<span>從政府的政策到主流的科學論述來看,檳榔在當前的臺灣已經成為令人頭痛的問題:既是健康問題,也是經濟、環境和社會問題,更是歷史問題與文化問題。<br><br></span>我們特別舉辦「紅唇與黑齒:檳榔文化特展」,希望透過不同時期、不同族群的文物,揭示檳榔的多元面貌,讓我們在詛咒或喟嘆之餘,能再次省思「物我」、「人己」、「古今」之間的關係。
展覽頁面呈現形式
橫式
時間軸
檳榔舊報
文學與歌謠
洗瘴丹
戰後臺灣檳榔種植面積與產量
日治時期臺灣檳榔種植面積與產值
清代台灣檳榔文化分布
中國方志中的檳榔流布
故事地圖
檳榔風俗地圖
檳榔寫真
男女定情與締結婚姻
宗教祭祀與巫術工具
款待親友與排解糾紛
世界檳榔流布
策展者
林富士
展覽封面
4d23a5b35c827c112b8d484551dadbe0
展覽資料
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"<span><b>療效:</b>主消化(胃)、疲倦、憂鬱</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>不限</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>檳榔八枚皮子並用 人參 茯苓 陳麴 厚朴 麥蘗 白术 吳茱萸各二兩</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[唐]孫思邈,《備急千金要方》,卷第十五上,〈脾臟上.脾虛實第二(脾胃俱虛實消食附)〉,頁272-2。</span>", "weight": 46 }, "basic-iij2w7h96l": { "id": "basic-iij2w7h96l", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "d93bc46d827631ce56579105d46c7e45", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Q1lIm5UR", "level": "primary", "title": "檳榔鶴蝨散方", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=VfgbhM8Q", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=_1oAjNfM", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/39/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=rIv6x5u0", "mfid": "4243bdadbd0305c4a441c6799be980b4", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:檳榔鶴蝨散方", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主治蟲</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>不限</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>當歸 桔梗 芍藥 橘皮 鶴蝨各八分 人參六分 桂心六分 檳榔十分</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[唐]王燾,《外臺秘要》,\n第七卷,〈心痛心腹痛及寒疝三十二門.諸蟲心痛方一十八首〉,頁197-2。</span>", "weight": 47 }, "basic-ixtur1gp7f": { "id": "basic-ixtur1gp7f", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a4d46e5e73efbbe8081540291d9fa2ea", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/32/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=i9WhY4hL", "level": "primary", "title": "木香檳榔圓", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/32/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=6VPpAxe4", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/32/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=-tPhP1sg", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/32/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Bgxe_P3I", "mfid": "62bb4c528ef11b180b6a921e5f4eb785", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:木香檳榔圓", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主代謝、腸道、痰、消食等</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<br><b>使用者:</b>不限\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>郁李仁去皮 皂角去皮,酥炙半夏曲各二兩 檳榔 枳殼麩炒 木香不見火 杏仁去皮、尖,麩炒 青皮去皮,各一兩</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[宋]太平惠民和劑局編,《太平惠民和劑局方》,卷之三,〈治一切氣(附脾胃、積聚).新添諸局經驗秘方.木香檳榔圓〉,頁134。</span>", "weight": 48 }, "basic-825blj7hm0": { "id": "basic-825blj7hm0", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a79381fc30a034db4b0398fc89f70ae7", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/37/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=mBsJye4C", "level": "primary", "title": "肥兒圓", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/37/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=GR7keklS", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/37/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Ga7tD7zY", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/37/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=HvAT0K6_", "mfid": "787659b94d311c8c620d81326f151263", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:肥兒圓", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主兒童營養不良(治各種原因的營養不良,可殺蟲或增加食欲)</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>兒童</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>神麯炒 黃連去鬚,\n各十兩 肉豆蔻麵裹,煨 使君子去皮 麥櫱炒,各五兩 檳榔不見火,細剉,晒,二十個 木香二兩</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><span><br><b>出處:</b>[宋]太平惠民和劑局編,</span>《太平惠民和劑局方》,卷之十,〈治小兒諸疾(附諸湯、諸香).寳慶新增方.肥兒圓〉,頁376-377。