from crimson honeyeater and tie them into coils of 10 meters long through a special technique to be used as feather money.<br></span><br><span>Traditionally, feather money was used as currency with neighboring islands to trade for pigs, woven mats, and canoes, etc. Feather money was also used in important occasions such as bridewealth, to settle disputes, and as compensation.</span>", "weight": 9, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-imldrx2gwv": { "id": "basic-imldrx2gwv", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "cbeebf2d024b04185f18792ec8c015a1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=yjomD4Pi", "level": "primary", "title": "北美獸皮交易", "desc": "許多北美印地安社群使用毛皮作為交易貨幣,例如加拿大的原住民持使用河狸皮。與歐洲人貿易的初期,使用獸皮以及傳統的貝珠串 wampum 當貨幣,有些地方還發展出虛擬的「一張皮」的貨幣單位。後來被歐洲人引進的毛毯取代。\r\n\r\n一塊錢美金俗稱 \"buck\",即反應獸皮(buckskin)作為交易單位的歷史。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=nVIOIgIP", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=1Aur54Up", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=sDlUzbxE", "mfid": "350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a", "fileCreator": "Claude Joseph Sauthier,William Faden (engraver)", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利不明-重要評量要素未明(COPYRIGHT UNDETERMINED)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=cpY5VEbZ" }, "title": "Furs", "desc": "<span>Many North American indigenous communities use furs as currency; for instance, indigenous people in Canada often used beaver skins.<br></span><br><span>Animal skins and traditional shell beads called “wampum,” were currencies most commonly used when trade with Europeans first began. In some places, a conceptual “piece of skin” was developed as unit of measure for currency, but was later replaced by blankets introduced by Europeans.<br></span><br>One United States dollar is colloquially called a “buck,” reflecting the history that buckskin was an original unit for trade.", "weight": 10, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "storymap-y62apym": { "id": "storymap-y62apym", "type": "storymap", "sortable": true, "weight": 11, "sourceID": "100697" }, "basic-mz07efue56": { "id": "basic-mz07efue56", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "level": "primary", "oid": "b79390449110de3c437fd59ecdde30f2", "title": "雅浦石錢與帛琉採石場/Yap and Palau", "desc": "雅浦石錢與帛琉採石場。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/externals/aeea9cee61753047536560e81c8c3ae0.jpg?itok=cPYc07ff", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/externals/aeea9cee61753047536560e81c8c3ae0.jpg?itok=So_rohyF", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/aeea9cee61753047536560e81c8c3ae0.jpg?itok=P0xYpYSD", "mfid": "5156a82645671f6ecc8d362a3ccf4ac8", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/muse_download/5156a82645671f6ecc8d362a3ccf4ac8", "fileType": "video", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "國立自然科學博物館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "Focus of the Unit|Stone Money and Shell Money in Yap", "desc": "Stone money is an important traditional currency in Yap (Federated States of Micronesia). Yapese people mine for calcite by sailing over 300 nautical miles to Palau. They then carve the stones into the required shape before transporting them back to Yap.", "weight": 12, "secondaryObj": { "level": "secondary", "oid": "9b160ff7e3ea0f85c2f06925fdf0e4f1", "title": "雅浦石錢", "desc": "石錢是雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的重要傳統貨幣。石錢用途很多,如嬰兒出生的賀禮、收養小孩時支付的贈禮、結婚時的嫁妝、頭目上任的賀禮、造船的費用等。德國殖民時期,可用石錢支付罰金。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4.jpg?itok=-vrNLjSh", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4.jpg?itok=V28SAJ7v", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4.jpg?itok=siCC_Pm5", "mfid": "e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4.jpg?itok=rJ29OQv-", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "726c19ab905e1c1206be1bedb17dd4da", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=lxQ5tecy", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦島石錢", "desc": "石錢(Stone Money)是雅浦島(Yap Islands)的重要傳統貨幣,當地語稱 rai。其直徑可達四公尺,中鑿圓孔以利搬運。雅浦石錢是島民遠航至 400公里之遙的帛琉製成,再運回雅浦,作為財富與身分地位之象徵。 石錢的用途很多,可用於嬰兒出生時的賀禮、結婚時的嫁妝、頭目上任的賀禮、戰爭締結和約、造船的費用等等。德國殖民時期,可以用石錢支付罰金。本文物於1962年,鮑克蘭(Inez de Beauclair)於雅浦收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=4VQB-V8H", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=X2NX4Cv_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=JZtl40Sm", "mfid": "d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "252e1bbd89411624e99f07a640bd37fd", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=l1immjPH", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦大型石錢", "desc": "石錢是雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的重要傳統貨幣。尺寸較小的石錢收藏在家中,贈禮交易時轉手,但尺寸較大的石錢則留在原地,惟大家都知道所有權人已經易手。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=EsuxYUsO", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=FdJs3ElW", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=s4j5sjIt", "mfid": "ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "f4d4a8a3113d0c167dbde5cbf9687d90", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=9LFsGVxZ", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦石錢車牌", "desc": "石錢是當代雅浦島的文化表徵,可見於島上的車牌、各類文創產品與裝飾。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=BjBfJmpm", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=uHsf726v", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=hrDNSRat", "mfid": "3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "63ef748dd4c7e5e09b5a5f1de8612ef3", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=ZK7J6cHv", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦石錢裝飾", "desc": "石錢是當代雅浦島的文化表徵,可見於島上的車牌、各類文創產品與裝飾。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=IzkxATpb", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=4XFGplD1", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=57kMBStG", "mfid": "d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "4bbd80cc4ec85367c164bef84a44572f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=mWYo_fO0", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦的貝幣/雅浦貝幣", "desc": "貝幣是除了石錢之外,通行於雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的貨幣,常見的有 yar(珠母貝)和 gau(經常串連鯨魚牙)兩種。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=_jPQqwcv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=Zi1aPsG2", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=ZLhLpPNW", "mfid": "3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "9600df446088717daed520e16ffe0841", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=4khUQ2sD", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦的貝幣/雅浦貝幣", "desc": "貝幣是除了石錢之外,通行於雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的貨幣,常見的有 yar(珠母貝)和 gau(經常串連鯨魚牙)兩種。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=-VlDw9sy", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=417h75V9", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=Qn7hGQvA", "mfid": "8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "07442cb1ddec7e7ad7e9ecb1c18b6cb4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=huSTbH-B", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣(gau)", "desc": "雅浦貝幣(gau)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=4ra1iOpC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=hP9jmtaK", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=BwuE8h68", "mfid": "c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "172a47f03611964eb7c1537f04de8396", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=04A9xonO", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣(串)", "desc": "本藏品於 1962 年鮑克蘭(Inez de Beauclair)於雅浦收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=cpVuNh6-", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=eTR6DKxd", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=Hpfgzo3G", "mfid": "88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "46877410b8ba8969b4732747050896f9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=1bl5iJwa", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣 yar", "desc": "雅浦貝幣,珠母貝(yar)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=mn9EBytU", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=UczqovJO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=Ov7g3sZL", "mfid": "c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "26fcf9a9db332bfa4dc4371427ee3b1a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=w13PbQQ6", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣 yar", "desc": "雅浦貝幣,珠母貝(yar)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=2Wpvf6HA", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=K9TKEdKM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=ZKTpMvR0", "mfid": "eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-zp0j71skjw-odcsghb35h": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-odcsghb35h", "title": "雅浦島石錢", "desc": "石錢(Stone Money)是雅浦島(Yap Islands)的重要傳統貨幣,當地語稱 rai。其直徑可達四公尺,中鑿圓孔以利搬運。雅浦石錢是島民遠航至 400公里之遙的帛琉製成,再運回雅浦,作為財富與身分地位之象徵。 石錢的用途很多,可用於嬰兒出生時的賀禮、結婚時的嫁妝、頭目上任的賀禮、戰爭締結和約、造船的費用等等。德國殖民時期,可以用石錢支付罰金。本文物於1962年,鮑克蘭(Inez de Beauclair)於雅浦收購。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "726c19ab905e1c1206be1bedb17dd4da", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=lxQ5tecy", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦島石錢", "desc": "石錢(Stone Money)是雅浦島(Yap Islands)的重要傳統貨幣,當地語稱 rai。其直徑可達四公尺,中鑿圓孔以利搬運。雅浦石錢是島民遠航至 400公里之遙的帛琉製成,再運回雅浦,作為財富與身分地位之象徵。 石錢的用途很多,可用於嬰兒出生時的賀禮、結婚時的嫁妝、頭目上任的賀禮、戰爭締結和約、造船的費用等等。德國殖民時期,可以用石錢支付罰金。本文物於1962年,鮑克蘭(Inez de Beauclair)於雅浦收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=4VQB-V8H", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=X2NX4Cv_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=JZtl40Sm", "mfid": "d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw-kfzgi45vig": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-kfzgi45vig", "title": "雅浦大型石錢", "desc": "石錢是雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的重要傳統貨幣。尺寸較小的石錢收藏在家中,贈禮交易時轉手,但尺寸較大的石錢則留在原地,惟大家都知道所有權人已經易手。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "252e1bbd89411624e99f07a640bd37fd", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=l1immjPH", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦大型石錢", "desc": "石錢是雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的重要傳統貨幣。尺寸較小的石錢收藏在家中,贈禮交易時轉手,但尺寸較大的石錢則留在原地,惟大家都知道所有權人已經易手。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=EsuxYUsO", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=FdJs3ElW", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=s4j5sjIt", "mfid": "ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw-6o02jxxmf3": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-6o02jxxmf3", "title": "雅浦石錢裝飾", "desc": "石錢是當代雅浦島的文化表徵,可見於島上的車牌、各類文創產品與裝飾。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "63ef748dd4c7e5e09b5a5f1de8612ef3", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=ZK7J6cHv", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦石錢裝飾", "desc": "石錢是當代雅浦島的文化表徵,可見於島上的車牌、各類文創產品與裝飾。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=IzkxATpb", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=4XFGplD1", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=57kMBStG", "mfid": "d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw-wxn74qj8lk": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-wxn74qj8lk", "title": "雅浦石錢車牌", "desc": "石錢是當代雅浦島的文化表徵,可見於島上的車牌、各類文創產品與裝飾。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "f4d4a8a3113d0c167dbde5cbf9687d90", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=9LFsGVxZ", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦石錢車牌", "desc": "石錢是當代雅浦島的文化表徵,可見於島上的車牌、各類文創產品與裝飾。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=BjBfJmpm", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=uHsf726v", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=hrDNSRat", "mfid": "3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 3 }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw-zgyizda6rl": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-zgyizda6rl", "title": "雅浦的貝幣/雅浦貝幣", "desc": "貝幣是除了石錢之外,通行於雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的貨幣,常見的有 yar(珠母貝)和 gau(經常串連鯨魚牙)兩種。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "4bbd80cc4ec85367c164bef84a44572f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=mWYo_fO0", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦的貝幣/雅浦貝幣", "desc": "貝幣是除了石錢之外,通行於雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的貨幣,常見的有 yar(珠母貝)和 gau(經常串連鯨魚牙)兩種。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=_jPQqwcv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=Zi1aPsG2", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=ZLhLpPNW", "mfid": "3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 4 }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw-tl7jn34mis": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-tl7jn34mis", "title": "雅浦的貝幣/雅浦貝幣", "desc": "貝幣是除了石錢之外,通行於雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的貨幣,常見的有 yar(珠母貝)和 gau(經常串連鯨魚牙)兩種。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "9600df446088717daed520e16ffe0841", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=4khUQ2sD", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦的貝幣/雅浦貝幣", "desc": "貝幣是除了石錢之外,通行於雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的貨幣,常見的有 yar(珠母貝)和 gau(經常串連鯨魚牙)兩種。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=-VlDw9sy", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=417h75V9", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=Qn7hGQvA", "mfid": "8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 5 }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw-21hfzpmcdf": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-21hfzpmcdf", "title": "雅浦貝幣(gau)", "desc": "雅浦貝幣(gau)。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "07442cb1ddec7e7ad7e9ecb1c18b6cb4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=huSTbH-B", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣(gau)", "desc": "雅浦貝幣(gau)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=4ra1iOpC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=hP9jmtaK", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=BwuE8h68", "mfid": "c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 6 }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw-ynb3je9nm3": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-ynb3je9nm3", "title": "雅浦貝幣(串)", "desc": "本藏品於 1962 年鮑克蘭(Inez de Beauclair)於雅浦收購。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "172a47f03611964eb7c1537f04de8396", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=04A9xonO", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣(串)", "desc": "本藏品於 1962 年鮑克蘭(Inez de Beauclair)於雅浦收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=cpVuNh6-", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=eTR6DKxd", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=Hpfgzo3G", "mfid": "88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 7 }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw-3vylunkoth": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-3vylunkoth", "title": "雅浦貝幣 yar", "desc": "雅浦貝幣,珠母貝(yar)。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "46877410b8ba8969b4732747050896f9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=1bl5iJwa", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣 yar", "desc": "雅浦貝幣,珠母貝(yar)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=mn9EBytU", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=UczqovJO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=Ov7g3sZL", "mfid": "c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 8 }, "imgs-zp0j71skjw-050spcit9i": { "id": "imgs-zp0j71skjw-050spcit9i", "title": "雅浦貝幣 yar", "desc": "雅浦貝幣,珠母貝(yar)。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "26fcf9a9db332bfa4dc4371427ee3b1a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=w13PbQQ6", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣 yar", "desc": "雅浦貝幣,珠母貝(yar)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=2Wpvf6HA", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=K9TKEdKM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=ZKTpMvR0", "mfid": "eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 9 } }, "weight": 13, "title": "Stone Money and Shell Money in Yap", "desc": "<span>Stone money serves many purposes, as gifts to celebrate a newborn, as a gift for adopting child, as dowry for marriage, as a gift at the inauguration of a leader, or as payment for ship building. During the German colonial period, fines can be paid using stone money. Smaller-sized stone money may be stored at home and passed along during a gift exchange; stone money of a large size will remain in the same location after the exchange with the knowledge that the owner of the item has changed. Even stone money that might have fallen into the ocean during transport is recognized as belonging to a specific person, and is tradable. The Yapese people have not produced stone money since the end of World War One, but it continues to be circulated.<br></span><br>Stone money has become a symbol of contemporary Yap culture, appearing on license plates, creative designed products, and accessories. Besides stone money, Yap also has other currencies, such as the shell money “gau” (usually threaded together with whale teeth) and “yar” (mother-of-pearl).", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588", "title": "黃寶螺(貨貝)", "desc": "子安貝。凸起之面有一圓穿,底面有一槽,槽之兩旁各有一鋸齒邊,表面褐色。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=Xru6LEsx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=QY0pXxQD", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=emcoMTqg", "mfid": "3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=jDTAkwZi", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "259975ebdab967444049e5362b4adaab", "title": "海貝(寶螺)", "desc": "自然海貝,背皆磨平,可穿繫為佩飾,亦可附於車馬、器物、衣服旁作點綴,自然尚可看作是冥幣,與上述大量鏟幣同為死者聚集的財富。出土很多,總數約在3000枚以上。所藏約300枚,「寶螺」種類有待進一步鑑定。表面沾附硃砂。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=ykTX0AKV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=kSAGo0hS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=b6LuD7Xn", "mfid": "3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=VB9ux12C", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "4dc63d00cb5363a90ab2ba5ee2b534b4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf.jpg?itok=UVOjG22n", "level": "primary", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_7", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf.jpg?itok=pB0y-2ub", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf.jpg?itok=-jt0Opfk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf.jpg?itok=W7Hbz3rU", "mfid": "de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "fcb869833e49dfefb4534a51ca7d711a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=7xLDyWm7", "level": "primary", "title": "白色貝錢/貝錢1", "desc": "所羅門群島白色貝珠錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=X7wU_Usg", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=5DE5yCsk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=4KF3gu-J", "mfid": "3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "d0ff6dfe35a6c5276b461159ac6bba20", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=SBRRcnQA", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環", "desc": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=j2Lo1Mki", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=9kqKZTnb", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=238rxFRJ", "mfid": "b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-o1nqao38v3": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-o1nqao38v3", "title": "黃寶螺(貨貝)", "desc": "子安貝。凸起之面有一圓穿,底面有一槽,槽之兩旁各有一鋸齒邊,表面褐色。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588", "title": "黃寶螺(貨貝)", "desc": "子安貝。凸起之面有一圓穿,底面有一槽,槽之兩旁各有一鋸齒邊,表面褐色。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=Xru6LEsx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=QY0pXxQD", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=emcoMTqg", "mfid": "3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=jDTAkwZi", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-8cc31fpeq7": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-8cc31fpeq7", "title": "海貝(寶螺)", "desc": "自然海貝,背皆磨平,可穿繫為佩飾,亦可附於車馬、器物、衣服旁作點綴,自然尚可看作是冥幣,與上述大量鏟幣同為死者聚集的財富。出土很多,總數約在3000枚以上。所藏約300枚,「寶螺」種類有待進一步鑑定。表面沾附硃砂。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "259975ebdab967444049e5362b4adaab", "title": "海貝(寶螺)", "desc": "自然海貝,背皆磨平,可穿繫為佩飾,亦可附於車馬、器物、衣服旁作點綴,自然尚可看作是冥幣,與上述大量鏟幣同為死者聚集的財富。出土很多,總數約在3000枚以上。所藏約300枚,「寶螺」種類有待進一步鑑定。表面沾附硃砂。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=ykTX0AKV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=kSAGo0hS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=b6LuD7Xn", "mfid": "3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=VB9ux12C", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-h5d0ywcye1": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-h5d0ywcye1", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_1", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "4dc63d00cb5363a90ab2ba5ee2b534b4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53.jpg?itok=b2bHU64W", "level": "primary", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_1", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53.jpg?itok=jxgroMuJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53.jpg?itok=aTOVXyuX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53.jpg?itok=_-4zj2AX", "mfid": "03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-4om7m22nd5": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-4om7m22nd5", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_4", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "4dc63d00cb5363a90ab2ba5ee2b534b4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8e712264b9172bebeeae87a70cc20681.jpg?itok=3RQjxzZz", "level": "primary", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_4", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8e712264b9172bebeeae87a70cc20681.jpg?itok=auRZive5", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8e712264b9172bebeeae87a70cc20681.jpg?itok=ChsS6jsq", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8e712264b9172bebeeae87a70cc20681.jpg?itok=YPOyGU0X", "mfid": "8e712264b9172bebeeae87a70cc20681", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 3 }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-wk4k7ncut9": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-wk4k7ncut9", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_8", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "4dc63d00cb5363a90ab2ba5ee2b534b4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ca2cc006248fa34f1393a83bf1dd1359.jpg?itok=9bT1kgJS", "level": "primary", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_8", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ca2cc006248fa34f1393a83bf1dd1359.jpg?itok=OmaPwv4z", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ca2cc006248fa34f1393a83bf1dd1359.jpg?itok=fRiq0qYp", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ca2cc006248fa34f1393a83bf1dd1359.jpg?itok=Vd8uzzo-", "mfid": "ca2cc006248fa34f1393a83bf1dd1359", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 4 }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-mrjk0tyu3x": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-mrjk0tyu3x", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_7", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "4dc63d00cb5363a90ab2ba5ee2b534b4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf.jpg?itok=UVOjG22n", "level": "primary", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_7", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf.jpg?itok=pB0y-2ub", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf.jpg?itok=-jt0Opfk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf.jpg?itok=W7Hbz3rU", "mfid": "de220a0de06ad469008bce2169c484bf", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 5 }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-pbh9s5m7z5": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-pbh9s5m7z5", "title": "白色貝錢/貝錢1", "desc": "所羅門群島白色貝珠錢。