在海事日,讀海洋事

2020世界海事日<br>#船<br>#海盜<br>#媽祖信仰<br><br>開放博物館.品日╳選物<br>
展覽頁面呈現形式
橫式
故事地圖
差一步就登頂的海上之王:蔡牽
明代中晚期海盜代表:鄭芝龍
策展者
中央研究院數位文化中心
王怡文
展覽封面
96634d87a18fbe5dd48a37d9d3f4656c
展覽資料
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"fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileOversize": false, "level": "primary" }, "sortable": true, "type": "imgs-child", "weight": 4 } }, "weight": 6, "title": "各司其職的戰船", "desc": "&nbsp;\n\n春秋戰國時期,戰爭頻仍,對於打仗用船需求大增,從此開始發展出各式各樣性能各異的戰船,有的武力值高、有的噸位大、有的輕巧機動性高,編制與今日海軍艦隊類似。<br>" }, "text-fuber3eul1": { "id": "text-fuber3eul1", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 7, "title": "古代要遠航,靠得就是船", "desc": "古代沒有飛機可以讓人日行萬里,要出海遠航,船舶必不可少。中國古代遠航家中,鄭和(1371-1433)可說是最成功者之一。鄭和七度下西洋,鄭和足跡踏遍東南亞、南亞,最遠甚至到了今日非洲東部。皇帝親自命鄭和出洋,隨行人員高達兩萬多人,隨身行李更不會少。每每返航,鄭和也都會帶回俘虜及各式奇珍異寶,取悅龍心。是怎樣的船,可以搭載著這麼多的人和貨物,越過重重浪濤航行萬里?" }, "img-kv9aveqkqr": { "id": "img-kv9aveqkqr", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "36507565036f971a3b773cb95bad1722", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/b61eb5ac23f426a5e5725af8be2284d3.jpg?itok=x30dUGKh", "level": "primary", "title": "寶船", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/b61eb5ac23f426a5e5725af8be2284d3.jpg?itok=gnp6jRTk", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/b61eb5ac23f426a5e5725af8be2284d3.jpg?itok=13CsK1Nf", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/b61eb5ac23f426a5e5725af8be2284d3.jpg?itok=F9tyncYr", "mfid": "b61eb5ac23f426a5e5725af8be2284d3", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "維基百科", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "公眾領域貢獻宣告(CC0)", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "寶船:文字上的巨船", "desc": "<div>\n\n<span>隨鄭和三次下西洋的翻譯官馬歡(1380―1460)花費35年完成的《瀛涯勝覽》(1451年定稿)中,特別提及出使的船隊:「寶船六十三隻,大者長四十四丈四尺,闊一十八丈,中者長三十七丈闊一十五丈。」換算成現行尺寸,最大的寶船長約151公尺,寬約61公尺,此一尺寸放在700多年前的明代,可說是龐然大物。今日學者按考古及船體力學探究,對於寶船是否如文字所述般地如此巨大抱持疑問。無論如何,寶船為明代初期最壯觀的船隊,無庸置疑。<u></u></span></div>", "weight": 8 }, "text-90c2zyf7hk": { "id": "text-90c2zyf7hk", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 9, "title": "搭船環遊世界", "desc": "<div>\n\n你可以想像嗎?19世紀時,中國製船隻幾乎可以環遊世界了。耆英號(Keying),一艘原航行於廣州與南洋間運茶的商船,在1846年靜靜默默地駛離了香港,開始了它的環球之旅。它往東繞過了好望角,到過紐約、波士頓,花了兩年多的時間抵達終點英國倫敦,成為中國帆船史上的第一艘橫跨大西洋的中式帆船。</div>" }, "basic-padm3szyp1": { "id": "basic-padm3szyp1", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "892d44dba0db02a46177dcc1c73ffa54", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/1a5842e554d99a2594658ac19f212691.jpg?itok=fnmsUY7G", "level": "primary", "title": "英國為紀念耆英號到達的紀念章", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/1a5842e554d99a2594658ac19f212691.jpg?itok=x96Py_zN", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/1a5842e554d99a2594658ac19f212691.jpg?itok=CRf7IPku", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/1a5842e554d99a2594658ac19f212691.jpg?itok=nxaijBqz", "mfid": "1a5842e554d99a2594658ac19f212691", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "維基百科", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "耆英號", "desc": "耆英號以當時的兩廣總督滿人耆英為名,以硬木柚木(鐵力木)打造,船底尖,是一艘中式尖底帆船&nbsp;<br><br>耆英號曾到過美國紐約、波士頓、英國倫敦等地,就像是個巨大的移動式東方風情馬戲團,吸引著外國人的目光。