</span>", "weight": 49 }, "basic-h0g9kndise": { "id": "basic-h0g9kndise", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "2639d44be033669ba4fcb0e125e147ee", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/39/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=sFzVVqXF", "level": "primary", "title": "導氣湯", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/39/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=LNNi3N72", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/39/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=EXqCJ1ia", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/39/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=4LisnYqs", "mfid": "121d98023a7f8bd456e7af04cf1e489e", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:導氣湯", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主腹瀉</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>不限</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>芍藥一兩 當歸五錢 大黃二錢半 黃連一錢 黃芩二錢半 木香 檳榔各一錢<br></span>\n\n\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[金]李東垣,《活法機要》,〈泄痢證.導氣湯〉, 頁344(\n收入氏著,《東垣醫集》)。</span>", "weight": 50 }, "basic-hw7u7mdr4v": { "id": "basic-hw7u7mdr4v", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "cafa29ece9b3a760ff2dfb531d116d94", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/39/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=LWROtDsW", "level": "primary", "title": "檳榔湯", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/39/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=wxUJ28xr", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/39/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=O43nz6Wq", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/39/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=P74W8XxB", "mfid": "4cc0053bd8000448453584993ede1781", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:檳榔湯", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>治腳氣、白蟲、蛔蟲、咳嗽、浮腫、脹滿、氣積</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>不限</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>檳榔三七枚 細辛一兩 半夏一升 生薑八兩 大黃 紫菀 柴胡各三兩 橘皮 甘草 紫蘇冬用子 茯苓各二兩 附子一枚</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[唐]孫思邈,《備急千金要方》,卷第十七,〈肺藏‧積氣第五(七氣、五膈、奔附)〉,頁311-1。</span>", "weight": 51 }, "basic-vtaona6yjt": { "id": "basic-vtaona6yjt", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "d5770d3669ae3228d550a41f413825ef", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/32/30/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=zQhpUliZ", "level": "primary", "title": "大檳榔丸方_有杏仁", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/32/30/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=b8kyc4WY", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/32/30/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=m9xftrcF", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/32/30/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=ef9hoz62", "mfid": "4b4be8fe1a3ae4c1a01ff588b6150f2c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "版權所有", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "醫方:大檳榔丸方", "desc": "<b>療效:</b>主水腫\n\n<br>\n\n<br><b>使用者:</b>不限<br>\n\n\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>檳榔三兩 桂心三兩 附子二兩炮 栝樓三兩\n 杏人三兩熬一方無 乾薑二兩 甘草二兩炙 麻黃三兩去節\n 黃耆三兩 茯苓三兩 厚朴二兩炙 葶藶三兩熬\n 椒目三兩 吳茱萸五合 白术三兩 防巳二兩</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[唐]王燾,《外臺秘要》,第二十卷,〈水病二十六門‧水腫方一十三首〉,頁540-1~540-2。</span>", "weight": 52 }, "basic-w033rh0sdy": { "id": "basic-w033rh0sdy", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "7b51ab8b1ea7fbaa5b4e821da3a0c628", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/32/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=wKuDJVcM", "level": "primary", "title": "木香犀角丸方", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/32/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=FWpWgs-z", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/32/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=3Q46Mq23", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/32/35/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=SycoiLV_", "mfid": "213bd9f30556ad9472f9e7f1953ca63a", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:木香犀角丸方", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>治瘴癘</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<br><b>使用者:</b>不限\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>青木香 犀角屑 羚羊角屑各六分 升麻 玄參 豬苓 檳榔各十分 鼈甲炙 甘草炙各八分 豉二十分熬</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[唐]王燾,《外臺秘要》,第五卷,〈瘧病一十五門.山瘴瘧方一十九首〉,頁159-2~106-1。