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "fcb869833e49dfefb4534a51ca7d711a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=7xLDyWm7", "level": "primary", "title": "白色貝錢/貝錢1", "desc": "所羅門群島白色貝珠錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=X7wU_Usg", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=5DE5yCsk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=4KF3gu-J", "mfid": "3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 6 }, "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-t3wyiajo7q": { "id": "imgs-ilpz8u2r2b-t3wyiajo7q", "title": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環", "desc": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "d0ff6dfe35a6c5276b461159ac6bba20", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=SBRRcnQA", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環", "desc": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=j2Lo1Mki", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=9kqKZTnb", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=238rxFRJ", "mfid": "b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 7 } }, "weight": 14, "desc": "<span>Shells are a currency seen around the globe across different continents. The most common among them is the cowrie shell.<br></span><br>Images 1 and 2 show cowrie shells unearthed from the Central Plain of China; images 3 to 6 show Philippine shell beads and strings of shell beads; image 7 shows shell money from the Solomon Islands; image 8 depicts a shell bracelet from Roviana in the Solomon Islands.", "title": "Shells as Money", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-zz7po9ujlr": { "id": "basic-zz7po9ujlr", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=79ugRDe7", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=GPDgFgFx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=X-VIB8g8", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=_GUj-d9p", "mfid": "89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/89cbd240ef822b06fabc28e5e7e7dda4.jpg?itok=1cRiEqEd" }, "title": "Shells as Money", "desc": "<span>Shells were also used as currency Ancient China, hence many words related to finance have the character for “shell” (貝) as a radical: e.g., the characters for trade (買賣), commodities (資貿), collateral (賃貸), loss (負賠), bribery (賄賂), gamble (賭), and reward (賞貢), etc.</span>", "weight": 15, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-e3ejo96lve": { "id": "basic-e3ejo96lve", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9374bb85faf29619392cbc222c9b4f99", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=g3pQgQRV", "level": "primary", "title": "台灣阿美族之貝珠製作", "desc": "19世紀初阿美族製作貝珠鑽孔方式使用螺旋鑽(pump-drill)。使用的貝為硨磲貝。秦貞廉(村上貞助)記錄日本船隻(順吉丸)因海岸沖飄至秀姑鸞阿美部落之見聞(1802-06),當地阿美族婦女製造貝珠工藝。成品作為貨幣與泰雅、布農交易。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=p4SKddJQ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=DZRDkUtI", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=R3yUwjaB", "mfid": "6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f", "fileCreator": "秦貞廉", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=vrKpSWYC" }, "title": "Shell Beads in Taiwan", "desc": "<div><span>Shell money was often circulated in the form of shell beads. These were unearthed during an archeological dig in Kenting. According to Inō Kanori’s notes, shell money was used among Taiwanese indigenous societies including the Atayal, Paiwan, and Saisiyat peoples.<br></span><br>At the beginning of the 19th century, the Ami people made shell beads by using a pump-drill to bore holes in the shells of giant clams (Tridacninae).</div>", "weight": 16, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-5gtn5eaxmu": { "id": "basic-5gtn5eaxmu", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "068c93978d31c6084ed692bd85e44db4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=iBLca2Mq", "level": "primary", "title": "泰雅族貝珠布", "desc": "泰雅族貝珠布,1961 年李亦園、石磊於台北市中華路收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=oJbkWAd_", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=12kMQbRP", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=t5JoGFXr", "mfid": "c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=R3uSJ-m9" }, "title": "Shell Beads in Taiwan", "desc": "<span>Atayal people exchanged high-priced commodities using shell-beaded skirts and clothing; beaded strands and strand clusters were used for smaller transactions.<br></span><br>According to records dating back to 1915, a shell-beaded skirt could fetch:<br>&nbsp; • pieces of fallow land (1 to 4);<br>&nbsp; • 150 sheaves of millet;<br>&nbsp; •&nbsp;2 fire lances;<br>&nbsp; • 4 Mauser rifles;<br>&nbsp; • more than 2 large pigs;<br>&nbsp; •&nbsp;1 to 2 hunting hounds.", "weight": 17, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "storymap-8zjstal": { "id": "storymap-8zjstal", "type": "storymap", "sortable": true, "weight": 18, "sourceID": "101090" }, "theme-4zwujvcv2t": { "id": "theme-4zwujvcv2t", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=qgLe91aO", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)/所羅門群島貝珠03", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\r\n\r\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=25lYJObG", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=-Xl_6zTM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=eu7tuZ2o", "mfid": "e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=qgLe91aO" }, "title": "Making Money", "desc": "<b>Unit 2</b><br>", "weight": 19, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-gi0tmuczk5": { "id": "quote-gi0tmuczk5", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 20, "desc": "<b>Besides printing banknotes, how is money created?</b>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-pzpsa8wyow": { "id": "basic-pzpsa8wyow", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "029ab3c1bb33dadbd58fd29cd2da6d77", "fileType": "video", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/muse_download/508e626d012d176bcc916aeeaf2f7113", "level": "primary", "title": "Langalanga 人製作貝珠錢/Langalanga貝珠錢的製作", "desc": "許多傳統貨幣已經停止使用,但所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人至今仍持續製作貝珠錢,使用不同種類的貝殼,製成貝珠。\r\n", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=Jxj2bhmx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=r70tBdXN", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=dW3N4FSE", "mfid": "508e626d012d176bcc916aeeaf2f7113", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/w1920/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=InVZb8Yv" }, "title": "Unit Focus|Shell Money in the Solomon Islands", "desc": "Many traditional currencies are now out of circulation, but the Langalanga people of the Solomon Islands continue to make shell money today.", "weight": 21, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-aszt3a2nd5": { "id": "imgs-aszt3a2nd5", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "e1e24be1f441758b610a9798c350d278", "title": "貝珠錢的製作", "desc": "所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人使用不同種類的貝殼,製成貝珠,再依照不同地區、族群的喜好,將製作好的貝珠編串為不同的形式。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=cRHVTsZ9", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=oXp-g7ya", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=ufTMHEeA", "mfid": "268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=vqEh-Tpm", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "667012e2ff6cf6d77f04235805cc8f5e", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢/所羅門群島貝珠錢02", "desc": "所羅門群島的貝珠錢,許多傳統貨幣已經停止使用,但所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人至今仍持續製作貝珠錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=ZPl4jCA8", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=bHfqPS8J", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=4iMcbPXg", "mfid": "6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=kWSZ0e3p", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/parana_1", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7.jpg?itok=3d4mjREN", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7.jpg?itok=iEoqDAZX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7.jpg?itok=nmMwaCXQ", "mfid": "e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7.jpg?itok=Q6sSb08i", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" } ], "items": { "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-3bwtkavsgh": { "id": "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-3bwtkavsgh", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/u’uina", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "primaryObj": { "oid": "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/u’uina", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152.jpg?itok=JWx0AKxH", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152.jpg?itok=cNIM8hhs", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152.jpg?itok=TprvV3oF", "mfid": "c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152.jpg?itok=kqZQ6Bx-", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-v0k2640pr3": { "id": "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-v0k2640pr3", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/safana", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "primaryObj": { "oid": "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/safana", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/605f43dce8a181d2df984aaf0c371c42.jpg?itok=o_v8LHX5", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/605f43dce8a181d2df984aaf0c371c42.jpg?itok=ZCv-AARV", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/605f43dce8a181d2df984aaf0c371c42.jpg?itok=8m-J_O7R", "mfid": "605f43dce8a181d2df984aaf0c371c42", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/605f43dce8a181d2df984aaf0c371c42.jpg?itok=uvmSez-4", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-9awmnspyb6": { "id": "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-9awmnspyb6", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/futana / ogana", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "primaryObj": { "oid": "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/futana / ogana", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5138cca316ed966175b7c02055e77dfe.jpg?itok=RXecCsVf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5138cca316ed966175b7c02055e77dfe.jpg?itok=BA7TFloK", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5138cca316ed966175b7c02055e77dfe.jpg?itok=K7p1wK0E", "mfid": "5138cca316ed966175b7c02055e77dfe", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5138cca316ed966175b7c02055e77dfe.jpg?itok=MqJsq8cC", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 }, "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-mkx8e10mx8": { "id": "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-mkx8e10mx8", "title": "貝珠錢的製作", "desc": "所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人使用不同種類的貝殼,製成貝珠,再依照不同地區、族群的喜好,將製作好的貝珠編串為不同的形式。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "e1e24be1f441758b610a9798c350d278", "title": "貝珠錢的製作", "desc": "所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人使用不同種類的貝殼,製成貝珠,再依照不同地區、族群的喜好,將製作好的貝珠編串為不同的形式。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=cRHVTsZ9", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=oXp-g7ya", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=ufTMHEeA", "mfid": "268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=vqEh-Tpm", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 3 }, "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-q5ds51xr8m": { "id": "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-q5ds51xr8m", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/parana_1", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "primaryObj": { "oid": "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/parana_1", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7.jpg?itok=3d4mjREN", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7.jpg?itok=iEoqDAZX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7.jpg?itok=nmMwaCXQ", "mfid": "e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e6223884df6731c5d28d96c5e71a1fc7.jpg?itok=Q6sSb08i", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 4 }, "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-o0v1i1m0k4": { "id": "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-o0v1i1m0k4", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/parana_2", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "primaryObj": { "oid": "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/parana_2", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7baac1bfe5ad22a6ef1ef70071a419f7.jpg?itok=QMs3srj2", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7baac1bfe5ad22a6ef1ef70071a419f7.jpg?itok=uYmtjnbd", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7baac1bfe5ad22a6ef1ef70071a419f7.jpg?itok=MHkvd9n4", "mfid": "7baac1bfe5ad22a6ef1ef70071a419f7", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7baac1bfe5ad22a6ef1ef70071a419f7.jpg?itok=q-TB2DAB", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 5 }, "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-qh1e8sl0nb": { "id": "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-qh1e8sl0nb", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/sikwana", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "primaryObj": { "oid": "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/sikwana", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/af82c83b189d6afc8f26ddaa8fb742bc.jpg?itok=WDQ817B3", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/af82c83b189d6afc8f26ddaa8fb742bc.jpg?itok=hJDWwnro", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/af82c83b189d6afc8f26ddaa8fb742bc.jpg?itok=bIQ4imbr", "mfid": "af82c83b189d6afc8f26ddaa8fb742bc", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/af82c83b189d6afc8f26ddaa8fb742bc.jpg?itok=yUAnW5Ca", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 6 }, "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-wnb11fewxv": { "id": "imgs-aszt3a2nd5-wnb11fewxv", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢/所羅門群島貝珠錢02", "desc": "所羅門群島的貝珠錢,許多傳統貨幣已經停止使用,但所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人至今仍持續製作貝珠錢。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "667012e2ff6cf6d77f04235805cc8f5e", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢/所羅門群島貝珠錢02", "desc": "所羅門群島的貝珠錢,許多傳統貨幣已經停止使用,但所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人至今仍持續製作貝珠錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=ZPl4jCA8", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=bHfqPS8J", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=4iMcbPXg", "mfid": "6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=kWSZ0e3p", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 7 } }, "weight": 22, "title": "Shell Money Production in the Solomon Islands ", "desc": "<div><span>Image 1. <i>u’uina</i>: chiseling shells into adequately-sized pieces<br></span><span>Image 2. <i>safana</i>: polishing the shell on a stone<br></span><span>Image 3 &amp; 4. <i>futana / ogana</i>: drilling a small hole at the center of the shell<br></span><span>Image 5 &amp; 6. <i>parana</i>: placing the <i>kee</i> (black) shell money on a heated stone to turn it an orange-brown color through chemical reaction<br></span><span>Image 7. <i>aarana / batafau</i>: stringing shells together, then filing down the edges of the shells into a uniform size</span></div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-jghd14ppmv": { "id": "imgs-jghd14ppmv", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "85ee46b9dfdcf8d9ce9c0def2870db75", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=-JwQyKf3", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(safi)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(safi),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=B2t_z3EY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=gsOVvmvm", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=plfmutGi", "mfid": "7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "975874ce8f392a6eb86ffa046a2e975d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=SYqXIqQO", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(bata wawa)/bata wawa", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(bata wawa),為最華麗、價值最高之貝珠錢,使用最好的romu(紅色)貝珠,中間為網狀編織;在婚禮中,主要致贈給新娘母親。為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=3yKJw2Si", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=bwg5blC_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=Ify5LhFH", "mfid": "a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "7fd765ec070167fc357685ce036c34f0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=FJyO7osY", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(isae galia)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(isae galia),未打磨的貝珠,共十串的組合,僅於 Langalanga 地區使用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=rhE2Zy-R", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=RQagzf1g", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=sd25lpTN", "mfid": "72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=8vK44Hty", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\n\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=25lYJObG", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=-Xl_6zTM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=eu7tuZ2o", "mfid": "e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "5dda380798bf1db4a5307c9c05e339dc", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821.jpg?itok=n1fqb5YL", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊/02", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊,編有典藏者個人名字拼音,曾出展於中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821.jpg?itok=vSHFdJOa", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821.jpg?itok=0EeEihR_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821.jpg?itok=kQLjc204", "mfid": "276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-jghd14ppmv-811g2kk9wg": { "id": "imgs-jghd14ppmv-811g2kk9wg", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(safi)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(safi),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "85ee46b9dfdcf8d9ce9c0def2870db75", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=-JwQyKf3", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(safi)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(safi),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=B2t_z3EY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=gsOVvmvm", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=plfmutGi", "mfid": "7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-jghd14ppmv-vszjak8tvg": { "id": "imgs-jghd14ppmv-vszjak8tvg", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(bata wawa)/bata wawa", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(bata wawa),為最華麗、價值最高之貝珠錢,使用最好的romu(紅色)貝珠,中間為網狀編織;在婚禮中,主要致贈給新娘母親。為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "975874ce8f392a6eb86ffa046a2e975d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=SYqXIqQO", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(bata wawa)/bata wawa", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(bata wawa),為最華麗、價值最高之貝珠錢,使用最好的romu(紅色)貝珠,中間為網狀編織;在婚禮中,主要致贈給新娘母親。為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=3yKJw2Si", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=bwg5blC_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=Ify5LhFH", "mfid": "a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-jghd14ppmv-46enrbtvxd": { "id": "imgs-jghd14ppmv-46enrbtvxd", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\n\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/26288305b437e4f4451eed7fdc5a6966.jpg?itok=CKBoxajP", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\n\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/26288305b437e4f4451eed7fdc5a6966.jpg?itok=-yK3vawA", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/26288305b437e4f4451eed7fdc5a6966.jpg?itok=muZtUTkI", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/26288305b437e4f4451eed7fdc5a6966.jpg?itok=Tecfc9eA", "mfid": "26288305b437e4f4451eed7fdc5a6966", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 }, "imgs-jghd14ppmv-2ri8f2en4z": { "id": "imgs-jghd14ppmv-2ri8f2en4z", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\n\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=8vK44Hty", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\n\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=25lYJObG", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=-Xl_6zTM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=eu7tuZ2o", "mfid": "e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 3 }, "imgs-jghd14ppmv-9h2oueuh1h": { "id": "imgs-jghd14ppmv-9h2oueuh1h", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(isae galia)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(isae galia),未打磨的貝珠,共十串的組合,僅於 Langalanga 地區使用。