<br><br><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"https://openmuseum.tw/muse/map_story/7c5c416b46816a55c8dd1c638d6fc7cf\">#中國帆船環球奇蹟:耆英號</a>", "weight": 10 }, "theme-kq1pfrouqn": { "id": "theme-kq1pfrouqn", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "064016dbafbe3c398e24815385defefd", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/99918d455b7a4bebbf1a6129c79ac193.jpg?itok=ocC0yuZp", "level": "primary", "title": "Jean de Thevenot描繪商船被海盜壓制的情景", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/99918d455b7a4bebbf1a6129c79ac193.jpg?itok=xCPgp5y9", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/99918d455b7a4bebbf1a6129c79ac193.jpg?itok=aW5oRBzd", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/99918d455b7a4bebbf1a6129c79ac193.jpg?itok=9DHxNKio", "mfid": "99918d455b7a4bebbf1a6129c79ac193", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "荷蘭國家博物館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "金礦在海上,想要就來搶", "desc": "《海賊王》中,魯夫為了尋找大秘寶,航向尋找偉大航道的旅程。但歷史上的海盜們,真的有因為航向海洋而榮華富貴嗎?", "weight": 11 }, "img-50sif6nr61": { "id": "img-50sif6nr61", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "35dc38104faec1dca24b568e72a58c59", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e98bcab85b20c576c4bb129168618af2.jpg?itok=a9BXS2fm", "level": "primary", "title": "維京海盜", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e98bcab85b20c576c4bb129168618af2.jpg?itok=dVapGXkz", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e98bcab85b20c576c4bb129168618af2.jpg?itok=yTR5kwA5", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e98bcab85b20c576c4bb129168618af2.jpg?itok=3noUdIKY", "mfid": "e98bcab85b20c576c4bb129168618af2", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "維基百科", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "世界知名的維京海盜", "desc": "維京人(Vikings),一個因為卡通《北海小英雄》以及各式傳奇小說而聲名遠播的民族,可說是西方海盜的代表之一。生活在寒冷、土地又貧瘠的斯堪地納半島上,維京人生活不易,因而發展出高超的造船技術,航向大海,尋求生活出路。維京人往外擴張,最遠曾經到達格林蘭。傳說中,紅艾瑞克(Erik the Red)在985年率領維京人到達格林蘭,為的是尋找更多適合農作的土地。", "weight": 12 }, "img-dzqioa19w1": { "id": "img-dzqioa19w1", "type": "img", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "7b07585807df05eead22f5431ff024dc", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/c5dd167ff0d067dbe1df4c5adf698f6a.jpg?itok=A8RBWbyP", "level": "primary", "title": "萬里海防圖說(含萬里海防圖及膠萊河辯議圖說匯輯)", "desc": "圖題〈萬里海防圖說〉墨書於圖冊封面,全圖冊為兩幅長卷圖繪纂輯而成。前卷為明代〈萬里海防圖〉的摹本,以十九幅圖摺裝;後卷為明膠州靈山衛指揮使談九疇著,清張謙宜撰《膠萊河辯議圖說匯輯》,分切三十幅疊裝。後人將兩圖卷彙集,並補圖題。\n〈萬里海防圖〉涵蓋的地理範圍,右起廣東欽州、瓊州,沿海岸線向北延伸,止於遼東義州鴨綠江。