恆春半島史前居民與他們的貝

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史語所學術創新數位深耕計畫—考古資料數位典藏創新計畫
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0b91941183fd41d5fd8d36a4c4427a8f
展覽資料
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href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0193705/MTk1Mg==/\">吃蠑螺</a>,出土貝殼九成以上都是蠑螺科,包含<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/B0000456/MjY2Nw==/\">夜光蠑螺</a>、<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0188769/MTk5Mg==/\">圓蠑螺</a>、<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/component/weishellsearch/weishelldetail/T0188771/MTc5OQ==/\">白星螺</a>等。</span>其中,「夜光蠑螺」備受矚目,為蠑螺科中體型最大者,一手掌握並不容易,在淺水珊瑚礁附近便能看見他們的蹤跡,直到現在也是餐桌上常見的料理。<br>" }, "imgs-umv0hok1ka": { "id": "imgs-umv0hok1ka", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "dbf4f02adfdff5e7f678cb8713fa2dd9", "title": "現生貝類精選/紫口岩螺 (B0002032)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": 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href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/component/weishellsearch/weishelldetail/T0194724/MTk0OA==/\">硨</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/component/weishellsearch/weishelldetail/T0194724/MTk0OA==/\">磲</a>在鵝鑾鼻史前貝類熱銷榜中,佔據了第三名的位子。硨磲殼體十分厚重,雙殼彼此咬合。牠們通常牢牢附著於淺水或深水的礁岩基底,人們必須潛入水中、以重力敲擊才能獲取;或用竹竿將其撥離礁岩,再以網子拖取上船。</span>\n\n&nbsp;\n\n<br>此外,硨磲蛤科在國際上已列入「瀕臨絕種野生動植物國際貿易公約」的保育管理名單。臺灣僅臺東、澎湖縣政府,將硨磲公告為保育對象,禁止捕撈,但盜獵事件仍層出不窮。<br>", "weight": 5, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "fbf50ba76a8531e8a3a7f5ad5e0866b1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ba007a90a6a6a6a6be3017c2adca8e1a.jpg?itok=_fEBeEZZ", "level": "secondary", "title": "帛琉食用硨磲", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ba007a90a6a6a6a6be3017c2adca8e1a.jpg?itok=kar1ZDte", "thumbMediumURI": 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href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0183010/MTc4MA==/\">紫雲蛤科</a>的貝類,也是恆春半島遺址常見的雙殼綱貝類。棲息於淺水沙岸,殼體有密生的強放射肋,與同心圓狀的生長紋相交。殼表面呈黃白色,微微透出粉紫色澤,殼內面後緣有深紫色斑。</span>" }, "basic-bf2murlut7": { "id": "basic-bf2murlut7", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "b49de708d2acf8bb9ca929bf3e5be1d6", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/f4f50f467d7b1f69b7fd954e0a8fd96b.jpg?itok=1LMX9gqw", "level": "primary", "title": "晚霞芋螺", "desc": "腹足綱、新腹足目、芋螺科、芋螺屬、晚霞芋螺。殼呈圓錐狀,殼表保留淡黃色,中央有白色橫帶。體層下段具顆粒狀的細肋,螺肩具白色的冠狀瘤突。殼口殘失,殼底呈紫色。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/f4f50f467d7b1f69b7fd954e0a8fd96b.jpg?itok=twBI9ywZ", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/f4f50f467d7b1f69b7fd954e0a8fd96b.jpg?itok=f3hd2XsF", "thumbBigURI": 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href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0194968/MTg3Mg==/\">螺</a>,貌美如花的程度不輸骨螺,因色彩斑斕而深受收藏者喜愛。多棲息於潮間帶的珊瑚礁,螺體呈倒錐形,殼表平滑,花紋變化多端。</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br>由於芋螺是肉食性動物,狩獵時會從口部射出毒箭(矢狀齒舌),讓獵物昏暈麻痺活體,因此捕捉活體芋螺時,需小心謹慎。然而,如果你已經點了芋螺餐點,用不著擔心,因為煮熟的芋螺是可以食用的!</span>", "weight": 7, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "603f90a150a1de963bdba92deee58963", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/8206982cf6fce95cf00bf3f6e7e49254.jpg?itok=kBlWTyW2", "level": "secondary", "title": "芋螺科貝料", "desc": "腹足綱、新腹足目、芋螺科。芋螺螺塔與接近殼口的體層經人為去除,後者邊緣可見先鑽出一排細孔(未鑽穿),再以打剝加壓使其殼體剝離的痕跡。