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "7fd765ec070167fc357685ce036c34f0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=FJyO7osY", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(isae galia)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(isae galia),未打磨的貝珠,共十串的組合,僅於 Langalanga 地區使用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=rhE2Zy-R", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=RQagzf1g", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=sd25lpTN", "mfid": "72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 4 }, "imgs-jghd14ppmv-8e8a8e6rp2": { "id": "imgs-jghd14ppmv-8e8a8e6rp2", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊/01", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊,編有典藏者個人名字拼音,曾出展於中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "5dda380798bf1db4a5307c9c05e339dc", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f.jpg?itok=Lz87vXYO", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊/01", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊,編有典藏者個人名字拼音,曾出展於中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f.jpg?itok=dzDJOWnS", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f.jpg?itok=J0OX1FdO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f.jpg?itok=vy88GA4J", "mfid": "e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 5 }, "imgs-jghd14ppmv-c46u07zufy": { "id": "imgs-jghd14ppmv-c46u07zufy", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊/02", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊,編有典藏者個人名字拼音,曾出展於中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "5dda380798bf1db4a5307c9c05e339dc", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821.jpg?itok=n1fqb5YL", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊/02", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊,編有典藏者個人名字拼音,曾出展於中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821.jpg?itok=vSHFdJOa", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821.jpg?itok=0EeEihR_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821.jpg?itok=kQLjc204", "mfid": "276ab3b546edd474130ebb0f70686821", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 6 } }, "weight": 23, "title": "Types of Shell Money", "desc": "<span>According to preferences in different regions and among different groups, shell beads are strung into various forms. Images in sequence are <i>safi</i>, <i>bata wawa</i>, <i>tafuliae</i>, <i>isae galia</i>, and a shell necklace designed to spell out words.</span>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-w4dp3vgi78": { "id": "basic-w4dp3vgi78", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "667012e2ff6cf6d77f04235805cc8f5e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=kWSZ0e3p", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢/所羅門群島貝珠錢02", "desc": "所羅門群島的貝珠錢,許多傳統貨幣已經停止使用,但所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人至今仍持續製作貝珠錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=ZPl4jCA8", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=bHfqPS8J", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=4iMcbPXg", "mfid": "6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=nQaNi0AP" }, "title": "Shell Money as Local Currency", "desc": "<div><span>The Solomon dollar is the national currency issued in the Solomon Islands, but both shell money and the national currency are in circulation in Langalanga society.<br></span><br></div><div><span>Tuition fees, contributions to the church, and food purchases can be paid using small strings of shell beads. Large strings of shell beads can be used on important occasions, such as for bridewealth, for compensation, and in land transaction.<br></span><br></div><div>Shell money is an important source of economic income for the Langalanga people. Besides selling the shell money to other islanders and tourists, it is internationally traded to New Guinea and Vanuatu as well.</div>", "weight": 24, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-3m9ectrioa": { "id": "basic-3m9ectrioa", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1a84d4a8ba99e78f8158ba942a24c934", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=lyud6kDM", "level": "primary", "title": "貝珠新娘服飾", "desc": "聘禮交換儀式中,新娘的父母為她準備全套貝珠服飾當嫁妝。紅色的貝珠特別貴重,代表了血,亦即生命力,因此結婚、見血的賠償時常以貝珠錢來代表「人」的生命。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=L53_TC2j", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=PDup0Au1", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=73049-5F", "mfid": "202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=r5M2B_b1" }, "title": "Bridewealth Exchange ", "desc": "In the ritual of bridewealth exchange, the bride’s parents prepare a set of shell money clothing as dowry for her. The red shell bead is the most valued; it represents blood, and therefore vitality. Hence, in marriage and in instances where compensation involves blood, the red shell bead is used to represents “human” life.", "weight": 25, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "1a84d4a8ba99e78f8158ba942a24c934", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/f7934c5a4aba6ec75ff9394dea298702.jpg?itok=WsJgPY_p", "level": "secondary", "title": "貝珠新娘服飾/女性貝珠服飾", "desc": "聘禮交換儀式中,新娘的父母為她準備全套貝珠服飾當嫁妝。紅色的貝珠特別貴重,代表了血,亦即生命力,因此結婚、見血的賠償時常以貝珠錢來代表「人」的生命。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/f7934c5a4aba6ec75ff9394dea298702.jpg?itok=rPE-pc8L", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/f7934c5a4aba6ec75ff9394dea298702.jpg?itok=GhjFZAAS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/f7934c5a4aba6ec75ff9394dea298702.jpg?itok=pv6veEKP", "mfid": "f7934c5a4aba6ec75ff9394dea298702", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/f7934c5a4aba6ec75ff9394dea298702.jpg?itok=iL-uGugN" }, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-mqmrb1prq7": { "id": "imgs-mqmrb1prq7", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9.jpg?itok=gVJ4G_3A", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/腰帶", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9.jpg?itok=zbR1fZ3C", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9.jpg?itok=qoxfUK0M", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9.jpg?itok=itknddKp", "mfid": "825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-so1k9f1e5g": { "id": "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-so1k9f1e5g", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/全套服飾", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4.jpg?itok=WAuxG-Nr", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/全套服飾", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4.jpg?itok=RY2h_B90", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4.jpg?itok=Au2PgbLZ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4.jpg?itok=jDYeN_kt", "mfid": "ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-b1sdhtx58e": { "id": "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-b1sdhtx58e", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/額飾", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/62723e569e066b178ab7acb76af2240f.jpg?itok=aP5GBEsm", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/額飾", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/62723e569e066b178ab7acb76af2240f.jpg?itok=DYewZedv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/62723e569e066b178ab7acb76af2240f.jpg?itok=Mfwag2GS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/62723e569e066b178ab7acb76af2240f.jpg?itok=h1lOE1oj", "mfid": "62723e569e066b178ab7acb76af2240f", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-lh83weybgk": { "id": "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-lh83weybgk", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/背心", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/cee4de6fcd800f8885a3e78a8a2aee4c.jpg?itok=RfqExr4G", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/背心", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/cee4de6fcd800f8885a3e78a8a2aee4c.jpg?itok=j1YUHcZK", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/cee4de6fcd800f8885a3e78a8a2aee4c.jpg?itok=1j_xdTjN", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/cee4de6fcd800f8885a3e78a8a2aee4c.jpg?itok=_b4Ya9Qb", "mfid": "cee4de6fcd800f8885a3e78a8a2aee4c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 }, "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-zx6u6jmmwd": { "id": "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-zx6u6jmmwd", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/腿飾", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4c95645c74b75289ccc005fb2259865c.jpg?itok=5p5t7huv", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/腿飾", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4c95645c74b75289ccc005fb2259865c.jpg?itok=7AluO0KO", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4c95645c74b75289ccc005fb2259865c.jpg?itok=3XlYy-f4", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4c95645c74b75289ccc005fb2259865c.jpg?itok=uvokBLx6", "mfid": "4c95645c74b75289ccc005fb2259865c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 3 }, "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-1v0lt9ef4y": { "id": "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-1v0lt9ef4y", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/腰帶", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9.jpg?itok=gVJ4G_3A", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/腰帶", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9.jpg?itok=zbR1fZ3C", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9.jpg?itok=qoxfUK0M", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9.jpg?itok=itknddKp", "mfid": "825b69a05123aa6c78a69eee197fd2e9", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 4 }, "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-gasqq5g7xl": { "id": "imgs-mqmrb1prq7-gasqq5g7xl", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/上臂", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a76c923f0c230b127b1069230f08fb52.jpg?itok=N_Ic3XlV", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/上臂", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a76c923f0c230b127b1069230f08fb52.jpg?itok=cUV5HwBR", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a76c923f0c230b127b1069230f08fb52.jpg?itok=vfVcTS6z", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a76c923f0c230b127b1069230f08fb52.jpg?itok=89yQU05Y", "mfid": "a76c923f0c230b127b1069230f08fb52", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 5 } }, "weight": 26, "title": "Bridewealth Exchange", "desc": "Shell money clothing worn by the bride in the ritual of bridewealth exchange.<div>Images in sequence: a full-set of bride clothing, forehead ornament, vest, leg ornaments, belt, and arm ornaments.</div><div><h2></h2></div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-9bfnn9yo1c": { "id": "imgs-9bfnn9yo1c", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "742f59fc535bff27b0ff8473be9e57b4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=B2DzTdvC", "level": "primary", "title": "總統陳水扁會晤索羅門群島總理柯馬克札伉儷", "desc": "總統陳水扁會晤索羅門群島總理 Allan Kemakeza(柯馬克札)伉儷。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=ayTL-JXt", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=HVNnXc-V", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=AEuY1-Q4", "mfid": "a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中華民國國史館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-姓名標示-非商業性的教育與研究使用", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "4ec271084d2058ab09ce9dfc9a6bd541", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=pUT2QPS3", "level": "primary", "title": "總統馬英九會見索羅門總理西庫瓦伉儷", "desc": "總統馬英九會見索羅門總理西庫瓦(Derek Sikua)伉儷(2008/5/22),獲贈索國貝珠項鍊。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=89j0oGIz", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=d6mdKKR9", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=Wslc0h4M", "mfid": "ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中華民國國史館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-姓名標示-非商業性的教育與研究使用", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "4ad8067f32256372559467a8d7c9a912", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=qXvDeOWT", "level": "primary", "title": "總統蔡英文接見索羅門群島總理蘇嘉瓦瑞伉儷", "desc": "105 年 7月 25 日,蔡英文總統於總統府接見索羅門群島總理蘇嘉瓦瑞伉儷,佩戴索國致贈之貝珠項鍊。President Tsai meets Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare and his wife. (2016/07/25)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=2iIAhONI", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=akJd5YMS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=enidkTaG", "mfid": "0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中華民國總統府", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-9bfnn9yo1c-vpvqeydfeg": { "id": "imgs-9bfnn9yo1c-vpvqeydfeg", "title": "總統陳水扁會晤索羅門群島總理柯馬克札伉儷", "desc": "總統陳水扁會晤索羅門群島總理 Allan Kemakeza(柯馬克札)伉儷。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "742f59fc535bff27b0ff8473be9e57b4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=B2DzTdvC", "level": "primary", "title": "總統陳水扁會晤索羅門群島總理柯馬克札伉儷", "desc": "總統陳水扁會晤索羅門群島總理 Allan Kemakeza(柯馬克札)伉儷。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=ayTL-JXt", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=HVNnXc-V", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=AEuY1-Q4", "mfid": "a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中華民國國史館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-姓名標示-非商業性的教育與研究使用", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-9bfnn9yo1c-90861blkrm": { "id": "imgs-9bfnn9yo1c-90861blkrm", "title": "總統馬英九會見索羅門總理西庫瓦伉儷", "desc": "總統馬英九會見索羅門總理西庫瓦(Derek Sikua)伉儷(2008/5/22),獲贈索國貝珠項鍊。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "4ec271084d2058ab09ce9dfc9a6bd541", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=pUT2QPS3", "level": "primary", "title": "總統馬英九會見索羅門總理西庫瓦伉儷", "desc": "總統馬英九會見索羅門總理西庫瓦(Derek Sikua)伉儷(2008/5/22),獲贈索國貝珠項鍊。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=89j0oGIz", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=d6mdKKR9", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=Wslc0h4M", "mfid": "ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中華民國國史館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-姓名標示-非商業性的教育與研究使用", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-9bfnn9yo1c-l1sfy6irvc": { "id": "imgs-9bfnn9yo1c-l1sfy6irvc", "title": "總統蔡英文接見索羅門群島總理蘇嘉瓦瑞伉儷", "desc": "105 年 7月 25 日,蔡英文總統於總統府接見索羅門群島總理蘇嘉瓦瑞伉儷,佩戴索國致贈之貝珠項鍊。President Tsai meets Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare and his wife. (2016/07/25)", "primaryObj": { "oid": "4ad8067f32256372559467a8d7c9a912", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=qXvDeOWT", "level": "primary", "title": "總統蔡英文接見索羅門群島總理蘇嘉瓦瑞伉儷", "desc": "105 年 7月 25 日,蔡英文總統於總統府接見索羅門群島總理蘇嘉瓦瑞伉儷,佩戴索國致贈之貝珠項鍊。President Tsai meets Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare and his wife. (2016/07/25)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=2iIAhONI", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=akJd5YMS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=enidkTaG", "mfid": "0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中華民國總統府", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 } }, "weight": 27, "title": "The Significance of Shell Money", "desc": "Langalanga people proclaim themselves to be “the Central Bank” and “the Central Mint” because they “produce currency,” and are actively engaged in their national economy. Although the population of Langalanga numbers in the thousands, they have significant influence in the economic, political, and cultural spheres. As such, shell money is a symbol of cultural identity for the Langalanga people, and its significance extends to symbolizing national culture. Shell money is often given as gift to foreign dignitaries, and members of national delegations or contestants in beauty pageants all wear shell money.", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "embed_html-7mtp0ex31m": { "id": "embed_html-7mtp0ex31m", "type": "embed_html", "sortable": true, "weight": 28, "embed_html": "<iframe id=\"muse-curation-iframe\" src=\"https://openmuseum.tw/embed/qa_game/advance/1581\" frameborder=\"0\" scrolling=\"no\" width=\"100%\" height=\"800px\"></iframe>" }, "theme-oss6dsxuly": { "id": "theme-oss6dsxuly", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a.jpg?itok=BIllwS8J", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a.jpg?itok=9jKfDwm-", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a.jpg?itok=1SdwNEDO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a.jpg?itok=YPPJ9h_9", "mfid": "389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/389174a09fcfed38992eb7258f87463a.jpg?itok=BIllwS8J" }, "title": "Two Sides of the Same Coin", "desc": "<b>Unit 3</b>", "weight": 29, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-8rf9qczhql": { "id": "quote-8rf9qczhql", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 30, "desc": "<b>Where Does the Value of Coins Originate?</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-ow9l6adjt6": { "id": "text-ow9l6adjt6", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 31, "title": "The Heads of Coins", "desc": "The heads side of a coin often features the face of a prominent person or national emblem, to signify that the money’s value is guaranteed by the state, in a top-down relationship. From this perspective, coins are considered to be tokens without intrinsic value. The value of money stems from faith in the credibility of the issuing bank. The circulation of money is actually a type of “credit”, a circulation of debt.<br><b><br>Chartalism</b><br><br><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-5ikjlkembi": { "id": "text-5ikjlkembi", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 32, "desc": "<div><span>The tails side of a coin often notes a numerical value, signifying that the value of a coin is a result of market recognition, a bottom-up relation. Just like “cookies,” the value of money sometimes comes from is own material composition, as determined by the marketplace, such as gold, silver, shells, tobacco, and salt.</span></div><br><b>Metallism</b>", "title": "The Tails of Money", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-8e5m65gxvv": { "id": "basic-8e5m65gxvv", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=zt_gIusF", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)/所羅門群島貝珠02", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\r\n\r\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=AaIGAXPc", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=QN-7OTPu", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=wjwVr882", "mfid": "60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/60e582c403a10dc3b2b5adb0a77b104d.jpg?itok=XsVWKN3z" }, "title": "Market: the Value of Shell Money", "desc": "<div><span>The value of shell money comes from the shell and the labor input of making shell beads. Red beads, <i>romu</i>, could be only acquired by diving, and has a higher value due to its scarcity.</span></div><div><br></div><div><span>Shell money is measured by the length of the human body, for example, the length from finger to elbow is a basic unit, <i>fura</i>. The value of shell money increases with its length.</span></div>", "weight": 33, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-75fpucz2tm": { "id": "basic-75fpucz2tm", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "87ba2fad0b333458772616079b0ed467", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=Qps0sy68", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦的各種石錢/雅浦石錢", "desc": "雅浦的各種石錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=Hsbu0pLs", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=eNuPnRex", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=gUTgvcny", "mfid": "058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=Nsh0mR-R" }, "title": "Market: the Value of Stone Money", "desc": "<div>Yapese people historically traveled by rafts and canoes to &nbsp;Palau to mine stone. The journey took about 5 days. The size of mined stone money is smaller, but with a higher price.</div><div><br></div><div>In the late 19th century, Irish American David O’Keefe employed large European ships to transport workers and stone money, increasing the size of stone money. However, such an influx induced inflation and devaluated stone money.</div>", "weight": 34, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-r1e9w1e7k6": { "id": "basic-r1e9w1e7k6", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "155fc284dcb9a339c91f26881c30ad65", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=TAac1BkO", "level": "primary", "title": "英格蘭銀行金庫", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=ssDigJl5", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=ytAodYWf", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=SzhYHnik", "mfid": "4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785", "fileCreator": "Bank of England gold vaults", "rights": "英格蘭銀行", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=2ltnKvJP" }, "title": "Market: The Value of Banknotes", "desc": "<div>Gold coins, silver coins, and copper coins have intrinsic value as metals.</div><div><br></div><div>The value of banknotes is sometimes supported by the gold reserve of the issuing banks. If too many notes are issued, surpassing the value of the gold reserve, devaluation will happen from the loss of market support.</div>", "weight": 35, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "cc7d725761ea6a91d3c7cb091e17f143", "title": "紐澤西省貨幣(十二先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,紐澤西省發行的十二先令貨幣。\n12s Colonial currency from the Province of New Jersey. Signed by Robert Smith, John Hart, and John Stevens, Jr..", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=5AaWdish", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=_pwi9CC2", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=EmcvaMa8", "mfid": "13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=OaHVhBbB", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "I. Collins (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "af8bd1afd831d3326acfc7fde0d61389", "title": "紐約省殖民地貨幣(二先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,紐約省兩先令貨幣。\n2s Colonial currency from the Province of New York. Signed by John H. Cruger and William Waddell.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=BYM90aqW", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=pshmp0Zg", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=2z1i5D2R", "mfid": "23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=II5wMneE", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "H. Gaine (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "fb8153e0dee952b5eaf34ab676055f9e", "title": "麻薩諸塞灣省貨幣(兩先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期兩先令殖民地貨幣,由麻薩諸塞灣省發行。