</span>", "weight": 53 }, "basic-bmmg9aq9hc": { "id": "basic-bmmg9aq9hc", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "4bde894f38dfccc05aa447fcec3da58d", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=C5hQCICh", "level": "primary", "title": "健忘方", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=CRxaC-w6", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=L1dejQZd", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/38/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=hN1vpgvS", "mfid": "701d8bff06cbef1a8cce1045406e5e2e", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:健忘方", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主頭昏、健忘</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>不限</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>肉豆蔻十顆去皮人參 犀角屑 枳實炙各六分\n 黃連 白术 大黃各八分 甘草炙\n 苦參 旋復花各四分 檳榔人十顆</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[唐]王燾,《外臺秘要》,第十五卷,〈風狂及諸風下二十四門‧頭風旋方七首〉,頁419-2。</span>", "weight": 54 }, "basic-7qbpab1skv": { "id": "basic-7qbpab1skv", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "91f403b1e65acc2fcd50c3020c76ec3e", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/37/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=O4YB7et2", "level": "primary", "title": "金瘡炙瘡火燒瘡等方", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/37/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=rdxIt1jm", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/37/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=UwQo0a2P", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/37/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=PRkTvxaS", "mfid": "295f11c69364ac991cd7276f008db01e", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:金瘡炙瘡火燒瘡等方", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主燒傷等外傷(外用)<br></span>\n\n\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>不限</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>蠟如胡桃人 杏子一抄爛擣 檳榔人一枚 薰陸杳半合</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[唐]王燾,《外臺秘要》,第二十九卷,〈墜墮金瘡等四十七門‧金瘡方一十一首〉,頁786-1。</span>", "weight": 55 }, "basic-xstzoctxdo": { "id": "basic-xstzoctxdo", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "6742a906e94f148378cced2e68659832", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/39/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=ZZk9jQND", "level": "primary", "title": "檳榔餅方", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/39/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=mYNtFQ8X", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/39/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=FDjvgy4x", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/39/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=3mPRqlkq", "mfid": "7e82804f0463e1a9c6a7a6fca8be66a5", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-05.png?itok=0rVBS4da", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:檳榔餅方", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主夏天食慾問題</span>\n\n<br><br>\n\n<span><b>使用者:</b>不限</span>\n\n<br><br>\n\n<span><b>藥材:</b>檳榔挫 瞿麥穗 蘹香子炒 荊芥穗 麥藍子 大黃煨剉各一分</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[宋]宋徽宗敕編,《聖濟總錄》,中暍門,卷三十四上,〈中熱暍‧治暑氣每到夏月即發四肢無力不思飲食檳榔餅方〉,頁2-1。</span>", "weight": 56 }, "basic-mhlffa0zyd": { "id": "basic-mhlffa0zyd", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "3260830883856b440d5f86c9b01da4c9", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/36/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Bkd_vehV", "level": "primary", "title": "回陽無價至寶丹", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/36/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=iWbirj-5", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/36/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=-WOFINqz", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/36/31/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=5nMBNok5", "mfid": "1b55b5ef97dc8931be0ff710cafc2d30", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:回陽無價至寶丹", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主壯陽</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>男性</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>用川楝子取肉,二兩 川牛膝一兩 熟地黃 蛇床子 川山甲 肉蓯蓉 茯神 巴戟 五味子各一兩\n 乳香三錢 沉檀香各五錢 鹿茸 仙靈皮  甘草各五錢 人參一兩  破故紙五錢 大茴香一兩 澤瀉一兩 烏藥二兩 兔絲子五錢 鳳眼草二錢  檳榔一兩 葫蘆巴 蓮心各五錢</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b>[明]高濂,《遵生八箋》,〈靈秘丹藥箋上‧丹藥‧回陽無價至寶丹〉,頁911-912。