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/8206982cf6fce95cf00bf3f6e7e49254.jpg?itok=RwG8KEa7", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8206982cf6fce95cf00bf3f6e7e49254.jpg?itok=pD159bEo", "thumbBigURI": 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"thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/8b798cf7b708ecf05c1f54beb536a658.jpg?itok=oqXsU5yX", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/8b798cf7b708ecf05c1f54beb536a658.jpg?itok=5S19srJz", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/8b798cf7b708ecf05c1f54beb536a658.jpg?itok=rMGAIw2x", "mfid": "8b798cf7b708ecf05c1f54beb536a658", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "製作裝飾品的好材料─硨磲", "desc": "<span>有時考古出土的硨磲殼上,帶有切鋸和修磨痕跡,表示是用來製作成物品的貝料或<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/component/weishellsearch/weishelldetail/T0180400/MTYwMQ==/category\">廢料</a>,有機會加工成<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0159682_1/MTY4NA==/\">貝珠</a>、手環等裝飾品。在大洋洲,也有將硨磲製成貝錛的案例。<br></span>\n\n<span><span><br>\n在當代,硨磲殼除了當成珠寶原料外,經燒製亦可做為包檳榔使用的「白灰」。可參考「</span><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/exhibition/1cfcb8e67b3874e8ac1953cb50bb999e\">紅唇與黑齒:檳榔文化特展</a>」</span><br>", "weight": 10, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "cd2d81794a538446a9262ad6ed4ab96b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/1cc490e07d50a14ca62750ac2eb35123.jpg?itok=qzmqk9yw", "level": "secondary", "title": "硨磲蚌貝錛", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/1cc490e07d50a14ca62750ac2eb35123.jpg?itok=zB74DS9V", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/1cc490e07d50a14ca62750ac2eb35123.jpg?itok=ug818mhJ", "thumbBigURI": 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"https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/246fea229512a77c9f33a3f0d2b6dfce.jpg?itok=yibXW-hu", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/246fea229512a77c9f33a3f0d2b6dfce.jpg?itok=cDVBs2mG", "background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/246fea229512a77c9f33a3f0d2b6dfce.jpg?itok=vgfoPpF-", "mfid": "246fea229512a77c9f33a3f0d2b6dfce", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "製作裝飾品的好材料─芋螺", "desc": "<span>史前人喜歡將芋螺頂部製成<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0183048/MTYxOA==/\">貝珠</a>,其殼體經切鋸,利用自然弧度也能做成亮麗的貝手環。</span>", "weight": 11, "secondaryObj": { "oid": 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href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0191075/MTk2Mg==/\">牠的殼</a>製成各種器具,完全不浪費。接下來我們就藉由鵝鑾鼻第二遺址出土遺物來一探究竟吧!</span><br>", "weight": 12, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "4a405075a478e90a821c36500badeddd", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/186dbda57ceb7da5a34dfc34029ab9cd.jpg?itok=22c3FoDR", "level": "secondary", "title": "夜光蠑螺", "desc": "頭部及口部略殘,殼表風化。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/186dbda57ceb7da5a34dfc34029ab9cd.jpg?itok=uPqYcY0b", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/186dbda57ceb7da5a34dfc34029ab9cd.jpg?itok=S79tWU7n", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/186dbda57ceb7da5a34dfc34029ab9cd.jpg?itok=abOaP3Y0", "background": 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15, "primaryObj": { "oid": "e31c67f7cf0850d58138fbc886d8ee64", "title": "貝製魚鉤/貝製魚鉤|S1304OLPT0195063BCWA_1", "desc": "用夜光螺打剝製成,器形呈J字形。