\n2s Colonial currency from the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Dated 1 May 1741, signed by Robert Choate, Jonathan Hale, John Brown, and Edward Eveleth. Endorsed by James Eveleth (rev).", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=AM1RsQvV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=pYzou9dz", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=4l3h2VB1", "mfid": "5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=NOewpGnU", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "197e9fbc4a2b13efda8740cc47587f0d", "title": "賓夕法尼亞省殖民地貨幣(二十先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,賓夕法尼亞省二十先令貨幣。\n20s Colonial currency from the Province of Pennsylvania. Signed by Francis Hopkinson, Robert Strettell Jones, and William Fisher.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=-O_YihTV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=0LNvLNkv", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=93o6LCwu", "mfid": "8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=vXZE6Odo", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "D. Hall,W. Sellers", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "b5fa18db1c5a8612a1819501663a08cb", "title": "馬里蘭省殖民地貨幣(壹元)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期馬里蘭省壹元貨幣。\n$1 Colonial currency from the Province of Maryland. Signed by John Clapham and Robert Couden.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=tE3C5gLv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=1sxydX2Y", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=sAqC97Lp", "mfid": "ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=tP_RCAqU", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "Anne Catherine,William Green (printers)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "fe6a5a44d42fc6d99e0bce1b74c3c820", "title": "南卡羅萊納貨幣(六十元)", "desc": "南卡羅萊納六十元貨幣。\n$60 Colonial currency from South Carolina. Signed by John Scott, John Smyth, and Plowden Weston.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=j-3tLgyf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=Pm8lAfBM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=Sz2xoJ2U", "mfid": "173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=2Clx2KGh", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "571b28a6429e480611f43322762140c2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=zLKTrzto", "level": "primary", "title": "喬治亞貨幣(四十元)", "desc": "喬治亞省的四十元殖民地貨幣。$40 Colonial currency from the Province of Georgia. Signed by Charles Kent, William Few, Thomas Netherclift, William O’Bryen, and Nehemiah Wade. Printed by W. Lancaster.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=gPidqEqC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=woAQaaWO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=ESGrgzce", "mfid": "77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a", "fileCreator": "W. Lancaster (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-v33580asa1": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-v33580asa1", "title": "紐澤西省貨幣(十二先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,紐澤西省發行的十二先令貨幣。\n12s Colonial currency from the Province of New Jersey. Signed by Robert Smith, John Hart, and John Stevens, Jr..", "primaryObj": { "oid": "cc7d725761ea6a91d3c7cb091e17f143", "title": "紐澤西省貨幣(十二先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,紐澤西省發行的十二先令貨幣。\n12s Colonial currency from the Province of New Jersey. Signed by Robert Smith, John Hart, and John Stevens, Jr..", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=5AaWdish", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=_pwi9CC2", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=EmcvaMa8", "mfid": "13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=OaHVhBbB", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "I. Collins (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-cxdxqcykix": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-cxdxqcykix", "title": "紐約省殖民地貨幣(二先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,紐約省兩先令貨幣。\n2s Colonial currency from the Province of New York. Signed by John H. Cruger and William Waddell.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "af8bd1afd831d3326acfc7fde0d61389", "title": "紐約省殖民地貨幣(二先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,紐約省兩先令貨幣。\n2s Colonial currency from the Province of New York. Signed by John H. Cruger and William Waddell.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=BYM90aqW", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=pshmp0Zg", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=2z1i5D2R", "mfid": "23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=II5wMneE", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "H. Gaine (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-6m9na96ic1": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-6m9na96ic1", "title": "麻薩諸塞灣省貨幣(兩先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期兩先令殖民地貨幣,由麻薩諸塞灣省發行。\n2s Colonial currency from the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Dated 1 May 1741, signed by Robert Choate, Jonathan Hale, John Brown, and Edward Eveleth. Endorsed by James Eveleth (rev).", "primaryObj": { "oid": "fb8153e0dee952b5eaf34ab676055f9e", "title": "麻薩諸塞灣省貨幣(兩先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期兩先令殖民地貨幣,由麻薩諸塞灣省發行。\n2s Colonial currency from the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Dated 1 May 1741, signed by Robert Choate, Jonathan Hale, John Brown, and Edward Eveleth. Endorsed by James Eveleth (rev).", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=AM1RsQvV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=pYzou9dz", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=4l3h2VB1", "mfid": "5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=NOewpGnU", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 }, "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-15xwqorg62": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-15xwqorg62", "title": "賓夕法尼亞省殖民地貨幣(二十先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,賓夕法尼亞省二十先令貨幣。\n20s Colonial currency from the Province of Pennsylvania. Signed by Francis Hopkinson, Robert Strettell Jones, and William Fisher.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "197e9fbc4a2b13efda8740cc47587f0d", "title": "賓夕法尼亞省殖民地貨幣(二十先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,賓夕法尼亞省二十先令貨幣。\n20s Colonial currency from the Province of Pennsylvania. Signed by Francis Hopkinson, Robert Strettell Jones, and William Fisher.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=-O_YihTV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=0LNvLNkv", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=93o6LCwu", "mfid": "8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=vXZE6Odo", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "D. Hall,W. Sellers", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 3 }, "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-hj6ofl3jhb": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-hj6ofl3jhb", "title": "馬里蘭省殖民地貨幣(壹元)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期馬里蘭省壹元貨幣。\n$1 Colonial currency from the Province of Maryland. Signed by John Clapham and Robert Couden.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "b5fa18db1c5a8612a1819501663a08cb", "title": "馬里蘭省殖民地貨幣(壹元)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期馬里蘭省壹元貨幣。\n$1 Colonial currency from the Province of Maryland. Signed by John Clapham and Robert Couden.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=tE3C5gLv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=1sxydX2Y", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=sAqC97Lp", "mfid": "ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=tP_RCAqU", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "Anne Catherine,William Green (printers)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 4 }, "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-j75cijkms8": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-j75cijkms8", "title": "南卡羅萊納貨幣(六十元)", "desc": "南卡羅萊納六十元貨幣。\n$60 Colonial currency from South Carolina. Signed by John Scott, John Smyth, and Plowden Weston.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "fe6a5a44d42fc6d99e0bce1b74c3c820", "title": "南卡羅萊納貨幣(六十元)", "desc": "南卡羅萊納六十元貨幣。\n$60 Colonial currency from South Carolina. Signed by John Scott, John Smyth, and Plowden Weston.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=j-3tLgyf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=Pm8lAfBM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=Sz2xoJ2U", "mfid": "173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=2Clx2KGh", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 5 }, "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-zvpsbak3aa": { "id": "imgs-fbvwr7h4e3-zvpsbak3aa", "title": "喬治亞貨幣(四十元)", "desc": "喬治亞省的四十元殖民地貨幣。$40 Colonial currency from the Province of Georgia. Signed by Charles Kent, William Few, Thomas Netherclift, William O’Bryen, and Nehemiah Wade. Printed by W. Lancaster.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "571b28a6429e480611f43322762140c2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=zLKTrzto", "level": "primary", "title": "喬治亞貨幣(四十元)", "desc": "喬治亞省的四十元殖民地貨幣。$40 Colonial currency from the Province of Georgia. Signed by Charles Kent, William Few, Thomas Netherclift, William O’Bryen, and Nehemiah Wade. Printed by W. Lancaster.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=gPidqEqC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=woAQaaWO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=ESGrgzce", "mfid": "77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a", "fileCreator": "W. Lancaster (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 6 } }, "weight": 36, "title": "Nation: The Popularization of State Currencies", "desc": "<span>The issuing of national currencies was closely related to the process of contemporary nation-building. This process took shape from the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century.<br><br></span>For instance, there were many currencies in the United States before independence. After independence, designated banks in each state issued their own banknotes. A unified currency was finally established after the end of the Civil War.", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-sc7iyfhkxm": { "id": "basic-sc7iyfhkxm", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c5bb7e5129b4ce303e08549f0be5b30a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=OCKHX_X0", "level": "primary", "title": "舊台幣及金圓券", "desc": "舊台幣及金圓券,圖為中研院民族所「人類學家的錢包」特展展場實景,由中央研究院生物多樣性中心巫文隆研究員借展。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=R4PIc5Ck", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=P0x_gKp_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=5vgxorhC", "mfid": "7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=fQGQ62vF" }, "title": "State: State Manipulation of Currency", "desc": "<span>The state issues a unified currency, and revalues or devalues the currency according to the needs of the state in an effort to regulate the economy. Sometimes, people have to adapt or suffer in the process of currency manipulation by the state.<br></span><br><span>For instance, during a period of hyperinflation in 1949, the government issued the New Taiwan dollar with an exchange rate of 40,000 Taiwan dollars to 1 New Taiwan dollar, instantly shrinking the wealth held by the populace.&nbsp;<br><br></span>A more recent example was in India, when the government re-issued the 500-rupee and 1000-rupee banknotes without forewarning in 2016. The sudden change caused a shortage of cash, resulting in conflict and chaos.", "weight": 37, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-lxk8x0d2uz": { "id": "basic-lxk8x0d2uz", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=Z6MwG7U6", "level": "primary", "title": "海地古德(拾元)", "desc": "海地古德,2000 年版十元鈔票,圖像為為海地縫製第一面國旗的 Catherine Flon,是第一位出現在海地紙鈔上的女性。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=n0iOIn3r", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=oBj0RcxI", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=GgkTdNYD", "mfid": "fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Vintage Printery", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=Z6rHr7Dq" }, "title": "State: Currencies the State Cannot Control", "desc": "<span>The official currency issued by the Haitian government is the Haitian gourde (HTG), but most Haitians habitually calculate value using the Haitian dollar (HD), which is five times the value of the Haitian gourde.<br></span><br>The government has never issued a “Haitian dollar;” it is an conceptual unit of currency, but is a habitual unit for calculation for Haitians.<span><br><br></span>The Haitian government asserts that using the Haitian dollar is a backward practice. They mandated since 2007 that all prices must be labeled in the Haitian gourde, prohibiting the use of Haitian dollars. However, it is still actively used among the population.<br>", "weight": 38, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-p8xrb33byg": { "id": "basic-p8xrb33byg", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c56dbdc7b34db9bf5b78e82c46551c71", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=HZCsNh8r", "level": "primary", "title": "海地古德(壹元)/1 Gourdes Haiti", "desc": "1 海地古德(Gourde Haiti),1979 (84)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=_7A5bYgJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=N8v3vwmX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=cELBYjI8", "mfid": "5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Vintage Printery", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=VsmQDORf" }, "title": "Why Is There a Haitian Dollar in Multiples of Five?", "desc": "<span>Haiti was a French colony in the 17th and 18th centuries before declaring independence. In the latter half of the 19th century, Haiti once issued a national currency pegged to the colonial currency with a fixed exchange rate, 5 gourdes is equal to 1 franc.<br></span><br><span>During the US occupation in the 1920s, the Haitian government issued a 5-gourde banknote printed with a declaration that 5 gourde is equal to 1 US dollar. This exchange rate existed until 1979. By then, people had gotten used to the automatic conversion to the quintuple value. “Haitian dollar” thus became a conceptual currency connecting to history.<br></span><br>The use of Haitian dollar also highlights class differences: real estate, hotels, and restaurants catering to the upper-classes are priced and paid using the US dollar; middle-class goods are priced using the Haitian dollar, but paid with US dollars; pricing for the rest are quoted in the Haitian dollar, but paid in gourde. The poor use gourde in smaller denominations or other smaller units of payment (such as the US penny).", "weight": 39, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-zpybgo70r9": { "id": "basic-zpybgo70r9", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "69f025e8232240ace1451293e36820b9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=zxENevcZ", "level": "primary", "title": "新台幣千元鈔券", "desc": "新台幣千元鈔券,第四套、第五套橫式新台幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=bzHlqiUY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=bAo941rj", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=cqp-Dd6t", "mfid": "84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央銀行", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "政府資料開放授權條款-第1版(Open Government Data License, version 1.0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=SzDu-vyq" }, "title": "State: Symbols on State Currencies", "desc": "<span>Countries that gain independence from colonizers usually issue their own currency in their nation-building process, which has a symbolic, declarative connotation in addition to economic autonomy.<br></span><br><span>The images printed on national currency are often symbols representing the country. These may be political figures, unique species, or artistic and cultural characteristics.<br></span><br>What do changes of images on currency reflect?", "weight": 40, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-ogy1qy69ws": { "id": "quote-ogy1qy69ws", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 41, "desc": "<b>The monetary system hinges on a grand belief system. When “each person believes that everyone else believes that the money is valuable,” then the money has value. In contrast, when people do not believe in its value, then money loses the value.<br><br></b>—Anthropologist Willem Wolters<br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-geo0iu7jkd": { "id": "basic-geo0iu7jkd", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "dc2777bcdbb5d9b957ff52401a051fca", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=mQR5laS2", "level": "primary", "title": "至元通行寶鈔(拓片)/至元通行寶鈔", "desc": "至元通行寶鈔(拓片)。忽必烈發行貨幣「中統鈔」,後改發行新貨幣「至元通行寶鈔」。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=k5VFW9rn", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=2-igOSXH", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=xAdwUQvf", "mfid": "9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所傅斯年圖書館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=R1R23VR7" }, "title": "State vs. Market", "desc": "<div><span>When Kublai Khan issued the “Zhongtong” banknote currency. It was backed by supported by <i>sycee </i>(gold and silver ingots), and became widely circulated. Later, due to the expansion of empire and hyperinflation, the notes were drastically devalued.<br></span><br>In response, the empire issued a new currency, the Zhiyuan notes, which could not be exchanged for gold or silver. Its value was solely based on the state’s insistence that citizens believe in its “value.” This currency ultimately failed due to a lack of faith in its value.&nbsp;</div>", "weight": 42, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-bdcdkmus83": { "id": "quote-bdcdkmus83", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 43, "desc": "<b>The value of money is created by a cross-weaving interaction of two paths: the market and the state.</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-fuztx3rxd3": { "id": "theme-fuztx3rxd3", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=81BTu0MN", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=2WFwDGKK", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=lATL846E", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=_6IF2mj2", "mfid": "a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a1c514db11f7d41915d7e83f9f65a8db.jpg?itok=81BTu0MN" }, "title": "Encounters Between Different Currencies ", "desc": "<b>Unit 4<br></b>", "weight": 44, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-a2yueuv6qf": { "id": "quote-a2yueuv6qf", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 45, "desc": "<b>What happens when two different monetary systems meet?</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "storymap-5pg6aqa": { "id": "storymap-5pg6aqa", "type": "storymap", "sortable": true, "weight": 46, "sourceID": "100696" }, "basic-zj3uocvpju": { "id": "basic-zj3uocvpju", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9afe5a739718d6b426cd290f89b3593f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=Agb6jiRY", "level": "primary", "title": "Kwaio人衡量貝珠錢", "desc": "所羅門群島Malaita島山區的Kwaio人以公認的基礎長度單位,一個 lousu'u,來衡量貝珠錢的長度。\r\n\r\nKwaio人堅持傳統、文化自主性,拒絕殖民者帶來的基督宗教、貨幣、「政府」(政治制度)。雖然Kwaio年輕人會外出打工賺錢,但他們透過範疇區分,限制「國家貨幣」進入傳統領域。在下聘、喪禮等重要生命儀禮場合,只可使用貝珠錢(kofu)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=3NbGyAcf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=Bi0Z9WTv", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=la7o1_rc", "mfid": "c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9", "fileCreator": "Roger M. Keesing", "rights": "UC San Diego Library Special Collections & Archives", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=uvSH4lff" }, "title": "Currency Autonomy among the Kwaio", "desc": "<div><span>The Kwaio people in the mountains of Malaita in the Solomon Islands, held fast to tradition and cultural autonomy, and rejected the Christian religion, currencies, and “government” (political institutions) brought by the colonizers.<br></span><br></div><div><span>Though young Kwaios take on part-time jobs to earn money, they establish boundaries and limit the introduction of the “state currency” into traditional spheres. For important ceremonial occasions such as bridewealth and funerals, the only currency accepted is shell money (<i>kofu</i>).<br></span><br><span>The image shows a Kwaio man who uses a commonly accepted unit of length, a <i>lousu’u</i>, to measure a length of shell money.</span></div>", "weight": 47, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-icmrlpem80": { "id": "basic-icmrlpem80", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "7d0c37d36461c8de23e345bd2172305b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=xgomLs2N", "level": "primary", "title": "Kwaio人以貝珠錢支付聘禮", "desc": "Kwaio人以貝珠錢支付聘禮,雙方正在清點聘禮數量。\r\n\r\nKwaio人堅持傳統、文化自主性,拒絕殖民者帶來的基督宗教、貨幣、「政府」(政治制度)。雖然Kwaio年輕人會外出打工賺錢,但他們透過範疇區分,限制「國家貨幣」進入傳統領域。在下聘、喪禮等重要生命儀禮場合,只可使用貝珠錢(kofu)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=3eazloIP", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=aTSLtj5v", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=pVTxNNTa", "mfid": "8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a", "fileCreator": "Roger M. Keesing", "rights": "UC San Diego Library Special Collections & Archives", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8d46b5ae8a40d5b26b4683440bb8762a.jpg?itok=rZ5ds0oR" }, "title": "Currency Autonomy among the Kwaio", "desc": "<div><span>Because of the traditional monetary system, cash earned from outside the community cannot be used directly to purchase shell money, and must be first traded for other items (e.g., canned goods, cigarettes, batteries), before being brought into the community for exchange into shell money.<br></span><br></div><div><span>The state currency cannot be exchanged into traditional money directly, but must be buffered through an exchange of goods, creating a firewall that symbolically prevents state power from entering directly into the tribe. It becomes a method of resistance to the state.<br></span><br>The image shows a Kwaio payment for bridewealth using shell money. Both parties are auditing the quantity of the bridewealth.</div>", "weight": 48, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-yc8did71ks": { "id": "basic-yc8did71ks", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0657cfe857d9734fffcf5a22cbbd494b", "fileType": "video", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/muse_download/20cca1952d8d19c52221a290318ef7c9", "level": "primary", "title": "貝幣對法郎的戰爭(樂高)/貝幣對法郎的戰爭", "desc": "殖民時期法屬西非地方貨幣對抗殖⺠貨幣的故事。法國自19世紀末佔領⻄非地區,試圖推行法朗,取代當地盛行的貝幣(子安貝 cowries),然而貝幣「堅守」了超過半個世紀。