</span>", "weight": 57 }, "basic-9n7vzl5gsw": { "id": "basic-9n7vzl5gsw", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c423e6faac1cc5d8e907aa5d00b0e6f1", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/32/33/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=uE-26GxV", "level": "primary", "title": "化蟲圓", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/32/33/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=UMWdOZrv", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/32/33/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=zkLS_Hym", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/32/33/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=TmIUavWh", "mfid": "9f1d227d3743e4d622d89959826d5e19", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-01.png?itok=DszBk5va", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:化蟲圓", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主兒童寄生蟲(如蟯蟲、蛔蟲)</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>兒童</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材:</b>胡粉炒 鶴虱去土 檳榔 苦楝根去浮皮,各五十兩 白礬枯,十二兩半</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處:</b></span>[宋]太平惠民和劑局編,《太平惠民和劑局方》,卷之十,〈治小兒諸疾(附諸湯、諸香)‧化蟲圓〉,頁363-364。", "weight": 58 }, "basic-lr00qhrg9d": { "id": "basic-lr00qhrg9d", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c40e24b4f591a3aba300cf55ba901e2b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/38/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=pdAiQabL", "level": "primary", "title": "紫蘇散方", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/38/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=buFJgvtM", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/38/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=e45JhfqT", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/38/32/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=8eaZpjPG", "mfid": "dd924caf72595500998bf60349cc32c1", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "醫方:紫蘇散方", "desc": "<span><b>療效:</b>主腳氣(缺維生素B1)、便祕\n(腸)、嘔吐、胸悶</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者:</b>不限</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材</b><span><b>:</b>紫蘇莖葉三分 木通半兩剉 赤茯苓一兩 </span>半夏半兩湯洗七遍去滑 羚羊角屑半兩 陳橘皮一兩湯浸去白瓤焙 羗活半兩 前胡三分去蘆頭 大腹皮三分剉 枳實三分麩炒微黃 桑根白皮三分剉 木香半兩 檳榔一兩 川大黃一兩剉碎微炒</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處</b><span><b>:</b>[宋]王懷隱編著,</span>《太平聖惠方》,卷四十五,〈治溼腳氣諸方‧治溼腳氣大小便不利秘澀腳膝虛腫食即嘔吐心胸逆悶宜服紫蘇散方〉,頁4251-4252。</span>", "weight": 59 }, "basic-ajuaowz778": { "id": "basic-ajuaowz778", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "8236bb29fd028979cc753f5bae255270", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/w1024/public/image/%E6%A1%94%E6%A2%97%E6%95%A3%E6%96%B9.jpg?itok=U6WpFC_D", "level": "primary", "title": "桔梗散方", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/image/%E6%A1%94%E6%A2%97%E6%95%A3%E6%96%B9.jpg?itok=FsiX59As", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/image/%E6%A1%94%E6%A2%97%E6%95%A3%E6%96%B9.jpg?itok=7A3M2J7i", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/image/%E6%A1%94%E6%A2%97%E6%95%A3%E6%96%B9.jpg?itok=90o9-2HL", "mfid": "61d1a959c4b75651f1a91a62f7b7696c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "桔梗散方", "desc": "<span><span><b>療效</b>:</span>主痰(肺)、咳嗽</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者</b>:不限</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>藥材</b>:桔梗一兩去蘆頭 紫苑一兩去苗土 木通一兩剉 桑根白皮一兩剉 旋復花半兩 檳榔一兩 欵冬花三分</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處</b>:[宋]王懷隱編著,《太平聖惠方》,卷四十六,〈治欬嗽痰唾稠黏諸方‧治肺氣欬嗽痰唾稠黏宜服桔梗散方〉,頁4412。</span>", "weight": 60 }, "basic-rirbvxhdj2": { "id": "basic-rirbvxhdj2", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "47187b3c30e382b9fef6fbcd0208633b", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/w1024/public/image/%E6%A1%83%E4%BB%81%E4%B8%B8.jpg?itok=JD0yV-RU", "level": "primary", "title": "桃仁丸", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/image/%E6%A1%83%E4%BB%81%E4%B8%B8.jpg?itok=0tvgBmbm", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/image/%E6%A1%83%E4%BB%81%E4%B8%B8.jpg?itok=xUZG1POr", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/image/%E6%A1%83%E4%BB%81%E4%B8%B8.jpg?itok=86EVzUx2", "mfid": "c35b7a482b4a6aa101605b6380284ad5", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "桃仁丸", "desc": "<span><b>療效</b>:治與鬼魅交通</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者</b>:婦女</span>\n\n\n\n藥材:辰砂另研 檳榔 當歸 桃仁各三錢 水銀一錢  棗肉一個研令星盡 麝香  阿魏麵裹煨 沉香各半兩\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處</b>:[宋]陳自明著;[明]薛立齋註,《婦人良方大全》,卷六,〈眾疾門五‧婦人夢與鬼交方論第八‧桃仁丸〉,頁17。