器身頂端有一道缺刻、一側有凸起的倒鉤。器背可見白色珍珠質。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c13c61cd75f6cb02d6b313794f5a6d23.jpg?itok=ZwANLxBe", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c13c61cd75f6cb02d6b313794f5a6d23.jpg?itok=Jt2Hf2Lk", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c13c61cd75f6cb02d6b313794f5a6d23.jpg?itok=SEJ8xpqG", "mfid": "c13c61cd75f6cb02d6b313794f5a6d23", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c13c61cd75f6cb02d6b313794f5a6d23.jpg?itok=zrb1rrXM", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "title": "魚鉤", "desc": "<span>出土各種樣式的「魚鉤」,大致可分為「<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0195063/MTk3Mg==/\">J</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0195063/MTk3Mg==/\">形</a>」及「<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/component/weishellsearch/weishelldetail/T0177634/MTk3OA==/\">V</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/component/weishellsearch/weishelldetail/T0177634/MTk3OA==/\">形</a>」,同樣使用螺肋的部分為材料,但將部分螺肋打除,經學者推測可能都是半成品。鵝鑾鼻第二遺址出土的貝製魚鉤數量並不多,無法具體說明使用方式。</span>" }, "basic-gzxm962z8d": { "id": "basic-gzxm962z8d", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "87b43adceb4e36e358c6991b1d487b02", "fileType": 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"level": "secondary", "title": "現生貝類精選/夜光蠑螺口蓋( B0000457)", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/23aeefc6b0eaf56c26fa257aeb2f2bbc.jpg?itok=im54LHK7", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/23aeefc6b0eaf56c26fa257aeb2f2bbc.jpg?itok=Pt9ijAub", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/23aeefc6b0eaf56c26fa257aeb2f2bbc.jpg?itok=yfOjc4T-", "mfid": "23aeefc6b0eaf56c26fa257aeb2f2bbc", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false } }, "text-f0kqc8j178": { "id": "text-f0kqc8j178", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 17, "desc": "<span>看了那麼多貝殼再利用的方法,不由得佩服起史前居民的想像力。然而從鵝鑾鼻第二遺址中,也可發現夜光螺在不同時期的消長,史前鵝鑾鼻的居民長期大量的採集夜光蠑螺,至末期時夜光螺的生長速度跟不上需求量,導致產量急遽減縮,迫使末期居住於鵝鑾鼻的居民生活模式須做出調整。</span>" }, "theme-2e2ovbfngo": { "id": "theme-2e2ovbfngo", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "128cbfbf998ef3fcba3b2bf2971d7191", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/ee6425e55e5b7a101969beb8f18a2192.jpg?itok=_xUh_MXD", "level": "primary", "title": "恆春半島史前居民與他們的貝", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/ee6425e55e5b7a101969beb8f18a2192.jpg?itok=EiPuB3Sy", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/ee6425e55e5b7a101969beb8f18a2192.jpg?itok=GI40bsJP", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/ee6425e55e5b7a101969beb8f18a2192.jpg?itok=7yfOxfEg", "mfid": "ee6425e55e5b7a101969beb8f18a2192", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "環境生態", "desc": "<b>協尋:消失的貝類</b>\n\n<br>考古學家在研究這些貝類遺留的時候,發現了一個有趣的現象。不知為何龜山史前人最常採集的淡水貝類──「蜆」和「錐蜷」,在龜山地區的現生種調查中不曾發現;換言之,過去經常食用的熱門貝類,在當代卻無法在遺址周圍看見牠們的蹤影。這些失去音訊的貝類到底發生了什麼事呢?<br>", "weight": 18 }, "basic-wifuv2lvsf": { "id": "basic-wifuv2lvsf", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "f6f28446de6484c07a7974129486e386", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/62f55b699f45c611fd265afc1cdb63ac.jpg?itok=ecTWVDnq", "level": "primary", "title": "龜山遺址田野照片/龜山遺址田野照片|S1323KSSKS2018BYWA_002", "desc": "由龜山遺址(KS)眺望保力溪與四重溪出海口。