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/externals/ce1f77f97fe9f84fcf34390432af8491.jpg?itok=VqZLxpUR", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/externals/ce1f77f97fe9f84fcf34390432af8491.jpg?itok=XA4Du1tW", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/ce1f77f97fe9f84fcf34390432af8491.jpg?itok=KhlCSCQz", "mfid": "20cca1952d8d19c52221a290318ef7c9", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜,楊懷澤", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/w1920/public/externals/ce1f77f97fe9f84fcf34390432af8491.jpg?itok=gYGw9r9F" }, "title": "The War between Cowries and Francs: ", "desc": "<div><span>During the French occupation of West Africa in the late 19th century, the French attempted to institute the circulation of Francs to replace the shell money economy (cowries).<br>However, the cowries “resisted” for more than half-century.</span></div>", "weight": 49, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-eqk8bzgk2f": { "id": "quote-eqk8bzgk2f", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 50, "desc": "<b>Currency, in practice, is continually undergoing a dynamic negotiation process.<br><br></b><span>—Pei-yi Guo, <i>Negotiating Currency: Dynamics of Currency Interfaces among the Langalanga, Solomon Islands</i> (2008)</span>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-81ivc79ttg": { "id": "theme-81ivc79ttg", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=o_WuP8RT", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=9jGVVEWx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=ltu-ah3T", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=K28iQtG4", "mfid": "c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490.jpg?itok=o_WuP8RT" }, "title": "The Social Life of Money", "desc": "<b>Unit 5</b>", "weight": 51, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-h5hcp4y0zw": { "id": "quote-h5hcp4y0zw", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 52, "desc": "<b>In Addition to Trade, What Other Relationships Do We Have with Money?</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "img-b2tnv18cws": { "id": "img-b2tnv18cws", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "0d7a25fb2cacb6211395577c3861cb47", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249.jpg?itok=T6bxEXPk", "level": "primary", "title": "排灣族女長衣", "desc": "排灣族女長衣,1956年任先民於屏東縣泰武鄉佳平村收購(No.10459)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249.jpg?itok=n8NaifOl", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249.jpg?itok=xOHpvm8t", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249.jpg?itok=GP9pILsO", "mfid": "4cbf2424e5abf4d4c66b2d1c808a5249", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "Money as Body Ornament", "desc": "<span>Coins and shell beads are used as currency in some places, but are used as ornaments and accessories in another place or occasion. In Oceania, shell beads are normally circulated as currency as well as decorations on clothes.<br><br></span>Taiwanese indigenous peoples sew old foreign coins on clothing and accessories, or inset them onto the shaman’s toolbox.", "weight": 53, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-4wyk547nvp": { "id": "quote-4wyk547nvp", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 54, "desc": "<b>Why Do People Wear Money?</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-fjwyy8r60e": { "id": "basic-fjwyy8r60e", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "d0aa3dfff420f44afac39314a81079e6", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=jg8CYs6J", "level": "primary", "title": "排灣族巫師箱", "desc": "此件法具盒下半部為木製,紅漆,用銅及貝殼裝飾;上半部是網袋,網口綴有小藤環,加上細繩,可束緊袋口,亦可提拿。一般法具盒的製作方式是將整段木塊挖空而成,除盒底外,其餘幾面都有雕刻,且以陽刻為主。雕刻題材多人和動物,動物紋中以百步蛇紋、鹿紋最多,另有鋸齒紋、三角連續紋等。有時會在雕刻的人眼釘上銅釘,有時也用月光貝、子安貝或瓷片切割成三角形、圓形等,或用銅幣鑲嵌在箱面上做為裝飾。近代還會用油漆在盒上塗上紅、黃、黑相間的顏色。法具盒裡放置的物品,會因不同部落而有所不同,但大概都有小鐵刀(或鐵片)、竹筒、木製方盤、豬皮、豬骨、樹皮、果實、小葫蘆、卵石等。由 Edward F. Conyngham 早年於中華商場收購,2002年捐贈入藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=nXTAHrKT", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=KBjzH7q0", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=cABAD3ln", "mfid": "8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8a599db305bbbcb4f8fdcb25da6e11ea.jpg?itok=zXVT3eSm" }, "title": "Money as Body Ornament", "desc": "One explanation is to flaunt; another is that money is seen as an object with magical power – with the ability to be exchanged for desired objects. Money symbolizes power, and embodies an unseen ability to compel others to take action.", "weight": 55, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "dca2b8ac6207c178dace36a284235913", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=ez2ddUFW", "level": "secondary", "title": "排灣族銀肩帶", "desc": "1956 年任先民於屏東縣來義鄉來義村採集收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=gFR0CM0M", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=t0gHyN0w", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=T8WpTe_d", "mfid": "7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7978580ba2ec12a52570a683c56d183f.jpg?itok=1vno249o" }, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-cnu24x2i2v": { "id": "text-cnu24x2i2v", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 56, "desc": "<div><span>After the 1930s, a group of shamans (<i>cikawasay</i>) called <i>misapayciay</i> emerged among the Amis people in Sa’aniwan, Taitung. As a part of their treatments, they used their mouths to extract Japanese coins from “the most painful” parts of the patient body, to signify that the source of the pain had been removed.<br></span><br></div><div><span>The extracted Japanese coins did not symbolize evil, but rather, a superior external power providing assistance in the therapy. At the time, tribespeople often stitched coins on clothes as amulets.<br></span><br></div><div><span>The emergence of this ritual has a historical context: the 1930s was a period when the Japanese introduced rice cultivation and drastically reshaped tribal societies. Tribespeople regarded the Japanese to be more powerful than the previous rulers of the Qing Empire (Han people). One of the patron deities for the <i>misapayciay</i> shamans was the Japanese goddess, Amaterasu Omikami.</span></div>", "title": "Money and Healing", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-3sy3rpmzyv": { "id": "quote-3sy3rpmzyv", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 57, "desc": "<b>Does Money Have Intrinsic Property?</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-quceb5eok1": { "id": "quote-quceb5eok1", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 58, "desc": "<b>Is Money Good or Evil?</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-4iqvmfkoom": { "id": "text-4iqvmfkoom", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 59, "title": "Good or Evil?", "desc": "<div>Money makes facilitates the ease of commerce, boosts economic development; money also liberates people, freeing them from some social constraints.<div><br>But, on the other hand, some proverbs in daily life, e.g., \"money talks,” reflect our negative attitude toward “money.” In the Western context, the Greek philosopher Aristotle held money in negative regard, and believed that making a profit is unnatural and destructive to social bonds. European churches during the Middle Ages condemned merchants for profiting without labor; moreover, Marxian theories have a negative opinion toward money. In some Latin American regions, such as Bolivia, Colombia, Mexico, local societies regard money as evil and of the devil, with dangerous powers that are harmful to society.</div></div><div><br></div><div>However, the Imerina people in Madagascar see money as neutral. In their traditionally, money can serve as gifts, or even as accessories to be pinned on clothing. When a man offers money to a woman after intimate relations, it would not be regarded as engaging in prostitution. When people use money in the most important rites (funeral), money is also regarded as moral.</div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-9rlbq6jho4": { "id": "quote-9rlbq6jho4", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 60, "desc": "<b>Is Money Light or Heavy?</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-tk5uksg37x": { "id": "basic-tk5uksg37x", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=MHmSX2Tz", "level": "primary", "title": "Tolai人的傳統貝珠錢(tambu)", "desc": "This is shell money, used in some islands of Papua New Guinea. Shell money like this is called diwara, tambu or tabu. Sometimes, people wear shell money as necklaces or earrings.\r\n\r\nThis shell money is from the Duke of York Islands in East New Britain Province, Papua New Guinea. It is called diwara. It features a series of Nassarius shells, threaded on to pieces of cane. The back of the shell has been removed so it can easily be threaded onto the cane. Each shell is about 9mm long. The cane has been cut to various lengths to indicate different values. History:\r\n\r\nEach place in Papua New Guinea has a different type of traditional money, usually made of different types of shells. Today, shell money is most often exchanged on special occasions, like weddings or funerals. In East New Britain, shell money is also used at markets to buy fresh food. Depending on what is being paid for, people may use bank currency as well as shell money.新幾內亞的Tolai人有雙重貨幣系統:傳統的貝珠錢(tambu),及國家發行的kina貨幣。可並存使用,也可交互兌換。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=X-noLPkV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=gRM5i59V", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=vCSTDkM-", "mfid": "100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Queensland Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/100d826449bebd2769891a4cda687247.jpg?itok=_tUGah9Q" }, "title": "Light or Heavy?", "desc": "<div><span>The Tolai people in New Guinea have a dual currency systems: traditional shell money (<i>tambu</i>, showed in the image), and the <i>kina</i> banknotes issued by the state. The two types of currencies coexist in practical use, and can be exchanged for the other, but there is&nbsp; preference for shell money.<br></span><br><span>In such a context, shell money is “heavy” (<i>mawat</i>), used in spheres for reproducing social relations (e.g., bridewealth, and funeral gifts). It relates to prestige as well as to the construction and maintenance of social order. Consequently, shell money represents the local and the traditional, and are retained on the island.</span></div><div><br><span>In contrast, cash is “light” (<i>biaku</i>), and cannot create social relationships, but can only be use for consumption and is easily spent. Cash represents colonial power, which would eventually slip away.</span><br><br></div>", "weight": 61, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-j4y7imfbah": { "id": "quote-j4y7imfbah", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 62, "desc": "<b></b><b>Is Money Male or Female?</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-9j5ir0u4zx": { "id": "basic-9j5ir0u4zx", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "911a643e5e77d56c7c198b414cc1e12e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=z-lAFo2S", "level": "primary", "title": "巴布亞新幾內亞人儀式中的紙鈔", "desc": "A group of men wearing western-style clothing, standing in a group around a brideprice comprised of pork, and money on bamboo poles; Wahgi Valley, Papua New Guinea.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=12zftIgv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=atvWCEfZ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=ZLfJSE9J", "mfid": "cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2", "fileCreator": "Michael David Peter O'Hanlon", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/cc3bd06bfb4d3115956c3b36535b9ae2.jpg?itok=a6UwDIYV" }, "title": "Male or Female?", "desc": "<div><span>In the tradition of Anganen society in the highland of New Guinea, mother-of-pearl was a prized item for exchange, as it is hard to obtain in the highlands. Only those in leadership (big-man) roles can possess it, to attain a high level of prestige. After the colonial period, mother-of-pearl shells were gradually replaced by currency, but in the ritualistic exchange only notes with large denominations can be used.<br></span><br><span>The large-denomination notes are described as <i>an</i> (male) for male dominate business (<i>bisnis</i>), such as selling coffee beans, earning wages, operating shops, and transportation.<br></span><br></div><div><span>Loose change is called <i>renan</i> (female), since women’s “businesses” are relatively small-scaled, such as selling vegetables in the market, where coins with small denominations are often exchanged.</span></div>", "weight": 63, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "b914dae24a2fdbb72e3805ec8ab3525f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=Ad4wdrK8", "level": "secondary", "title": "巴布亞新幾內亞人(Komblo)儀式中的紙鈔", "desc": "A group of Komblo people, some seated, some standing in a clearing, all wearing western-style clothing, a row of bamboo poles carrying omblom payments are stuck into the ground in front of the group of people, and a man wearing western-style clothing, holding an axe is standing in front of the omblom payments; trees are in the background.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=3tlUGJx9", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=JmrTF6kN", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=wejSE6hj", "mfid": "e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588", "fileCreator": "Michael David Peter O'Hanlon", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588.jpg?itok=denNIMo2" }, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-ggpvgthoq2": { "id": "quote-ggpvgthoq2", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 64, "desc": "Does Money Have Intrinsic Power?<b><br></b><span><b>“The significance of money is culturally defined.”</b><br></span><br>—Jonathan Parry &amp; Maurice Bloch<br><i>Money and the Morality of Exchange</i> (1989)<br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-3wooaspdsm": { "id": "text-3wooaspdsm", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 65, "title": "How Are the Characteristics of Money Transformed?", "desc": "<div><span>The Langkawi People in Malaysia have a gendered division of labor: men fish in the sea, women cultivate rice.<br></span><br></div><div>Fishing is an individual, competitive activity with an anti-social edge for the purpose of obtaining cash. Planting rice is a collective and egalitarian pursuit. Rice is consumed by the household and not for sale. For this reason, the people of Langkawi consider money to be in conflict with community.</div><div><br>They “transform” this characteristic associated with money by not involving women in earning money and monetary transactions. Money is handed over to women by the men to cover the costs of making communal meals, of household consumption, and, of participation in community and social relations. Money is thereby “purified” and may enter the moral domains of society.</div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-4qaq8qitrz": { "id": "text-4qaq8qitrz", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 66, "title": "Same Money, Different Meanings", "desc": "<div><b>Money obtained through different means can have different significance, and therefore, different manners of usage.&nbsp;</b><br><b>This is true for anthropologists, too.<br></b><br><span>Man-Li Ling, the daughter of anthropologist Chun-Sheng Ling, recalled: “Each time my father earns extra money from his reviews, he would remark to my mother ‘Shi-Her, let’s go to a movie. My treat!”<br></span><br></div><div>Professor Shu-Min Huang also recalled from his university days studying under Academician Yih-yuan Li: “Each time Mr. Li received fees from giving extra lectures at the National Taiwan University, or remunerations from magazine publishers, he would treat us students to a meal at the restaurant across the street from the university. He always smiled and said, ‘Wages are for the family, but hourly fees and remunerations are my own pocket money that can be used to treat students to meals.’”</div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "img-b47rhyvruz": { "id": "img-b47rhyvruz", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1f3f885c73f13c20962ec1a5dc2877d0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=o92TQBZL", "level": "primary", "title": "越南美金紙錢", "desc": "越南的紙錢,仿製美金式樣且具有不同幣值。\n\n人類學研究發現,越南人認為越戰期間的大量死者,包括了南越人和美國人,且死者們不認識當前通行的「胡志明貨幣」,只認得當時的通用貨幣美金,因此在死者的社會中反而是美金最為通用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=v3t3TbUC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=_aiCeV4c", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5.jpg?itok=u622uzNh", "mfid": "950e916895d145afb9d13c5fb294bcb5", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "Focus of the Unit|Money in the Spiritual World", "desc": "請輸入頁面說明", "weight": 67, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-yc1ltxncba": { "id": "quote-yc1ltxncba", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 68, "desc": "<div><b>Why Do People Burn Spirit Money?</b><br></div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-hzsioczgy3": { "id": "quote-hzsioczgy3", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 69, "desc": "<div><b>Just as Americans and the Taiwanese use different currencies, the mortal world and the netherworld -- the worlds of the living and the dead also use different currencies. People must exchange their currencies at the bank before traveling to another country in the same way that offerings to ancestors in the netherworld must be converted into a form that can be circulate in that world.<br><br></b></div><div>—The purpose of spirit money as explained by a Taiwanese peasant to anthropologist Emily Martin<br></div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-vk9weqgbqv": { "id": "quote-vk9weqgbqv", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 70, "desc": "<b>At first glance, the deceased receiving money seems to mimic the living, and this connects the two. But the purpose of burning spirit money is to send the dead on their way, to separate the living from the dead.<br><br></b>—Anthropologist, Stephan Feuchtwang", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-isqkkihg6t": { "id": "quote-isqkkihg6t", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 71, "desc": "<b>Burning spirit money, in increasing amounts, is the religious imagination of the petty capitalist, projecting secular ideas about money onto the spiritual world.<br><br></b>—Anthropologist, Hill Gates", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-02iprf1n1z": { "id": "quote-02iprf1n1z", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 72, "desc": "<b>The burning of spirit money produces a symbolic loss of wealth that is the opposite of accumulating wealth, and is a reaction to the market ideology.<br></b><br>—Anthropologist, Mayfair Yang<br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-w9yptyv880": { "id": "basic-w9yptyv880", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "d5d12c8d126327e5569619425f845d90", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=sIrWNb1a", "level": "primary", "title": "金紙與補運錢", "desc": "金紙與補運錢。進錢補運儀式特別需要用到「運金」,以及吊掛有色高錢(代表五行的精氣神),神明也會依照信徒個人運氣、八字等指示燒化不同數量的金紙。\r\n\r\n根據道教經典「受生經」,出生投胎時向天曹地府借貸金錢才取得「人身」,因此生病時「進錢」給天曹地府,可以延長生命。一般信徒燒化紙錢是交換的概念,進獻紙錢換得神明給予好運氣,或與冤家鬼煞和解。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=l0yXmOca", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=QzdMZ6tQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=Ffv6Jg1B", "mfid": "902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/902f487f0ab802fd9e5a6f5f518a2cdd.jpg?itok=wxrnpz_-" }, "title": "What Kind of Spirit Money To Burn?", "desc": "<div><span>Types of spirit money vary according to who will receive the offerings, and what purpose it will serve.<br></span><br></div><div><span>According to anthropologist Hsun Chang at the Institute of Ethnology at Academia Sinica, the ritual of offering money for replenishing fortune specifically requires “fortune gold<span>” and the hanging of colorful money (representing the five elements’ [<i>wuxing</i>]</span> essence,&nbsp;<i>qi</i><span>, and spirit [<i>jing</i>, <i>qi</i>, <i>shen</i>]). The gods would also indicate the quantity of gold papers to be burned</span> according to the four pillars of destiny (Ba-Zi) and specific fortune of the believer.</span></div><div><br><span>According to the classic Taoist text,<i> Shou Sheng Jing</i>, a loan must be taken from the Courts of the Netherworld in order to reincarnate into human form; hence, in times of illness, life can be prolonged by making an offering of money to the Court of the Netherworld.<br></span><br></div><div>The burning of spirit money is transactional for the believer. Spirit money is offered to gods in exchange for better fortunes; or to placate unhappy spirits by resolve grudges. In some rituals, burning spirit money is a process of gaining access to the spirit world.<br></div>", "weight": 73, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-flm5omgq6q": { "id": "basic-flm5omgq6q", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1f3f885c73f13c20962ec1a5dc2877d0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=5VNxJilb", "level": "primary", "title": "越南美金紙錢", "desc": "越南的紙錢,仿製美金式樣且具有不同幣值。\r\n\r\n人類學研究發現,越南人認為越戰期間的大量死者,包括了南越人和美國人,且死者們不認識當前通行的「胡志明貨幣」,只認得當時的通用貨幣美金,因此在死者的社會中反而是美金最為通用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=qhUJVSMv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=VZ0rDNNE", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=2MnDfdpG", "mfid": "18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/18995c368655bfd39ab0b113f39a5e0d.jpg?itok=MHsru75R" }, "title": "Why Do Vietnamese Burn the Spirit Money of the U.S. Dollar?", "desc": "<div>In his research, anthropologist Heonik Kwon found that the Vietnamese believe the majority of South Vietnamese and Americans who died during the Vietnam War period would not recognize the “Ho Chi Min currency,” but only the U.S. dollar which was widely circulated at their time of death. Hence, the U.S. dollar would be more useful in the society of the deceased.<br></div><div><br></div>", "weight": 74, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-rnfqyhafsn": { "id": "basic-rnfqyhafsn", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1f3f885c73f13c20962ec1a5dc2877d0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=mWUfz2fS", "level": "primary", "title": "越南美金紙錢", "desc": "越南的紙錢,仿製美金式樣且具有不同幣值。