全圖主要描繪明代沿海海疆域的島嶼港口、府、州、縣城形勢,特別著重在海防的衛、所、寨及關隘各據點的分佈;說明本圖的目的在於軍事上使用。圖中未注圖例,但所引各項資料顯示自有規則,也成了閱讀本圖的基本資訊:「府」用灰色方塊表示、「州」以紅色長方塊表示、「縣」以紅色圓圈標示、「衛」用黃色方塊、「所」以灰邊長方框,配合旁邊的旗杆、旗幟、「巡檢司」、「寨」用旗杆、旗幟標示、其他尚有「府、衛」、「州、衛」或「縣、千戶所」同治所,亦各有標示。其次,傳統的沿海疆域輿圖,很難顧慮到實際的方位;因為海疆崎嶇,若呈直線「一」字展開,地圖的方位便隨圖展開而變化。但全幅構圖基本以海在圖上方,下方為陸地;說明本圖以陸地望向海洋的防守功能。\n研判本圖的繪製時代,大致以圖中若干衛、所及縣制行政區的建置為准。嘉靖三年(1524)析潮陽、海豐二縣地置「惠來縣」,圖中已現:是以本圖繪製不早於是年;而嘉靖五年(1526)由廣州府附郭南海縣及高要縣地析出的三水縣,未見於圖中。或為繪成本圖最晚之年代。〈膠萊河辯議圖說匯輯〉(明)談九疇著,(清)張謙宜撰;圖、說並存,全圖分切三十幅疊裝,全圖不考慮實際方位;涵蓋範圍右起山東昌邑縣北海口,左止於膠州陳村閘。主要描繪地形、水源、橋樑與閘口的分佈情況。\n圖卷前附談九疇〈序〉,謂:「元膠萊河在今膠州、平度州,高密縣、昌邑縣、掖縣之間,南起靈山海口,北抵山三山島,長三百七十五裏。《膠州志》以為元人鑿此避登州成山之險。自明至清凡漕運梗塞,必議海運;議海運,必議修膠萊河。」談〈序〉主要申論行海運之利而罷漕運之議。全圖冊共分九段,各附圖說。清雍正三年(1725),張謙宜輯匯再補錄了明代潘季馴《河防一覽》有關罷膠萊河工程疏議。\n談九疇(生卒不詳)為明代膠州靈山衛指揮使,明萬曆二十九年(1601)繪製此圖。清康熙四十四年,談九疇後人姻親關係的張謙宜重新摹繪,匯輯成帙。張謙宜(1650–1733,名張莊,字稚松)撰跋詳述圖輯編繪始末。\n本圖可與國立故宮博物院藏〈浙江福建沿海海防圖〉(平圖020869)、〈海圖〉(平圖020865)相對應研究。", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/c5dd167ff0d067dbe1df4c5adf698f6a.jpg?itok=Oh0TxDyv", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/c5dd167ff0d067dbe1df4c5adf698f6a.jpg?itok=ikYqqb7d", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/c5dd167ff0d067dbe1df4c5adf698f6a.jpg?itok=3Y0XrarY", "mfid": "c5dd167ff0d067dbe1df4c5adf698f6a", "fileCreator": "談九疇,張謙宜", "rights": "國會圖書館地理地圖部(Library of Congress, Geography and Map Division.)", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "國會圖書館權利聲明", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "倭來也", "desc": "西方有海盜,東方也有海盜。中國自元代起,沿海便不時可見倭寇。倭寇一詞最初指稱是指日本海上盜賊,但至明代中晚期東南沿海海盜事件頻仍,這些海盜雖也被扣上「倭寇」之名,不乏「假倭」或「從倭」的中國人,如王直(?-1559)、李旦(?-1625)及鄭芝龍等人便是此一時期之名的海盜。<br><a target=\"_blank\" rel=\"nofollow\" href=\"http://openmuseum.tw/muse/map_story/a4e21ac0236198d8b3ff8b1181376ba6\">#明代海盜鄭芝龍</a>", "weight": 13 }, "basic-fsqgp1raf4": { "id": "basic-fsqgp1raf4", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "5407cb3a8b50a552e3786a1ee3cb9f6d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/19e36ae959c3fa85f09c7afb7ec59fe3.jpg?itok=V4-vjF0N", "level": "primary", "title": "李開先〈聞倭宼殺傷山東民兵二首〉之二", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/19e36ae959c3fa85f09c7afb7ec59fe3.jpg?itok=QxukoE_4", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/19e36ae959c3fa85f09c7afb7ec59fe3.jpg?itok=t4fSo3RO", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/19e36ae959c3fa85f09c7afb7ec59fe3.jpg?itok=OC6K3RtD", "mfid": "19e36ae959c3fa85f09c7afb7ec59fe3", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "維基百科", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "著作權利所有-僅能瀏覽", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "海戰詩", "desc": "明代海盜問題以「嘉靖大倭寇」最為嚴重,嘉靖大倭寇自嘉靖三十一年(1552)起延續了五年,至嘉靖三十六年(1557)平定。由於嘉靖大倭寇期間倭寇除擾亂浙江、福建沿海地區,更趁江南地區海防疲弱之際,沿江入侵,受害範圍遍及江南。<br><br>當時留下有大量的海戰詩詞,內容可區分為戰士視角及百姓視角。