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/62f55b699f45c611fd265afc1cdb63ac.jpg?itok=JS_2Y7_q", "thumbMediumURI": 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"background": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1920/mcode/975ce8bdd2924b47dcaae61ab9304688.jpg?itok=Y1H11uZR", "mfid": "975ce8bdd2924b47dcaae61ab9304688", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "貝殼失蹤事件線索搜查", "desc": "對於這次龜山貝殼失蹤懸案,考古學者至今仍無定論,但追查的過程中,有一些蛛絲馬跡值得留意。\n\n<div>1. 從地質的角度而言,兩千年來龜山地區地質構造持續上升,約每年提高1~1.2毫米,河道環境似乎不可避免地有所改變。然而以龜山文化流行的年代來看,加上碳氧同位素的貝殼分析,顯示史前龜山附近的水體環境與現今相比,差異並不大。</div>\n\n<div><br></div>\n\n<div>2. 氣溫也是影響生物生存的重要線索。恆春半島百年來的七月均溫,從1950年代開始提高了攝氏1.5度,使最近40年來的年均溫較暖和。如果類似的狀況發生在1500年前以後的這段時間,那麼貝類很可能由於氣溫變化適應不良,從而引發滅絕危機。</div>", "weight": 20 }, "text-0yumdj30kp": { "id": "text-0yumdj30kp", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 21, "title": "揭發史前幕後黑手?", "desc": "實際上,人類行為對生物造成的影響,不亞於自然環境變異。龜山史前聚落相當懂得利用不同季節,採集各式好吃的貝類,經年累月下來,史前人積極地開發水域資源,即使天然環境僅些微改變,也能使對生態變遷敏感的特定貝種,消失在龜山附近的水域中。\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br>整體來說,本次案件的真相不只一個!所有的因素如同食物鏈環環相扣,但藉由考古出土的貝類遺留,對比現生貝類紀錄,能夠深刻了解古今生態環境的瞬息萬變。同時,也反映龜山史前人群對於生活環境有充分的認知,掌握了季節性採收貝類資源的技巧。</span>" }, "theme-no6uhm4s3r": { "id": "theme-no6uhm4s3r", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "128cbfbf998ef3fcba3b2bf2971d7191", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/9b7a97e2a3a8f7a68f7604da7991e752.jpg?itok=r-WqM73J", "level": "primary", "title": "恆春半島史前居民與他們的貝", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/9b7a97e2a3a8f7a68f7604da7991e752.jpg?itok=WTclvdD_", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/9b7a97e2a3a8f7a68f7604da7991e752.jpg?itok=fm0MwOzE", "thumbBigURI": 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"貝殼埋進土壤,過了幾千年依然完好如初,是研究過去的好幫手。他們有自己記錄環境資訊的方式,但並非像現代人一樣拿著筆認真抄寫,或在鍵盤上打字。<br><br>關鍵在於,貝類成長時所分泌的碳酸鈣殼體,會受到當下「水溫」與「水域環境」的影響;更精確的說,水體環境的「碳氧同位素」值,會連帶影響生長中的貝殼同位素組成,如同將環境資訊即時寫入殼體。", "weight": 23 }, "basic-51yr6f41s5": { "id": "basic-51yr6f41s5", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c320d14f70c49e365524a24c833f0fc8", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/f25a95cf9f692abf9626747c3574e3ac.jpg?itok=72K2z3Yi", "level": "primary", "title": "夜光蠑螺", "desc": "腹足綱、古腹足目、蠑螺科、蠑螺屬、夜光蠑螺。大型夜光蠑螺,殼口略殘損,螺塔尖殘,器表留有做碳氧同位素分析的記號。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/f25a95cf9f692abf9626747c3574e3ac.jpg?itok=sSadO3hj", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/f25a95cf9f692abf9626747c3574e3ac.jpg?itok=66fBx1TR", "thumbBigURI": 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rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0198522/MTkxOA==/\">殼</a><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0198522/MTkxOA==/\">樣本</a>,發現史前人採集貝類的時間主要集中在秋冬至隔年春夏之間,尤其春夏之交最喜歡採收大蜆和紅樹蜆;而夏天至秋季,或許因安排其他生業活動,而較少去岸邊撿拾貝類。同時這樣的採貝行為,也反映了龜山文化長年在此地生活的聚落型態。