臺灣山區駐在所之前世今生:以「八通關越道路」沿線駐在所為例

日治時期臺灣總督府為了有效控管山區的原住民,開始在山區建立警備道路與警察駐在所,這些古道與駐在所不但見證了前人生活所留下的痕跡與印記,亦具有歷史文化上的學術研究價值。
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《東臺灣展望》帶您重遊日治八通關古道!
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鄭玠甫博士
考古資料數位典藏創新計畫
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4e83bbde4e58757804c03c3ccdaaabff
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"weight": 3, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "theme-xzuzm9cq72": { "id": "theme-xzuzm9cq72", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "ce7ca6eaa42a5bfe7f7af87d6d266eca", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/0a66b43eb4b123916bb0262316c62293.jpg?itok=IiECUvw6", "level": "primary", "title": "拉古拉(rakura)駐在所", "desc": "離開大分駐在所後約1.7公里左右,即抵達選址特殊的拉古拉駐在所。一般來說,理蕃道路上的駐在所都是建於路旁山側上的高地,以便掌握附近情勢;然而,該駐在所卻是從路旁谷側的叉路直下,並行經有48階石板階梯的陡坡,始可抵達。這張照片便是沿著石階陡下後,所拍攝的拉古拉駐在所樣貌。照片中可見厚重的木造門柱上寫著「花蓮港廳玉里支廳ラクラ警察官吏駐在所」和木柵外圍的刺鐵絲網,以及入口處的一排李樹;從門口進入後,還會穿過一階以板岩堆砌而成的厚重駁坎,始抵達面朝上方道路的駐在所。值得一提的是,《東臺灣展望》作者毛利之俊行抵此處時,見此地有松林懷抱,便形容其有如渡假小屋一般,給人一股極為閒適的意境。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/0a66b43eb4b123916bb0262316c62293.jpg?itok=Y36L6JkU", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/0a66b43eb4b123916bb0262316c62293.jpg?itok=WJS3RR3q", "thumbBigURI": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/9f9e0e591e09d0fd4acaa6673f245a40.jpg?itok=p3aMPaU4", "level": "primary", "title": "相關歷史文獻蒐集", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9f9e0e591e09d0fd4acaa6673f245a40.jpg?itok=niapJpB3", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9f9e0e591e09d0fd4acaa6673f245a40.jpg?itok=DiEfIigE", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/9f9e0e591e09d0fd4acaa6673f245a40.jpg?itok=00uWEELj", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/9f9e0e591e09d0fd4acaa6673f245a40.jpg?itok=KrB0agLQ", "mfid": "9f9e0e591e09d0fd4acaa6673f245a40", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "考古資料數位典藏創新計畫", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "相關歷史文獻蒐集", "desc": "<div>田野工作以外,也需要從日治時期的登山紀錄、新聞報導、遊記、廣告、與其他相關文獻中,爬梳出與標本研究有關聯的紀錄,作為遺物分析時的參考。</div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 11, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-o6srybxluq": { "id": "basic-o6srybxluq", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "935178c9643dc0e7c4c93e82ed365790", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/71fd305ab991fc1aba4dd7a0a9d06795.jpg?itok=X8svMe5q", "level": "primary", "title": "1931年麥酒販賣株式會社產品宣傳廣告", "desc": "本件廣告為1931年麥酒販賣株式會社產品宣傳廣告。\n\n為了穩定啤酒銷售,避免削價,1930年起,由各家公司聯合成立「麥酒販賣株式會社」分配銷售。\n\n臺灣1910年代就有飛機翱翔空中,至1930年代陸續才有航空信件、客運民航發展。本件廣告設計以飛機為主題,圖中的探照燈上為麥酒販賣株式會社商標,飛機上就是會社主打的各類商品,包括:高砂麥酒株式會社的「タカサゴビール」 (高砂麥酒) 、「ライトビール」 (來卓啤酒) ,日本麥酒礦泉株式會社的「ユニオンビール」,大日本麥酒株式會社的「サッポロビール」(三寶樂啤酒)、「エビスビール」(惠比壽啤酒)、「アサヒビール」(朝日啤酒) ,櫻麥酒株式會社的「サクラビール」(櫻啤酒),麒麟麥酒株式會社的「キリンビール」(麒麟啤酒)等。\n\n藉此廣告文獻,可知當初在台灣市面上消費者可購買的啤酒類別。