戰士視角的海戰詩詞多強調戰爭內容、英雄塑造等,而百姓視角看到的更多是海盜的燒殺擄掠等戰爭慘況。", "weight": 14 }, "quote-fsy1fhy80c": { "id": "quote-fsy1fhy80c", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 15, "desc": "寇與商同是人也。" }, "text-0em6lz6882": { "id": "text-0em6lz6882", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 16, "title": "主宰海上商路的倭寇", "desc": "中國對外貿易頻繁,諸如南洋(今東南亞一帶)、日本、韓國等地,都是中國海外貿易對象。龐大的利益,容易吸引眾人目光,人人都有發財夢,人人都想分杯羹。以倭寇問題最為嚴重的明朝為例,民間一直受海禁政策所限,臺面上不能對外貿易,私底下的走私行為依舊屢見不鮮。目前所知的明朝知名倭寇不少就是以走私維生,壟斷龐大獲利。明謝杰在《虔台倭纂》寫到:「寇與商同是人也。市通則寇轉而為商,市禁則商轉而為寇。始之禁,禁商。後之禁,禁寇。」" }, "text-mckop6ct0z": { "id": "text-mckop6ct0z", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 17, "title": "話/畫題化的倭寇", "desc": "倭寇雖是明代一大外患,但親身經歷者為少數。眾多倭亂中,「嘉靖大倭寇」由於受害範圍廣,留存文獻相對多。然,這些文獻「真實」者少。嘉靖大倭寇期間,「倭寇」是一種恐懼的象徵,過去沒有遇過倭寇的江南人幾乎是「聞倭色變」。此一時期相關文獻雖多,在資訊傳遞不易且過於封閉得訊息圈影響下,內容可能淪於過於誇張,以訛傳訛,不論是倭寇的形象(是否為中國人)、人數及武力值等,都是一變再變。\n\n&nbsp;\n<br><br>但等到胡宗憲等人平定倭亂、一切恢復日常時,「倭寇」又再度成為傳說中的名詞。另外,「倭寇」也成為藝文活動的一環,成為江南蘇州片繪畫主題之一。以\n\n〈倭寇圖卷〉(東京大學史料編纂所藏)及〈抗倭圖卷〉(中國國家博物館藏)為例,兩者構圖相似,應是明代戰勳圖像發展下的產物,皆為江南的蘇州片,製作的源頭可能都與胡宗憲平倭有關。曾經讓人聞風喪膽的倭寇,最終成為商業資本風氣下的主題之一。" }, "quote-33ed5b6c5v": { "id": "quote-33ed5b6c5v", "type": "quote", "sortable": true, "weight": 18, "desc": "嘉義太保之名,竟和清代海盜有關?" }, "basic-lydnfufx7r": { "id": "basic-lydnfufx7r", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "8d1e6b523de5a6471a2bb7a34ce25db5", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e6e8167543a27dc833050b8bbc7bd369.jpg?itok=agFsxVFx", "level": "primary", "title": "王得祿肖像", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e6e8167543a27dc833050b8bbc7bd369.jpg?itok=b7W2mEmg", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e6e8167543a27dc833050b8bbc7bd369.jpg?itok=J91Lhu8Z", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e6e8167543a27dc833050b8bbc7bd369.jpg?itok=hGTdY9qf", "mfid": "e6e8167543a27dc833050b8bbc7bd369", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "維基百科", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "太保之名", "desc": "王得祿(1770-1842),嘉義人,武生出身,是清代臺灣籍最高武將。他一生主要的對手就是當時赫赫有名的大海盜蔡牽。\n\n&nbsp;\n\n<br><br>王得祿因追緝蔡牽有功,歷經嘉慶、道光朝,從賞封二等子爵到追封伯爵,而後又從太子少保追贈太子太師銜,嘉義太保之名因而得來。", "weight": 19, "secondaryObj": { "oid": "e543dfdcfeb06644cf59b156b00c3250", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": 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"sourceID": "101557" }, "theme-xgybun1f2f": { "id": "theme-xgybun1f2f", "type": "theme", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "828e23e06ab0a83eb08f13ba214cf632", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/53a39dba7392cbf0caeec89a7143366b.jpg?itok=r97V6O6I", "level": "primary", "title": "寄託", "desc": "一大清早,寺廟裡頭就聚集了些婆婆媽媽,他們換著整齊的袍子齊口同聲的朗經,我不了解她們在唸的經文,但是我明白——藉由對宗教的慰藉、依靠,讓他們心靈得到寄託,祈求的也許是身體健康,也許是丈夫事業順利,也許是小孩學業進步等等,一切的一切都是出自於「愛」。