\r\n\r\n人類學研究發現,越南人認為越戰期間的大量死者,包括了南越人和美國人,且死者們不認識當前通行的「胡志明貨幣」,只認得當時的通用貨幣美金,因此在死者的社會中反而是美金最為通用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=bw8PF3UM", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=CFpo04LW", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=rFy2Bwjs", "mfid": "56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/56f6ac23ce698c40ab6ad125cd0a8c19.jpg?itok=D-48d2sY" }, "title": "請輸入頁面標題", "desc": "<div><span>Traditionally, the Vietnamese burned different types of spirit money for the gods, for ancestors, and for ghosts (gold, silver, or coin, respectively).<br></span><br></div><div><span>Since the 1990s, a growing number of families started burning spirit money printed to look like the Vietnam đồng or the US dollar.<br><br></span></div><div>As a guarantee of its value, the US dollar spirit money has Benjamin Franklin printed on one side (backed by the U.S. Treasury), and the Court of the Netherworld on the other (backed by religion).</div>", "weight": 75, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-ftxc691z0e": { "id": "quote-ftxc691z0e", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 76, "desc": "<b>Different Worlds Delineated by Using Different Money</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-dywi6o07vy": { "id": "theme-dywi6o07vy", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "9c1265961cdb1a32a47abdd19cd1fc21", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=0Ecmk_4D", "level": "primary", "title": "「人類學家的錢包」展場照", "desc": "「人類學家的錢包」特展展場現地照片。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=dGXgD3gb", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=0jqG2qCF", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=ulvXkGB5", "mfid": "7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7a83fb40ba78ececca56109c4d2146b0.jpg?itok=0Ecmk_4D" }, "title": "Currencies of the New Century", "desc": "<b>Unit 6</b><br>", "weight": 77, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-w53bm2in86": { "id": "quote-w53bm2in86", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 78, "desc": "<b>What are some possible currencies in the new century?</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-zwb7a9sgbj": { "id": "basic-zwb7a9sgbj", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "b5c09b05af08de3fe819c330ea6745f5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=utEuSt_m", "level": "primary", "title": "歐元紙鈔", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=dCrdXqXI", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=_QSOqeAS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=jwgVVd6g", "mfid": "a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9", "fileCreator": "angelo luca iannaccone", "rights": "angelo luca iannaccone", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a1d9decedd90a58dfd249d78235359b9.jpg?itok=T6ptqhRP" }, "title": "Euro", "desc": "<div><span>Birthday: January 1, 1999<br></span><br></div><div>The euro is a currency that crosses national boundaries, as well as one that re-demarcates the boundaries of the European Union. The circulation of Euro relies on confidence in the new political-financial system.</div>", "weight": 79, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-05t2nw0dch": { "id": "basic-05t2nw0dch", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "42790a0630ca7660c47dd1ebefde199a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=BtAZekyL", "level": "primary", "title": "排碳量", "desc": "隨著氣候變遷成為全球性議題,如何「減碳」的提案中,出現將「排探量」作為一種可以賣賣交易的貨幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=MUESdOSX", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=qSUZfix_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=t71JcRgj", "mfid": "558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d", "fileCreator": "Nikola Belopitov", "rights": "Nikola Belopitov", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/558506bfa4be997cae76b345d5a29e3d.jpg?itok=7e2i3-kp" }, "title": "Carbon Emission Trading ", "desc": "As climate change becomes a global issue, the idea that the \"carbon emission quotas\" can be issued as a tradable currency has been proposed as a suggestion to reduce carbon emissions.<br><ul><li>Does a carbon currency truly facilitate the reduction of global carbon emissions?</li><li>Who profits from the carbon currency trade?</li></ul>", "weight": 80, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-s0w3r5wfx0": { "id": "basic-s0w3r5wfx0", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "ab25eda5826d3b24c40fbaf32495146d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=FaifAE_U", "level": "primary", "title": "比特幣(Bitcoin)", "desc": "比特幣是誕生於網路、沒有實體、沒有中心發行機構、沒有國界的貨幣。\r\n倡議社群成員認為比特幣是一種機會,也是一種社會對話與改革的行動方式。有些人則將之視為金融炒作商品。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=CkKWJHQr", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=I62jqf3C", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=qzzYLw52", "mfid": "ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517", "fileCreator": "Igor Schubin", "rights": "Igor Schubin", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/ef3562d0bf0fc7252ed4e16ae017c517.jpg?itok=D8h-7Mla" }, "title": "Bitcoin & Ether Coin", "desc": "<div>Bitcoin is a currency created on the internet. It is intangible, and without a central institution of issuance or national boundaries.&nbsp;</div><div><br>Members of the initiative consider the bitcoin to be an opportunity as well as a way of social dialogue and reform action. But, others regard it as a product of financial hype.</div><div><br>Another emerging digital currency is the Ethereum, which claims to be “the next generation cryptocurrency and decentralized application platform.”<br><br></div><div><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.coindesk.com/price/bitcoin\">Bitcoin’s price fluctuation</a><br></div>", "weight": 81, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-obnt9gkno0": { "id": "basic-obnt9gkno0", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "b1b00495e3eb71a7cbce7858c9a40585", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=uyqXgjk_", "level": "primary", "title": "印度盧比(Indian Rupee)", "desc": "印度盧比(Indian Rupee),面額 500 盧比之紙鈔,正面,2016 年版。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=AUA7a1X0", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=06LIWSGQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=J0t3tML3", "mfid": "7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7bc192a42d558ea8711fc4a546595133.jpg?itok=uJubkhMA" }, "title": "Temporary Currency", "desc": "<div><span>During the Greek economic crisis of 2015, when people could not withdraw euros from the ATM, some villages decided to revert to using the original “Greek drachma.”<br></span><br></div><div><span>When the government of India abruptly abolished old notes in 2016, creating a shortage of new 500- and 2000-rupee banknotes that affected the daily lives of citizens. Many villages created hand-written, temporary paper notes as a substitution for “banknotes.”<br><br></span>The image shows the new 2016 edition of 500-rupee banknotes.&nbsp;</div>", "weight": 82, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "img-xyrwwenexh": { "id": "img-xyrwwenexh", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "4ea6e936882fe7c5b185132a4a227189", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4.jpg?itok=BurrIGOG", "level": "primary", "title": "PTT (批踢踢實業坊)等價交換板", "desc": "即使在網路時代,仍出現許多以物易物網站,PTT 的「等價交換版」(equal_change)等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4.jpg?itok=Z-Uz2_HW", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4.jpg?itok=4fV_txSZ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4.jpg?itok=s8X1GHyz", "mfid": "295484480cee3322408bdf3854faa2a4", "fileCreator": "楊懷澤", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "Barter Economy", "desc": "Bartering has always existed in human societies. Even in the internet age, many bartering websites continue to emerge, for instance, BizXchange and the “equal_change” board on PTT.", "weight": 83, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "img-h2zlsa36xu": { "id": "img-h2zlsa36xu", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=8x5OFnsD", "level": "primary", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=Jzi7cR1R", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=grgURyzA", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad.jpg?itok=8UgTh_UA", "mfid": "81ad54ff9a0e2e1ce07644bbc44043ad", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所博物館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "Local Exchange Trading Systems (LETS)", "desc": "Resistance against transnational capitalist marketplace under neoliberalism has given rise to a new movement of “alternative currencies.” The most renowned is the LETS (Local Exchange Trading Systems), where members of a community trade points by exchanging services or agricultural products and small handicrafts.<br>", "weight": 84, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-eupzj8cpay": { "id": "basic-eupzj8cpay", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "1301c6bbe96aee07c1ab749656c02db1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=HGxpNdPA", "level": "primary", "title": "綺色佳HOURS(時間貨幣)", "desc": "綺色佳HOURS是運作於紐約州綺色佳的地方時間貨幣,創立於1991年。時間貨幣是一種互助網,特色是不區分服務的種類,只以「時間」為單位。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=Hw6tOX9s", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=jIZ6fQZk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=Xx8h4ru2", "mfid": "8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25", "fileCreator": "Bill Maurer", "rights": "Bill Maurer", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8f3b002036a2c60ab1259ec113c3dd25.jpg?itok=IG5Yt6N-" }, "title": "Time Currency", "desc": "<div><span>Time currency is a mutual network where services are calculated by the unit of “time” regardless of the type of service. For example, teaching English for an hour is “equal” to mopping floors for an hour, unlike the usual operation of market value.<br></span><br></div><div>The Japanese “Osaka Volunteer Labour Bank” in the 1970s &nbsp;pioneered the concept of time currency, but the most prominent one is the “Ithaca HOURS” (shown in the image). In Taiwan, some communities have also promoted time currencies, such as the “Volunteer Labour Time Bank” at the Hondao Foundation.<br></div>", "weight": 85, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "img-egzzdw10sh": { "id": "img-egzzdw10sh", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07.jpg?itok=VQUnR9BY", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢", "desc": "所羅門群島的貝珠錢也是全球潮流下的一種地方貨幣。貝珠錢的價值,是透過地區內人們共同「信賴認可」而取得。\n\n當所羅門群島因為族群衝突引發內戰、經濟蕭條等因素,所羅門元大幅貶值,貝珠錢比較保值。國家貨幣的價值、全球經濟的洪流,小島居民難以置喙,經常處於弱勢。透過分散貨幣,將部分財富存放在貝珠錢,不但可以避險,也可以對貨幣價值保有一些主導權。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07.jpg?itok=eRIcHP2o", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07.jpg?itok=a3b52Y5a", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07.jpg?itok=iKYV27Rm", "mfid": "4cf0039ce3401018a22af7ec24bacd07", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "Focus of the Unit|Local Currencies in Global Trends", "desc": "", "weight": 86, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-wmj1iube6u": { "id": "text-wmj1iube6u", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 87, "title": "Shell Money as Local Currency", "desc": "<div>Amid upheavals in the global economy and the fluctuating value of the national currency, islanders are put in an vulnerable position, unable to intervene.</div><div><br><span>Due to civil war caused by ethnic conflicts, and an economic recession in the Solomon Islands, there was a mass devaluation of the Solomon dollar. Shell money has retained its value, completely divorced from the rest of the world, but upheld by a mutual recognition of people in the region.<br></span><br></div><div>By diversifying their currencies, islanders have preserved some of their wealth in shell money, which not only reduces potential risk, but also allows them some control over the value of currency.</div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-eb4319s6zj": { "id": "basic-eb4319s6zj", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "fb02f49d809f2b580426f44d72374fb8", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=jqhF9NgO", "level": "primary", "title": "Tolai人的貝珠錢(tambu)/Tolai tambu", "desc": "新幾內亞的Tolai人持續使用傳統的貝珠錢(tambu),無論是用於教堂捐獻、繳交學費、或到商店購物。Tolai人眼見國家貨幣Kina在全球貨幣市場中一路下滑,等於當地人的財富縮水、購買力下降,於是從1990年代開始要求地方政府承認貝珠錢的價值,主張貝珠錢才是人民生存的依賴。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=JgJFZnqK", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=Q0GdjWHq", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=aSiwg0tH", "mfid": "821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873", "fileCreator": "dmscvan", "rights": "dmscvan", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/821c88742e70cb8ee86c26391f9f4873.jpg?itok=IKGvNnmI" }, "title": "Shell Money Becomes National Currency", "desc": "<div><span>The Tolai people in New Guinea have continued the use of their traditional shell money, <i>tambu</i>, in church contributions, in the payment of tuition fees, or in the purchase of products from shops.<br></span><br></div><div><span>The Tolai people see their national currency, <i>kina</i>, devaluing in the global money market, which implies that wealth among local inhabitants is shrinking, and their purchasing power&nbsp;is decreasing. Hence, the Tolai people have demanded that the local government recognize the value of shell money since the 1990s, contending that the people’s livelihoods rely on the shell money.<br></span><br></div><div>In 2002, the local government officially recognized shell money as the official currency, and established a designated bank (Tabu Exchange / Bank).</div>", "weight": 88, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-fqgis95lhp": { "id": "imgs-fqgis95lhp", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "9d46b74ae34d79fe14b3796e8f6701ba", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=XRxImeWH", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜「傳統貨幣銀行」/Vanuatu tusks", "desc": "A scribe in the pig bank notes new deposits and withdrawls in a room of hanging pig tusks.萬納度於2002年設立「傳統貨幣銀行」(Traditional Money Bank in Vanuatu Project, TMBV),而全國最大的金融網絡信用合作社(Vanuatu Credit Union)也設立傳統貨幣與現金兌換的機制。俗稱「豬銀行計畫」(the Pig Bank Project),因為最普遍的傳統財富以豬為代表。除了豬之外,還有蓆子、山藥等區域地方貨幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=1XV-qeWd", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=GSeAF3Fk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=ywEWQ6Jp", "mfid": "4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918", "fileCreator": "Ben Bohane", "rights": "Ben Bohane", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "1a94c6dd717954e543c691225a4f29d2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=V6tO5i0U", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜葉織地蓆/mat", "desc": "Mat for woman, of pandanus leaf. Stencil design in red applied using root bark dye. Frayed ends. This is either a woman's clothing mat (qan vivi) for a special occasion, notably marriage, or a mat to be held over the head of a woman at marriage 'qan hunhuni' (literally umbrella mat). The design is vule (moon).蓆子是萬那杜的區域地方貨幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=tmHCpIu2", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=XNxOPYVP", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=yQF_fxUr", "mfid": "8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, { "oid": "5c45faf815257333292380abefcc90e5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=2jyUDvPA", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜國會獠牙紀念雕像/Memorial in front of the Parliament", "desc": "Memorial in front of the Parliament, Port Vila, Vanuatu.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=vRO_-yAJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=m6hYCHQu", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=Qo02JV1C", "mfid": "d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505", "fileCreator": "Torbenbrinker", "rights": "Torbenbrinker", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false } ], "items": { "imgs-fqgis95lhp-mrnryb4pis": { "id": "imgs-fqgis95lhp-mrnryb4pis", "title": "萬那杜「傳統貨幣銀行」/Vanuatu tusks", "desc": "A scribe in the pig bank notes new deposits and withdrawls in a room of hanging pig tusks.萬納度於2002年設立「傳統貨幣銀行」(Traditional Money Bank in Vanuatu Project, TMBV),而全國最大的金融網絡信用合作社(Vanuatu Credit Union)也設立傳統貨幣與現金兌換的機制。俗稱「豬銀行計畫」(the Pig Bank Project),因為最普遍的傳統財富以豬為代表。除了豬之外,還有蓆子、山藥等區域地方貨幣。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "9d46b74ae34d79fe14b3796e8f6701ba", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=XRxImeWH", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜「傳統貨幣銀行」/Vanuatu tusks", "desc": "A scribe in the pig bank notes new deposits and withdrawls in a room of hanging pig tusks.萬納度於2002年設立「傳統貨幣銀行」(Traditional Money Bank in Vanuatu Project, TMBV),而全國最大的金融網絡信用合作社(Vanuatu Credit Union)也設立傳統貨幣與現金兌換的機制。俗稱「豬銀行計畫」(the Pig Bank Project),因為最普遍的傳統財富以豬為代表。除了豬之外,還有蓆子、山藥等區域地方貨幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=1XV-qeWd", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=GSeAF3Fk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918.jpg?itok=ywEWQ6Jp", "mfid": "4209ad3eec07f129608442701ecc5918", "fileCreator": "Ben Bohane", "rights": "Ben Bohane", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-fqgis95lhp-oeigafcfel": { "id": "imgs-fqgis95lhp-oeigafcfel", "title": "萬那杜葉織地蓆/mat", "desc": "Mat for woman, of pandanus leaf. Stencil design in red applied using root bark dye. Frayed ends. This is either a woman's clothing mat (qan vivi) for a special occasion, notably marriage, or a mat to be held over the head of a woman at marriage 'qan hunhuni' (literally umbrella mat). The design is vule (moon).蓆子是萬那杜的區域地方貨幣。", "primaryObj": { "oid": "1a94c6dd717954e543c691225a4f29d2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=V6tO5i0U", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜葉織地蓆/mat", "desc": "Mat for woman, of pandanus leaf. Stencil design in red applied using root bark dye. Frayed ends. This is either a woman's clothing mat (qan vivi) for a special occasion, notably marriage, or a mat to be held over the head of a woman at marriage 'qan hunhuni' (literally umbrella mat). The design is vule (moon).蓆子是萬那杜的區域地方貨幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=tmHCpIu2", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=XNxOPYVP", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91.jpg?itok=yQF_fxUr", "mfid": "8c17895fefb6bc55352826d7caae7a91", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-fqgis95lhp-d3vcpi7oi5": { "id": "imgs-fqgis95lhp-d3vcpi7oi5", "title": "萬那杜國會獠牙紀念雕像/Memorial in front of the Parliament", "desc": "Memorial in front of the Parliament, Port Vila, Vanuatu.", "primaryObj": { "oid": "5c45faf815257333292380abefcc90e5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=2jyUDvPA", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜國會獠牙紀念雕像/Memorial in front of the Parliament", "desc": "Memorial in front of the Parliament, Port Vila, Vanuatu.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=vRO_-yAJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=m6hYCHQu", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505.jpg?itok=Qo02JV1C", "mfid": "d4e336235a205cdc768361b15611d505", "fileCreator": "Torbenbrinker", "rights": "Torbenbrinker", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 } }, "weight": 89, "desc": "<div><span>Vanuatu established the Traditional Money Bank in Vanuatu Project (TMVB) in 2002; while the nation’s largest financial network, the Vanuatu Credit Union, also established an exchange mechanism for the traditional currency and cash with the Pig Bank Project, as pigs are the most prevalent representation of traditional wealth. In addition to pigs, woven mats and yams also function as regional currencies.<br><br></span>The state stipulated that payments related to various traditions only can be paid using forms of traditional wealth. In addition, to boost these traditional currencies, governmental institutions also accept traditional currencies for the payment of tuition fees, medical expenses, fines and penalties.<br></div>", "title": "When the State Promotes Local Currency", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-v58f7t1ak5": { "id": "quote-v58f7t1ak5", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 90, "desc": "<div><b>Brainstorming<br></b>1.&nbsp;Try this! Design a new set of currency. (You can use different materials, and different shapes in your design.)<br></div><div>2.&nbsp;If you can exchange anything by the currency, what would you like to exchange ?<br>3.&nbsp;What would the world be like without currencies?</div>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "img-fyceieovzg": { "id": "img-fyceieovzg", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a9805f04336685de108e6c924b0e3136", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a78a5fdaff21adb81c343fe79b136344.jpg?itok=aJ41Sn_4", "level": "primary", "title": "觀眾留言:「如果你可以用貨幣交換任何東西,你最想要用它來換什麼呢?」", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a78a5fdaff21adb81c343fe79b136344.jpg?itok=ontSdEqN", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a78a5fdaff21adb81c343fe79b136344.jpg?itok=MrQzK65l", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a78a5fdaff21adb81c343fe79b136344.jpg?itok=YVyWSism", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a78a5fdaff21adb81c343fe79b136344.jpg?itok=YFHwCq5S", "mfid": "a78a5fdaff21adb81c343fe79b136344", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "If you can exchange anything by the currency, what would you like to exchange ?", "desc": "According to the pool in the exhibition, the top three goes to:<br><br>1. Workfree for a lifetime<br>2. Run a cat shelter cafe<br>3. Immortality<br><br>What is your answer?