</span>", "weight": 24 }, "embed_html-3kh3l82h1h": { "id": "embed_html-3kh3l82h1h", "type": "embed_html", "sortable": true, "weight": 25, "embed_html": "<h4><strong>經過「碳氧同位素分析」的夜光蠑螺--3D模型</strong></h4>\n<iframe title=\"夜光蠑螺 T0198522\" frameborder=\"0\" allowfullscreen mozallowfullscreen=\"true\" webkitallowfullscreen=\"true\" allow=\"fullscreen; autoplay; vr\" xr-spatial-tracking execution-while-out-of-viewport execution-while-not-rendered web-share src=\"https://sketchfab.com/models/3a8e961d61bd4780a4c468dc8a35082a/embed\">\n </iframe>" }, "basic-h7xgfjblxi": { "id": "basic-h7xgfjblxi", "type": "basic", 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"rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "貝殼遺留透露古水域環境的秘密?", "desc": "氧同位素值的變化,說明了在一定的水環境中,季節水溫的差異;而碳同位素則是受控於不同水體環境,能辦別貝類是生長在淡水、河海交界處或是海水中。因此結合兩種同位素的數據,能讓我們更進一步的認識古水域環境。\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br>欲了解古今水域環境的變遷,「現生貝類」亦是不可或缺的要角。將遺址出土貝類,與現今周圍海域的現生種相互比對,會發覺有諸多雷同,表示從過去到現代,墾丁水域生態環境沒有巨大變動。值得一提的是,該遺址發掘出「<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0197234/MTkxNg==/\">蜆</a>」和「<a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://archaeoshell.ihp.sinica.edu.tw/index.php/tw/item-search/weishelldetail/T0188728/MTY1MA==/\">錐蜷</a>」等淡水貝遺留,但在附近溪流卻沒有這些貝類的蹤跡,可能是史前人由外地帶入;或因地質環境改變,影響了史前聚落運用天然資源的方式,並受到過度採集而絕跡,仍有待進一步研究。</span>", "weight": 26, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "b20d3dabde02ca08bbcb32f5883f4ef9", "fileType": "image", 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"著作權利所有-可用於本站提供的服務", "fileDisableLink": "0", "fileOversize": false } }, "quote-78ct4540ro": { "id": "quote-78ct4540ro", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 27, "desc": "這些貝殼經過了千年再次出現在人類面前時,成為了見證史前人生活樣貌及古代環境的載體,證明了恆春半島的史前居民的生活,與貝類息息相關,由遺址出土的貝類遺留,不僅可以看到那些貝類被食用、並做成各種用品,還可以透過科學分析揭秘史前人類採貝與季節之關聯。<br>" }, "text-cmr05ypn8w": { "id": "text-cmr05ypn8w", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 28, "desc": "<div>• 李匡悌,《探討臺灣南端史前聚落的海洋適應:以龜山遺址為例》,國立海洋生物博物館籌備處,1994年。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌,〈龜山遺址出土的食用貝類及其相關問題的探討〉,《田野考古》,第5卷第1期(1994年),頁45-86。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌,〈再看三千年前臺灣南端的漁撈和採貝〉,《藍色運動:尋回臺灣的海洋生物》,第三屆臺灣海洋環境大會論文集:中央研究院動物研究所,1999年,頁162-174。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌,〈從鵝鑾鼻考古遺址談古環境之衝擊〉,《地球科學園地》,第16期(2000年冬),頁14-23。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌,〈論鵝鑾鼻第二史前遺址的蠑螺遺留〉,《珠江三角洲與臺灣地區考古─近年來的新發現和新評估研討會》,中央研究院歷史語言研究所東南亞考古研究室主辦,2001年,頁1-12。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌,《恆春半島的人文史蹟》,屏東:內政部營建署墾丁國家公園,2002年。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌,〈從碳氧同位素分析論古代臺灣貝類採集與古環境的涵義〉,《新世紀的考古學──文化、區位、生態的多元互動》,北京:紫禁城,2006年,頁107-162。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌、米泓生、林怡美,〈穩定同位素分析在考古學研究上的應用〉,《地質》,第31卷第2期(2012年),頁66-68。</div>\n\n<div>• 李匡悌,〈人類採集影響史前貝類族群的改變:以台灣南端鵝鑾鼻第二遺址發掘為例\n〉,《考古學與永續發展研究》,邱斯嘉、臧振華主編,中研院-考古學研究專題中心,2013年,頁329-373。</div>\n\n<div>• 藍子樵,《食用貝類》,臺灣省立博物館,1990年。 </div>", "title": "參考資料" }, "thanks": { "id": "thanks", "type": "thanks", "sortable": false, "thanksList": { "中央研究院歷史語言研究所": { "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "obj": [ "128cbfbf998ef3fcba3b2bf2971d7191", "dbf4f02adfdff5e7f678cb8713fa2dd9", "5616760d5efbbb22ad3d4c35055d041e", "073c96982397e838c9ba2349ce99ab37", "f5c34e2382000e68a20725002e8fc920", "d991f1ef76430f9c7986f1a1d27e998a", "16685888048d5ee1d0b48ef2ee08ce1b", "c24863e3bc79ed647f9b1131ebe43fef", "99fe6c65040662a4afc9ad96972717ff", "0cb3c42e04fdb6c98612f37b33633f5c", "57732c12a2b479d92c62ba938b4c4a51", "b49de708d2acf8bb9ca929bf3e5be1d6", "603f90a150a1de963bdba92deee58963", 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史語所學術創新數位深耕計畫—考古資料數位典藏創新計畫