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/71fd305ab991fc1aba4dd7a0a9d06795.jpg?itok=924xoytH", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/71fd305ab991fc1aba4dd7a0a9d06795.jpg?itok=fYO2dOMm", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/71fd305ab991fc1aba4dd7a0a9d06795.jpg?itok=NOEK3B88", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/71fd305ab991fc1aba4dd7a0a9d06795.jpg?itok=dixDfD6a", "mfid": "71fd305ab991fc1aba4dd7a0a9d06795", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "台灣歷史資源經理學會", "rights": "國家文化記憶庫", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "相關歷史文獻蒐集", "desc": "<div>• 日治時期的商品廣告種類繁多,各種日常生活用品反映出當時多采多姿的庶民生活,可以說是社會文化的縮影。</div>\n\n<div><br></div>\n\n<div>• 因此若能找到與駐在所遺物相對應的商品廣告,對於這些遺物的描述就能更深入,也可透露出這些遺物之所以會出現在「這裡」的相關資訊。<br><br><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/embed/remark/167223\" class=\"lightbox-link js-mfp-iframe\">圖片說明</a><br></div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 12, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "basic-aiz2kepu84": { "id": "basic-aiz2kepu84", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a1135bf6ed7eeb2870f0aa2656cd7d9e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ca6ee2156e1f632aed59b3f1729e3928.jpg?itok=GM1Txech", "level": "primary", "title": "八通關考古計畫 -駐在所", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ca6ee2156e1f632aed59b3f1729e3928.jpg?itok=6woIJpqp", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ca6ee2156e1f632aed59b3f1729e3928.jpg?itok=KJ55WcCS", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ca6ee2156e1f632aed59b3f1729e3928.jpg?itok=gwe6mifC", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/ca6ee2156e1f632aed59b3f1729e3928.jpg?itok=scRNL8si", "mfid": "ca6ee2156e1f632aed59b3f1729e3928", "musicURL": "", "musicName": "", "fileCreator": "八通關考古計畫 The Pattonkan Archaeological Project", "rights": "八通關考古計畫 The Pattonkan Archaeological Project", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "1", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "小結", "desc": "<div>看完日治八通關古道駐在所的介紹以及考古學家們所做的調查研究後,不知道各位是否對於「酒瓶事件」有了不一樣的的理解與詮釋角度?駐在所的場域與遺構本身以及遺留下來的文物,皆乘載著豐富的歷史資訊。未來如果有機會實地走訪臺灣山區的駐在所遺跡,除了用雙眼與相機留下美好的影像紀錄、遙想當年山區光景外,別忘了盡可能保持現場的完整!<br><br><b>回到導覽頁</b>〈<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/exhibition/c6de0c782f97e0fed3a4d431f5152d71\">駐在所・校舍・玻璃瓶</a>〉<span><br><br></span><b>進到下一個展廳</b><br>〈<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/exhibition/bcfeba5565192afceccdec7b19be51b2\">從考古遺址探尋日治時期的校舍日常</a>〉<br>〈<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/exhibition/4bd79df2c48c33b9e92964531d7e2d4b\">日治時期玻璃瓶瓶罐罐</a>〉<br></div>", "musicName": "無", "weight": 13, "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "text-msq6mdzd50": { "id": "text-msq6mdzd50", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "musicName": "無", "weight": 14, "title": "參考資料", "desc": "<div>•&nbsp;<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.facebook.com/%E5%85%AB%E9%80%9A%E9%97%9C%E8%80%83%E5%8F%A4%E8%A8%88%E7%95%AB-The-Pattonkan-Archaeological-Project-217718368244710/\">八通關考古計畫\nThe\nPattonkan\nArchaeological Project臉書粉絲專頁</a></div>\n\n<div>•&nbsp;<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://hunteq.com/ddnc/ttsddn?