</span>", "weight": 61 }, "basic-52r26lujm7": { "id": "basic-52r26lujm7", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "8a8c2aba844e987d60c937043c989dea", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/w1024/public/image/%E5%8A%A0%E6%B8%9B%E4%B8%83%E5%AF%B6%E9%A3%B2.jpg?itok=TpNRSzaY", "level": "primary", "title": "加减七寶飲", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/image/%E5%8A%A0%E6%B8%9B%E4%B8%83%E5%AF%B6%E9%A3%B2.jpg?itok=LVN4fp0v", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/image/%E5%8A%A0%E6%B8%9B%E4%B8%83%E5%AF%B6%E9%A3%B2.jpg?itok=ns1wmGnG", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/image/%E5%8A%A0%E6%B8%9B%E4%B8%83%E5%AF%B6%E9%A3%B2.jpg?itok=s4ucA3Kg", "mfid": "c96cfaba7abf9eb1553d715cff44bcf8", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "加减七寶飲", "desc": "<span><b>療效</b>:治瘧疾</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者</b>:不限</span>\n\n\n\n藥材:恒山醋製炒 檳榔 草菓仁 甘草 厚朴薑製 烏梅 青蒿 知母 右等分。\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處</b>:[明]朱橚等編,《普濟方》,諸疾二,卷一百九十七,〈諸瘧門一‧諸瘧附論‧加减七寶飲〉,頁2734。</span>", "weight": 62 }, "basic-zhxgx1l3qk": { "id": "basic-zhxgx1l3qk", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "3c5f615e0b5a5e5599726e8fc2c1ac40", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/w1024/public/image/%E6%AA%B3%E6%A6%94%E4%B8%B8.jpg?itok=dN-Ebnj8", "level": "primary", "title": "檳榔丸", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/image/%E6%AA%B3%E6%A6%94%E4%B8%B8.jpg?itok=SfNvixd6", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_medium/public/image/%E6%AA%B3%E6%A6%94%E4%B8%B8.jpg?itok=P8lHen88", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/thumbnail_big/public/image/%E6%AA%B3%E6%A6%94%E4%B8%B8.jpg?itok=3AY5de2n", "mfid": "1d6fbea632dd0809004aa404918ad5aa", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "版權所有" }, "title": "檳榔丸", "desc": "<span><b>療效</b>:治蟲、通氣、心腹滿、便秘</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者</b>:不限</span>\n\n\n\n<span>藥材:大黃蒸 黃芩 枳實麩炒 火麻仁炒去殼另研 牽牛炒 檳榔 羌活 杏仁炒去皮尖研 白芷各一兩 人參半兩<br></span>\n\n\n\n<span><br><b>出處</b>:[明]徐春甫,《古今醫統大全》,卷之六十九,〈秘結候‧藥方‧積熱秘結諸劑‧檳榔丸〉,頁369。</span>", "weight": 63 }, "basic-tgmobqpbmq": { "id": "basic-tgmobqpbmq", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "c56bb423b5c462c1dce287c1b0a4fc55", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/35/37/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=1dLNhr-p", "level": "primary", "title": "加味烏藥湯_有香附子", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/35/37/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=2FL4keER", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/35/37/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Xh8r3ZpL", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/35/37/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=FWQ1nUzo", "mfid": "1b6f9a346a7834a5333a29fb5c13ee7e", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "中央研究院歷史語言研究所", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "版權所有", "fileOversize": false }, "title": "加味烏藥湯", "desc": "<span><span><b>療效</b>:</span>主經痛</span>\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>使用者</b>:婦女</span>\n\n\n\n藥材:烏藥 縮砂仁 木香 延胡索 香附製 甘草 檳榔各等分\n\n<br>\n\n<span><br><b>出處</b>:[清]吳謙編,《編輯婦科心法要訣》,〈調經門‧調經門彙方〉,頁11。</span>", "weight": 64 }, "basic-jk0cuph391": { "id": "basic-jk0cuph391", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "a89783a20b5cbaa889991bcb840e0349", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/30/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=rC3C--_T", "level": "primary", "title": "你還在哺檳榔嗎", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/30/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=fgDPHY6k", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/30/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=Vvhv8jHN", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/30/36/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=QoP8FFgy", "mfid": "fc11f0978f6177ce19eb8f0358f03fb3", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "行政院衛生福利部國民健康署", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作" }, "title": "致癌物?", "desc": "根據國家衛生研究院出版的研究報告《檳榔嚼塊的化學致癌性暨其防制:現況與未來》,「檳榔嚼塊」之中,檳榔子中的檳榔素(arecoline)和檳榔次鹼(arecaidine)是讓嚼食者產生「提神」(興奮)作用和保暖感覺的主要成分,但其成分和含量多寡,會因品種、成熟程度、人工炮製的方式(新鮮、曬乾、燻製等)而有所不同。