_x000D_", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/53a39dba7392cbf0caeec89a7143366b.jpg?itok=Zz2OMFdf", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/53a39dba7392cbf0caeec89a7143366b.jpg?itok=RWrO2qMi", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/53a39dba7392cbf0caeec89a7143366b.jpg?itok=dd6wSz6M", "mfid": "53a39dba7392cbf0caeec89a7143366b", "fileCreator": "路路", "rights": "數位島嶼", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-相同方式分享", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "海事與媽祖", "desc": "有人說祂是知水性、善喻舟的女筮,死後成神,更有人覺得祂是龍女,祂的傳說常以海島、海上為背景,成為人們再熟悉不過的海上守護神。祂,就是媽祖。", "weight": 21 }, "text-igzrhfd726": { "id": "text-igzrhfd726", "type": "text", "sortable": true, "weight": 22, "title": "東亞海洋文化中的媽祖信仰", "desc": "媽祖,是身處臺灣的你我,習以為常的神明。其實不只是臺灣,只要是東亞華人文化圈中,就少不了媽祖的身影。\n\n&nbsp;\n<br><br>目前與媽祖相關的文獻資料,以《天妃顯聖錄》最為重要。《天妃顯聖錄》由明人林俞堯編纂,記載了媽祖的身世,也清楚載明了媽祖封誥及相關神蹟。\n\n&nbsp;\n\n&nbsp;\n\n<br><br>林俞堯福建莆田人,萬曆年間進士,官拜禮部尚書。後因魏忠賢之故,去職返鄉,《天妃顯聖錄》是在其返鄉後費時編纂而成。《天妃顯聖錄》在清代仍有持續有增補。" }, "basic-zrp003onio": { "id": "basic-zrp003onio", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c43d8d88caa68f45d943d859ea5d1dea", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/d54b8f182603dc1419a1a7e3986886c7.jpg?itok=KM-inazV", "level": "primary", "title": "《天妃顯聖錄》中的媽祖神蹟", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/d54b8f182603dc1419a1a7e3986886c7.jpg?itok=xIO9GxEO", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/d54b8f182603dc1419a1a7e3986886c7.jpg?itok=DcxF88Mi", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/d54b8f182603dc1419a1a7e3986886c7.jpg?itok=xlmxUAqZ", "mfid": "d54b8f182603dc1419a1a7e3986886c7", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "國家圖書館", "rightsLogo": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "公眾領域標章(Public Domain Mark)", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "媽祖神蹟與海事", "desc": "<span>《天妃顯聖錄》中一共記載55則媽祖神蹟,17則為生前神蹟,38則為飛升後的神蹟,當中最後八則因時序為清代,應是清代後補。不論是生前或飛升後,媽祖神蹟多與海事相關,當中不乏為剿寇助力、營救海上難事等。<b></b></span>", "weight": 23 }, "imgs-wm13qpxlu0": { "id": "imgs-wm13qpxlu0", "type": "imgs", "sortable": true, "multiObjs": [ { "oid": "a49d585747ef469218338f1b739fe0b4", "title": "《媽祖神蹟圖》", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/mcode/e6a6d08a0d66c03c2d9a97d6c8147359.jpg?itok=gP0lVf3A", "thumbMediumURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/mcode/e6a6d08a0d66c03c2d9a97d6c8147359.jpg?itok=p7D7LOIE", "thumbBigURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/mcode/e6a6d08a0d66c03c2d9a97d6c8147359.jpg?itok=DthEpaqJ", "mfid": "e6a6d08a0d66c03c2d9a97d6c8147359", "fileURI": "https://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/mcode/e6a6d08a0d66c03c2d9a97d6c8147359.jpg?itok=9euInnJv", "fileType": "image", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "荷蘭國家博物館", "rightsLogo": 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中央研究院數位文化中心王怡文