@3:249920633:0:::-1\">大鐸日日新報資料庫</a></div>\n\n<div>•&nbsp;<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://stfj.ntl.edu.tw/cgi-bin/gs32/gsweb.cgi/ccd=PwPhmL/main?db=webmge&amp;menuid=index\">日治時期期刊影像系統</a></div>\n\n<div>• 宋秉明,\n《<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.ysnp.gov.tw/AchievementReport/C004610?ID=7fef2e9f-9586-4030-b53c-d541334cfa5b&amp;PageIndex=13&amp;PageType=1\">日治八通關越嶺古道文化資源管理與遊憩利用計畫</a>》,南投:玉山國家公園管理處,2011年。</div>\n\n<div>• 宋秉明,\n《 <a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.ysnp.gov.tw/AchievementReport/C004610?ID=c442cb0a-6af2-4974-bcb3-09eee0d468a7&amp;PageIndex=10&amp;PageType=1\">101\n年度玉山國家公園八通關清古道東段勘查成果報告</a>》,南投:玉山國家公園管理處,2012年。</div>\n\n<div>• 林一宏,〈<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://wwwacc.ntl.edu.tw/public/Attachment/47119553437.pdf\">戟戰奇萊—隘勇線與駐在所</a>〉,《臺灣學通訊》,第82期(2014年7月),頁18-19。</div>\n\n<div>• 林一宏,\n《<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.4season.org.tw/html/data/01_trail/01-001-%E9%A7%90%E5%9C%A8%E6%89%80%E4%B8%80%E8%A6%BD_20130923.pdf\">日治時期台灣山地「駐在所」建築之初步研究</a>》,臺北:國立臺灣博物館,2009年。</div>\n\n<div>• 林一宏,\n《八二粁一四五米:八通關越道路東段史話》,南投:玉山國家公園管理處,2004年。</div>\n\n<div>• 郭立婷,〈<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.ntl.edu.tw/public/Attachment/172715401850.PDF\">從廣告看日治時期的庶民生活</a>〉,《臺灣學通訊》,第54期(2011年7月),頁8-9。</div>\n\n<div>•&nbsp;<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://newspaper.nmth.gov.tw/\">國立臺灣歷史博物館近代臺灣報刊資料庫</a></div>\n\n<div>• 黃俊銘、林一宏,\n《<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.ysnp.gov.tw/AchievementReport/C004610?ID=1d1a05a4-2ba2-4e91-ad89-445230e295d9&amp;PageIndex=42&amp;PageType=1\">拉庫拉庫溪流域日治時期遺址原地保存之可行性研究與初步規劃</a>》\n,南投:玉山國家公園管理處,2001年。</div>\n\n<div>• 楊南郡,\n《<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.ysnp.gov.tw/AchievementReport/C004610?ID=34dbe6d5-8dcb-4c03-b4a8-8e96c7548bc4&amp;PageIndex=39&amp;PageType=1\">八通關越嶺古道西段調查研究報告</a>》\n,南投:玉山國家公園管理處,1987年。</div>\n\n<div>• 楊南郡、王素娥,\n《<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://www.ysnp.gov.tw/AchievementReport/C004610?ID=1663cc53-8a85-401c-998f-903299d0abdf&amp;PageIndex=6&amp;PageType=1\">八通關古道東段調查研究報告</a>》\n,南投:玉山國家公園管理處,1988年。</div>\n\n<div>• 鄭玠甫,〈<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://guavanthropology.tw/article/6917\">瓶子是垃圾還是古物?臺灣山區警察駐在所的考古學研究</a>〉,《芭樂人類學》,2022年2月21日發佈。<br></div>", "musicText": "", "musicURL": "" }, "thanks": { "id": "thanks", "type": "thanks", "sortable": false, "thanksList": { "毛利之俊": { "rights": "毛利之俊", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "obj": [ "1bd346ab49a86ff5cc3ebd5cadc1918a", "4539588cb3635ec7b1d879f74bd9f89a", "ce7ca6eaa42a5bfe7f7af87d6d266eca", "b91824f74164262107c9cf65bf7b6630" ], "objNum": 4 }, "王素娥": { "rights": "王素娥", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "obj": [ "5e33f46cdf5321db0780b6fc4a7aa6b5" ], "objNum": 1 }, "林一宏": { "rights": "林一宏", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "obj": [ "ab2bfe7fb57234dc182a0226405e7b5c" ], "objNum": 1 }, "鄭玠甫博士": { "rights": "鄭玠甫博士", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "obj": [ "22c51178fb3987a54393e717f0a42f33" ], "objNum": 1 }, "葉柏強": 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鄭玠甫博士考古資料數位典藏創新計畫