<br>", "weight": 91, "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "imgs-f9baq6q5kb": { "id": "imgs-f9baq6q5kb", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "d7b7dcf54cf9c24b5946d86a2166fe7e", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(平等與秩序)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=Hcs66EZc", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=xuZ4PjaL", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=3q_ltFHA", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=Q7rpbnK9", "mfid": "dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=Cgz81lp_", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "34eebd3608e28200488a94010b23f510", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(貨幣、制度與價值觀)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=PVnTZSPX", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=Wg6c0C24", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=BgQ8g4Jc", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=gsd9ecct", "mfid": "e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=oNjWZMOi", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, { "oid": "de5da9e21ba07a4a04ff3f76adde004d", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(生活與社會)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=85XBT-75", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=Iq2Rvc3Z", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=qtAt6wfO", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=OILmxWK9", "mfid": "7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=Zezv_tS_", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" } ], "items": { "imgs-f9baq6q5kb-4ltigmpa91": { "id": "imgs-f9baq6q5kb-4ltigmpa91", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(平等與秩序)", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "d7b7dcf54cf9c24b5946d86a2166fe7e", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(平等與秩序)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=Hcs66EZc", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=xuZ4PjaL", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=3q_ltFHA", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=Q7rpbnK9", "mfid": "dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/dfab25fe21ade689ebfb2da4586d45f0.jpg?itok=Cgz81lp_", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 0 }, "imgs-f9baq6q5kb-0y36fr0tbj": { "id": "imgs-f9baq6q5kb-0y36fr0tbj", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(貨幣、制度與價值觀)", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "34eebd3608e28200488a94010b23f510", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(貨幣、制度與價值觀)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=PVnTZSPX", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=Wg6c0C24", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=BgQ8g4Jc", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=gsd9ecct", "mfid": "e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e726ef77fe061dce7e8dbade23eec428.jpg?itok=oNjWZMOi", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 1 }, "imgs-f9baq6q5kb-9087uy7576": { "id": "imgs-f9baq6q5kb-9087uy7576", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(生活與社會)", "desc": "", "primaryObj": { "oid": "de5da9e21ba07a4a04ff3f76adde004d", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(生活與社會)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=85XBT-75", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=Iq2Rvc3Z", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=qtAt6wfO", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=OILmxWK9", "mfid": "7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=Zezv_tS_", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 2 } }, "weight": 92, "primaryObj": { "oid": "de5da9e21ba07a4a04ff3f76adde004d", "title": "留言便利貼:如果世界上沒有貨幣?(生活與社會)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=85XBT-75", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=Iq2Rvc3Z", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=qtAt6wfO", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=OILmxWK9", "mfid": "7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7d35ce876e1ffc7e725efbd5c9fd6a51.jpg?itok=Zezv_tS_", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "title": "What would the world be like without currencies?", "desc": "Opinions from visitors.", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-6cn2s1p25i": { "id": "quote-6cn2s1p25i", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 93, "desc": "<b>At the beginning of the exhibition, we asked: \"What can be used as money?” Now that you have seen the exhibition, we have one last question:</b><br>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "quote-ad00kdjc1t": { "id": "quote-ad00kdjc1t", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 94, "desc": "<b>“What is money?”</b>", "musicName": "無", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "thanks": { "id": "thanks", "type": "thanks", "sortable": false, "thanksList": { "中央研究院民族學研究所": { "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "obj": [ "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "9c1265961cdb1a32a47abdd19cd1fc21", "9b160ff7e3ea0f85c2f06925fdf0e4f1", "726c19ab905e1c1206be1bedb17dd4da", "4bbd80cc4ec85367c164bef84a44572f", "9600df446088717daed520e16ffe0841", "172a47f03611964eb7c1537f04de8396", "9374bb85faf29619392cbc222c9b4f99", "068c93978d31c6084ed692bd85e44db4", "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "029ab3c1bb33dadbd58fd29cd2da6d77", "85ee46b9dfdcf8d9ce9c0def2870db75", "975874ce8f392a6eb86ffa046a2e975d", "7fd765ec070167fc357685ce036c34f0", "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "87ba2fad0b333458772616079b0ed467", "0657cfe857d9734fffcf5a22cbbd494b", "0d7a25fb2cacb6211395577c3861cb47", "d0aa3dfff420f44afac39314a81079e6", "dca2b8ac6207c178dace36a284235913", "1f3f885c73f13c20962ec1a5dc2877d0", "d5d12c8d126327e5569619425f845d90", "4ea6e936882fe7c5b185132a4a227189" ], "objNum": 23 }, "Online Digital Sources and Annotation System": { "rights": "Online Digital Sources and Annotation System", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "obj": [ "915a3f9485cf61697d9a1a7fa112236f" ], "objNum": 1 }, "Nick Howlett": { "rights": "Nick Howlett", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "obj": [ "ffe9bbd293bb74cd906144585c42bb93" ], "objNum": 1 }, "British Museum": { "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "obj": [ "da98457a9c3c5a83db1a3df417e322b5", "5e20efad408594127e8b32de3b0e696e", "911a643e5e77d56c7c198b414cc1e12e", "b914dae24a2fdbb72e3805ec8ab3525f", "1a94c6dd717954e543c691225a4f29d2" ], "objNum": 5 }, "Library of Congress": { "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "obj": [ "cbeebf2d024b04185f18792ec8c015a1" ], "objNum": 1 }, "國立自然科學博物館": { "rights": "國立自然科學博物館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "obj": [ "b79390449110de3c437fd59ecdde30f2" ], "objNum": 1 }, "郭佩宜": { "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "obj": [ "252e1bbd89411624e99f07a640bd37fd", "63ef748dd4c7e5e09b5a5f1de8612ef3", "f4d4a8a3113d0c167dbde5cbf9687d90", "07442cb1ddec7e7ad7e9ecb1c18b6cb4", "46877410b8ba8969b4732747050896f9", "26fcf9a9db332bfa4dc4371427ee3b1a", "d0ff6dfe35a6c5276b461159ac6bba20", "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631", "e1e24be1f441758b610a9798c350d278", "667012e2ff6cf6d77f04235805cc8f5e", "5dda380798bf1db4a5307c9c05e339dc", "1a84d4a8ba99e78f8158ba942a24c934", "c1da18c895920bd272d08134ed70e490" ], "objNum": 13 }, "中央研究院歷史語言研究所": { "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "obj": [ "e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588", "259975ebdab967444049e5362b4adaab" ], "objNum": 2 }, "巫文隆": { "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "obj": [ "4dc63d00cb5363a90ab2ba5ee2b534b4", "fcb869833e49dfefb4534a51ca7d711a", "c5bb7e5129b4ce303e08549f0be5b30a" ], "objNum": 3 }, "中華民國國史館": { "rights": "中華民國國史館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "obj": [ "742f59fc535bff27b0ff8473be9e57b4", "4ec271084d2058ab09ce9dfc9a6bd541" ], "objNum": 2 }, "中華民國總統府": { "rights": "中華民國總統府", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "obj": [ "4ad8067f32256372559467a8d7c9a912" ], "objNum": 1 }, "英格蘭銀行": { "rights": "英格蘭銀行", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "obj": [ "155fc284dcb9a339c91f26881c30ad65" ], "objNum": 1 }, "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution": { "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "obj": [ "cc7d725761ea6a91d3c7cb091e17f143", "af8bd1afd831d3326acfc7fde0d61389", "fb8153e0dee952b5eaf34ab676055f9e", "197e9fbc4a2b13efda8740cc47587f0d", "b5fa18db1c5a8612a1819501663a08cb", "fe6a5a44d42fc6d99e0bce1b74c3c820", "571b28a6429e480611f43322762140c2" ], "objNum": 7 }, "Vintage Printery": { "rights": "Vintage Printery", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "obj": [ "4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785", "c56dbdc7b34db9bf5b78e82c46551c71" ], "objNum": 2 }, "中央銀行": { "rights": "中央銀行", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "obj": [ "69f025e8232240ace1451293e36820b9" ], "objNum": 1 }, "中央研究院歷史語言研究所傅斯年圖書館": { "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所傅斯年圖書館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "obj": [ "dc2777bcdbb5d9b957ff52401a051fca" ], "objNum": 1 }, "UC San Diego Library Special Collections & Archives": { "rights": "UC San Diego Library Special Collections & Archives", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "obj": [ "9afe5a739718d6b426cd290f89b3593f", "7d0c37d36461c8de23e345bd2172305b" ], "objNum": 2 }, "Queensland Museum": { "rights": "Queensland Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "obj": [ "350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a" ], "objNum": 1 }, "angelo luca iannaccone": { "rights": "angelo luca iannaccone", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "obj": [ "b5c09b05af08de3fe819c330ea6745f5" ], "objNum": 1 }, "Nikola Belopitov": { "rights": "Nikola Belopitov", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "obj": [ "42790a0630ca7660c47dd1ebefde199a" ], "objNum": 1 }, "Igor Schubin": { "rights": "Igor Schubin", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "obj": [ "ab25eda5826d3b24c40fbaf32495146d" ], "objNum": 1 }, "Wikimedia Commons": { "rights": "Wikimedia Commons", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "obj": [ "b1b00495e3eb71a7cbce7858c9a40585" ], "objNum": 1 }, "Bill Maurer": { "rights": "Bill Maurer", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "obj": [ "1301c6bbe96aee07c1ab749656c02db1" ], "objNum": 1 }, "dmscvan": { "rights": "dmscvan", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "obj": [ "fb02f49d809f2b580426f44d72374fb8" ], "objNum": 1 }, "Ben Bohane": { "rights": "Ben Bohane", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "obj": [ "9d46b74ae34d79fe14b3796e8f6701ba" ], "objNum": 1 }, "Torbenbrinker": { "rights": "Torbenbrinker", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "obj": [ "5c45faf815257333292380abefcc90e5" ], "objNum": 1 }, "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica": { "rights": "中研院民族所博物館 Museum of the Institute of Ethnology, Academia Sinica", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "obj": [ "d7b7dcf54cf9c24b5946d86a2166fe7e", "34eebd3608e28200488a94010b23f510", "de5da9e21ba07a4a04ff3f76adde004d", "a9805f04336685de108e6c924b0e3136" ], "objNum": 4 } }, "objList": { "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b": { "oid": "f7d11be22101d3fcf8f11ab527eb279b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=OXnylL9N", "level": "bg", "title": "特展主視覺", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=4Uo5SOHO", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=am0cEuUQ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=mjek8RUn", "mfid": "9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9c40634e87aaddad47cd05c858e528e6.jpg?itok=OXnylL9N" }, "9c1265961cdb1a32a47abdd19cd1fc21": { "oid": "9c1265961cdb1a32a47abdd19cd1fc21", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=k50EIxyg", "level": "primary", "title": "「人類學家的錢包」展場照", "desc": "「人類學家的錢包」特展展場現地照片。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=muo89gxZ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=nSIFccVD", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=HRZD01L8", "mfid": "13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/13eee80a832308720d6213d698b76cd4.jpg?itok=k50EIxyg" }, "915a3f9485cf61697d9a1a7fa112236f": { "oid": "915a3f9485cf61697d9a1a7fa112236f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=gXk_bWmW", "level": "primary", "title": "Baruya 人與鹽條/Baruya", "desc": "Salt-maker Kandavatse (right) and assistant Igrimeye prepare salt bars to be wrapped.新幾內亞的Baruya人住在內陸高地,他們種植特殊植物(薏苡)、從中提煉出鹽,製成一個個鹽條。鹽條可作為貨幣使用,跟其他部落購買斧頭、武器、珠貝、羽毛裝飾、有魔法的堅果、樹皮斗篷、配檳榔的石灰、或支付儀式專家的服務等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=PZGZgEac", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=hbo3S6sG", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=LHlQo50D", "mfid": "a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03", "fileCreator": "Pierre Lemonnier", "rights": "Online Digital Sources and Annotation System", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/a6d16cb11911278e5e06d296baea2d03.jpg?itok=7TjtqcOE" }, "ffe9bbd293bb74cd906144585c42bb93": { "oid": "ffe9bbd293bb74cd906144585c42bb93", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=aeVbemmJ", "level": "primary", "title": "萬那杜的豬隻支付/Vanuatu", "desc": "萬納度最普遍的傳統財富以豬為代表(長牙豬,以及雌雄同體豬),豬作為價值的計算有一套標準,例如牙齒的捲曲圈數。豬可以用來支付聘金、罰金、晉升地位的款項,以及支付儀式知識與雕刻圖案的權利金。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=j1MN7fH2", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=VMDgzd-c", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=Z0qDtcMz", "mfid": "10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd", "fileCreator": "Nick Howlett", "rights": "Nick Howlett", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/10fe555797fb02e02189bec5c5d2b2dd.jpg?itok=EOp62GXD" }, "da98457a9c3c5a83db1a3df417e322b5": { "oid": "da98457a9c3c5a83db1a3df417e322b5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=I2MHS1Tp", "level": "secondary", "title": "野豬獠牙(萬那杜)/Boar tusk", "desc": "Boar tusk (Vanuatu),成長為環狀的野豬獠牙,為萬那杜當地通行的貨幣之一。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=5tdK6iQK", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=tuM0fJen", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=CKAaVpYZ", "mfid": "6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/6d49d4081f062c319daa636561cf4c95.jpg?itok=mCvloJ_u" }, "5e20efad408594127e8b32de3b0e696e": { "oid": "5e20efad408594127e8b32de3b0e696e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=a2ossghm", "level": "primary", "title": "羽毛錢", "desc": "Feather-money 'tevau' of red feathers bound to a fibre backing, coiled on a bark core and with pendant strings of seeds.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=sjsiKwSy", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=hiMelDlB", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=IWkzKJx0", "mfid": "edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634", "fileCreator": "Feather money", "rights": "British Museum", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/edea45491169923c02f6fde463da5634.jpg?itok=M_ajwcYx" }, "cbeebf2d024b04185f18792ec8c015a1": { "oid": "cbeebf2d024b04185f18792ec8c015a1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=yjomD4Pi", "level": "primary", "title": "北美獸皮交易", "desc": "許多北美印地安社群使用毛皮作為交易貨幣,例如加拿大的原住民持使用河狸皮。與歐洲人貿易的初期,使用獸皮以及傳統的貝珠串 wampum 當貨幣,有些地方還發展出虛擬的「一張皮」的貨幣單位。後來被歐洲人引進的毛毯取代。\r\n\r\n一塊錢美金俗稱 \"buck\",即反應獸皮(buckskin)作為交易單位的歷史。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=nVIOIgIP", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=1Aur54Up", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=sDlUzbxE", "mfid": "350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a", "fileCreator": "Claude Joseph Sauthier,William Faden (engraver)", "rights": "Library of Congress", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利不明-重要評量要素未明(COPYRIGHT UNDETERMINED)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/350edc99aaf0f7f84eb12e336cb92c7a.jpg?itok=cpY5VEbZ" }, "b79390449110de3c437fd59ecdde30f2": { "level": "primary", "oid": "b79390449110de3c437fd59ecdde30f2", "title": "雅浦石錢與帛琉採石場/Yap and Palau", "desc": "雅浦石錢與帛琉採石場。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/externals/aeea9cee61753047536560e81c8c3ae0.jpg?itok=cPYc07ff", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/externals/aeea9cee61753047536560e81c8c3ae0.jpg?itok=So_rohyF", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/aeea9cee61753047536560e81c8c3ae0.jpg?itok=P0xYpYSD", "mfid": "5156a82645671f6ecc8d362a3ccf4ac8", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/muse_download/5156a82645671f6ecc8d362a3ccf4ac8", "fileType": "video", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "國立自然科學博物館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "9b160ff7e3ea0f85c2f06925fdf0e4f1": { "level": "secondary", "oid": "9b160ff7e3ea0f85c2f06925fdf0e4f1", "title": "雅浦石錢", "desc": "石錢是雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的重要傳統貨幣。石錢用途很多,如嬰兒出生的賀禮、收養小孩時支付的贈禮、結婚時的嫁妝、頭目上任的賀禮、造船的費用等。德國殖民時期,可用石錢支付罰金。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4.jpg?itok=-vrNLjSh", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4.jpg?itok=V28SAJ7v", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4.jpg?itok=siCC_Pm5", "mfid": "e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e3300ebe801606dceab2631311e98ab4.jpg?itok=rJ29OQv-", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "726c19ab905e1c1206be1bedb17dd4da": { "oid": "726c19ab905e1c1206be1bedb17dd4da", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=lxQ5tecy", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦島石錢", "desc": "石錢(Stone Money)是雅浦島(Yap Islands)的重要傳統貨幣,當地語稱 rai。其直徑可達四公尺,中鑿圓孔以利搬運。雅浦石錢是島民遠航至 400公里之遙的帛琉製成,再運回雅浦,作為財富與身分地位之象徵。 石錢的用途很多,可用於嬰兒出生時的賀禮、結婚時的嫁妝、頭目上任的賀禮、戰爭締結和約、造船的費用等等。德國殖民時期,可以用石錢支付罰金。本文物於1962年,鮑克蘭(Inez de Beauclair)於雅浦收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=4VQB-V8H", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=X2NX4Cv_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a.jpg?itok=JZtl40Sm", "mfid": "d1bad0e641722acb92c4a775c8e2f27a", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "252e1bbd89411624e99f07a640bd37fd": { "oid": "252e1bbd89411624e99f07a640bd37fd", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=l1immjPH", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦大型石錢", "desc": "石錢是雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的重要傳統貨幣。尺寸較小的石錢收藏在家中,贈禮交易時轉手,但尺寸較大的石錢則留在原地,惟大家都知道所有權人已經易手。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=EsuxYUsO", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=FdJs3ElW", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8.jpg?itok=s4j5sjIt", "mfid": "ceb3edd25a82eaae16701cc74d614ef8", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "63ef748dd4c7e5e09b5a5f1de8612ef3": { "oid": "63ef748dd4c7e5e09b5a5f1de8612ef3", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=ZK7J6cHv", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦石錢裝飾", "desc": "石錢是當代雅浦島的文化表徵,可見於島上的車牌、各類文創產品與裝飾。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=IzkxATpb", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=4XFGplD1", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74.jpg?itok=57kMBStG", "mfid": "d65d7913c7d44b894a03d02994007d74", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "f4d4a8a3113d0c167dbde5cbf9687d90": { "oid": "f4d4a8a3113d0c167dbde5cbf9687d90", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=9LFsGVxZ", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦石錢車牌", "desc": "石錢是當代雅浦島的文化表徵,可見於島上的車牌、各類文創產品與裝飾。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=BjBfJmpm", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=uHsf726v", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf.jpg?itok=hrDNSRat", "mfid": "3f7c83b7dad110fc8390a9e94b524dcf", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "4bbd80cc4ec85367c164bef84a44572f": { "oid": "4bbd80cc4ec85367c164bef84a44572f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=mWYo_fO0", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦的貝幣/雅浦貝幣", "desc": "貝幣是除了石錢之外,通行於雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的貨幣,常見的有 yar(珠母貝)和 gau(經常串連鯨魚牙)兩種。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=_jPQqwcv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=Zi1aPsG2", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a.jpg?itok=ZLhLpPNW", "mfid": "3da4ed18061ccaf3cbd13d5e8b9cdb7a", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "9600df446088717daed520e16ffe0841": { "oid": "9600df446088717daed520e16ffe0841", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=4khUQ2sD", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦的貝幣/雅浦貝幣", "desc": "貝幣是除了石錢之外,通行於雅浦(密克羅尼西亞)的貨幣,常見的有 yar(珠母貝)和 gau(經常串連鯨魚牙)兩種。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=-VlDw9sy", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=417h75V9", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4.jpg?itok=Qn7hGQvA", "mfid": "8620f0a009fd1a4f5fc7293478c358a4", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "07442cb1ddec7e7ad7e9ecb1c18b6cb4": { "oid": "07442cb1ddec7e7ad7e9ecb1c18b6cb4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=huSTbH-B", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣(gau)", "desc": "雅浦貝幣(gau)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=4ra1iOpC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=hP9jmtaK", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc.jpg?itok=BwuE8h68", "mfid": "c6cb65f0131dec390512fb08960139dc", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "172a47f03611964eb7c1537f04de8396": { "oid": "172a47f03611964eb7c1537f04de8396", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=04A9xonO", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣(串)", "desc": "本藏品於 1962 年鮑克蘭(Inez de Beauclair)於雅浦收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=cpVuNh6-", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=eTR6DKxd", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe.jpg?itok=Hpfgzo3G", "mfid": "88ba14827580582b864ec7a4c9fdbcfe", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "46877410b8ba8969b4732747050896f9": { "oid": "46877410b8ba8969b4732747050896f9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=1bl5iJwa", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣 yar", "desc": "雅浦貝幣,珠母貝(yar)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=mn9EBytU", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=UczqovJO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452.jpg?itok=Ov7g3sZL", "mfid": "c1a2549c23665d6484a328d1b1b2f452", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "26fcf9a9db332bfa4dc4371427ee3b1a": { "oid": "26fcf9a9db332bfa4dc4371427ee3b1a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=w13PbQQ6", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦貝幣 yar", "desc": "雅浦貝幣,珠母貝(yar)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=2Wpvf6HA", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=K9TKEdKM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7.jpg?itok=ZKTpMvR0", "mfid": "eed06e3e1d0d8bc04c1c46fa5336e4f7", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588": { "oid": "e43021a3db285e66f244da309c15b588", "title": "黃寶螺(貨貝)", "desc": "子安貝。凸起之面有一圓穿,底面有一槽,槽之兩旁各有一鋸齒邊,表面褐色。