\n\n紅灰的主要成分是熟石灰,也就是氫氧化鈣Ca(OH)2,外加甘草蜜,含有兒茶素(catechin)和單寧(catechu tannins)。\n\n<br><span><br>荖葉的主要化學成分是:丁香酚(eugenol)、類胡蘿蔔素(carotenoid)、抗壞血酸(ascorbicacid)。荖花則有:黃樟素(safrole)、丁香酚(eugenol)等。</span>\n\n荖花若單獨嚼食會有辛辣氣味,但如果和檳榔合嚼,則會轉變為芳香氣味。", "weight": 65 }, "basic-5yucfcr5gv": { "id": "basic-5yucfcr5gv", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "2c9f793ad69688509ee0bc5737337454", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/30/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=z4HvyCM5", "level": "primary", "title": "檳榔健康危害 癌字篇", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/30/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=NUpfr5xB", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/30/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=jLtL8by0", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/30/37/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=myKRdAvV", "mfid": "c2fdc55a9a13acb72098d2949ffc4cbb", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "行政院衛生福利部國民健康署", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-03.png?itok=h0rkcAOw", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作" }, "title": "致癌物?", "desc": "<span>研究報告認為檳榔嚼塊之中可能的致癌因子包括: <br>一、檳榔子中的生物鹼(alkaloids); 二、檳榔子生物鹼的硝化衍生物(nitroso- compounds); 三、檳榔子中多酚(polyphenol)成分自動氧化所釋出的活性氧(reactive oxygenspecies); 四、紅灰成分對口腔粘膜組織的刺激作用;\n五、荖花(荖藤)或荖葉中的黃樟素及hydroxychavicol 等。</span>", "weight": 66 }, "basic-en976iheni": { "id": "basic-en976iheni", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "2dd4fa767284a85b52916758fec7a5da", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/30/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=CIkDhRjs", "level": "primary", "title": "檳榔防制海報 口友篇", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/30/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=qPzUAx6Q", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/30/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=QL57ycdI", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/30/38/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=q4ptWKL4", "mfid": "c9009385f0f4b5cef8a08b9b6ec6559c", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "行政院衛生福利部國民健康署", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-04.png?itok=gq-PTcKL", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作" }, "title": "致癌物?", "desc": "這些成分可能使口腔細胞產生「基因毒性」與「非基因毒性」,進而起始和促進腫瘤的產生,導致口腔癌。\n\n<br><span><br>其中,檳榔子的生物鹼和硝化衍生物很可能具有致癌性。檳榔素與黃樟素也可能具有致癌或促癌作用。檳榔次鹼(arecaidine)與hydroxychavicol 的致癌性則仍有爭議。</span>\n\n<span>丁香酚可能不具明顯的基因毒性,甚至有抗氧化的作用。紅灰(lime)可能具有促癌作用。</span>", "weight": 67 }, "basic-hmd2crp1v0": { "id": "basic-hmd2crp1v0", "type": "basic", "sortable": true, "primaryObj": { "oid": "bf029534eceec310807dea71dc734a50", "fileType": "image", "fileURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/w1024/muse/33/30/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=wpnyCzJX", "level": "primary", "title": "禁嚼檳榔海報", "desc": "", "thumbURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/square_thumbnail_100/muse/33/30/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=USK1mZrV", "thumbMediumURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_medium/muse/33/30/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=FE-cpmHE", "thumbBigURI": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/muse_styles/thumbnail_big/muse/33/30/39/ascdc_muse.jpg?itok=s3YkkxDp", "mfid": "0d73e7ef900729b21ed9d23227558324", "fileCreator": "", "rights": "行政院衛生福利部國民健康署", "rightsLogo": "http://openmuseum.tw/files/muse_portal/styles/square_thumbnail_100/public/default_rights/memder_non-02.png?itok=fGKM5I0r", "fileLicence": "創用CC 姓名標示-非商業性-禁止改作" }, "title": "致癌物?", "desc": "事實上,檳榔嚼塊中的一些成分對於健康似乎並非全是負面的。例如,荖花的成分雖然會抑制口腔細胞的生長,並且具有基因毒性,但是,這些成分也可以抑制檳榔生物鹼的硝化(nitrosation),而硝化物被認為是致癌的主要成分。\n\n<br><span><br>其次,丁香酚是荖花和荖葉中的主要成分之一,也是嚼食檳榔時產生香味的主要來源之一,此物不僅不會導致腫瘤,反而具有抗發炎、抑制硝化以及致癌物質基因毒性的作用。</span>\n\n<br><br>再者,荖葉中的成分也可以抑制口腔癌、胃癌、乳癌產生,可以抑制硝化作用,甚至有利於抗癌。可見將檳榔子與荖花、荖葉合嚼,或許正好可以抵消彼此的毒性,至少可以減少硝化物的產生。", "weight": 68 }, "theme-rhb0ed9aw7