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=Xru6LEsx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=QY0pXxQD", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=emcoMTqg", "mfid": "3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3d8b5a361fcd1a8440df79afee4281c4.jpg?itok=jDTAkwZi", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "259975ebdab967444049e5362b4adaab": { "oid": "259975ebdab967444049e5362b4adaab", "title": "海貝(寶螺)", "desc": "自然海貝,背皆磨平,可穿繫為佩飾,亦可附於車馬、器物、衣服旁作點綴,自然尚可看作是冥幣,與上述大量鏟幣同為死者聚集的財富。出土很多,總數約在3000枚以上。所藏約300枚,「寶螺」種類有待進一步鑑定。表面沾附硃砂。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=ykTX0AKV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=kSAGo0hS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=b6LuD7Xn", "mfid": "3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3c4ff6a4cd97c4cbfe727f26e23885f7.jpg?itok=VB9ux12C", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "4dc63d00cb5363a90ab2ba5ee2b534b4": { "oid": "4dc63d00cb5363a90ab2ba5ee2b534b4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53.jpg?itok=b2bHU64W", "level": "primary", "title": "菲律賓貝珠/製程組_1", "desc": "菲律賓貝殼項鍊製作組,1至3為貝珠片,4至6為貝珠串,7至9為項鍊成品。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53.jpg?itok=jxgroMuJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53.jpg?itok=aTOVXyuX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53.jpg?itok=_-4zj2AX", "mfid": "03257200e400b609e8fc2371ca082f53", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "fcb869833e49dfefb4534a51ca7d711a": { "oid": "fcb869833e49dfefb4534a51ca7d711a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=7xLDyWm7", "level": "primary", "title": "白色貝錢/貝錢1", "desc": "所羅門群島白色貝珠錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=X7wU_Usg", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=5DE5yCsk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea.jpg?itok=4KF3gu-J", "mfid": "3c17fcea5b2fee137c438e0f4be512ea", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "d0ff6dfe35a6c5276b461159ac6bba20": { "oid": "d0ff6dfe35a6c5276b461159ac6bba20", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=SBRRcnQA", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環", "desc": "所羅門群島 Roviana 貝環。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=j2Lo1Mki", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=9kqKZTnb", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4.jpg?itok=238rxFRJ", "mfid": "b7301bf3f0a751c72e44a47a90071db4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "9374bb85faf29619392cbc222c9b4f99": { "oid": "9374bb85faf29619392cbc222c9b4f99", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=g3pQgQRV", "level": "primary", "title": "台灣阿美族之貝珠製作", "desc": "19世紀初阿美族製作貝珠鑽孔方式使用螺旋鑽(pump-drill)。使用的貝為硨磲貝。秦貞廉(村上貞助)記錄日本船隻(順吉丸)因海岸沖飄至秀姑鸞阿美部落之見聞(1802-06),當地阿美族婦女製造貝珠工藝。成品作為貨幣與泰雅、布農交易。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=p4SKddJQ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=DZRDkUtI", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=R3yUwjaB", "mfid": "6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f", "fileCreator": "秦貞廉", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/6c59f3f5f1ca27e607940d6288bb296f.jpg?itok=vrKpSWYC" }, "068c93978d31c6084ed692bd85e44db4": { "oid": "068c93978d31c6084ed692bd85e44db4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=iBLca2Mq", "level": "primary", "title": "泰雅族貝珠布", "desc": "泰雅族貝珠布,1961 年李亦園、石磊於台北市中華路收購。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=oJbkWAd_", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=12kMQbRP", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=t5JoGFXr", "mfid": "c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/c4f52b6c633b311a8a3fba4d9ebb8ea6.jpg?itok=R3uSJ-m9" }, "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79": { "oid": "953caab78a6ca93dbeaca016b1902b79", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=qgLe91aO", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae)/所羅門群島貝珠03", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(tafuliae),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。\r\n\r\n貝珠錢與國家貨幣並用,小串貝珠可用來交學費、教會獻金、買食物。大串貝珠用於聘禮、賠償、土地交易等重要場合。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=25lYJObG", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=-Xl_6zTM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=eu7tuZ2o", "mfid": "e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/e97010a7a55aff5e7c4b0edefc86fd33.jpg?itok=qgLe91aO" }, "029ab3c1bb33dadbd58fd29cd2da6d77": { "oid": "029ab3c1bb33dadbd58fd29cd2da6d77", "fileType": "video", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/muse_download/508e626d012d176bcc916aeeaf2f7113", "level": "primary", "title": "Langalanga 人製作貝珠錢/Langalanga貝珠錢的製作", "desc": "許多傳統貨幣已經停止使用,但所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人至今仍持續製作貝珠錢,使用不同種類的貝殼,製成貝珠。\r\n", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=Jxj2bhmx", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=r70tBdXN", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=dW3N4FSE", "mfid": "508e626d012d176bcc916aeeaf2f7113", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/w1920/public/externals/dd86891ed8b9b3f9e8d998813030fecb.jpg?itok=InVZb8Yv" }, "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631": { "oid": "e57b59bb36d907038fede8c0aea23631", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢製作/u’uina", "desc": "貝珠錢製作過程:\n1. u’uina:敲成適當大小之碎片(圖1)\n2. safana:在石頭上磨平表面(圖2)\n3. futana / ogana:在中間鑽上小孔(圖3)\n4. parana:將 kee(黑色)貝珠放在熱石頭上,經化學反應變成橘棕色(圖4、5)\n5. aarana / batafau:串起來後再磨平邊緣,使成相同大小\n6. sikwana:依不同樣式,將各種顏色的貝珠串起來(圖6)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152.jpg?itok=JWx0AKxH", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152.jpg?itok=cNIM8hhs", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152.jpg?itok=TprvV3oF", "mfid": "c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c760e5470b2adf1f19c6f437b55eb152.jpg?itok=kqZQ6Bx-", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "e1e24be1f441758b610a9798c350d278": { "oid": "e1e24be1f441758b610a9798c350d278", "title": "貝珠錢的製作", "desc": "所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人使用不同種類的貝殼,製成貝珠,再依照不同地區、族群的喜好,將製作好的貝珠編串為不同的形式。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=cRHVTsZ9", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=oXp-g7ya", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=ufTMHEeA", "mfid": "268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/268efa76221d2891da763bac3c56731b.jpg?itok=vqEh-Tpm", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "667012e2ff6cf6d77f04235805cc8f5e": { "oid": "667012e2ff6cf6d77f04235805cc8f5e", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢/所羅門群島貝珠錢02", "desc": "所羅門群島的貝珠錢,許多傳統貨幣已經停止使用,但所羅門群島的 Langalanga 人至今仍持續製作貝珠錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=ZPl4jCA8", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=bHfqPS8J", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=4iMcbPXg", "mfid": "6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/6d99764205e63369f94f1c09c28902fb.jpg?itok=kWSZ0e3p", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "85ee46b9dfdcf8d9ce9c0def2870db75": { "oid": "85ee46b9dfdcf8d9ce9c0def2870db75", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=-JwQyKf3", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(safi)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(safi),為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=B2t_z3EY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=gsOVvmvm", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72.jpg?itok=plfmutGi", "mfid": "7536b28f72f8bf892eb0082b17f95b72", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "975874ce8f392a6eb86ffa046a2e975d": { "oid": "975874ce8f392a6eb86ffa046a2e975d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=SYqXIqQO", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(bata wawa)/bata wawa", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(bata wawa),為最華麗、價值最高之貝珠錢,使用最好的romu(紅色)貝珠,中間為網狀編織;在婚禮中,主要致贈給新娘母親。為中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展,透過郭佩宜副研究員協助,自所羅門群島購入、入藏。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=3yKJw2Si", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=bwg5blC_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144.jpg?itok=Ify5LhFH", "mfid": "a6fb3b3914a2405bbff8bf7b021a1144", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "7fd765ec070167fc357685ce036c34f0": { "oid": "7fd765ec070167fc357685ce036c34f0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=FJyO7osY", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(isae galia)", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠錢(isae galia),未打磨的貝珠,共十串的組合,僅於 Langalanga 地區使用。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=rhE2Zy-R", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=RQagzf1g", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab.jpg?itok=sd25lpTN", "mfid": "72bae4e38edd2b6e0a9a1358a51b3fab", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "5dda380798bf1db4a5307c9c05e339dc": { "oid": "5dda380798bf1db4a5307c9c05e339dc", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f.jpg?itok=Lz87vXYO", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊/01", "desc": "所羅門群島貝珠項鍊,編有典藏者個人名字拼音,曾出展於中研院民族所博物館「人類學家的錢包」特展。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f.jpg?itok=dzDJOWnS", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f.jpg?itok=J0OX1FdO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f.jpg?itok=vy88GA4J", "mfid": "e4128a4ef72c04fcb24a89978324624f", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "1a84d4a8ba99e78f8158ba942a24c934": { "oid": "1a84d4a8ba99e78f8158ba942a24c934", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=lyud6kDM", "level": "primary", "title": "貝珠新娘服飾", "desc": "聘禮交換儀式中,新娘的父母為她準備全套貝珠服飾當嫁妝。紅色的貝珠特別貴重,代表了血,亦即生命力,因此結婚、見血的賠償時常以貝珠錢來代表「人」的生命。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=L53_TC2j", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=PDup0Au1", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=73049-5F", "mfid": "202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52", "fileCreator": "郭佩宜", "rights": "郭佩宜", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/202aeb09710b68f278108774961cec52.jpg?itok=r5M2B_b1" }, "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0": { "oid": "c04b9ef81780f9c3b9bdd6adb0c34de0", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4.jpg?itok=WAuxG-Nr", "level": "primary", "title": "所羅門群島新娘服飾/全套服飾", "desc": "所羅門群島新娘服飾,包含頭飾、額飾、臂飾、背心、腿飾、踝飾、裙或腰帶等。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4.jpg?itok=RY2h_B90", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4.jpg?itok=Au2PgbLZ", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4.jpg?itok=jDYeN_kt", "mfid": "ec796ca44c1f286165a1e7044ff335e4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "742f59fc535bff27b0ff8473be9e57b4": { "oid": "742f59fc535bff27b0ff8473be9e57b4", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=B2DzTdvC", "level": "primary", "title": "總統陳水扁會晤索羅門群島總理柯馬克札伉儷", "desc": "總統陳水扁會晤索羅門群島總理 Allan Kemakeza(柯馬克札)伉儷。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=ayTL-JXt", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=HVNnXc-V", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c.jpg?itok=AEuY1-Q4", "mfid": "a044018580c479d9fcffbb2a10de644c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中華民國國史館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-姓名標示-非商業性的教育與研究使用", "fileOversize": false }, "4ec271084d2058ab09ce9dfc9a6bd541": { "oid": "4ec271084d2058ab09ce9dfc9a6bd541", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=pUT2QPS3", "level": "primary", "title": "總統馬英九會見索羅門總理西庫瓦伉儷", "desc": "總統馬英九會見索羅門總理西庫瓦(Derek Sikua)伉儷(2008/5/22),獲贈索國貝珠項鍊。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=89j0oGIz", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=d6mdKKR9", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8.jpg?itok=Wslc0h4M", "mfid": "ffd8e6239f21d6b5686231990b5511f8", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中華民國國史館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-姓名標示-非商業性的教育與研究使用", "fileOversize": false }, "4ad8067f32256372559467a8d7c9a912": { "oid": "4ad8067f32256372559467a8d7c9a912", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=qXvDeOWT", "level": "primary", "title": "總統蔡英文接見索羅門群島總理蘇嘉瓦瑞伉儷", "desc": "105 年 7月 25 日,蔡英文總統於總統府接見索羅門群島總理蘇嘉瓦瑞伉儷,佩戴索國致贈之貝珠項鍊。President Tsai meets Solomon Islands Prime Minister Manasseh Sogavare and his wife. (2016/07/25)", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=2iIAhONI", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=akJd5YMS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8.jpg?itok=enidkTaG", "mfid": "0bc173419097cdaac4df38ef47c30cd8", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中華民國總統府", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示", "fileOversize": false }, "87ba2fad0b333458772616079b0ed467": { "oid": "87ba2fad0b333458772616079b0ed467", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=Qps0sy68", "level": "primary", "title": "雅浦的各種石錢/雅浦石錢", "desc": "雅浦的各種石錢。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=Hsbu0pLs", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=eNuPnRex", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=gUTgvcny", "mfid": "058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a", "fileCreator": "Inez de Beauclair,鮑克蘭", "rights": "中央研究院民族學研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/058b29015bb69855328d00973665740a.jpg?itok=Nsh0mR-R" }, "155fc284dcb9a339c91f26881c30ad65": { "oid": "155fc284dcb9a339c91f26881c30ad65", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=TAac1BkO", "level": "primary", "title": "英格蘭銀行金庫", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=ssDigJl5", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=ytAodYWf", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=SzhYHnik", "mfid": "4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785", "fileCreator": "Bank of England gold vaults", "rights": "英格蘭銀行", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-禁止改作", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785.jpg?itok=2ltnKvJP" }, "cc7d725761ea6a91d3c7cb091e17f143": { "oid": "cc7d725761ea6a91d3c7cb091e17f143", "title": "紐澤西省貨幣(十二先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,紐澤西省發行的十二先令貨幣。\n12s Colonial currency from the Province of New Jersey. Signed by Robert Smith, John Hart, and John Stevens, Jr..", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=5AaWdish", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=_pwi9CC2", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=EmcvaMa8", "mfid": "13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/13431fedffc40889e45ee89ca0510186.jpg?itok=OaHVhBbB", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "I. Collins (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "af8bd1afd831d3326acfc7fde0d61389": { "oid": "af8bd1afd831d3326acfc7fde0d61389", "title": "紐約省殖民地貨幣(二先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,紐約省兩先令貨幣。\n2s Colonial currency from the Province of New York. Signed by John H. Cruger and William Waddell.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=BYM90aqW", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=pshmp0Zg", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=2z1i5D2R", "mfid": "23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/23b537a6c2e59f1639fa48e4e4b4df4b.jpg?itok=II5wMneE", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "H. Gaine (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "fb8153e0dee952b5eaf34ab676055f9e": { "oid": "fb8153e0dee952b5eaf34ab676055f9e", "title": "麻薩諸塞灣省貨幣(兩先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期兩先令殖民地貨幣,由麻薩諸塞灣省發行。\n2s Colonial currency from the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Dated 1 May 1741, signed by Robert Choate, Jonathan Hale, John Brown, and Edward Eveleth. Endorsed by James Eveleth (rev).", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=AM1RsQvV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=pYzou9dz", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=4l3h2VB1", "mfid": "5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5f206e44993dbe985002edbde344957c.jpg?itok=NOewpGnU", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "197e9fbc4a2b13efda8740cc47587f0d": { "oid": "197e9fbc4a2b13efda8740cc47587f0d", "title": "賓夕法尼亞省殖民地貨幣(二十先令)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期,賓夕法尼亞省二十先令貨幣。\n20s Colonial currency from the Province of Pennsylvania. Signed by Francis Hopkinson, Robert Strettell Jones, and William Fisher.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=-O_YihTV", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=0LNvLNkv", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=93o6LCwu", "mfid": "8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8610441920c68582dd13554515c41d21.jpg?itok=vXZE6Odo", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "D. Hall,W. Sellers", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "b5fa18db1c5a8612a1819501663a08cb": { "oid": "b5fa18db1c5a8612a1819501663a08cb", "title": "馬里蘭省殖民地貨幣(壹元)", "desc": "北美殖民地時期馬里蘭省壹元貨幣。\n$1 Colonial currency from the Province of Maryland. Signed by John Clapham and Robert Couden.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=tE3C5gLv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=1sxydX2Y", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=sAqC97Lp", "mfid": "ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ee4cd8dc8a925ca871c26602f8051282.jpg?itok=tP_RCAqU", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "Anne Catherine,William Green (printers)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "fe6a5a44d42fc6d99e0bce1b74c3c820": { "oid": "fe6a5a44d42fc6d99e0bce1b74c3c820", "title": "南卡羅萊納貨幣(六十元)", "desc": "南卡羅萊納六十元貨幣。\n$60 Colonial currency from South Carolina. Signed by John Scott, John Smyth, and Plowden Weston.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=j-3tLgyf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=Pm8lAfBM", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=Sz2xoJ2U", "mfid": "173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/173697c7556606bfbf595f004c9d5e88.jpg?itok=2Clx2KGh", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "571b28a6429e480611f43322762140c2": { "oid": "571b28a6429e480611f43322762140c2", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=zLKTrzto", "level": "primary", "title": "喬治亞貨幣(四十元)", "desc": "喬治亞省的四十元殖民地貨幣。$40 Colonial currency from the Province of Georgia. Signed by Charles Kent, William Few, Thomas Netherclift, William O’Bryen, and Nehemiah Wade. Printed by W. Lancaster.", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=gPidqEqC", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=woAQaaWO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a.jpg?itok=ESGrgzce", "mfid": "77431571bce64f33d00eba2f2862ff0a", "fileCreator": "W. Lancaster (printer)", "rights": "National Numismatic Collection at the Smithsonian Institution", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "c5bb7e5129b4ce303e08549f0be5b30a": { "oid": "c5bb7e5129b4ce303e08549f0be5b30a", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=OCKHX_X0", "level": "primary", "title": "舊台幣及金圓券", "desc": "舊台幣及金圓券,圖為中研院民族所「人類學家的錢包」特展展場實景,由中央研究院生物多樣性中心巫文隆研究員借展。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=R4PIc5Ck", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=P0x_gKp_", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=5vgxorhC", "mfid": "7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "巫文隆", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/7fe3a92bc0e4a9b6d274e56b567a9b3b.jpg?itok=fQGQ62vF" }, "4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785": { "oid": "4ff4c93348f771fedeb7258d91b49785", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=Z6MwG7U6", "level": "primary", "title": "海地古德(拾元)", "desc": "海地古德,2000 年版十元鈔票,圖像為為海地縫製第一面國旗的 Catherine Flon,是第一位出現在海地紙鈔上的女性。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=n0iOIn3r", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=oBj0RcxI", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=GgkTdNYD", "mfid": "fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Vintage Printery", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/fafbbd19911f115a1a1078a5a82c966c.jpg?itok=Z6rHr7Dq" }, "c56dbdc7b34db9bf5b78e82c46551c71": { "oid": "c56dbdc7b34db9bf5b78e82c46551c71", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=HZCsNh8r", "level": "primary", "title": "海地古德(壹元)/1 Gourdes Haiti", "desc": "1 海地古德(Gourde Haiti),1979 (84)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=_7A5bYgJ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=N8v3vwmX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=cELBYjI8", "mfid": "5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "Vintage Printery", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/5c6299fbec51e51166531eb47cc10b06.jpg?itok=VsmQDORf" }, "69f025e8232240ace1451293e36820b9": { "oid": "69f025e8232240ace1451293e36820b9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=zxENevcZ", "level": "primary", "title": "新台幣千元鈔券", "desc": "新台幣千元鈔券,第四套、第五套橫式新台幣。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=bzHlqiUY", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=bAo941rj", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=cqp-Dd6t", "mfid": "84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央銀行", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "政府資料開放授權條款-第1版(Open Government Data License, version 1.0)", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/84759181bc6972ecbd5e4e10700e9141.jpg?itok=SzDu-vyq" }, "dc2777bcdbb5d9b957ff52401a051fca": { "oid": "dc2777bcdbb5d9b957ff52401a051fca", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=mQR5laS2", "level": "primary", "title": "至元通行寶鈔(拓片)/至元通行寶鈔", "desc": "至元通行寶鈔(拓片)。忽必烈發行貨幣「中統鈔」,後改發行新貨幣「至元通行寶鈔」。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=k5VFW9rn", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=2-igOSXH", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=xAdwUQvf", "mfid": "9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所傅斯年圖書館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false, "thumb1920": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9c4c4b37ec7bfe179adbc8268ea5680e.jpg?itok=R1R23VR7" }, "9afe5a739718d6b426cd290f89b3593f": { "oid": "9afe5a739718d6b426cd290f89b3593f", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=Agb6jiRY", "level": "primary", "title": "Kwaio人衡量貝珠錢", "desc": "所羅門群島Malaita島山區的Kwaio人以公認的基礎長度單位,一個 lousu'u,來衡量貝珠錢的長度。\r\n\r\nKwaio人堅持傳統、文化自主性,拒絕殖民者帶來的基督宗教、貨幣、「政府」(政治制度)。雖然Kwaio年輕人會外出打工賺錢,但他們透過範疇區分,限制「國家貨幣」進入傳統領域。在下聘、喪禮等重要生命儀禮場合,只可使用貝珠錢(kofu)。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c9afae6e63ec47f602ae7e9bca0e5cf9.jpg?itok=3NbGyAcf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/m